FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.2, August 1998 -

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TOGO


Area: 54 000 sq.km
Climate: Tropical wet-dry; two rainy seasons in south (March-June and October) and one in north
Population: 4.31 million (1998 estimate) G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 310 (1995)
Specific characteristics of the country: Low-income food-deficit country; coastal country
Logistics: Ports and roads adequate; gateway to Burkina Faso and Niger
Major foodcrops: Roots and tubers, coarse grains, fruit
Marketing year: January/December; Lean season: April-July
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: 40 percent


CURRENT SITUATION

Limited rains occurred from late March in the south, and became abundant over the whole country in mid-April. Vegetation satellite images show that the start of the growing season has been quite late in the south and the centre, and the first maize crop was planted in April. Recently planted rainfed rice, and millet and sorghum crops are growing satisfactorily following limited, but widespread rainfall in May and June.

The food supply situation is satisfactory. The cereal import requirement for 1998 (January/December), is estimated at 88 000 tonnes of wheat and rice.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1998 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tonnes)


Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal Production - 32 460 492
Normal Imports 50 60 10 120
of which: Structural food aid 5 - - 5
1998 Domestic Availability - 47 648 695
1997 Production (rice in paddy terms) - 69 648 717
1997 Production (rice in milled terms) - 47 648 695
Possible stock drawdown - - - -
1998 Utilization 50 87 648 785
Food Use 46 63 405 514
of which: local purchase requirement - - - -
Non-food use 2 14 188 204
Exports or Re-exports 2 10 35 47
Possible stock build up - - 20 20
1998 Import Requirement 50 1/ 40 - 90 1/
Anticipated commercial imports 50 40 - 90
Food aid needs - - - -
Current Aid Position



Food aid pledges - - - -
of which: Delivered - - - -
Donor-financed purchases - - - -
of which: for local use - - - -
for export - - - -
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year) 11 15 94 119
Indexes



1997 production as % of normal:


146
1998 import requirement as % of normal:


75
1998 food aid requirement as % of normal:


-

1/ Including 2 000 tonnes for re-export.

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