FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report - November 1997:

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MAURITIUS


Area: 2 000 sq.km
Climate: No dry months, most rainfall in November-July; tropical cyclones
Population: 1.13 million (1996 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 3 380 (1995)
Specific characteristics of the country: Cereal consumption covered almost entirely by imports
Logistics: Inadequate port handling capacity; road system good
Major foodcrops: Vegetables
Marketing year: January/December
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: 48 percent


CURRENT SITUATION
The bulk of the cultivated area is normally devoted to sugar cane and most of the remainder to fruits and vegetables. As a consequence, the country is virtually dependent on imports to meet its cereal needs. Cereal import requirements estimated at 172 000, will continue to be met through commercial channels.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1997 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)


Wheat

Rice

Coarse grains

Total

Normal Production (rice in paddy terms)

-

-

2

2

Normal Imports

72

75

25

172

of which: Structural food aid

5

1

-

6

1997 Domestic Availability

-

-

2

2

1996 Production (rice in paddy terms)

-

-

2

2

1996 Production (rice in milled terms)

-

-

2

2

Possible stock drawdown

-

-

-

-

1997 Utilization

75

77

22

174

Food Use

75

76

2

153

of which: local purchase requirement

-

-

-

-

Non-food use

-

1

20

21

Exports or Re-exports

-

-

-

-

Possible stock build up

-

-

-

-

1997 Import Requirement

75

77

20

172

Anticipated commercial imports

75

77

20

172

Food aid needs

-

-

-

-

Current Aid Position




Food aid pledges

-

-

-

-

of which: Delivered

-

-

-

-

Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year)

66

67

2

135

Indexes





1996 production as % of normal:




100

1997 import requirement as % of normal:




100

1997 food aid requirement as % of normal:




-


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