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3. ANNEXES


3.1 ANNEX 1: LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
3.2 ANNEX 2: CONFERENCE PROGRAMME
3.3 ANNEX 3: SPEECH BY MR. HASSANAI KONGKEO, NACA COORDINATOR AND THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE CONFERENCE
3.4 ANNEX 4: SPEECH BY MR. DONG QINGSONG, OFFICER IN CHARGE, FAO REGIONAL OFFICE FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
3.5 ANNEX 5: SPEECH BY MR. A.M. JAYASEKARA, CHAIRMAN, NACA GOVERNING COUNCIL
3.6 ANNEX 6: SPEECH BY MR. DHAMMARONG PRAKOBBOON, DIRECTOR GENERAL FOR FISHERIES, THAILAND
3.7 ANNEX 7: KEYNOTE ADDRESS BY MR. PONGPOL ADIREKSAN, MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE AND CO-OPERATIVES, THAILAND
3.8 ANNEX 8: INTRODUCTION TO THE BANGKOK DECLARATION AND STRATEGY BY MR. GLENN HURRY, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES, AUSTRALIA; CO-CHAIRMAN OF THE TECHNICAL DRAFTING COMMITTEE
3.9 ANNEX 9: LIST OF KEYNOTE PAPERS, REVIEWS AND PLENARY LECTURES PRESENTED AT, AND TECHNICAL AND EXPERIENCE PAPERS SUBMITTED TO, THE CONFERENCE
3.10 ANNEX 10: BANGKOK DECLARATION AND STRATEGY FOR AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT BEYOND 2000

3.1 ANNEX 1: LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

AUSTRALIA

1. Bennison, Simon. Executive Director, Aquaculture Council of W. Australia, PO Box 55, Mt. Hawthorn, WA 6915; Tel: + 61 8 9244 2934; E-mail: acwa@wafic.org.au

2. Brennan, Donna. Manager, ACIAR, ACIAR, GPO Box 1571, Canberra ACT 2601; E-mail: brennan@aciar.gov.au

3. Browne, Sciona. Executive Director, Aquaculture Investments International, Evandale House, 80 Evandale St, Florent 6014, WA; Tel: +61 (0)8 9383 7577; Fax: +61 8 9389 6077; E-mail: browne@aquacultureinvestments.com

4. Carey, Jan. Lecturer, Dept of Geographical and Environmental Studies, University of Adelaide, South Australia 5005; E-mail: Jan.carey@adelaide.edu.au

5. Clough, Barry. Project Manager, Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB 3, Townsville, Queensland 4810; Tel: + 61 7 4753 4293; Fax: + 61 7 4272 5852; E-mail: b.clough@aims.gov.au

6. Cody, Mark. Executive Director, Seafood Training (SA), Fishing Industry House, Dockside, North Parade, North Adelaide, SA 5015; Tel: + 61 8 8303 2754; Fax: + 61 8 8303 2791; E-mail: mcody@telstra.easymail.com.au

7. De Silva, Sena. Professor, School of Ecology and Environment, Deakin University; PO Box 423, Warrnambool, Victoria, ACT 3280; Tel: + 61 3 55 533 527; Fax: 61 3 55 633 462; E-mail: sena@deakin.edu.au

8. Elliott, Nicholas G. CSIRO Marine Research, GPO 1538, Hobart, Tasmania; E-mail: Nick.elliott@marine.csiro.au

9. Evans, Rodney. Scientist, Primo Aquaculture, PO Box 2007, Coffs Harbour 2450; Fax: +61 (0)2 6655 4903; E-mail: Primaqa@midcoast.com.au

10. Evans, Liz. Primo Aquaculture, PO Box 2007, Coffs Harbour 2450; Fax: + 61 (0)2 6655 4903; E-mail: Primaqa@midcoast.com.au

11. Gooley, Geoff. Manager, Aquaculture PGM, Marine Freshwater Resources Institute, PB 20, Alexandra, Victoria 3714; E-mail: geoff.gooley@nre.vic.gov.au

12. Holmes, Russel. General Manager, Netcraft PTY, Ltd., 61 Bondalla Road, Margate, Tasmania 7054; Tel: + 61 3 626 71111; Fax: + 61 3 6267 1122; E-mail russell@ncraft.com.au

13. Hurry, Glenn. Asst. Secretary, Fisheries and Aquaculture Branch, Dept of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, GPO Box 858, Canberra, ACT 2601; Fax: + 61 2 6272 4215; E-mail: Glenn.hurry@affa.gov.au

14. Kuchnud, Sommai. Graduate student, Environmental Management and Devt Program, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT; E-mail: Sommai.kuchnud@anu.edu.au

15. McLoughlin, Richard. Director Fisheries Victoria, Dept of Natural Resources and Environment, 15/8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, VIC 3002; E-mail: Dyan.Davidson@ure.vic.gov.au

16. Mohan, Ram. Lecturer, Northern Territory University, Bldg. 40, Casuarina Campus, Darwin, NT 0909; E-mail: Mohan@darwin.ntu.edu.au

17. Montague, Peter. Director, Aquaculture CRC Ltd., PO Box 123, Broadway, NSW 2007; E-mail: P.Montague@uts.edu.au

18. Perera, Ramesh. Officer, Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS), PO Box 858, Canberra 2601; Tel: + 61 2 6272 3399; E-mail: ramesh.perera@aqis.gov.au

19. Rogers, Peter. Executive Director, Fisheries, Level 3, SG10 Atrium, 168-170 St. George’s Temple, Perth 6105, WA; Tel: +61 8 9481 3576; E-mail: rogers@fish.wa.gov.au

20. Rothlisberg, Peter. CSIRO Marine Research, PO Box 120, Cleveland, Queensland 4163; E-mail: Peter.rothlisberg@marine.csiro.au

21. Sen, Sevaly. FERM, 20/23 McLeod St., Mosmar, Sydney; E-mail: Sevalysen@attglobal.net

22. Shoulder, Paula. Director, Fisheries and Aquaculture Branch, Dept of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, GPO 858, Canberra 2601, ACT; Tel: + 61 2 6272 4215; E-mail: Paula.Shaolder@affa.gov.ac

23. Smith, Barney. Research Program Manager, ACIAR, PO Box 21, Cronula, Sydney, NSW 2230; E-mail: Smithb@fisheries.nsw.gov.au

24. Smith, Kevin. Neptune Construction Services, 12 Kiln Street, Malaga 6062, WA; Tel: + 61 8 9249 3988; Fax: + 61 8 9249 3961

25. Sutherland, Susan. Project Manager, Fisheries Western Australia, Locked Bag no. 39, Cloisters, Perth, WA 6850; Tel: + 61 8 9321 8917; E-mail: ssutherland@fish.wa.gov.au

26. Walker, Peter. Associate Professor, CSIRO, 120 Meter Road, Indooroopilly; Fax: + 61 7 3214 2718; E-mail: Peter.walker@tag.csiro.au

27. Wilkinson, Simon. Policy Adviser, Fisheries & Aquaculture Branch, Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry - Australia, Edmund Barton Building, Barton ACT, GPO Box 858, Canberra ACT 2601; Tel: +61 2 6272 5294; Fax: +61 2 6272 4215; E-mail: simon.wilkinson@affa.gov.au

BANGLADESH

28. Ahmed, Imtiazuddin. Operations Officer, The World Bank, 34 Paribagh, Dhaka; Tel: + 880 2 861 3220; E-mail: iahmad2@worldbank.org

29. Akhteruzzaman. Fisheries Consultant, DFID/Support for University Fisheries Education and Research, University Grants Commission of Bangladesh, Argagaon, Dhaka; Tel: + 880 2 882 3181; E-mail: zaman@ugc.org

30. Alam, S.M. Nazmul. CARITAS Fisheries Program, 1/e, 1/A, Pallabi, Section 12, Mirpur Dhaka; E-mail: Cfp@bangla.net

31. Chandra Paul, Swapan. Senior Scientific Officer, Dept of Fisheries, Room 416, Matshya Bhaban, Rama, Dhaka 1000; Tel: + 880 2 956 1715; Fax: + 880 2 831 3433; E-mail: rinip@bdmail.net

32. Chowdhury, D.K. Joint Secretary, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Dhaka-1000; Fax: + 880 2 861 1117; E-mail: Dk@bdcom.com

33. Forbes, Alec. Chief Project Adviser, DANIDA, Royal Danish Embassy, PO Box 256, Dhaka 1212

34. Hasan, M.R. Professor, Bangladesh Agriculture University, Department of Aquaculture, Mymensingh; Fax: + 880 91 55810; E-mail: mrhasan@citechco.net

35. Kam-Moth Poulsen, Anne. Representative of Project Director, Mymensingh Aquaculture Extension Project, PO Box 33, Mymensingh; Tel: + 880 91 52892; E-mail: Maep@citichco.net

36. Kibria Md Ghulam. Aquaculturist, 43/A Hazi, Abdul Hye Road, Zhigatola, Dhaka; Tel: + 880 2 8123806; E-mail: Kibriamg@yahoo.com

