FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report 05/97

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CAMEROON

Area:

465 000 sq.km

Climate:

months in south to 4 months in extreme north

Population:

13.58 million (1996 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 650 (1995)

Specific characteristics of the country:

Low-income food-deficit country; coastal country

Logistics:

Ports and roads adequate; gateway to Chad

Major foodcrops:

Roots and tubers, coarse grains, fruit

Marketing year:

July/June; Lean season: June-August

Share of cereals in total calorie intake:

39 percent



CURRENT SITUATION

Rainfall started in early March over the south but remained limited. Rains increased and moved towards the north during the second and third dekads, allowing the planting of the main maize crop. Despite reduced cumulative rainfall compared to last year, favourable growing conditions prevailed and cereal output is estimated at about 1 300 000 tons. The cereal import requirement for 1996/97 (July/June) is estimated at 250 000 tons of wheat and rice and 10 000 tons of coarse grains.

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1996/97 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)


Wheat

Rice

Coarse grains

Total

Normal Production

-

84

1 000

1 084

Normal Imports

210

45

15

270

of which: Structural food aid

-

1

2

3

1996/97 Domestic Availability

1

54

1 223

1 278

1996 Production (rice in paddy terms)

1

80

1 223

1 304

1996 Production (rice in milled terms)

1

54

1 223

1 278

Possible stock drawdown

-

-

-

-

1996/97 Utilization

201

104

1 233

1 538

Food Use

187

94

895

1 176

of which: local purchase requirement

-

-

-

-

Non-food use

4

5

318

327

Exports or Re-exports

10

-

-

10

Possible stock build up

-

5

20

25

1996/97 Import Requirement

200

50

10

260

Anticipated commercial imports

200

50

10

260

Food aid needs

-

-

-

-

Current Aid Position





Food aid pledges

-

-

-

-

of which: Delivered

-

-

-

-

Donor-financed purchases

-

-

-

-

of which: for local use

-

-

-

-

for export

-

-

-

-

Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year)

14

7

66

87

Indexes





1996 production as % of normal:




120

1996/97 import requirement as % of normal:




96

1996/97 food aid requirement as % of normal:




-


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