FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.2, August 1999 COMOROS 10

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COMOROS

Area:
2 200 sq.km
Climate:
Tropical wet-dry; one hot rainy season with cyclone probability; June-October dry and cool
Population:
0.73 million (1999 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: US$ 470 (1995)
Specific characteristics of the country:
Low-income food-deficit country; archipelago of four small islands
Logistics:
-
Major foodcrops:
Rice, roots, tubers, bananas and coconuts
Marketing year:
January/December
Share of cereals in total calorie intake:
44 percent


CURRENT SITUATION


Most of the country's agricultural land is planted to cash crops, bananas and root crops. Only one-quarter of the cereal requirement is produced locally and, consequently, there is a structural deficit of some 46 000 tonnes of cereals, largely covered by commercial imports. Food aid needs are estimated at 10 000 tonnes.


CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1999 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tonnes)


  Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal Production - 17 4 21
Normal Imports 5 35 - 40
of which: Structural food aid 1 5 - 6
1999 Domestic Availability - 4 4 8
1998 Production (rice in paddy terms) - 3 4 7
1998 Production (rice in milled terms) - 2 4 6
Possible stock drawdown - 2 - 2
1999 Utilization 6 44 4 54
Food Use 6 42 2 50
of which: local purchase requirement - - - -
Non-food use - 2 2 4
Exports or Re-exports - - - -
Possible stock build up - - - -
1999 Import Requirement 6 40 - 46
Anticipated commercial imports 5 31 - 36
Food aid needs 1 9 - 10
Current Aid Position        
Food aid pledges - 1 - 1
of which: Delivered - - - -
Donor-financed purchases - - - -
of which: for local use - - - -
for export - - - -
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year) 8 58 3 69
Indexes        
1999 production as % of normal:       33
1999 import requirement as % of normal:       115
1999 food aid requirement as % of normal:       167


FAO/GIEWS - August 1999

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