37. Lofvall, Lena Westlund. Fisheries Economist, DFID/Grameen Motsho Foundation Project (BGD), c/o British High Commission, UN Road, Baridhara, Dhaka; Fax: + 880 2 882 3181; E-mail: gmflena@fmsbd.org

38. Nandeesha, M.C. Project Coordinator, AWR Sector, CARE Bangladesh, GPO Box 226, Dhaka-1000; E-mail: Anrcare@citechco.net

39. Poulsen, Thomas Moth-Poulsen. Chief Project Adviser, MAEP, DANIDA, Maskanda, PO Box 33, Mymensingh; Fax: + 880 91 5289; E-mail: maep@citichco.net

40. Shafi, M. Professor and Chairman, Dept of Aquaculture and Fisheries, Dhaka University, Dhaka 1000; E-mail: Tina@citechco.co.net

41. Thompson, A.B. DFID Project Coordinator, University Grants Commission of Bangladesh, Argagaon, Dhaka; Fax: + 880 2 8823181; E-mail: tony.sufer@fmsbd.org

42. Wahab, Md. Abdul. Professor, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh; Fax: + 880 91 55810; E-mail: Wahabma@bdonline.com

43. Woynarovich, Andras. Extension and Training Adviser, MAEP, DANIDA, PO Box 33, Mymensingh; Fax: + 880 91 5289; E-mail: awoy@citechco.net, maep@citechco.net

BARBADOS

44. McConney, Patrick. Chief Fisheries Officer, Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Princess Alice Highway, Bridgetown; Fax: 246 436 9068; E-mail: fishbarbados@caribsurf.com

BELGIUM

45. Hough, Courtney. General Secretary, Federation of European Aquaculture Producers, 30 rue Vivaldi, Boncelles B4100; Fax: + 32 4 337 9846; E-mail: courtney@feap.org

46. Lavens, Patrick. Commercial Manager, INVE Europe Services, Hoogveld 91, Dendermonde 9200; Fax: + 32 52 259080; E-mail: p.lavens@inve.be

47. Micha, Jean-Claude. Professor, URBO, Ecologie aquatique, Rue de Bruxelles, 61 B-5000 Namur; E-mail: Jean-claude.micha@fundp.ac.be

48. Nauen, Cornelia. Senior Scientific Officer, International Cooperation - Research for Development DG RTD/E-4 (sdn 1/117), Research Directorate General, Rue de la Loi, Brussels 1049; Tel: + 32 2 299 2573; Fax: + 32 2 296 6252; E-mail: cornelia.nauen@cec.eu.int

49. Piccioli, Alessandro. Administrator, EC, Rue Joseph II 99, Brussels 1049; Fax: + 32 2 295 0351; E-mail: alessandro.piccioli@cec.eu.int

50. Sorgeloos, Patrick.. Professor and Director, Artemia Reference Center, University of Ghent, Rozier 44, B-9000 Gent; Tel: + 32 9 264 3754; Fax: +32 9 264 41 93; E-mail: patrick.sorgeelos@rug.ac.be

BELIZE

51. Haughton, Milton. Scientific Director, CARICOM Fisheries Unit, PO Box 642, Belize City; Tel: + 501 2 34443; Fax: + 501 2 34446; E-mail: cframp@btl.net

BENIN

52. Demoulin, Francois. BP 42, Lokossa; E-mail: fdemoulin@serv.eit.bj

BHUTAN

53. C. Dorji, Lyonpo (H.E.). Ambassador of Bhutan in Thailand, Jewelry Trade Center, 919 Silom Road, Bangkok; Tel: + 66 2 630 11 92; Fax: + 66 2 630 11 93

CAMBODIA

54. Chheng, Bun Hay. Hatchery Manager, SCALE project, PO Box 85, Phnom Penh; E-mail: 012809091@mobitel.com.kh

55. Nam, So. Chief of Aquaculture Planning and Co-ordination, Department of Fisheries, Fisheries Department, 186, Norodom Blvd, PO Box 582, Phnom Penh:

56. Song, Srun Lim. Chief of Aquaculture Bureau, Department of Fisheries, 186, Norodom Blvd, PO Box 582,Phnom Penh; E-mail: Aquaplan@cabinet.com.kh

57. Sovannary, Keo. National Project Director, MRC READ Project, Fisheries Dept, 186, Norodom Blvd, PO Box 582, Phnom Penh; Tel: +855 23 210 154; E-mail: bigfish@bigpond.com.kh

CANADA

58. Bacon, Bev. RPC, 921 College Hill Road, Frederickton, New Brunswick E3B 6Z9; E-mail: Bbacon@rpc.unb.ca

59. Carey, Tim. Tim Carey and Associates, Fisheries Resource Development Projects and Policies, PO Box 72076, Kanata, Ontario K2K 2P4; Tel: (613) 591 6080; E-mail careyt@cyberus.ca

60. Ewart, Kathryn Vanya. Research Officer, Institute for Marine Biosciences, National Research Council, 1411 Oxford St., Halifax; E-mail: Vanya.ewart@nrc.ca

61. Hinds, Lennox. Conseiller principal, Affaires oceaniques et peches, Direction generale des politiques, Canadian International Development Agency, 200 Promenade du Portage Hull (Quebec), K1A 0G4; Tel: + 819 997 0483; Fax: + 819 953 3348; E-mail: lennox_hinds@acdi-cida.gc.ca

62. Lall, Santosh N. Group Leader, NRC Aquaculture Biology, NRC, 1411 Oxford St., Halifax; E-mail: Santosh.lall@nrc.ca

63. McCall, Sam. Vice President, Sales and Marketing, Speciality Marine Products, Ltd., 4160 Marine Drive, West Vancouver, British Columbia V7V1N6; Tel: +1 604 925 8094; Fax: +1 604 925 8067; E-mail: krill@istar.ca

64. Miller, Paul. University of Victoria, Dept of Geography, PO Box 3050, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3P5; E-mail: Pmiller@uvic.ca or pmiller@satyam.net.in

65. Rahman, M. Ataur. University of Waterloo, Dept of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1; Tel: + 1 416 665 3282; Fax: + 1 416 665 3282; E-mail: Marahman@fes.uwaterloo.ca

66. Van der Meer, John. Director of Research, National Research Council, Institute for Marine Biosciences, 1411 Oxford St., Halifax NS B3H 32I; Fax: +1 902 426 9413; E-mail: John.van_der-meer@nrc.ca

CHINA

67. Chaolin, Wu. Senior Adviser, Department of International Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing; Tel: + 86 10 6419 2444; + 86 10 6500 4390; Fax: + 86 10 6419 2451; E-mail: chaolin@agri.gov.cn

68. Cremer, Michael. Technical Director-Aquaculture, American Soybean Association, Shanghai; Tel: + 86 10 6505 2201; E-mail: beisoya@public.bta.net.cn

69. Jiaxin, Chen. Director, RLCC, 106 Nanjing Road, Qingdao 266071; Tel: + 86 532 5823960; E-mail: chenjxin@qd-public.sd.cminfo.net

70. Li, Qianyun. Deputy Chief, Marketing Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing

71. Shuping, Chen. Deputy Director, INFOYU, Room 23, Bldg 18 Maizidran St., Chaoyang Drive, Beijing; E-mail: Infoy@agri.gov.cn

72. Wang, An Li. Professor, Hebei University, College of Life Science, Baoding 071002, Hebei province; Tel: + 86 312 5079617; Fax: + 86 312 5018117; E-mail: Hbwangal@263.net

73. Wang, Defen. Division Director, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing

74. Wang, Qingyin. Deputy Director, Yellow Sea Fish Institute, Qingdao; E-mail: Qywang@public.qd.sd.cn

75. Wang, Yanliang. Deputy Director General, Bureau of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing;

76. Weimin, Miao. Deputy Director, Freshwater Fisheries Research Centre, Wuxi; Tel: + 86 510 3558719; Fax: + 86 5 5553304; E-mail: Wmmiao@public1.wx.js.cn; Miaowm@ffrc.wx.net.cn

77. Yadan, Liu. Editor, INFOYU, Room 23, Bldg 18 Maizidran St.Chaoyang Drive, Beijing; E-mail: Infoy@agri.gov.cn

78. Jian, Zhang. Program Manager, American Soybean Association, Rm 1802, SITC, No. 2100 Yana Road (W), Shanghai; Fax: + 86 21 6219 5590; E-mail: Shasoya@online.sh.cn

79. Xu, Jintao. Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, CAAS, 30 Baishiqiao Road, Beijing 100081; Fax: + 86 10 68977322; E-mail: Jintaoxu@public3.btu.net.cn

HONGKONG, China

80. Everitt, Suzanna. Fisheries Officer, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Cheung Sha Wan Government Offices, 303 Cheung Sha Wan Road, Kowloon; Tel: + 852 2150 7087; Fax: + 852 2314 2866; E-mail: severitt@netvigator.com

81. Helm, Christopher. Managing Director, Asia Pacific Marketing Group, 6/F Chung Nam Bldg., 1 Lockhart Road, Wan Chai; Tel: + 852 2520 2322; Fax: + 852 252 02118; E-mail: apmghkg@attglobal.net

