FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report 05/97

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SENEGAL

Area:

192 000 sq.km

Climate:

Semi-arid in north, tropical wet-dry in south, with rains in June-October

Population:

8.77 million (1996 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 600 (1995)

Specific characteristics of the country:

Low-income food-deficit country; coastal sahelian country

Logistics:

Port capacity adequate; gateway to Mali.

Major foodcrops:

Millet and sorghum, rice, maize, wheat

Marketing year:

November/October; Lean season: August-September

Share of cereals in total calorie intake:

61 percent



CURRENT SITUATION

Seasonably dry conditions prevail. Recession crops are developing satisfactorily but areas planted have decreased compared to 1995/96. Rice has been harvested in the Senegal river valley and yields are adequate. The final estimates of 1996 cereal production have been recently published. They indicate an aggregate output of cereals of 1 018 000 tons. Taking into account prospects for off season rice and maize crops and for maize and sorghum recession crops, this gives a total of 1 018 000 tons. This is 7 percent lower than in 1995 and close to the average. Production of rice increased, production of sorghum remained stable, while that of maize and millet decreased. Compared with the previous season's results, cropped areas for rainfed crops, estimated at a total of 1 287 000 hectares have increased by 6 percent.

The overall food supply situation is satisfactory. Markets are well supplied. Prices of cereals have declined following the harvest but they are now increasing with the arrival of the lean season. The country imports large quantities of rice to cover its consumption requirement. External assistance may be required for the mobilization of cereals in the south and their transfer to northern deficit areas. For the 1996/97 marketing year (November/October), the cereal import requirement is estimated at 650 000 tons, mostly rice and wheat and the food aid requirement at 22 000 tons. So far 3 400 tons have been pledged.

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1996/97 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)


Wheat

Rice

Coarse grains

Total

Normal Production

-

182

811

993

Normal Imports

175

350

85

10

of which: Structural food aid

5

4

7

16

1996/97 Domestic Availability

-

172

869

1 041

1996 Production (rice in paddy terms)

-

174

844

1 018

1996 Production (rice in milled terms)

-

122

844

966

Possible stock drawdown

-

50

25

75

1996/97 Utilization

200

522

969

1 691

Food Use

197

496

834

1 527

of which: local purchase requirement

-

-

10

10

Non-food use

3

26

135

164

Exports or Re-exports

-

-

-

-

Possible stock build up

-

-

-

-

1996/97 Import Requirement

200

350

100

650

Anticipated commercial imports

195

340

93

628

Food aid needs

5

10

7

22

Current Aid Position





Food aid pledges

1

2

-

3

of which: Delivered

-

2

-

2

Donor-financed purchases

-

-

-

-

of which: for local use

-

-

-

-

for export

-

-

-

-

Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year)

23

57

95

174

Indexes





1996 production as % of normal:




102

1996/97 import requirement as % of normal:




107

1996/97 food aid requirement as % of normal:




138


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