FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report 02/97

Previous Page TOC Next Page

BOTSWANA

Area:

567 000 sq.km

Climate:

South-western part arid (Kalahari desert);rest semi-arid with some rains in Dec.-Feb.

Population:

1.49 million (1996 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 2 590 (1993)

Specific characteristics of the country:

Land-locked country; drought-prone; agricultural production only in the east and south-

east; swamps in the northern parts; desert in the west


Logistics:

Imports through South Africa

Major foodcrops:

Sorghum, pulses, vegetables

Marketing year:

April/March; Lean season: January/March

Share of cereals in total calorie intake:

55 percent



CURRENT SITUATION

Planting of 1997 coarse grain crops is complete under generally favourable weather conditions. Rains since late October have been abundant in many areas, and generally adequate to ensure satisfactory crop establishment.

The food supply situation in 1996/97 continues to be satisfactory. Following a good harvest in 1996, the cereal import requirement is estimated at 234 000 tons, most of which will be secured commercially.

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1996/97 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat

Rice

Coarse grains

Total

Normal Production (rice in paddy terms)

1

-

59

60

Normal Imports

60

8

116

184

of which: Structural food aid

-

-

20

20

1996/97 Domestic Availability

-

-

92

92

1996 Production (rice in paddy terms)

-

-

92

92

1996 Production (rice in milled terms)

-

-

92

92

Possible stock drawdown

-

-

-

-

1996/97 Utilization

85

8

233

326

Food Use

67

8

217

292

of which: local purchase requirement

-

-

-

-

Non-food use

-

-

9

9

Exports or Re-exports

7

-

-

7

Possible stock build up

11

-

7

18

1996/97 Import Requirement

85

8

141

234

Anticipated commercial imports

85

8

141

234

Food aid needs

-

-

-

-

Current Aid Position




-

Food aid pledges

-

-

1

1

of which: Delivered

-

-

1

1

Donor-financed purchases for exports

1

-

-

1

Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year)

45

5

146

196

Indexes





1996 production as % of normal:




153

1996/97 import requirement as % of normal:




127

1996/97 food aid requirement as % of normal:




-


Previous Page TOC Next Page