82. Johnston, Colin. Project Executive, Keogh Wood Ltd., 1708 Metro Plaza 2, Kwai Fong; E-mail: Cfj@iohta.com

83. Yu Yu. Asia Regional Director, National Renderers Association, Inc., 22A, Circle Tower, 28 Tang Lung St., Causeway Bay, Hong Kong; Tel: + 852 2890 2529; Fax: + 852 2576 8045; E-mail: nrahkd@compuserve.com

TAIWAN, Province of China

84. Chueh, Chuang-Ti. President, Taiwan Fisheries Consultants, Inc., 6F, No. 14, Wenchow St., Taipei 106; Tel: + 886 02 2392-8652; Fax: + 886 02 2363 3986; E-mail: tfc2668@ms3.hinet.net

85. Su, Michael. Assistant General Manager, Sino-Aqua Corporation, 22F-3 110, San-tuo 4 Road, Ling-Ya District, Kaohsiung 802; Tel: + 886 7 330 8868; Fax: + 886 7 330 1738/9

CROATIA

86. Oraic, Drazen. Croatian Veterinary Institute, Savska 143, Zagreb 10000; Tel: + 3854 6190 841; Fax: + 3851 6123614; E-mail: Oraic@rudjer.lrb.hr

87. Zrncic, Snjezana. Croatian Veterinary Institute, Savska 143, Zagreb 10000; Tel: +3854 6190 841; Fax: +3851 6123614; E-mail: Zrncic@rudjer.irb.hr

CZECH REPUBLIC

88. Zdenka, Svobodova. Professor, University of South Bohemia, Research Institute of Fish Culture and Hydrobiology, 389 Vodnany; Fax: + 389 2542 0342; E-mail: Vurh@jcu.cz

DENMARK

89. Ib, Freddy. Senior Vice President, DAKA, Ribejev 53, DK-8723, Loesning; E-mail: FI@daka.dk

90. Kristensen, Jeanineke Dahl. Fishery Adviser, DANIDA, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Asiatisk Plads 2, Copenhagen; Tel: + 33 9 20977; Fax: + 33 9 20748; E-mail: jedakr@um.dk

91. Macintosh, Donald (Research Council Professor). Centre for Tropical Ecosystems Research, Department of Genetics and Ecology, University of Aarhus, Building 540, DK 8000

92. Roth, Eva. Associate Professor, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Vej 9-10, 6700 Esbjerg; Tel: + 45 6550 4102; Fax: + 45 6550 1091; E-mail: Er@sam.sdu.dk

DPR KOREA

93. Ho, Jong Yong. Section Manager, General Bureau of Fish Farming, Ministry of Fisheries, EEC Dept, Ministry of Fisheries, Pyongyang; Fax: + 850 238 12100

94. Min, Choe Yong. General Officer, Bureau of Fish Farming, Ministry of Fisheries, EEC Dept, Ministry of Fisheries, Pyongyang; Fax: + 850 238 12100

ECUADOR

95. Alday-Sanz, Victoria. Director, Diagnostic Unit, CSA, Guayaquil; Tel: + 593 4 269 445; Fax: + 593 4 269471; E-mail: valday@espol.edu.ec

96. Calderon, Jorge. Director General, CENAIM, Campus Solitenico, P.O. Box 09-01-4519 Guayaquil; Tel: + 593-4-269476; Fax: + 593-4-269492; E-mail: jcaldero@goliat.espol.edu.ec

97. Jacobson, Peder. Seajoy, GAA, Tel: + 1 305 6690108, Fax: + 1 305 6630312; E-mail: pederjj@yahoo.com

98. Orrantia, Joaquin. Fundacion Jambeli - CAN, PO Box 9198, Guayaquil, Guayas; Tel: + 593 4 201578; Fax: + 593 4 205401; E-mail: marfrisco@marfrisco.com.ec

FIJI

99. Ledua, Esaroma. Principal Fisheries Officer, Fisheries Division, PO Box 3165, Lami, Suva; Tel: + 679 361122, 361335; Fax: + 679 361184

FINLAND

100. Lindqvist, Ossi V. Professor of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Kupio, Institute of Applied Biotechnology, PO Box 1627, Kupio, FIN-70211; E-mail: OssiV.Lindqvist@uku.fi

101. Munne, Pentti. Senior Fishery Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Kluuvikati 4A, PO Box 232, 00171 Helsinki; Tel: + 358 9160 3372; Fax: + 358 9160 2284; E-mail: pentti.munne@mmm.fi

FRANCE

102. Bailly, Denis. UBO-CEDEM, 12, rue de Kergoat, BP 331, Brest 29273; Fax: +33 2 98016935; E-mail: Bailly.cedem@wanadoo.fr

103. Kaushik, Sadasivam. Director of Research, INRA, Unite Mixte INRA-IFREMER, Fish Nutrition Research Lab, St. Pee Sur Nivelle 64310; Fax: + 33 5 5954 5152; E-mail: Kaushik@st-pee.inra.fr

104. Lacroix, Denis. Representative, IFREMER, Aquaculture Management Team, Department of Aquaculture, IFREMER Centre, Nantes; E-mail: Denis.Lacroix@ifremer.fr

105. Moreau, Jacques. Dept of Tropical Fisheries, INP-ENSAT, BP 107, Auzville Tolosane, 31 326, Castanet, Toulouse, France; E-mail: moreau@ensat.fr

106. Serene, Philip. Proconco; Industrial Zone No 1; Bien Hoa, ong Nai, Viet nam; E-mail: proconcodg.bh@hcm.vnn.vn

GERMANY

107. Bergleiter, Stefan. Naturland e.V., Kleinhaderner Weg I, Grafelfing, D- 82166; Tel: + 49 089 898082-94; E-mail: s.bergleiter@naturland.de

108. Bilio, Martin. Consultant, AM Hirschsprung 10, Koenigstein, D-61462; E-mail: + 49 6174 931676

109. Hoerstgen-Schwark, Gabriele. Professor, Institut fuer Tiezucht, Universitaet Goettingen, Albrechty-Thaerweg 3, Goettingen, D-37075; E-mail: Ghoerst1@gwdg.de

110. Rosenthal, Harald. Institute for Marine Science, University of Kiel, 24105 Kiel, D-24105; Fax: + 49 43 15973917

GHANA

111. Anyane, George Hammond. AG Director of Fisheries, Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Ghana; Tel: + 233 21 772302; Fax: + 233 21 776005

112. Frimpong, Francis Yao. Fish Farmer, Bosumtwi Frimpong Farms, PO Box 768, Kumasu - Ghana; Fax: + 024 256 996

113. Lomo, Adjei. Deputy Director of Fisheries, Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Fisheries Directorate Ghana, PO Box 630, Accra; Fax: + 233 776071

GREECE

114. Eleftheriou, Margaret. Information Scientist, Institute of Marine Biology of Crete, PO Box 2214, Heraklion, Crete 71003; Fax: + 3081 241882; E-mail: Margaret@imbc.gr

115. Pavlidis, Michaelis. Scientist, Aquaculture Dept, IMBC, PO Box 2214, 71003 Heraklion, Crete; Fax: + 30 81 241 882; E-mail: Mpav@imbc.gr

HONDURAS

116. Varela, Jorge Marquez. Executive Director, Committee for the Defence of the Flora and Fauna of the Gulf of Fonseca, CODDEFFAGOLF 204 Edificio Fiallos Soto, Tegucigalpa; Fax: + 504 238 8216; tel. +504 238 0415; E-mail: cgolf@sdnhon.org.hn

HUNGARY

117. Bakos, Janos. Senior Scientific Adviser, Fish Culture Research Institute, PO Box 47, Szarvas, H-5541; E-mail: Info@haki.hu

118. Csavas, Imre. Senior FAO Expert, Kolozsvari 78, Szigtszentmiklos, H-2310; E-mail: Info@haki.hu

119. Csengeri, Istvan. Senior Scientist, Fish Culture Research Institute, PO Box 47, Szarvas, H-5541; Fax: + 36 66 312142; E-mail: csengeri@haki.hu

120. Levai, Ferenc Jr. Manager, Goldcarp Fish Farm, Radnoti 4, Szazhalombatta, H-2440; Fax: + 36 23 354764

121. Levai, Ferenc Sr. Manager, Goldcarp Fish Farm, Radnoti 4, Szazhalombatta, H-2440; Fax: + 36 23 354764

122. Ligetvari, Ferenc. Professor and Director General, Faculty of Agricultural, Water and Environmental Management, Debrecen Agricultural University, Szabadsag 1-3, Szarvas, H-5541; Fax: +36 66 312 780; E-mail: Ligetvari@wem.date.hu

123. Nabradi, Andras. Fish Culture Research Institute, POB 47, Szarbas, H-5541; Tel: + 36 66 312 311; Fax: + 36 66 312 142; E-mail: pekarf@haki.hu

124. Nemes, Gyorgy. Fax: + 36 57 450 259

125. Pekar, Ferenc. Aquatic Ecologist, Fish Culture Research Institute, POB 47, Szarvas; H-5541; Tel: + 36 66 312 311; Fax: + 36 66 312 142; E-mail: pekarf@haki.hu

126. Szucs, Istvan. Assistant Lecturer, Debrecen University, Centre of Agriculture, POB 47, Szarbas, H-5541; Tel: + 36 66 312 311; Fax: + 36 66 312 142; E-mail: szucsi@fs2.date.hu

