Sources of International Water Law

FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization
of the United Nations
Rome, 1998

ISSN 1014-6679

FAO
LEGISLATIVE
STUDY

65

Development Law Service
FAO Legal Office
 
    Table of Contents

Reprinted 2001

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ISBN 92-5-104172-5

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Table of Contents

FOREWORD

1. INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS

1.1 INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS OF UNIVERSAL APPLICATION

1.1.1 General Treaty - Vienna, 9 June 1815
1.1.2 Convention and Statute on the Regime of Navigable Waterways of International Concern - Barcelona, 20 April 1921

1.1.2.1 The Convention
1.1.2.2 The Statute
1.1.2.3 Additional Protocol
1.1.2.4 Declaration recognising the Right to a Flag of States having no Sea-coast

1.1.3 Convention relating to the Development of Hydraulic Power affecting more than one State and Protocol of Signature - Geneva, 9 December 1923

1.1.3.1 The Convention
1.1.3.2 Protocol of Signature

1.1.4 Convention to Combat Desertification - Paris, 17 June 1994
1.1.5 Convention on the Law of the Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses - New York, 21 May 1997

1.2 INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS OF REGIONAL APPLICATION

1.2.1 Africa

1.2.1.1 African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources - Algiers, 15 September 1968

1.2.2 Americas

1.2.2.1 Organization of American States: Draft Convention on the Industrial and Agricultural Use of International Rivers and Lakes - Rio de Janeiro, 1 September 1965
1.2.2.2 Act of Asunción on the Use of International Rivers - 3 June 1971

1.2.3 Europe

1.2.3.1 Council of Europe: Draft European Convention for the Protection of International Watercourses against Pollution - Strasbourg, February 1974
1.2.3.2 Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context - Espoo, 25 February 1991
1.2.3.3 Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes - 18 March 1992

2. EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (EC)

2.1 Commission Proposal for a Council Directive Establishing a Framework for Community Action in the field of Water Policy - Brussels, 15 April 1997

3. DECLARATIONS OF PRINCIPLES AND RESOLUTIONS OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

3.1 THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM

3.1.1 Economic Commission for Europe

3.1.1.1 Declaration of Policy on Prevention and Control of Water Pollution, including Transboundary Pollution (Decision B (XXV)) - Geneva, 1980
3.1.1.2 Decision on International Co-operation on Shared Water Resources (D (XXXVII)) - Geneva, 1982
3.1.1.3 Decision on Co-operation in the field of Transboundary Waters (Decision B (41)) - Geneva, 1986
3.1.1.4 Code of Conduct on Accidental Pollution of Transboundary Inland Waters (Decision C (45)) - New York, 1990

3.1.2 Proposals of Panel of Experts on the Legal and Institutional Aspects of International Water Resources Development - New York, 9 December 1969
3.1.3 Declarations of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment - Stockholm, 16 June 1972
3.1.4 United Nations General Assembly

3.1.4.1 Resolution 3129 (XXVIII) on Co-operation in the field of the Environment concerning Natural Resources Shared by Two or More States - New York, 13 December 1973
3.1.4.2 Resolution 33/87 on Co-operation in the field of the Environment concerning Natural Resources Shared by Two or More States - New York, 15 December 1978
3.1.4.3 Resolution 34/186 on Co-operation in the field of the Environment concerning Natural Resources Shared by Two or More States - New York, 18 December 1979

3.1.5 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

3.1.5.1 Governing Council Decision 6/14, Principles of Conduct in the field of the Environment for the Guidance of States in the Conservation and Harmonious Utilization of Natural Resources Shared by Two or More States - Nairobi, 19 May 1978

3.1.6 Declarations and Resolutions of the United Nations Water Conference - Mar del Plata, March 1977
3.1.7 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development - Agenda 21 - Rio de Janeiro, 14 June 1992

3.2 OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND CONFERENCES

3.2.1 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

3.2.1.1 Recommendation of the Council on Principles concerning Transfrontier Pollution - Paris, 14 November 1974
3.2.1.2 Recommendation of the Council on the Control of Eutrophication of Waters - Paris, 14 November 1974
3.2.1.3 Recommendation of the Council on Equal Right of Access in relation to Transfrontier Pollution - Paris, 11 May 1976
3.2.1.4 Recommendation of the Council for the Implementation of a Regime of Equal Right of Access and Non-Discrimination in relation to Transfrontier Pollution - Paris, 17 May 1977
3.2.1.5 Recommendation of the Council on Water Management Policies and Instruments - Paris, 5 April 1978

3.2.2 Pan-American Union, Organization of American States

3.2.2.1 Declaration concerning the Industrial and Agricultural Use of International Rivers - Montevideo, 24 December 1933
3.2.2.2 Inter-American Economic and Social Council, Resolution 24-M/66 on Control and Economic Utilization of Hydrographic Basins and Streams in Latin America - Buenos Aires, 1966

3.2.3 Council of Europe

3.2.3.1 European Water Charter- Strasbourg, 1967
3.2.3.2 Consultative Assembly, Recommendation 629 (1971) on the Pollution of the Rhine Water-Table - Strasbourg, 22 January 1971
3.2.3.3 Consultative Assembly, Recommendation 1052 (1987) on the Pollution of the Rhine River - Strasbourg, 29 January 1987

