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Since the 1970s, many practical actions have been taken and research implemented in New Caledonia. The results are real and concrete. In order to encourage and preserve the beauty of the landscape, the local way of life, the biological diversity, the development of tourism, industry and agriculture, focused activities must continue, and synergies developed through collaborative activities with all stakeholders and partnerships developed with interested parties, especially community groups. For the present and the future, the main objectives could be:

These objectives, their application to the various ecosystems and indicative assessments of current achievements are summarized in Table 7.

In order to attain these objectives, focused and regional cooperation would be very useful in several areas, including policy; regulation; reduced-impact logging; status and encouragement of natural regeneration; silvicultural management and its effects in tropical forests; and collaboration with local communities. As members of the Pacific Commission and the South Pacific Regional Environment Program (SPREP), New Caledonia wishes to develop extensive regional cooperation.

Table 7. Summary of actions for continuing present achievements in protection of forest genetic resources in New Caledonia


Improving knowledge and conservation of habitats of special interest, addressing: ecology; regeneration; threats; growth; development; awareness raising among visitors, landowners and users; census; plantations; regulations; conservation areas; ecotypes and provenances; monitoring; and education.


Conservation rate (1)

Major target species and genera

Forests and trees on the ultrabasic mountains and mining areas

30 %

Agathis lanceolata Agathis ovata Araucaria montana, A. nemorosa, A. rulei, A. scopulorum, A. bernieri, and A. biramulata Arillastum gumiferum

Chalky forests

0 %

Araucaria columnaris Intsia bijuga Manilkara pancheri Santalum austrocaledonicum

Trees and other plants of the sclerophyllous forests

3 %

Terminalia cherrieri, plus species from the genera Cupaniopsis, Diospyros, Eugenia, Phyllanthus and Syzygium

Rain forests and high altitude forests on schist

5 %

Agathis sp. Araucaria schmidii Calophyllum caledonicum Crossostylis sp. Elaeocarpus sp. Kermadecia sp. Montrouziera cauliflora Sclefflera sp.


0 %

The genera Avicennia, Bruguiera, Exoecaria, Rhyzophora, etc.

Note: (1) Conservation rate is an indicative assessment of the current level of conservation in an ecosystem, derived from Conservation rate = Protected area/Total area.

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