127. Varadi, Laszlo. Director, Fish Culture Research Institute, POB 47, Szarvas; H-5541; Tel: + 36 66 312 311; Fax: + 36 66 312 142; E-mail: Pekarf@haki.hu

INDIA

128. Chakrabarti, Rina. Department of Zoology, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007; E-mail rina@ndf.vsnl.net.in

129. Indira, R.K. General Manager, Raj Hatcheries Madras Private Ltd, H-28A, 8th East Street, South Avenue, Kamaraj Nagar, Thiruvanmiyur, Chennai 600 041; Tel: + 91 44 4929681; Fax: + 91 44 4929617; E-mail: jomasain@md3.vsnl.net.in

130. James, Charles M. President, Centre of Aquaculture and Biotechnology for Rural Development, 44C, Thompson Street, Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu 629001; E-mail: Cmj@md3.vsnl.net.in

131. Kutty, M.N. Consultant, Prasadam, 5/389 Puthur, Palakkad 678001, Kerala State, India; nkutty@vsnl.com; Mvars366@aol.com

132. Majumdar, Kshitish. Scientist, Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500007; Tel: + 91 40 7172241; Fax: + 91 40 7171195; E-mail: kshitish@ccmb.ap.nic.in

133. Muralidharan, C.M. Senior Specialist (Fisheries), Action for Food Production, 12-13-483/39, St. No. 1, Tarnaka, Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, Tel: + 91 40 7150413; Fax: + 91 40 7176021; E-mail: afprosix@hd2.dot.net.in

134. Murugan, A. Country Deputy Project Director, Tropical Marine Mollusc Programme (TMMP), Suganthi Devadason Marine Research Institute, 44 Beach Road, Tuticorin 628 001, Tamil Nadu; Tel: + 91 461 329934; Fax: + 91 461 340550; E-mail: a_murugan@hotmail.com

135. Nishchith, Victor Daniel. 112/1C 7th Cross, 18B Main, J.P. Nagar 2 Phase, Bangalore 560078; Tel: 91 80 6652859

136. Oswin, S. Delva. Regional Programme Office, Klogappair, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, Tel: + 91 44 6357854; Fax: + 91 44 6250315; E-mail: prepare@md2.vsnl.net.in

137. Pillay, TVR. NACA Adviser; 55 Nalanda, Palace Garden Apartments, 23/24 Palace Cross Road, Bangalore 560020; Fax: + 91 80 336 2310

138. Raj, Jacob D. Executive Secretary, PREPARE, 4 Salthavar St., Chennai-58; Tel: + 91 44 6357854; Fax: + 91 44 6250315; E-mail: Prepare@md2.vsnl.net.in

139. Rao, N. Subba. Professor, School of Distance Education, Andhra University, Visakhapatnami 530003, Andhra Pradesh; Tel: + 91 891 532621; Fax: + 91 891 570365

140. Reddy, Krishna Y. Managing Director, Geekay Hatcheries Pvt. Ltd., Q2, 6th Avenue, Annanagar (W), Chennai; Tel: + 91 44 628 6159; Fax: + 91 44 620 7345; E-mail: gkmarine@satyam.net.in

141. Sakthivel, M. President, Aquaculture Foundation of India 40, Kapaleeswarar Nagar, Neelankaai, Chennai 600 041; Tel: + 91 44 4490924; Fax: + 91 44 4490719; E-mail: mukil.sakthi@gems.vsnl.net.in

142. Sreepada, RA. Aquaculture Laboratory, National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Dona Paula, Goa 403004; Tel: + 91 832 221322 (ext. 4426); Fax: + 91 832 223340; E-mail: sreepada@csnio.ren.nic.in

143. Sugunan, V.V. Principal Scientist, Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Guwahati, Assam 781007; E-mail: Sugunan@gw1.dot.net.in

144. Vasudevan, S. Managing Partner, Hi-Line Aqua, Soundram Apartments, 28/1, III Main Road, Kasturba Nagar, Adyar, Chennai-600 020, Tamil Nadu; Fax: + 91 44 442 0591; E-mail: vasu@xlweb.com

INDONESIA

145. Budiman, Agus A. Pt Multi Karya Prima, Jl Gatot Subroto Kav 36, Jakarta 12630; Tel: + 62 21 8311064; Fax: + 62 21 8311063

146. Maswardi, Ambas. Chief, Freshwater Aquaculture Development Center, Directorate General of Fisheries, Dept of Marine Exploration and Fisheries, Jl. Selabintana No. 17, Jawa Barat; Tel: + 62 266 225 240; Fax: + 62 266 221762; E-mail: bbat@sukabumi.wasantara.net.id

147. Murdjani, Muhammad. Chief, Brackishwater Aquaculture Development Sub-Center, Situbondo (East Java), Jl. Raya Peearon, PO Box 5, Panarukan, Situbondo 68351, East Java; Tel: + 62 338 673 328; Fax: + 62 338 671 298; E-mail: Lbapstbd@rad.net.id

148. Savitri, LA. Wetlands International - Indonesia programme, Jl. Arzimar 111/17, Bogor 16152, Tel: + 62 251 312189, Fax: + 62 251 325755; E-mail: laksmi@wetlands.or.id

149. Siregar, Radja. Project Officer, Indonesian Shrimp Policy to 2003 n Protekan 2003 Plam, WALHI (Friends of the Earth Indonesia, Jakarta 1279-); E-mail: radja@walhi.or.id; walhi@walhi.or

150. Sofyan, Yunky AS. Pt Multi Karya Prima, Jl Gatot Subroto Kav 36, Jakarta 12630; Tel: + 62 21 8311063/66; Fax: + 62 21 831 1063

151. Sudjiharno. Chief, Mariculture Development Centre, PO Box 74, Telukbetung, Lampung; Tel: + 62 721 471380; Fax: + 62 721 471379

152. Sumendap, Robert S. PT Multikarya Prima, Jl. Gatot Subroto Kav. 36, Jakarta; Tel: + 62 21 8311063/6; Fax: + 62 21 8311063

153. Theng, Rudy. Director, PT Kedamaian Makmur Sejahtera, Ir. Sutami, Km. 9, Way Laga, Bandar Lampung, Lampung; Fax: + 62 721 350018; E-mail: aswnet@indo.net.id

154. Theng, Un Ka, Officer, PT Kedamaian Makmur Sejahtera, Ir. Sutami, Km. 9, Way Laga, Bandar Lampung, Lampung; Tel: + 62 721 350018

IRAN

155. Amini, Abbas. Fisheries Company of Iran, Aquaculture and Inland Fisheries Department, Fish Culture Division; Tel: + 98 21 641 7213; Fax: + 98 21 6417261; E-mail: abb_amin@yahoo.com

IRELAND

156. Reilly, Alan. Director of Operations, Food Safety Authority of Ireland, Block E, Abbey Court, Lower Abbey St, Dublin; Tel: + 353 1 817 1300; Fax: + 353 1 817 1301; E-mail: areilly@fsai.ie

ISRAEL

157. Avinimelech, Yoram. Professor, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology; Fax: + 972 4 8221529; E-mail: agyoram@tx.technion.ac.il

158. Prof. Glen Hulata, Department of Aquaculture, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, ISRAEL. E-mail: vlaqua@netvision.met.il

ITALY

159. Saroglia, Marco. Professor, University of Basilicata, Dept of Animal Production, Via Nazario Sauro 85, Potenza I-85100; Tel: + 39 0371 202472; Fax: + 39 0371 470719; E-mail: Saroglia@unibas.it

160. Terova, Genciana. University Researcher, University of Potenza, Via N. Sauro 85, 85100 Potenza; E-mail: Certam@unibas.it

161. Townsley, Philip. Consultant, Via Anno 12, Viterbo 01100; Fax: + 39 0761 346066; E-mail: ptownsley@libaro.it

JAPAN

162. Kosaka, Tomonori. Asst. Director, Operations Division, Japan Fisheries Association, Sankaido Bldg. 9-13 Akasaka 1, Minato-Ku, Tokyo, 107; Tel: + 81 3 3585 6683; Fax: + 81 3 3582 2337; E-mail: T_kosaka@suisankai.or.jp

163. Maruyama, Keigo. Director, Japan Sea Farming Association, Chikkoi, Tamano, Okayama 706-0002; Tel: + 81 863 32 1301; Fax: + 81 3 5296 7540; E-mail: maruyk@plum.ocn.ne.jp

164. Nishimura, Masashi. Asst. Manager, International Section, Japan Fisheries Association, Sankaido Bldg. 9-13 Akasaka 1, Minato-Ku, Tokyo, 107; Tel: + 81 3 585 6683; Fax: + 81 3 582 2337

165. Uoya, Toshinori. Assistant Director, Fish Ranching and Aquaculture Division, Fisheries Agency of Japan, Kasumigaseki 1-2-1, Chiyada-ku, Tokyo 100 8907; Fax: + 81 3 3591 1084; E-mail: toshinori_uoya@nm.maff.go.jp

KENYA

166. Omondi, James Gordon. Senior Lecturer, University of Nairobi, CBPS - Zoology, PO Box 30197, Nairobi; Fax: + 254 2 445763; E-mail: jgo@uonbi.ac.ke

