FAO/GIEWS - Foodcrops & Shortages 09/98 - MEXICO (3 September)
MEXICO (3 September)
Normal weather conditions have resumed in some parts, favouring planting of the important 1998 spring/summer maize crop, to be harvested from October. Planting had been delayed because of the late arrival of the rainy season in some of the main central growing areas, such as the states of Puebla and Mexico. The long-awaited arrival of the rains helped accelerate sowing in other important producing states such as Jalisco, Hidalgo, Chiapas, Michoacan and Oaxaca, in the south and south-west of Mexico, and compensate for possibly reduced plantings in the central plateau. Prospects are nevertheless uncertain with respect to the final outcome. Earlier estimates pointed out to a summer/spring maize crop of 16.5 million tonnes, but sources have recently indicated that output could be lower. Much will depend upon the intensity and regularity of the rains in the weeks ahead. Aggregate maize output for the 1998 spring/summer crop and the 1998/99 fall/winter crop is provisionally forecast at an average 18.6 million tonnes (1997/98: 18.5 million tonnes). Sorghum output from the 1998 spring/summer crop has been provisionally estimated at 2.2 million tonnes, better than expected, despite the dry weather that has affected for months the main producing state of Tamaulipas. Planting of the 1998 second season sorghum crop, the main crop, has started.
Land is being prepared for planting of the 1998/99 irrigated wheat crop, to be started from October in the main producing north-western states of Sonora, Sinaloa, Guanajato and Baja California. Recent storm rains, following precipitation in August, have helped replenish water reservoirs, which are reported at considerably low levels.