Previous Page Table of Contents Next Page



Codes are abbreviations for names, which makes it easier to identify the correct item in a long list. Codes also make it easier to search in a database for groups of data. A well-designed code system will facilitate the administration of large sets of data.

There is no general agreement on a universal codes system for fisheries data. One good reason is that many code systems are based on the local language, and match a special feature of the fisheries sector of the country in question. However, even international codes for data exchange are not yet standardised, although several attempts have been made to introduce international standards.

6.3.1 The Use of Unique Keys

Codes should be “keys”, that is, every value of a code must be unique. Once you use a code, there can be only one way to interpret it. For example, a vessel registration code should refer to only one vessel. A computerised relational database system will ensure that no two values of a “key” are the same. If, for example, you try to enter an already existing vessel registration code, the system will give an error message. Species codes are probably the most complex types of codes in a fisheries database.

The “keys” are used to establish consistent relations between the tables in a database. Some keys of a database are just unique numbers, where the actual value is arbitrary (e.g. a serial number given to an interview record). Other keys, like the species codes, are given names, which should make it possible to extract sub-sets of data. This section deals with the type of keys that have been assigned values indicating a meaning.

All the keys should have the same length, measured in number of characters, to facilitate the extraction of data.

6.3.2 Codes for International Exchange of Data

A code system used for international exchange of data needs to meet standards different from those of a national code system. In the following, some suggestions are discussed for international exchange codes for species identification, but the author is not in a position to recommend any particular code.

Scientific Species Name: The scientific name is of variable length, which is not suitable for a code. Taxonomy is a fluid science and scientific names may change significantly, which would complicate future data exchanges. Furthermore some species have more than one scientific name (synonyms) and this can cause confusion.

Common Species Name: The majority of fish have a common name, but this name varies depending on the language spoken and/or the country. The same name can often be used for many species as for commercial group categories, and its meaning may vary from place to place. Rare species may not have a common name. Common names are not suitable for exchange of data.

FAO Species Codes: FAO has developed the International Standard Statistical Classification of Aquatic Animals and Plants (ISSCAAP). This has two components:

A three-letter code based on the common name, which is used at an administrative level to report catches of commercial fish. It is not widely used within the scientific community.

A 10-character numeric, fixed field, hierarchical code.

The alpha code does not enable any taxonomic data to be encoded.

RUBIN (RoUtine for Biological INformation): The Nordic Code Centre (a division of the Swedish Museum of Natural History) created two systems. Firstly, there is the Rubin Code, which is based on the first four letters of the genus plus a space plus the first three letters of the species (e.g. “Gadus morhua” gives “GADU MOR”). These eight characters are followed by a further two characters which are used for computer storage and handling.

The Nordic Code Centre also produced a 12 digit numeric system - the Rubin Number. This system consists of a proceeding digit to separate biological and non-biological parameters, followed by a 10 digit code to identify the species, followed by a final digit to signal the version number.

CLOFNAM: The most comprehensive texts on fish identification in the NE Atlantic are ‘Checklist Of the Fishes of the Northeastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean’ (CLOFNAM) and ‘Fishes of the Northeastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean’ (FNAM), both published by UNESCO.

In 1965 a panel of experts was convened and asked to produce an extensive generic listing of fish in European waters. This listing was first published in 1973 as the CLOFNAM code. As a logical follow up it was decided to publish descriptions of the fauna with keys, diagnoses and illustrations and FNAM was published in 1984. Practically every species liable to be encountered in this area is described in FNAM and given a code first determined in CLOFNAM. This code is hierarchical because it is based on the taxonomic position of the species and is alpha/numeric in structure. For example, the codes for three species are:

Lampetra fluviatilis1.2.1
Callionymus fasciatus163a.1.3
Sciadonus cryptophthalmus174.2.1

The disadvantages are: the codes have variable length, alpha/numeric codes are not easy to sort and they are only revised about every 10 years. Some species have two codes whilst a debate is held over their exact taxonomic position. An additional complication is that this code is limited to fish species an that it does not include invertebrates.

NODC-CODE (National Oceanographic Data Center Taxonomic Code): The NODC code system, is probably the most recognised species code system. It is used by ICES and its member countries. The system was originally developed for North America. The start was “A Taxonomic Code for the Biota of Chesapeake Bay” published in 1972 at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS). The VIMS codes contained a maximum of 10 digits with each two digits representing a different level of the systematic hierarchy. During 1974 and 1975 the University of Alaska developed a taxonomic code in order to manage biological data for the Alaskan Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP). These codes, known as the “Alaska Species Codes” were based on the VIMS numeric concept, but used a completely different numerical sequence.