LAO PDR

167. Boon, Som. Head of Aquaculture Research Unit, Living Aquatic Resource Research Center (LARREC), PO Box 9108, Vientiane; Tel: + 856 21 215015; Fax: + 856 21 215015; E-mail: larrec@laonet.net

168. Choundara, Hanh. Ministery of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Livestock and Fisheries, Vientiane; E-mail: + 856 21 415674

169. Funge-Smith, Simon. FAO Aquaculture Development Advisor, c/o FAOR, PO Box 1640, Vientiane; E-mail: Sjfsmith@loxinfo.co.th

170. Hartmann, Wolf D. CTA, Mekong River Commission/Management of Reservoir Fisheries in the Mekong Basin, PO Box 7035, Vientiane; Fax: + 856 21 223 610; E-mail: resfish@laonet.net

171. Khamsivilay, Ma Liang. Deputy Director, Living Aquatic Resource Research Center (LARREC), PO Box 9108, Vientiane; Fax: + 856 21 215015; E-mail: larrec@laonet.net

172. Mattson, Niklas S. Fisheries Scientist, Mekong River Commission/Management of Reservoir Fisheries in the Mekong Basin, PO Box 7035, Vientiane; Fax: + 856 21 223 610; E-mail: resfish@laonet.net

MADAGASCAR

173. Rabelahatra, Alexandre. Director, EU Project, Ministry of Fishery and Aquatic Resources, PO Box 1699, Antanarivo (101); Tel: 40650 - 52; E-mail: psp.simicro@mug

MALAYSIA

174. Abdullah, Mustapha Nik. Professor and Dean, Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor; E-mail: Nmra@econ.upm.edu.my

175. Abi, Shafee bin. Hatchery Manager, Aquabuilt Sdn Bhd, Mersing, Johor 86900; Fax: + 60 7 7994030

176. Al-Sahtout, Haydar H. Managing Director, SAMAK Aquaculture, PO Box 262, 05000 Alor Setar, Kedah D.A.; Fax: + 60 4 794 7663

177. Biusing, Rooney. Assistant Director of Fisheries, Department of Fisheries, Menara Khidmat, 88628 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah; Fax: + 60 88 2450511; E-mail: Biusing@ppps.po.my

178. Diong, Swee Hoon. Pahang Pharmacy Sdn Bhd, 31 Jalan PJS 11/1. Bandar Sunway, Petaling Jaya, Selangor 46150; Fax: + 60 3 733 8495; E-mail: ppharm@tm.net.my

179. Ferdouse, Fatima. Chief, Trade Promotion Division, INFOFISH, 1st floor, Wisma PKNS, Jalan Raja Laut, KL 50350; Fax: + 60 3 2916804; E-mail: Infish@po.jaring.my

180. Lee, Suhaili bin Hj. Director, Department of Fisheries Malaysia, 8th and 9th fl, Wisma Tani, Jalan Sultan Salahuddin, 60628 Kuala Lumpur; Tel: + 60 3 2954613; Fax: + 60 3 2910305; E-mail: ppnd01@dof.moa.my

181. Mo She, Yaakov Bin. Technical Officer, East Johor Marine Farm, Ptd 180 Kg Belukar Durian, Sedeli Ketil, 81910 Kota Tinggi, Johor Baru, Johor; Fax: + 60 7 891 8151

182. Rahman, Meenakshi. Representative, Consumer Association of Penang, 228 Macalister Road, 10400 Penang; Tel: + 60 4 2293511; Fax: + 60 4 2293612; E-mail: Meenaco@pd.jaring.my

183. Seng, Cheah Guan. General Manager, Bay East Marine and Bay East Hatchery, 1358 Jalan Padang Benggali, Butterworth; Tel: + 60 4 3513298; Fax: + 60 4 3511288; E-mail: byeast@tm.net.my

184. Shariff, Mohamed. Faculty Member, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor 43400; Fax: + 60 3 943 0626; E-mail: shariff@vet.upm.edu.my

185. Singh, Tarlochan. Aquaculturist, INFOFISH, PO Box 10889, Kuala Lumpur 50728; Fax: + 60 3 291 6804; E-mail: Infish@po.jaring.my

186. Subasinghe, S. Director, INFOFISH, PO Box 10889, Kuala Lumpur 50728; Fax: + 60 3 291 6804; E-mail: Infish@po.jaring.my

187. Syed Jaafar, Syed Omar. General Manager, Rajauddang Sdn Btd, Ptd 180, Kg Belukar Durian, Kota Tinggi, Joro 81910; Fax: + 60 7 891 8151

188. Tan, David. Managing Director, Super Artemia Sdn Bgd, No. 3A Jalan Akitek U1/22, Hicom-Glenmarie Industrial Park, Shahalam, Selangor 40000; Tel: + 60 3 519 2721; Fax: + 60 3 519 2726

189. Tan, Paul. INFOFISH, PO Box 10899, Kuala Lumpur 50728; Tel: + 60 3 291 4466; Fax: + 60 3 291 6804

MEXICO

190. Alvarez, Porfirio Torres. Institutio Nacional de la Pesca, Pitagoras 1320, Col. Sta. Cruz Atoyac, Mexico City, 03310, DF; Tel: + 52 5422 3002; Fax: + 52 5422 3013; E-mail: palvarez@inp.semarnap.gob.mx

191. Chavez-Sanchez, Cristina. Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarollo, Unidad Mazatlanen Acuicultural y Manejo Ambiental, Av. Sabalo-Cerritor s/n Estero del Yugo, Apelo Postal 711, Mazatlan, Sinaloa; Tel: + 52 69 88 01 57; Fax: + 52 69 88 01 59; E-mail: criscar4@prodigy.net.mx

192. Diaz de Leon Corral, Antonio. Presidente, Secretaria de Medio Ambiente, Recursos Naturales Y Pesca, Instituto Nacional De La Pesca, Pitagoras 1320 80 Piso, Col. Sta. Cruz Atoyac, Mexico City; 03310, DF; Tel: + 52 5604 916902; E-mail: adiaz@inp.semarnap.gob.mx

193. Izabal, Gilberto. Soc. Coop. El Patague, Eldorado, Eliacom, Sinaloa; Fax: + 52 672 60805

MOZAMBIQUE

194. Cossa, Laurentina Maria. Head, Fisheries Management Dept, National Directorate for Fisheries, Rua Consigliere Pedroso, 347- 2 andar, Maputo; Tel: + 258 1 420 335; Fax: + 258 1 425 087; E-mail: tina@mozpesca.org

195. Rafael, Rafael. Capacity Building Officer, SEACAM, CP 4220, 874, Ave Amilcar Cabral, Maputo; Tel: + 258 1 300638; Fax: + 258 1 300 638; E-mail: Seacam@virconn.com

196. Ribiero, Fernando. Aquaculturist, Fisheries Research Institute, Ave Mao Tse Tung, 389, PO Box 4603, Maputo; Tel: + 258 1 492112; Fax: + 258 1490307; E-mail: fribeiro@magumba.uem.mz

MYANMAR

197. Lay, U Khin Ko, Assistant Director, Department of Fisheries,Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Yangon; Fax: + 95 1 228258

NEPAL

198. Rajbanshi, K.G. Aquaculturist, RONAST, Kathmandu; Tel: 371 450; E-mail: kraj@mos.com.np

199. Swar, Deep B. Chief Fisheries Development Officer, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries Development Division, Central Fisheries Building, Balaju, Kathmandu; Tel: + 977 1 350833; 350662; E-mail: fdd@iafs.mos.com.np

NETHERLANDS

200. Boon, Hans. Manager, Aquaculture Dept, PROVIMI, Provimi Holding BV, Veerlaan 17-23, Rotterdam 3072 AN; Tel: + 31 10 423 9500; E-mail: hboon@nl.ebsworls.com

201. Duraiappah, Anantha Kumar. Senior Economist, Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije University, De Boelelaan 1115, Amsterdam; Tel: + 31 20 4449564; E-mail: anantha@ivm.vu.nl

202. Hilbrands, Aldin. AGRO Eco, The Netherlands; E-mail: A_Hilbrands@yahoo.com

203. Verdegem, Marc. Professor, Wageningen University, Marijkeweg 40, PO Box 338, 6700 AH, Wageningen; Tel: + 31 317 483 937; E-mail: Marc.verdegem@alg.venv.wau.nl

204. Verreth, Johan. Fish Culture and Fisheries Group, Wageningen University, Marijkeweg 40, PO Box 338, 6700 AH, Wageningen; Tel: + 31 317 483 307; Fax: + 31 317 483 937; E-mail: johan.verreth@alg.venv.wau.nl

NEW CALEDONIA

205. Labrosse, Pierre. Reef Fisheries Management Adviser, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, BP D5, 98848, Noumea Cedex; Fax: + 687 26 38 18; E-mail: PierreL@spc.org.nc

206. Luciani, Teriihauroa. Fisheries Training Specialist, Marine Fisheries Division, Secretariat for the Pacific Community, PO Box D5-98848, Noumea; E-mail: Teril@spc.int

