FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.2, August 1999 CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC 8

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CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

Area:
623 000 sq.km
Climate:
North: tropical wet-dry, south: tropical wet; rainy season: March-November
Population:
3.57 million (1999 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: US$ 320 (1997)
Specific characteristics of the country:
Low-income food-deficit country; land-locked country
Logistics:
Roads inadequate during rainy season; river transport important
Major foodcrops:
Roots and tubers, tree nuts, coarse grain, fruits
Marketing year:
January/December; Lean season: May-July
Share of cereals in total calorie intake:
21 percent


CURRENT SITUATION


Rains began early in February. They remained generally below normal in March and April but improved significantly in May, notably over the eastern half of the country, benefiting recently planted coarse grains.

Following a good cereal harvest in 1998, the food supply situation is satisfactory. For the 1999 marketing year (January/December), the cereal import requirement is estimated at 34 000 tonnes, mainly wheat.


CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1999 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tonnes)


  Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal Production - 12 103 115
Normal Imports 30 3 2 35
of which: Structural food aid - - 1 1
1999 Domestic Availability - 12 128 140
1998 Production (rice in paddy terms) - 19 128 147
1998 Production (rice in milled terms) - 12 128 140
Possible stock drawdown - - - -
1999 Utilization 30 15 129 174
Food Use 29 13 104 146
of which: local purchase requirement - - - -
Non-food use 1 2 19 22
Exports or Re-exports - - - -
Possible stock build up - - 6 6
1999 Import Requirement 30 3 1 34
Anticipated commercial imports 29 3 1 33
Food aid needs 1 - - 1
Current Aid Position        
Food aid pledges - - - -
of which: Delivered - - - -
Donor-financed purchases - - - -
of which: for local use - - - -
for export - - - -
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year) 8 4 29 41
Indexes        
1998 production as % of normal:       127
1999 import requirement as % of normal:       97
1999 food aid requirement as % of normal:       100


FAO/GIEWS - August 1999

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