Proposed COFI Sub-Committee on Aquaculture
i) Agreed to establish the Sub-Committee on Aquaculture with its terms of reference as recommended by the Expert Consultation on the Proposed COFI Sub-Committee on Aquaculture, Bangkok, Thailand, 28-29 February 2000.
(paras. 59, 62)
Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing
i) Adopted by consensus the IPOA-IUU Fishing as contained in Appendix D of document COFI/2001/7 Add., as amended by the results of the informal, open-ended "Friends of the Chair" meetings and with an amendment inserted in Plenary, whilst noting reservations made by a number of countries including, Antigua and Barbuda, Canada and Japan.
(paras. 99,102, 105 and 108)
Achievements of Major Programme 2.3 Fisheries 1998-1999
i) Noted with concern the stagnation in funding for fisheries whilst there had been a substantial growth in the work and responsibilities of FAO.
ii) Requested FAO to consider the feasibility of increasing budgetary allocation to the Fisheries Programme from its Regular Programme resources.
iii) Also noted a call from many of its Members, especially developing countries, for increased technical and financial support in the implementation of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and the concern of small island developing States (SIDs) that the special programme for SIDs had not materialized due to lack of funding.
iv) Noted further a call from countries from the Latin American and the Caribbean region to receive more equitable consideration in both the regular and field programmes and from other developing countries for increased support from FAO.
Progress Report on the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and Related International Plans of Action
i) Recognized the role the Code of Conduct played in promoting sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, and linkage between improved conservation and management and utilization within the fisheries sector as critical in supporting national policies for enhancing food securities and social and economic opportunities.
ii) Noted that the implementation of the post-harvest provisions of the Code of Conduct had been relatively slow by FAO and Member countries and that FAO could play an important role in facilitating international dialogue to examine mechanisms and verification that would contribute to enhancing responsible post-harvest practices.
iii) Urged FAO, in the course of promoting aquaculture, not to overlook those countries that historically did not practice aquaculture but which had suitable condition for its development.
iv) Highlighted the continued need for awareness-building about the Code of Conduct.
v) Recognized the important role of regional fisheries management organizations in the efffective implementation of the Code.
vi) Acknowledged the usefulness of the FAO prepared guidelines to facilitate the implementation of the Code and the elaboration of such guidelines in support of the implementation of the Code at the national and regional levels.
vii) Agreed that more in-depth analysis of problems associated with the efficient implementation of the Code be carried out in future reporting on the application of the Code and the related IPOAs.
viii) Welcomed the opportunity offered by the Reykjavik Conference to address matters related to ecosystem-based fisheries management.
ix) Also agreed that, in conducting studies on the relationship between marine mammals and fisheries requested by its Members, FAO should take into account the impact of predator/prey relationship on fisheries as a number of environmental and human factors also contributed to the status of particular fisheries.
Decisions and recommendations on the Seventh Session of the COFI Sub-Committee on Fish Trade, Bremen, Germany, 22-25 March 2000
i) Expressed satisfaction with the quality of the work of the Sub-Committee and the importance role played by FAO in the field of fish marketing development through information and provision of technical advice.
ii) Acknowledged with appreciation the fruitful cooperation of the COFI Sub-Committee on Fish Trade and the Common Fund for Commodities (CFC).
iii) Endorsed the report of the Seventh Session of the COFI Sub-Committee on Fish Trade.
iv) Noted the serious concern of the Latin American and Caribbean countries regarding restrictions on trade and use of fishmeal for animal feed on the grounds of alleged link to Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) and their request for FAO to closely monitor scientific development on the subject and the safety of fishmeal in animal feeding and to report back regularly to Member countries
v) Agreed that the above issues be discussed at the Eight Session of the Sub-Committee.
vi) Expressed appreciation for the valuable contribution of the recently terminated FAO/DANIDA Project on Fish Quality Assurance to capacity building and improvement in seafood safety in developing countries.
vii) Stressed the need for further training and assistance in fish quality assurance, seafood safety measures, risk analysis and the application of the relevant WTO agreements.
viii) Requested FAO and WHO to assist developing exporting countries in finding low cost solutions in the monitoring of environmental pollution on fish safety.
ix) Agreed that the Secretariat continue to monitor developments on issues of relevance to eco-labelling and inform Members through relevant technical publications, in order to develop criteria to guide Member countries.
x) Agreed that the agenda for the Eighth Session of the Sub-Committee include an item on the feasibility and practicality of harmonizing catch certifcation used by some regional fishery management bodies.
xi) Requested that FAO's policy on the use of the official languages of FAO be applied at the Sub-Committee level as is the case with its parent body.