NEW ZEALAND

207. Hagler, Michael. Greenpeace International, PO Box 32153, Davenport, Auckland 9; Fax: + 64 9 445 2548; E-mail: Mhagler@dialb.greenpeace.org

208. Hine, Mike. Scientist - Marine Pathology, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), PO Box 14-901, Kilbirnie, Wellington; Tel: + 64 4 386 0300; Fax:64 4 386 0574; E-mail: m.hine@niwa.cri.nz

209. Mahmud, Sultan. Graduate student, Dept of Marine Science, University of Otago, Dunedin, PO Box 56; E-mail: Mahsu947@student.otago.ac.nz

NIGERIA

210. Sagua, Vincent. Consultant, 29, Mabinuorc Dawodu Street, Abagada; PO Box 71336, Lagos; Tel: + 234 1 4708516; E-mail: Niomr@hyperia.com

NORWAY

211. Aksnes, Anders. Scientist, Norsildmez Innovation, Kjerreidviken 16, 5141 Fyllingsdalen Begeren; Fax: + 47 55112161; E-mail: anders.aksnes@ssf.no

212. Asgard, Torbjorn. Senior Research Scientist, AKVAFORSK, Sunndalsora, N-6600; Fax: + 47 7169 5301; E-mail: torbjorn.asgard@akvaforsk.nlh.no

213. Bergheim, Asbjorn. Senior Researcher, Rogaland Research, PO Box 2503, N-4091; Stavanger, E-mail: Asbjorn.bergheim@rf.no

214. Bjorn Braaten. Research Director, Department of Marine Ecology and Oceanography, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, PO Box 173, Kjelsas, N-0411, Oslo; Tel: + 47 22 1851 00; Fax: + 47 22 1852 00; E-mail: Bjoern.braaten@niva.no

215. Bjoru, Kirsten. Fisheries Adviser, Technical Department, NORAD, PO Box 8034 Dep., 0030 Oslo; Fax: + 47 22 24 20 31; E-mail: Kirsten.bjoru@norad.no

216. Gjedrem, Trygve. Professor, AKVAFORSK, PO Box 5010, 1432 Has; Fax: + 47 6 494 950; E-mail: Trygvegjedrem@auvaforsk.nlh.no

217. Haugen, Arne Sveimson. Graduate Student, University of Oslo, Grandeveien 4B, Oslo 0286; Fax: + 47 22 43 8032; E-mail: arne.sveinson.haugen@ewos.com

218. Hempel, Erik. Manager, KPMG Consulting AS, PO Box 568, Trondheim 7406; Tel: + 47 7380 2130; Fax: + 47 7380 2125; E-mail: ehempel@online.no

219. Hjeltnes, Brit. Chief Scientific Officer, Fish Health Division, Dept of Aquaculture, Institute of Marine Research, PO Box 1870, Nordnes, N-5024; Tel: + 47 5523 6348; Fax: + 47 5523 8500; E-mail: brit@imr.no

220. Hoff, Ivar. Commercial Counsellor, Royal Norwegian Embassy to Thailand; local address: 18/F UBC Bldg., 591 Sukhumvit 33, Prakanong, Bangkok 10110; Tel: + 662 262 0213/5; Fax: + 662 262 0216

221. Hole, Reid. Director, Technology and Development, Nutreco Aquaculture, PO Box 48, Stavanger, N-4001; Fax: + 47 5 182 5501; E-mail: reid.hole@nutreco.com

222. Jamtoy, Olav. Superior Systems, Olav Tryggvasons gt 39/41, N-7011, Trondheim; Fax: + 47 73 83 30 90; E-mail: superior@superior.no

223. Lauesen, Peter. Advisor in Marine Fish Farming and Hatchery, International Projects Department, SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture, N-7034, Trondheim; Tel: + 47 73 595650; Fax: + 47 73 595660; E-mail: niels.svennevig@post3.tele.dk

224. Lie, Oyvind. Director, Institute of Nutrition, Directorate of Fisheries, Directorate of Fisheries, PO Box 185, Sentrum, Bergen; E-mail: Oyvind.lie@nutr.fiskeridir.no

225. Lien, Egil. Senior Research Engineer, SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture, N-7465, Trondheim; Fax: + 47 735 95650; E-mail: egil.lien@fish.sintef.no

226. Myrseth, Bjorn. Managing Director, Marine Farms A/S, PO Box 2032, Bergen, N-5817; Fax: + 47 55 234645; E-mail: marinefarms@c2i.net

227. Svennevig, Niels. Head of International Projects Dept, SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture, N-7465, Trondheim; Fax: + 47 7 359 5660; E-mail: Niels.svennig@post3.tele.dk

228. Torrissen, Ole J. Research Director, Institute of Marine Research, Austevoll Aquaculture Research Station, Storeboe, N-5392; Fax: + 47 561 80398; E-mail: Ole.torrissen@imr.no

229. Willumsen, Finn Victor. Superior Systems, Olav Tryggvasons gt 39/41, N-7011, Trondheim; Fax: + 47 73 83 30 90; E-mail: superior@superior.no

PAKISTAN

230. Ahmad, Jameel. Fisheries Development Commissioner, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock (Livestock Wing), Fisheries Development Commission, Islamabad; Fax: + 051 922 1246

PALAU

231. Hideo, Duane. Governor, Ngchesar State; Secretary, Association of Governors, Palau Agriculture Task Force, PO Box 6025, Koro 96940

PERU

232. Castillo Sussoni, Julio. FONDEPES, 115 Petit Thomars Avenue, Lima 1; Fax: + 51 1 4331747; E-mail: Fondepes@terra.com.pe

233. Soto Cardenas, Ivan. FONDEPES, 115 Petit Thomars Avenue, Lima 1; Fax: + 51 1 4331747; E-mail: Fondepes@terra.com.pe

PHILIPPINES

234. Adan, Elvira. Associate Professor, Mindanao State University, Naawan 9023, Misamis Oriental; Tel: + 63 917 966 0747; E-mail: Msunf@iligan.com

235. Cajilig, Darius C. Private sector, 9 Narra St., Alta Tierra Village, Jaro, Iloilo City; Tel: + 63 33 9276399; E-mail: cajilig@pacific.net.ph

236. Sumagaysay, Niela. Graduate Student, c/o SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department, Tigbauan, Iloilo

237. Chua, Thia-Eng. Project Manager, IMO, c/o DENR, North Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City

238. Corre Jr., Valeriano L. Associate Professor, University of the Philippines in the Visayas, UPV, Miag-ao, Iloilo; E-mail: vlcupv@skyinet.net

239. Costales, Roland R. AVP Finance and Admin., Hoc Po Feed Corporation, HGL Bldg., 554 EDSA, Caloocan City, Manila; Fax: + 63 2 361 4421; E-mail: wkramer@mozcom.com

240. Dela Vega, Arlene. Private sector, 24 AO Williams St., Balara Filters, Diliman, Quezon City; Tel: + 63 2 929 7976;

241. Edra, Rolando B. Director, IARD, Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development, Los Banos, Laguna 4030; Fax: + 63 49 536 1582; E-mail: dedo@laguna.net

242. Ferrer, Ma. Salvacion. Aquaculturist, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Arcadia Bldg., 860 Quezon Avenue, Quezon City; Tel: + 63 2 416 2939; Fax: + 63 2 372 5063; E-mail: Erlas@hotmail.com

243. Galvan, Aidine. Manager, Product Development Section, Hoc Po Feed Corporation, HGL Bldg., 554 EDSA, Caloocan City, Manila; E-mail: Wkramer@mozcom.com

244. Ganaden, Reuben. Asst Director, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Department of Agriculture, Arcadia Bldg., 870 Quezon Avenue, Quezon City

245. Guerrero, Luzviminda, Private Sector, Bay, Laguna

246. Guerrero, Rafael III, Executive Director, Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Resources Research and Development, Los Banos, Laguna; Tel: + 63 049 536 1582; Rdg@ultra.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph

247. Janeo, Rosy. Research Associate, University of the Philippines in the Visayas, Miag-ao, Iloilo 5003; Fax: + 63 912 520 0626

248. Kramer, William R. Marketing and Sales Manager, Hoc Po Prawn and Fish Feeds, HGL Bldg., 554 EDSA, Caloocan City, Manila; Fax: + 63 2 361 4421; E-mail: wkramer@mozcom.com

249. Lavilla-Pitogo, Celia R. Scientist, SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department, Tigbauan, Iloilo; E-mail: Celiap@aqd.seafdec.org.ph

250. Lopez, Nelson. OIC Chief, Aquaculture Dept, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Arcadia Bldg., Quezon Avenue,Quezon City

251. Macaraig, Ramon M. Head, Technical Services, Alsons Aqua Technologies Inc, Alson’s Building, 2286 Pasong Tamo Extension, Makati City 1200, Metro Manila; Tel: + 63 2 8152142; Fax: + 63 2 818 7646; E-mail: Macaraig@dv.webling.com

252. Juinio-Menez, Marie Antoinette. Professor, UP Marine Science Institute, UP Diliman, Quezon City; Tel: + 63 2 922 3921; Fax: + 63 2 924 7678; E-mail: Menez@msio1.es.upd.edu