Following the publication of the Alaska Species Codes, the National Oceanographic Data Center produced a taxonomic code into which virtually any existing taxon could be placed. The first version of the NODC Taxonomic Code was issued in 1977.

The NODC Taxonomic Code contains a maximum of 12 digits and each code number is partitioned into a series of 2 digit couplets. Each couplet represents one or more levels of the taxonomic hierarchy (Table 6.3.1).

Table 6.3.1 Example NODC code representing taxonomic hierarchy.

NODC CodeNumber of digitsLevel of the taxonomic hierarchy
932Subkingdom, Phylum, Subphylum, Class, Superorder, Order
93014Superclass, Class, Subclass, Superorder, Order, Suborder, Infraorder, Section, Superfamily
9301016Class, Order, Suborder, Family, Subfamily

The NODC code has been expanded to accommodate more taxa, which gave problems especially when a taxon was re-classified. The subsequent re-coding was time consuming and complicated the data management. Relational database management systems now allow for efficient searches and retrievals to be conducted without the need for taxonomic information in the codes. For these reasons, the NODC Taxonomic Codes released in June 1996 (version 8.0) will be the last release of a system based on a hierarchical system. The NODC will continue to publish and maintain this system for the foreseeable future, but no additions or modifications will be made to version 8.0. The NODC Taxonomic Code is the most widely used of all the various coding systems developed during the last two decades. Although the National Oceanographic Data Center is not developing the NODC code further, they are still developing and maintaining a system of encoding data (Table 6.3.2). In 1996 NODC introduced the “Taxonomic Serial Number” (TSN). This system comprises of a non-intelligent' code (i.e. the code will not be hierarchical based) whereby taxa are assigned a unique serial number. This serial number remains with the taxon even though the taxon itself may go in or out of synonymy or be entirely reclassified.

Table 6.3.2 Examples of exchange species codes

Scientific NameNODC CodeTNS CodeCLOFNAM Code
Acipenser gueldenstaedti872901010816107328.1.2
Anguilla anguilla874101010216112871.1.1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus8791031301164744101.6.1
Paraconger macrops874112050316137182.4.1
Saurida undosquamis876202030816241751.2.1
Scomber japonicus8850030301172412156.1.2
Scomber scombrus8850030302172414156.1.1
Cephalaspidea511000000076047NA, Only fish
Cephalopoda570000000082326NA, Only fish
Penaeus6177010100203624NA, Only fish

There are codes for many different types of data. Here we shall only mention one more code system, namely the codes for fishing gears. FAO has developed a code system for fishing gears as shown in Table 6.3.3. This system is internationally accepted as the standard for exchange of data.

It should be noted that conversion from one type of code to another type of code, usually is not a big problem for modern database software. Hence, the development of a local code system will not create problems as long as the codes can be readily converted to international exchange standards

Table 6.3.3 Examples of exchange codes for fishing gears. International classification of types of fishing gear (ISSCFG) FAO-1980.

