FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.2, August 1998 -

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MALI


Area: 1 220 000 sq.km
Climate: From north to south: arid, semi-arid and tropical wet-dry; one rainy season: May-October
Population: 9.44 million (1998 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 250 (1995)
Specific characteristics of the country: Low-income food-deficit country; land-locked sahelian country
Logistics: Roads inadequate during rainy season; river transport important; rail link to Dakar (Senegal)
Major foodcrops: Millet, sorghum, rice, maize
Marketing year: November/October; Lean season: July-September
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: 75 percent


CURRENT SITUATION

The first significant rains reached the extreme south in early to mid-April. They progressed northwards in early May and remained generally widespread and above normal through May. In June, they covered most of the producing areas and remained generally widespread in July. Land preparation and sowing of millet and sorghum progressed northwards following the arrival of the rains. First plantings of millet are emerging/tillering. Areas planted are similar to last year, except in Ségou region where planting is somewhat delayed.

Pastures are regenerating. Grain eating birds and rodents are reported in Niono and Macina areas. Treatments are underway. In early June, isolated Desert Locust adults were present in the Adrar des Iforas, the Tilemsi Valley and in part of Timetrine. There was an unconfirmed report of a swarm near Gao at Amastaouas. Low numbers of adults will persist in a few places of the major wadis in the Adrar des Iforas, the Tilemsi Valley and in Timetrine. Small scale laying should occur with the onset of the seasonal rains.

Following an above-average 1997/98 aggregate cereal output with record rice production, the overall food supply situation is satisfactory. Cereal surpluses were available and substantial quantities have been exported, notably to Burkina Faso and Mauritania. The national early warning system (SAP) has classified several arrondissements in the north and west of Tombouctou region and in several parts of Kayes, Mopti and Ségou regions as at risk of food supply difficulties and recommended the provision of 8 600 tonnes of cereals to assist 318 000 people for 3 months.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1997/98 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tonnes)


Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal Production 3 475 1 742 2 220
Normal Imports 40 40 5 85
of which: Structural food aid 15 - 2 17
1997/98 Domestic Availability 10 451 1 736 2 197
1997 Production (rice in paddy terms) 5 663 1 716 2 384
1997 Production (rice in milled terms) 5 451 1 716 2 172
Possible stock drawdown 5 - 20 25
1997/98 Utilization 50 481 1 736 2 267
Food Use 49 381 1 456 1 886
of which: local purchase requirement - - 10 10
Non-food use 1 80 260 341
Exports or Re-exports - 20 20 40
Possible stock build up - - - -
1997/98 Import Requirement 40 30 - 70
Anticipated commercial imports 35 30 - 65
Food aid needs 5 - - 5
Current Aid Position



Food aid pledges 8 - 9 17
of which: Delivered 4 - 9 13
Donor-financed purchases - - 8 8
of which: for local use - - 8 8
for export - - - -
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year) 5 40 154 200
Indexes



1997 production as % of normal:


107
1997/98 import requirement as % of normal:


82
1997/98 food aid requirement as % of normal:


29

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