FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report 05/97

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ANGOLA

Area:

1 247 000 sq.km

Climate:

Coastal desert, south-west semi-arid, rest tropical wet-dry, with rains in Sept.-April

Population:

12.5 million (1997 estimate), G.N.P. per caput U.S.$ 410 (1995)

Specific characteristics of the country:

Low-income food-deficit country; infrastructure devastated by prolonged civil strife

Logistics:

Inadequate port, rail and road facilities

Major foodcrops:

Roots, tubers, maize, plantains

Marketing year:

April/March; Lean season: January-April

Share of cereals in total calorie intake:

35 percent



CURRENT SITUATION

Rainfall has been below normal in central parts and generally favourable this year. The outlook for the 1997 cereal crop to be harvested from April is favourable. Crops in the south are at vegetative stages and doing well as a result of recent rains. However, inadequate rains in several western provinces and central highlands between late January and early March at a crucial stage in crop growth may result in some replanting and reduced yields.

Food supply difficulties remain a cause for concern in some provinces. Areas such as Bengo, Cuanza Sul, Cuanza Norte, Luanda, Malange and Zaire Provinces appear to be the most affected. An FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission is scheduled to visit the country in late April to estimate the 1997 harvest and evaluate the food supply situation for 1997/98.

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1997/98 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)


Wheat

Rice

Coarse grains

Total

Normal Production (rice in paddy terms)

3

3

330

336

Normal Imports

110

100

90

300

of which: Structural food aid

20

15

60

95

1997/98 Domestic Availability

3

5

432

440

1997 Production (rice in paddy terms)

3

8

400

411

1997 Production (rice in milled terms)

3

5

400

408

Possible stock drawdown

-

-

32

32

1997/98 Utilization

183

65

632

880

Food Use

182

65

545

792

of which: local purchase requirement

-

-

-

-

Non-food use

1

-

87

88

Exports or Re-exports

-

-

-

-

Possible stock build up

-

-

-

-

1997/98 Import Requirement

180

60

120

360

Anticipated commercial imports

100

30

50

180

Food aid needs

80

30

70

180

Current Aid Position





Food aid pledges

34

4

9

47

of which: Delivered

-

-

-

-

Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year)

14

5

44

63

Indexes





1997 production as % of normal:




122

1997/98 import requirement as % of normal:




120

1997/98 food aid requirement as % of normal:




189


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