 Category of gearabbreviationCode ISSCFG
2With purse lines (purse seines)PS01.1.0
3One vessel operated purse seinesPS101.1.1
4Two vessels operated purse seinesPS201.1.2
5without purse lines (lampara)LA01.2.0
6SEINES 02.0.0
7Beach seinesSB02.1.0
8Boat or vessel seinesSV02.2.0
9Danish seinesSDN02.2.1
10Scottish seinesSSC02.2.2
11Pair seinesSPR02.2.3
12Seine nets (not specified)SX02.9.0
13TRAWLS 03.0.0
14Bottom trawls 03.1.0
15Beam trawlsTBB03.1.1
16Otter trawls 1)OTB03.1.2
17Pair trawlsPTB03.1.3
18Nephrops trawlsTBN03.1.4
19Shrimp trawlsTBS03.1.5
20Bottom trawls (not specified)TB03.1.9
21Midwater trawls 03.2.0
22Otter trawlsOTM03.2.1
23Pair trawlsPTM03.2.2
24Shrimp trawlsTMS03.2.3
25Midwater trawls (not specified)TM03.2.9
26Otter twin trawlsTT03.3.0
27Otter trawls (not specified)OT03.4.9
28Pair trawls (not specified)PT03.5.9
29Other trawls (not specified)TX03.9.0
30DREDGES 04.0.0
31Boat dredgesDRB04.1.0
32Hand dredgesDRH04.2.0
33LIFT NETS 05.0.0
34Portable lift netsLNP05.1.0
35Boat-operated lift netsLNB05.2.0
36Shore-operated stationary lift netsLNS05.3.0
37Lift nets (not specified)LN05.9.0
39Cast netsFCN06.1.0
40Falling gear (not specified)FG06.9.0
42Set gillnets (anchored)GNS07.1.0
43Drift netsGND07.2.0
44Encircling gillnetsGNC07.3.0
45Fixed gillnets (on stakes)GNF07.4.0
46Trammel netsGTR07.5.0
47Combined gillnets-trammel netsGTN07.6.0
48Gillnets and entangling nets (not specified)GEN07.9.0
49Gillnets (not specified)GN07.9.1
50TRAPS 08.0.0
51Stationary uncovered pound netsFPN08.1.0
53Fyke netsFYK08.3.0
54Stow nets (swing nets)FSN08.4.0
55Barriers, fences, weirs, etc.FWR08.5.0
56Aerial trapsFAR08.6.0
57Traps (not specified)FIX08.9.0
59Handlines and pole-lines (hand operated)2)LHP09.1.0
60Handlines and pole-lines (mechanised)LHM09.2.0
61Set longlinesLLS09.3.0
62Drifting longlinesLLD09.4.0.
63Longlines (not specified)LL09.5.0
64Trolling linesLTL09.6.0
65Hooks and lines (not specified)3)LX09.9.0
70Mechanised dredgesHNID11.2.0
71Harvesting machines (not specified)HMX11.9.0
1) Fisheries agencies may indicate side and stern bottom and side and stern midwater trawls, as OTB-1 and OTB-2 and OTM-1 and OTM-2, respectively.
2) Including jigging lines.
3) Code LDV for dory-operated line gears will be maintained for historical data purposes.
4) This item includes: Hand and landing nets, drive-in nets, gathering by hand with simple hand implements with or without diving equipment, poisons and explosives, trained animals, electric fishing.

6.3.3 Codes for National Fisheries Data Collection

The national code system suggested below is based on the author's experience in setting up a data collection programme and database for Viet Nam's marine capture fisheries. The code system was decided upon by the data managers of this particular data collection programme, therefore it would not necessarily be appropriate anywhere else. Nevertheless the system presented here serves to illustrate the issues surrounding the development of a code system.

The code system should always be bilingual, (unless English is the first language of the country in question). In the presentations, first priority should be given to the national language. It is however, important for the exchange of data that translations into English exist. The example of a code system given below, had all descriptions of codes both in English and Vietnamese language, but the codes were based on English (for species, the scientific names in Latin). In the original versions of the codes given below, the description of all codes was given both in Vietnamese and English.

The codes are alphanumeric strings. The general structure of code often used is “MSX(N)”, where

M=Major group,
S=Subdivision of major group,
X=Indication of specific features.
N=Indication of further details, if required

Each part of the code may consist of one or more characters.

Code for Fishing (or “Home”) Ports: The code for fishing port, landing place (or “home port”) has seven characters and the general structure: “PDX”, where

P = Province, D = District (abbreviation), X = Town or village (abbreviation)

Code for Fishing Vessels (Vessel Register):

The Official Vessel Registration code reads “PNZ”, where

P = province code, or home port code, N = Numerical, Z = Authority of registration (optional)

Some vessels however, may not be officially registered with the code above. This applies in particular to smaller vessels. It may therefore be necessary to introduce an extended vessel registration system, so those vessels that have been sampled but do not have a registration code, can be entered in the database.

Code for Fishing Grounds and Landing Places (Spatial Information)

For the definition of a “statistical rectangle”, see Section 4.2.

The format of the code for a statistical rectangle is

XNN (or XNN0) where X = A,B,…. (from west to east) and N = 1,2,…. (from north to south)

The format of the code for a subdivision of a statistical rectangle is

XNNs where s indicates the subdivision, s = 1,2,…,9.

One important objective of using statistical rectangles is to convert geographical data from the fisheries database into maps using GIS (Geographical Information System).

Table 6.3.4 Example fishing ground codes. Overall structure of the code for fishing grounds is: XxNNNN, where Xx = Type of area, NNNN = “Indication of name”. For certain types of fishing grounds (e.g. waters bordering islands, reefs, banks, see example) the code is numerical: IxNNN, x = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 where the number indicates the compass directions.