Proposed COFI Sub-Committee on Aquaculture
i) Noted issues of common global concern on aquaculture development, e.g. environmental and economic implications, consumer and food safety aspects, interactions between aquaculture and capture fisheries, the role of culture-based fisheries, sea ranching, general institutional and development needs for sustainable aquaculture management.
ii) Agreed that the terms of reference of the Sub-Committee be kept flexible and be revised as the aquaculture sector developed to ensure coverage of the needs of all Members.
iii) Gratefully acknowledged the offers from China, Italy, Norway and the United States of America to facilitate the convening of the Sub-Committee sessions in order to help reducing the financial burden on FAO's Regular Programme budget.
(paras. 58, 62)
iv) Noted the request of the Observer from the Russian Federation that FAO consider the feasibility of his country becoming a member of the Sub-Committee.
CITES Criteria for Commercially-exploited Aquatic Species
i) Agreed that the existing criteria of CITES concerning the listing and de-listing of species be based on the best possible scientific evidence and on an effective scientific evaluation process and that FAO consider establishing a process to consider the problems and potential solutions in relation to listing fishery resources under Article II.
ii) Also agreed that in the FAO process, a technical consultation be convened before November 2001 and its proposal be considered and endorsed, as appropriate, at the session of the Sub-Committee on Fish Trade and that, if the agreement could not be reached, the June 2000 report of the technical consultation be sent to the CITES Secretariat as the formal FAO input to CITES review process.
iii) Agree further that the next session of the Sub-Committee on Fish Trade follow up the matter under its new Agenda item entitled "Developing a work plan for exploring CITES issues with respect to international fish trade".
Proposal for Improved Global Reporting on the Status and Trends of Fisheries
i) Recognized that status and trend studies were fundamental to the FAO mandate and that quality data were often wanting, especially in the multi-species and small-scale fisheries, which prevailed in many developing countries.
ii) Stressed the importance of national capacity-building, especially in developing countries, in fishery statistics through Regular Programme activities and the direct assistance of FAO.
iii) Recommended that FAO convene a technical consultation to ascertain ways and means of improving fishery status and trends reporting, including the possible development of IPOA, and that the proposals of the consultation be presented at the Twenty-fifth Session of COFI.
Conclusions and Recommendations of the Expert Consultation on Economic Incentives and Responsible Fisheries
i) Agreed to request FAO to convene a second expert consultation, recognizing that further work remained to be done, to be followed by a Government technical consultation to facilitate the timely dissemination of information to the Members and other intergovernmental organizations.
(paras. 86, 89)
Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing
i) Acknowledged the important role that FAO should play in promoting the implementation of the IPOA-IUU, particularly in the provision of technical assistance to developing countries.
ii) Recommended that the IPOA-IUU fishing and the progress achieved in implementing it be considered at the Twenty-fifth Session of COFI.
Medium-Term Plan 2002-2007
i) Commended that MTP for Fisheries provided a good summary of the activities to be undertaken in relation to the strategic objective of FAO.
ii) Recommended that the Plan ensure a correct balance among regions, among programme activities, and between normative and operational work and that the use of various instruments such as guidelines and plans of action be assessed and harmonized to ensure that the most appropriate tool was used in future initiatives.
iii) Recommended further that more resources be set aside for a number of priority areas aimed at improving global fisheries management, i.e. management of small-scale fisheries; eco-system approaches to fisheries management; trade aspects including fish quality and safety; gear selectivity and waste reduction; resources assessment and monitoring; fish disease control and health management; harvest and post-harvest on under-exploited resources such as mesopelagic stocks; and special requirements of SIDs).
iv) Recognized the possible contribution to effective fishery resources management through closer collaboration between FAO and regional fishery bodies.
Any other matters
i) Noted additional fisheries issues raised by some Members, namely, the planned Conference on Management and Sustainable Development of Fisheries in the Antarctic; a conference on mid- and deep-water fishery resources and management; the deterioration of coral reef resources; and the problems of sea turtle mortality due to accidental catch and others, including land-based and human activities may have implications on the future programme of work and budget for fisheries.
(paras.119, 120, 122.124)