253. Nasar, Tabrez SS. Senior Specialist and Coordinator, Small-Scale Aquaculture subprogram, International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Silang, Cavite 4118; Tel: + 63 46 414 2417; Fax: + 63 46 414 2420; E-mail: Tsg-irr@cav.pworld.net.ph

254. Platon, Rolando. Chief, Aquaculture Department, Seafdec, Tigbauan, Iloilo; Tel: + 63 33 335 1009; Fax: + 63 33 335 1008; E-mail: d_chief@I-iloilo.com.ph

255. Sarmiento, Malcolm. Director, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Department of Agriculture, Arcadia Bldg., Quezon Avenue, Quezon City

256. Seville, Sonia. Regional Director, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (Western Visayas), Molo, Iloilo City; Fax: + 63 33 336 6748

257. Sumagaysay, Niela. Graduate Student, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City; Tel: + 63 2 929 7976

258. Tech, Elsie. Executive Director, Asian Fisheries Society; Tel: + 63 2 9211914; Fax: + 63 2 920 2757; E-mail afs@compass.com.ph

259. Tejero, Rosalinda. Sr Science Specialist, Socio-Economics Division, Philippine Council for Marine and Aquatic Resources Development, Los Banos, Laguna; E-mail: Edo@laguna.net

260. Yap, Wilfredo. Consultant, SEAFDEC AQD, Tigbauan, Iloilo

261. Yulo, Emilio M. Operations Manager, Alsons Aqua Technologies, Inc, Alson’s Building, 2286 Pasong Tamo Extension, Makati City 1200; Tel: + 63 2 8152142; Fax: + 63 2 818 7646; E-mail: Agri_mkt@pacific.net.ph

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

262. Cho, Yong Ja. Consultant, Apt. 405-1109708 Sooseo-dong, Kangnam-ku Seoul: Tel: + 82 2 459 5386: E-mail: Yongjac@chollian.net

263. Yoon, Duk-Hyun. Senior Research Scientist, Marine Living Resource Research Centre, KORDI, Ansan City, Kyoung Gi Do, Ansan, PO Box 29; E-mail: Dhyoon@kordi.re.kr

ROMANIA

264. Burca, Mihai. Oceanographer, RMRI, Constanta; E-mail: Mihaib@impromex.ro

SINGAPORE

265. Chen, Foo Yan. Former NACA Coordinator, 105 Cairnhill Circle #194-115, Singapore 092; Tel: + 65 794 6275

266. Cheong, Leslie. Head, Technology Devt and Services Branch, Primary Production Dept, 5 Maxwell Road, No. 03-00, MND Complex, SGP 069110; E-mail: Leslie_cheong@ppd.gov.sg

267. Chew, Stephanie. Senior Primary Production Officer,Primary Production Dept, Freshwater Fisheries Centre, Sembawang Field Experiment Station, Sembawang Road. Km 17, SGP 769194; E-mail: Stephanie_chew@ppd.gov.sg

268. Chou, Renee. Head, Marine Aquaculture Centre, Primary Production Dept, 300 Nicoll Drive, Changi Pt; E-mail: Renee_chou@ppd.gov.sg

269. Lim, Huan Sein. Senior Primary Production Officer, Primary Production Dept, 300 Nicoll Drive, Changi Pt; E-mail: Lim_Huan_Sein@ppd.gov.sg

270. Sukumar, Ponnusamy. Lecturer, Department of Biotechnology and Chemical Engineering, The Polytechnic of Industry, Block 34 #06-02, 535 Clementi Road, Singapore 599489; Tel: + 65 460 8528; Fax: + 65 467 9109; E-mail: psu@np.edu.sg

271. Swick, Robert. President, American Soybean Association, 541 Orchard Road, #11-03 Liat Towers; Fax: + 65 737 5849; E-mail: asaras@pacific.net.sg

272. Teh, C.L. Operations and Marketing Manager, Trans Instruments Pte, Ltd., No. 8 Aljunied Avenue 3, Oakwell Building; Tel: + 65 742 0367; Fax: + 65 742 5082; E-mail: transins@pacific.net.sg

SOLOMON ISLANDS

273. Bell, Johann. Principal Scientist, ICLARM Coastal Aquaculture Centre, PO Box 438, Honiara, Solomon Islands; E-mail: j.bell@cgiar.org

274. Oreihaka, Eddie. Chief Fisheries Officer, Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (Research), PO Box G13, Honiara; Tel: + 677 30107; Fax: + 677 30256; E-mail: Sbfish@ffa.int

SRI LANKA

275. Amarasinghe, US. Associate Professor, Dept of Zoology, University of Kelaniya, Fax: + 94 1 911916; E-mail: Zoousa@kln.ac.lk

276. Jayasekara, AM. Director-General, National Aquaculture Development Authority of Sri Lanka (NAQDA), 307 1/1, T.B. Jayah Road, Colombo 10; Tel: + 94 675316-18; Fax: + 94 675435; E-mail: Aqua1@eureka.lk

277. Liyanage, Sunil. Technical Advisor, Small Fishers Federation, Chilaw, Fax: + 94 32 47960

278. Perera, Kusal. Project Manager, FCDRMP, No.hindu Mwth, Tangale; Tel: + 94 47 40486; E-mail: fcdrmp@mega.lk

279. Rajapaksa, Mahinda, Secretary, Minister of Fisheries, Colombo

280. Nissanka, Chandana. Graduate Student, Dept of Zoology, University of Kelaniya; Fax: + 94 1 911916; E-mail: Chandu@kln.ac.lk

281. Pushpalatha, K.B.C. Aquaculturist, National Aquaculture Development Authority of Sri Lanka (NAQDA), Aquaculture Extension Centre, Fisheries Co-operation Bldg., Anurapudhra; Tel: + 94 25 21594

282. Schirm, Berthold. GTZ Team Leader, FEDRAP, Mehindu Mw. 8, Tangalle; E-mail: Fcdrmp@mega.lk

283. Siriwardene, Sunil. National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency, Crows Island, Colombo 15; Tel: + 94 1 522005; Fax: + 94 1 522932; E-mail: sunil@nara.ac.lk

284. Wickramasinghe, Anuradha. Executive Director, Small Fishers Federation, Pambala - Kakkapalliya; (PO Box 01, Chilaw); Fax: + 94 32 47960; E-mail: sffl@sri.lanka.net

285. Wiratunga, A.N. Consultant, Caritas-Sri Lanka, Social and Economic Development Centre, 133 Kynsey Road, PO Box 1681, Colombo 8; Tel: + 94 1 691885; Fax: + 94 1 695136; E-mail: Sedec@slt.lk

SUDAN

286. Saeed, Osman Mohamed. Deputy Director General, Animal Resources Research Corporation, Ministry of Animal Resources, Khartoum 610, Khartoum; Fax: + 249 11 472690

SWEDEN

287. Fuchs, Richard. Head of Programme, International Foundation for Science, Grev Turegatan 19, Stockholm, SE-114 38; Fax: + 46 8 545 81801; E-mail: richard.fuchs@ifs.se

SWITZERLAND

288. Springate, John. Officer, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., VMA, Bldg. 24A/957, Basel 4070; E-mail: John.springate@roche.com

TANZANIA

289. Maembe, T.W. Director of Fisheries, Fisheries Division, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Magogoni Street, Ardhi House, PO Box 2462, Dar Es Salaam; Tel: + 255 51 122930; Fax: + 255 51 110352; E-mail: fisheries@twiga.com

THAILAND

290. Adireksan, Pongpol. Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Thailand

291. Amornchairojkul, Supatra. Fisheries Biologist, Policy and Planning Division, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Bangkok 10900; Fax: + 66 2 562 0531

292. Assavachaiporn. General Manager, Pokphand Animal Feed Co., Ltd., 47/45-46 Soi Chand 24, Chand Road, Sarthorn, Bangkok 10120; Tel: 673 1119; fax 662 673 1109

293. Ballaer, Erik Van. Product and Marketing Manager, INVE Asia Services Ltd., 218/47-49, 4th Flr, Geneva Bldg., Lakeview Condominium, Muanthong Thani, Apakkred, Nonthaburi 11120; Tel: + 662 961 0500-2; Fax: + 662 961 0504; E-mail: ning@inveasia.co.th

294. Bhujel, Ram C. Research Scientist, Nam Sai Farm Co., Ltd., PO Box 5, Bang Grabow, Amphur Ban Sang, Prachinburi 25150; Fax: + 66 37 271 317; E-mail: nsfarm@mail.cscoms.com

295. Bitithamyong, Charoen. Assistant Professor, Dept of Marine Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330; Tel: + 66 2 218 5402; E-mail: charoen@chula.ac.th

296. Bland, Simon. Senior Natural Resources Adviser, DFID Southeast Asia, c/o British Embassy, Wireless Road, Bangkok 10330; Tel: + 66 2 253 0191 ext. 261; Fax: + 66 2 253 7124; E-mail: s-bland@dfid.gov.uk

297. Booncharoeng, Sun. Managing Director, Asian Aquaculture Co., Ltd., 72/79 Soi Phramaemahakarun, Tiwanon Road, Banmai, Apakkred, Nonthaburi 11120; Tel: + 662 961 5021-3; Fax: + 662 961 6976