3.2.4 International Conference on Water and the Environment

3.2.4.1 The Dublin Statement - Dublin, 31 January 1992

3.2.5 Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee

3.2.5.1 Draft Proposition on the Law of International Rivers - New Delhi, 18 January 1973

4. SUMMARY OF DECISIONS BY INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNALS INCLUDING ARBITRAL AWARDS

4.1 INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNALS

4.1.1 Permanent Court of International Justice

4.1.1.1 Jurisdiction of the European Commission of the Danube between Galatz and Braila, Advisory Opinion of 8 December 1927
4.1.1.2 Case relating to the Territorial Jurisdiction of the International Commission of the River Oder, Judgement of 10 September 1929
4.1.1.3 The Oscar Chinn Case, Judgement of 12 December 1934
4.1.1.4 The Diversion of Water from the Meuse, Judgement of 28 June 1937

4.1.2 International Court of Justice

4.1.2.1 Case concerning the Gabcíkovo - Nagymaros Project (Hungary/Slovakia), Judgment of 25 September 1997

4.2 ARBITRAL AWARDS

4.2.1 Helmand River Delta Case - Arbitral Awards of 19 August 1872 and 10 April 1905

4.2.1.1 Award of 19 August 1872 rendered by General Goldsmid
4.2.1.2 Award of 10 April 1905 rendered by Colonel MacMahon

4.2.2 San Juan River Case - Award of 22 March 1888 rendered by President Grover Cleveland
4.2.3 Kushk River Case - Award of 22 August (3 September) 1893 rendered by an Anglo-Russian Commission
4.2.4 Faber Case - Award of 1903 rendered by Henry M. Duffield
4.2.5 Tacna-Arica Case - Award of 4 March 1925 rendered by President Calvin Coolidge
4.2.6 Zarumilla River Case - Arbitral Award of 14 July 1945 rendered by the Chancellery of Brazil
4.2.7 Lake Lanoux Case - Award of 16 November 1957 rendered by an Arbitral Tribunal
4.2.8 Gut Dam Case - Decisions of 1968 rendered by the Lake Ontario Claims Tribunal

4.2.8.1 Decision of 15 January 1968
4.2.8.2 Decision of 12 February 1968
4.2.8.3 Decision of 27 September 1903

4.2.9 Landmark 62 - Mount Fitz Roy Case - Award of 21 October 1994 rendered by an Arbitral Tribunal

5. STUDIES AND DECLARATIONS MADE BY INTERNATIONAL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

5.1 INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

5.1.1. International Regulation on River Navigation - Resolution of Heidelberg, 9 September 1887
5.1.2 International Regulation regarding the Use of International Watercourses for Purposes other than Navigation - Declaration of Madrid, 20 April 1911
5.1.3 Regulation governing Navigation on International Rivers - Resolution of Paris, 19 October 1934
5.1.4 Resolution on the Use of International Non-Maritime Waters - Salzburg, 11 September 1961
5.1.5 Resolution on the Pollution of Rivers and Lakes and International Law - Athens, 12 September 1979

5.2 INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION

5.2.1 Statement of Principles - Resolution of Dubrovnik, 1956
5.2.2 Resolution on the Use on the Waters of International Rivers - New York, 1958
5.2.3 Recommendations on the Procedures concerning the Non-Navigational Uses - Hamburg, August 1960
5.2.4 Recommendation on Pollution Control - Hamburg. August 1960
5.2.5 The Helsinki Rules

5.2.5.1 The Helsinki Rules on the Uses of the Waters of International Rivers - Helsinki, 1966
5.2.5.2 Articles on Flood Control - New York, 1972
5.2.5.3 Articles on Marine Pollution of Continental Origin - New York, 1972
5.2.5.4 Articles on the Maintenance and Improvement of Naturally Navigable Waterways Separating or Traversing Several States - New Delhi, 1975
5.2.5.5 Resolution on the Protection of Water Resources and Water Installations in Times of Armed Conflict - Madrid, 1976
5.2.5.6 Resolution on International Water Resources Administration - Madrid, 1976
5.2.5.7 Regulation of the Flow of Water of International Watercourses - Belgrade, 1980
5.2.5.8 Articles on the Relationship between Water, Other Natural Resources and the Environment - Belgrade, 1980
5.2.5.9 Rules on the Water Pollution in an International Drainage Basin - Montreal, 1982
5.2.5.10 Rules on International Groundwaters - Seoul, 1986
5.2.5.11 Complementary Rules Applicable to International Water Resources - Seoul, 1986
5.2.5.12 Rules on Cross-Media Pollution - Buenos Aires, 1994
5.2.5.13 Articles on Cross-Media Pollution Resulting from the Use of the Waters of an International Drainage Basin - Helsinki, 1996
5.2.5.14 Articles on Private Law Remedies for Transboundary Damage in International Watercourses - Helsinki, 1996

5.3 INTER-AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION

5.3.1 Declaration of Buenos Aires - 19 November 1957
5.3.2 Resolution of San Jose - 15 April 1967
5.3.3 Resolution of Caracas - 8 November 1969

5.4 INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR WATER LAW

5.4.1 Recommendations of the Caracas Conference on Water Law and Administration - 14 February 1976

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