AArchipelago (fishing grounds around several islands)NNNNAbbreviation of name
Axx = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 defined as for islands (see example below)
BBankNNNNAbbreviation of name
Bxx = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 defined as for islands (see example below)
CCoral reefNNNNAbbreviation of name
Cxx = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 defined as for islands (see example below)
DDepth strataddddMean depth of depth strata
FOther Fishing groundsNNNNAbbreviation of name
Fxx = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 defined as for islands (see example below)
IIsland (fishing grounds around an Island)NNNAbbreviation of name
Ixx = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 to indicate the compass (see example below)
L“Large area”, (or sub-area) but something smaller than “Main area”NNNNAbbreviation for name
MMain area, the largest unit areas consideredNNNNAbbreviation for name
OOff a land-locationNNNNAbbreviation for name
Oxx = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 defined as for islands (see example below)
PProvincial Waters of two or more provinces combined.PPP
(P or “#”)
“PPP” = “abbreviation of combined provinces” If last character is “#” it means that the province does not exist to day.
PWProvincial Waters of one provincePP
(P or “#”)
“PPP” = “Province abbreviation”, If last character is “#” it means that the province does not exist to day.
TBetween two locationsNNnn“NN” abbreviation of name of first location,
“nn” abbreviation of name of second location
ZSpecial values (e.g. “Not known”)NNNNAbbreviation of meaning of special value

IxCompass direction
I1North of Island
I2N-E of Island
I3East of Island
I4S-East of Island
I5South of Island
I6S-W of Island
I7West of Island
I8N-W of Island

6.3.4 Example of a Code for Species: “NAN-SIS Species Code”

The NODC code system for species was considered in Viet Nam, but was not found “user-friendly”. The numerical codes based only on taxonomic groupings had many shortcomings for the recording of a commercial fishery, which only to a certain degree respects the rules of taxonomy. As this is a national code system, the data managers were not so concerned about the compatibility with an international standard.

The code for species that was adopted is a seven character mnemonic code developed by the Nansen Programme (StrÆmme, 1992) for worldwide use in trawl and acoustic surveys. The species code consists of three sub-fields. The first two sub-fields, comprising three and two letters respectively (1–5), indicate the higher taxonomic categories to which a species belongs while the last two fields (6,7), usually numbers, define the species.

Higher taxonomic categoryLower taxonomic categorySpecies

In the case of bony fishes, the first three letters usually coincide with the first letters of the family name to which the species belongs, the next two letters refer to the genus and the numbers to the species:

Family of bony fishesGenus of bony fishesBony fish Species

Example: CARCH01 = Chloroscombrus chrysurus


For other taxonomic groups (i.e. sharks, rays, shrimps, lobsters, crabs, stomatopods, squids and cuttlefish, bivalves and gastropods) the system is slightly different. The first three letters indicate the “taxonomic group”. The next two letters indicate the family, followed by one number (or letter) for the genus and the last number (or letter) indicates the species:

SharksraysShrimpsLobstersCrabsStomatopodsSquids CuttlefishBivalvesGastropods

Example: SHRPE69 = Penaeus brasiliensis

SHRIMPPENAEIDAE6 = Penaeus9 = brasiliensis
Higher taxonFamilyGenusSpecies

In addition, there are some special codes, such as codes not conforming to the taxonomic grouping. There are also codes for animal groups closely linked to (or included in) the taxonomic system. The NAN-SIS codes were originally used for bony fish species, but the designers of NAN-SIS plan to develop the code so that non-bony fish get the same treatment, which would improve the system.

CODE“Scientific Name”

Code“Scientific Name”English Name

6.3.5 Code for Gears

The FAO-codes for gears (Table 6.3.3) were not used, as the codes suggested below were found easier to handle, in particular for retrieval of data from the database. Furthermore, the FAO code did not cover all the types of gears used in Viet Nam.

The gear code is a four characters alphanumeric code, XSNN, where

X = Major group of fishing gears
S = Subdivision of major group of fishing gears
NN= Indications of specific gears (or gear groups)

The first character X is alphabetic and indicates the main group of fishing gears, exemplified by the list below (from AMLRV, 1998).

