FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.2, August 1998 -

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DJIBOUTI


Area: 23 000 sq.km
Climate: Arid climate
Population: 0.617 million (1998 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: n.a.
Specific characteristics of the country: Low-income food-deficit country
Logistics: Djibouti is one of the three gateways of Ethiopia
Major foodcrops: Vegetables
Marketing year: January/December
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: n.a.


CURRENT SITUATION

Because of a lack of natural resources, the agriculture sector in Djibouti accounts for less than 3 percent of the gross domestic product. The population is mostly urban and is concentrated in the capital. Agriculture production is marginal and most of the food is imported. The economy of the country is dominated by its trade activity based on a solid port and airport infrastructure.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1998 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tonnes)


Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal Production - - - -
Normal Imports 37 24 2 63
of which: Structural food aid 5 5 1 11
1998 Domestic Availability - - - -
1997 Production (rice in paddy terms) - - - -
1997 Production (rice in milled terms) - - - -
Possible stock drawdown - - - -
1998 Utilization 39 26 3 68
Food Use 39 26 2 67
of which: local purchase requirement - - - -
Non-food use - - - -
Exports or Re-exports - - - -
Possible stock build up - - 1 1
1998 Import Requirement 38 25 3 66
Anticipated commercial imports 33 20 3 56
Food aid needs 5 5 - 10
Current Aid Position



Food aid pledges 4 - - 4
of which: Delivered 3 - - 3
Donor-financed purchases - - - -
of which: for local use - - - -
for export - - - -
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year) 63 42 3 109
Indexes



1997 production as % of normal:


-
1998 import requirement as % of normal:


105
1998 food aid requirement as % of normal:


91

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