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6 THE GRADING OF FINS INTO BLACK AND WHITE GROUPS


6.1 Information provided by Central Institute of Fisheries Technology Cochin India*

In Hong Kong shark fins are graded as follows:

Top grade

Grade 1

Grade 2

Grade 3

Hammerhead shark

White shark

Whitetip shark

smaller sharks

Sphyrna spp

Carcharodon spp

Carcharodon spp


Mako shark

Thresher shark

Tiger shark


Isurus spp

Galeocerdo spp

Galeocerdo spp


Blue shark




Prionace spp




Other species of commercially important sharks are listed below:

White fins

Black fins

Guitarfish - Rhynchobatus djiddensis

Spinner shark - Carcharhinus brevipinna

Silky shark. -. Carcharhinus falciformis

Blacktip shark - Carcharhinus limbatus

Sandbar shark - Carcharhinus plumbeus

Blacknose shark - Carcharhinus acronotus

Dusky shark - Carcharhinus obscurus

Tiger shark - Galeocerdo cuvier

Bull shark - Carcharhinus leucas

Black finned shark - Carcharhinus melanopterus

Lemon shark - Negaprion brevirostris


6.2 Information provided by The Marine Products Development Authority[*]

Major species of sharks from which fins are extracted:

Sharks from Indian waters that yield:

White fins

Black fins

Whale shark - Rhincodon typus

Grey shark/Black shark Carcharhinus limbatus

Oceanic whitetip shark - Carcharhinus longimanus

Black finned shark Carcharhinus melanopterus

Tiger shark - Galeocerdo cuvier


Indian lemon shark - Negaprion acutidens


Grey shark - Rhizoprionodon acutus


Indian dog shark/Spade nose shark - Scoliodon laticaudus


Round head/Hammerhead shark - Sphyrna zygaena


Scalloped hammerhead shark - Sphyrna lewini


6.3 Recent market trends in the Indian shark fin trade

Although almost all shark fins are exported, there is an internal demand for shark fin rays, especially in major hotels. India has been exporting shark fin to Hong Kong and Singapore for some time and recently new markets such as the USA, Malaysia, Germany, Taiwan Province of China and the United Arab Emirates have emerged.


[*]These shark names are exactly as provided by the authority mentioned.

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