Name of gear group
1ATrawl gears
2BEntangling nets/Gillnets
3CPush nets
4DSurrounding nets/ purse seine
6FLift nets
7GCast nets
9IDiving gears
10JDredge gears
11KCombination of multi-gears
12ZSpecial codes (see following table)

The second character, S, is numerical and indicates the subdivisions of the main groups of fishing gears: The last two numerical characters are used to indicate specific gears, as illustrated by gillnets in the tables below:

XSNNName of gear group
B210Drift net
B211Surface drift net
B212Mid-water drift net
B220Gillnet for swimming crab
B230Bottom gillnet
B231Bottom drift gillnet
B232Bottom stationary gillnet
B240Encircling gillnet
B250Off shore gillnet
B251Tuna-mackerel gillnet
B252Flying fish gillnet

6.3.6 Code for Fishing Fleets

The code for fishing fleets, naturally, is linked to the gear code, as the fleets are defined (amongst other features) by the gear they use. The code has 6 characters: XSNNxx

X= Major group of fleets (defined by the gear(s)). Alphabetical
S= Major sub-group of fleets (defined by the gear(s) and target species).
NN= Indication of further fleet characteristics to further divide the major sub-groups
xx= Engine horsepower group

Currently, X, can take the values listed in the table below, (which are equivalent to the code for fishing gear):

Fleet Code XName of fleetGear (s)
BEntangling / GillnettersEntangling net
CPush netterPush net
DSurrounding netter / purse seineSurrounding net
EHook and line fleetLine
FLift netterLift net
GCast netterCast net
HTrap fleetTrap
IDiving vesselsDiving
JDredge fleetDredge
KCombination of gears fleetCombination of gears
ZSpecial codes (see table below) 

The characters “SNN” are used for sub-divisions of the main fleets.

Finally, the code is shown for the division of a fleet into horsepower classes, where x = a,b,c,d,e. The example below shows the division of trawlers into four horsepower classes (a,b,c and d). Notice that “e” indicates the combination of all classes.

Fleet Code XSNNxxName of Fleet (English)Gear (s)
A000a0Trawler <= 45 HPTrawl
A000b0Trawler 46–74 HPTrawl
A000c0Trawler 75–140 HPTrawl
A000d0Trawler >140 HPTrawl
A000e0Trawler > 0 HPTrawl

6.3.7 Code for Commercial Groups (Species/Size/Treatment-Quality)

Commercial groups are the species groupings made by the fishers and the buyers. The commercial groupings are considered so different from the taxonomic groupings behind the NAN-SIS codes, that it was decided to develop a special code for the commercial groups. Commercial groups are not only determined by the species, but also by the size, quality and the treatment of the catch.

Thus, we shall consider three aspects of commercial grouping: (1) Commercial species groups, (2) Commercial size group and (3) Treatment & quality groups. The commercial species groups vary from province to province and from fleet to fleet within a province. Therefore, commercial species groups are defined for each combination of province and fleet.

The commercial group code is a combination of three codes of which the first two codes are similar to those explained earlier.

Province code: PPP

Fleet code: XNNNxx

where X = Main group of gear, NNN = sub-group or gear, xx = horsepower class

Species / Size Group / Treatment-quality code: XXXNNSTT


Species group sub-code: XXX =Major group, that is:

either Taxonomic group, (e.g. a family, suborder, or order)

or Commercial group (e.g. “trash fish” or “pink prawn”).

NN = Indication of species or species group, if required, otherwise “-”

Commercial size group sub-code: S = Size group

(e.g. small, medium and large or Category I, II and III)

Treatment-quality sub-code

TT = Treatment (e.g. fresh, iced, salted, dried and “for export”)

Thus the total 17 character alphanumeric code reads:

ProvinceFleetSpecies/Treatment-Quality/Size Group
GearHPMajor GroupSpeciesSizeTreatment

Whenever a character is not used, it is replaced by underscore “-”. Zero or “0” usually means “all”. The lists are not complete and most likely will be modified.

It should be kept in mind that no attempt to make a scientific biological (taxonomic) classification has been made with the codes for commercial groups. The code is selected to reflect the market situation for sea products in Viet Nam and the export market. Thus, when the seller and buyers for example, combine genus, family and even orders in commercial groups, no attempt is made to represent this in the codes for commercial groups. The sole purpose is to reflect the commercial groups as the market mechanisms have created them. Example codes are given in Tables 6.3.5 – 6.3.8.

Table 6.3.5 Example of major commercial (species) groups. The groups are those of fishers and fishmongers, not those of biologists. However, they are useful for economists, as they reflect the prices and the marketing options. The codes indicated with bold, are used in the example given below.

XXXMajor Group
FDEDemersal fish
FIMMixed fish
FPEPelagic fish
KINKing fish
(Scromberomorous commerson)
MICMixed cephalopods
MIFMixed fish
MISMixed shrimps
RSKRays and skates
SCTScads and trevalies
SHD“Tom dat”
SHRMixed shrimps
SHPPink shrimp
SHTTiger shrimp
(Penaeus monodon)
SHWWhite shrimp
TRSTrash fish

Table 6.3.6 The two character “NN” (indication of “species” or “species group”) again does not primarily deal with the scientific species concept, but with the marketing, as is illustrated by the examples given.

Commercial Species Group CodeSpecies (or Species group)Name of Commercial Species Group
FIMLDLDMixed big fish group
SHRPKPKPink prawn
LOBSLSLSlipper lobster
FISTRTRTrash fish
SHRWHWHWhite prawn

Table 6.3.7 Example size class codes. The size classes may be the ad hoc sorting usually practised into two groups “Small” and “Large” or the groups “Small”, “Medium” and “Large”. In this case, we use the letters “S”, “M” and “L”. If more size groups are needed, for example in the case of commercial groups for shrimps (counts or number per weight unit) numerical characters or special signs are used.

SDescription of commercial “Size group”
0All size groups
LLarge size
MMedium size
NNot Known
SSmall size
1Size class 1 (if more than 3 size classes are used)
2Size class 2 (if more than 3 size classes are used)
.... etcSize class 3,…,9, (if more than 3 size classes are used)

Table 6.3.8 Example codes for treatment of the catch (“TT”). This is most likely not the final version of this table, but rather the very first suggestion.

TTDescription of “Treatment-Quality”
00Fresh, not iced (no treatment)
DPDried and packed
DEDried and packed for export
EXFor export
FEFrozen for export
FPFrozen and Packed
PEFrozen and packed for export.
DPDried and Packed
NKNot known
HPHeaded & Peeled
QIFresh high quality, Iced
TFSalting Trash fish for sauce


When entering a value in a data form (the “hard form” used for trip-interview or the form used on the computer screen for entry of data), misspellings and other mistakes may easily occur. A well-designed code system can minimise the risk of errors. Many data fields are of a type where only a limited number of options for the value are available. Whenever this is the case, a “look-up-table” should be prepared for the enumerator or the encoder, and the enumerator should be instructed only to use the options in the look-up table (see example in Figure 6.4.1).

The tables shown in Section 6.3 are examples of look-up-tables.

A look-up table should always be in the local language. The international language (English) may or may not be shown. The enumerators and encoders will master the local language, but may not benefit from the English name. Table 6.4.1 shows an extract from the look-up table for species of VIETFISHBase. The complete table contains 1007 species, genus, and families or species groups. The enumerators, should all be given a copy of this table, and when filling in the forms they should give both the code and the local name. Giving both allows for validation of data by the time they are entered in the computer.

Figure 6.4.1

Figure 6.4.1 Look-up tables for data entry from computer screen.

Table 6.4.1 Extract from the species look-up table from VIETFISHBase.

 CodeScientific Species NameScientific Genus NameScientific Family nameViet Namese Name 2English Name
1ACRAC00Acropoma sp.AcropomaACROPOMATIDAE Glowbelly
2ACRAC01Acropoma japonicaAcropomaACROPOMATIDAE Glowbelly
3ACRSY02Synagrops japonicusSynagropsSYNGNATHIDAE Japanese splitfin
4ALBAL01Albula vulpesAlbulaALBULIDAE Bonefish
6AMMBL01Bleekeria anguillarisBleekeriaAMMODYTIDAE Sandlances
7ANRAN04Antennarius striatusAntennariusANTHENNARIDAE Straited frogfin
8ANRAN05Antennarius hispidusAntennariusANTHENNARIIDAE Shaggy angler
...................................................................................................................... ................................
   .....    ..
999URAUR00Uranoscopus sp.UranoscopusURANOSCOPIDAE Stargazer
1000URAUR06Uranoscopus oligilepisUranoscopusURANOSCOPIDAE Stargazer
1001URAUR07Uranoscopus japonicusUranoscopusURANOSCOPIDAE Japanese stargazer
1002URAUR08Uranoscopus bicinctusUranoscopusURANOSCOPIDAE Marbled stargazer
1003VELVE02Velifer hipselopterusVeliferVELIFERIDAE Sailfin velifer
1004XIPXI01Xiphias gladiusXiphiasXIPHIDAE Swordfish
1005ZEIAA00ZEIDAENot definedZEIDAE Dories
1006ZEIZE00Zeus sp.ZeusZEIDAE Dory
1007ZEIZE01Zeus faberZeusZEIDAE John dory

2 The Vietnamese names have been omitted because of the differences in fonts

Previous Page Top of Page Next Page