298. Boonshuwong, Pongpat. Senior Economist, Fisheries Economic Division, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University campus, Bangkok 10900; Fax: + 66 2 562 0581

299. Boonyakarn, Watcharin. Supervisor Fishfarming, Asia Binaloy Farm Pla Co., Ltd., 352/60-61 Moo 12, Tambol Nongprue, Amphur Banglamung; Fax: + 66 38-250288

300. Boonyaratpalin, Mali. Senior Fish Nutrition Specialist, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University campus, Bangkok 10900

301. Boonyaratpalin, Sithi. Deputy Director General, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Bangkok 10900

302. Caskey, Steve. Regional Technical Sales Manager (Asia), Alltech-Thailand, 2533 Sukhumvit Road, Prakanong, 10250; Tel: + 66 2 742 4545/6; Fax: + 66 2 742 4547; E-mail: Scasket@ksc.th.com

303. Chaengkit, Marnop. Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Paholyothin Road, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900

304. Chaiyawat, Chokechai. Manager, Agricultural Technology Tranfer Co., Ltd., 80/62 M. 6 Bangyai Road, Talinchan-Supanburi Road., T. Saothonghin, Nonthaburi 11140; Tel: 662 903 2294; Fax: 662 903 2294

305. Chan, C.P. Marketing Manager, Henkel Thai Limited, 71/1 Phayathai Road, Rajthevee, Bangkok 10400; Tel: + 662 250 0820-9; Fax: + 662 255 5530; E-mail: cp.chan@henkel.de

306. Chartmalai, Suebpong. Director, Department of Fisheries, Aquaculture Development Centre, Surat Thani; Fax: + 66 77 286 919

307. Cherdsak, Virapat. Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Paholyothin Road, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900

308. Chinabut, Supranee. Director, Aquatic Animal Health Research Institute, Kasetsart University Campus, Paholyothin Road, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900; Tel: + 66 2 579 6803; Fax: + 66 2 561 3993; E-mail: supranee@fisheries.go.th

309. Chottianchai, Siriporn. Vet Superior Aquaculture, 267/20-21 Soi Sathupradit, Sathupradit Road, Yannawan, Bangkok 10120; Tel: + 662 286 8671; Fax: + 662 285 5475

310. Chuenkampolphun, Somchai. President, QPS International Aquatics Co., Ltd., 99./401 Moo 9 Bangna-Trad, Km 18 Road, Bangchalong, Bangplee, Samutprakarn 10540; Tel: + 662 750 9426-7; Fax: + 662 312 7554; E-mail: qpsinter@a-net.net.th

311. Ci, Gua Fu. Project Manager-Aquaculture, Bayer Thai Co. Ltd., Animal Health Business Division, 130/1 North Sathorn Road, Bangkok 10500; Tel: + 662 232 7219; Fax: + 662 267 2804; E-mail: fuci.guo.fg@bayer-ag.de

312. Clarke, David. Project Manager, Thai Gypsum PLC, 111/27 Soi Wattanayothin, Thanon Rangwan, Bangkok 10400; E-mail: Dclarke@access.inet.co.th

313. Coates, David. Officer, Assessment Project, Fishery Development Centre, Amphur Muang, Udon Thani; Fax: + 66 42 249 689; E-mail: amtplans@eiden.ksc.co.th

314. Davies, Julian. Managing Director, Siam Natural Resources Co. Ltd. PO Box 10, Santisok Post Office, Bangkok 10113; Fax: + 66 2 261 0244; E-mail: Snr@ksc.net.th

315. Dokhom, Sujjitra. Agro Development and Business Co. Ltd., 139/143 Rhomklao Road, Klongsampravet, Bangkok; Tel: + 66 73 78607/8; Fax: + 66 73 77959

316. Duangsawasdi, Maitree. Senior Expert in Fish Disease, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Bangkok; Tel: + 66 2 562 0571; Fax: + 66 2 562 0578;

317. Enright, Jim. Natural Resources Manager, YadFon Association, 16/4 Rakchan Rd., Tambon Tabtieng, Amphur Muang, Trang; E-mail: Yadfon@loxinfo.co.th

318. Erftemeyer, Paul. Programme Coordinator, Wetlands International - Thailand, PO Box 21, Si Phuwanat, Hatyai 90113; E-mail.: Epaul@ratree.psu.ac.th

319. Flegel, Timothy. Professor, Department of Biotechnology, Mahidol University; Tel: + 66 2 256 1358; E-mail: sctwf@mahidol.ac.th

320. Friend, Richard. 414 Kanchanaburi Villa 1, Kanchanaburi 71000; Fax: + 66 34 624 915; E-mail: richardfriend@hotmail.com

321. Havanond, Vidhaya. Researcher, Ranong Coastal Aquaculture Station; Fax: + 66 77 840 224

322. Haylor, Graham. Aquatic Resources Programme Manager, DFID SEA, c/o British Embassy, Wireless Road, Bangkok 10330; Tel: + 66 2 253 0191 ext. 261; Fax: + 66 2 253 7124; E-mail: g_haylor@dfid.gov.uk; ghaylor@loxinfo.co.th

323. Hiranwat, Sompong. Deputy Director General (Fisheries), Department of Fisheries, Thailand

324. Huang, Suxi. Technical Services Manager, JJ-Degussa-Huls (T) Ltd), 25th-28th floor, Sorachai Bldg., Soi Sukhumvit 63, Sukhumvit; Fax: + 66 2 714 4224

325. Hunter, Brian. Manager, Rovithai Ltd, 11th Fl. 2535 Sukhumvit Road, Bangchak, Prakanong; Tel: + 66 2 332 7120/33; Fax: + 66 2 332 7135; E-mail: bhunter@ksc.th.com

326. Isarangkura, Adis. Consultant, Thailand Development Research Institute, 565 Ramkhaengkeng 39 Road, Bangkapi, Bangkok; Fax: + 66 2 718 5461/2; E-mail: adis@tfri.or.th

327. Jaiyen. Kitjar. Inspector-General, Department of Fisheries, Thailand

328. Jangsuttivorat, Waraphorn. R&D Manager, Rovithai Limited, 11th Fl. 2535 Sukhumvit Road, Bangchak, Prakanong; Tel: + 66 2 332 7120/33; Fax: + 66 2 332 7135; E-mail: waraphorn.jangsutthivorawat@roche.com

329. Jivanuwong, Kanokwan. Press, Pacific News Center; Tel: + 66 2 249 9309; Fax: + 66 2 249 9304-6;

330. Kanjanamayoon, Chuchai. Operations Manager, Gold Coin Specialities (Thailand), Co. Ltd., 15/3 M3, Wat-Khanun, Singhanakorn, Songkhla 90330; Tel: + 6674 483 495; Fax: + 6674 483 493

331. Kanto, Tadchai. General Manager, UK Feed Mills Co., Ltd, 33/1 Moo 4 Bangteenped, Amphur Maung, Chachoengsao 240005; Tel: + 66 38 513 202; Fax: + 66 38 512 055; E-mail: ukfm@sothorn.co.th

332. Kanto, Tadchai. U.K. Feed Mills Co., Ltd., 33/1 Moo 4, T. Bangteenped, A. Muanf, Chachoengsae 24000; Tel: + 6638 512 055; Fax: + 6638 513 202

333. Kato, Y.D. Adviser, SEAFDEC Secretariat Office, Kasetsart University Campus, Bangkhen

334. Kiattiteerachai, Udomsak. General Manager, V.R. Farm Trading Co., Ltd., 90/3 Moo 4 Saeng Chuto Road, A. Banpong, Ratcharusi, 70110; Tel: + 6632 344 320; Fax: + 6632 344320

335. Kitti, Chumtan. Bangkok

336. Komolmari, Supawat. Fishery Biologist, Freshwater Aquaculture Division, Department of Fisheries

337. Laosunthara, Kulwara. LP Feeds Tech (Thailand) Co., Ltd., 433 Mitraparp 2, Sukhumvit 77, Soi Onnuch 46, Nongbon, Bangkok 10260; Tel: + 662 321 2266; Fax: + 662 321 8798

338. Latt, U Win. Aquaculture Consultant, Aqua Bound, PO Box 5, Amphur Muang, Ranong 85000; Tel: + 66 1 476 3945; Fax: + 66 77 830 417; E-mail: uwinlatt@hotmail.com

339. Lavantucksin, Vanida. Government Official, NESDB, 962, Krung Kasem Road, Bangkok 10100; Fax: + 66 2 281 6326; E-mail: Cz9999@hotmail.com

340. Lawanyawut, Khamchai. Department of Fisheries, Thailand

341. Menasveta, Piamsak. Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok; E-mail: Mpiamsak@chula.ac.th

342. Ming Dang, Chen. CP Group, Bangkok

343. Myrseth, Roy. Supervisor- Fishfarming, Asia, Binaloy Farm Pla Co., Ltd. 352/60-61 Moo 12, Tambol Nongprue, Amphur Banglamung, Chonburi; E-mail: Boley@online.no

344. Na-NaKorn, Uthairat. Faculty Member, Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Bangkok 10900

345. Nash, Gary. Shrimp Culture Research and Development Co., