FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.2, August 1999 SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE 36

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SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE

Area:
960 sq.km
Climate:
Tropical wet; rainfall increases with altitude and towards southern parts of the islands
Population:
140 000 (1999 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: US$ 350 (1995)
Specific characteristics of the country:
Low-income food-deficit country; archipelago
Logistics:
Ports and roads adequate
Major foodcrops:
Bananas, breadfruit, cocoyam
Marketing year:
January/December
Share of cereals in total calorie intake:
36 percent


CURRENT SITUATION


The staple foodcrops are roots, tubers and plantains. The country imports around 10 000 tonnes of wheat and rice annually. The cereal import requirement in 1999 is estimated at 11 000 tonnes, including some 2 000 tonnes as food aid.


CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1999 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tonnes)


  Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal Production - - - -
Normal Imports 4 5 2 11
of which: Structural food aid 1 1 - 2
1999 Domestic Availability - - - -
1998 Production (rice in paddy terms) - - - -
1998 Production (rice in milled terms) - - - -
Possible stock drawdown - - - -
1999 Utilization 4 5 2 11
Food Use 4 5 2 11
of which: local purchase requirement - - - -
Non-food use - - - -
Exports or Re-exports - - - -
Possible stock build up - - - -
1999 Import Requirement 4 5 2 11
Anticipated commercial imports 3 4 2 9
Food aid needs 1 1 - 2
Current Aid Position        
Food aid pledges - - - -
of which: Delivered - - - -
Donor-financed purchases - - - -
of which: for local use - - - -
for export - - - -
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year) 29 36 14 78
Indexes        
1998 production as % of normal:       -
1999 import requirement as % of normal:       100
1999 food aid requirement as % of normal:       100


FAO/GIEWS - August 1999

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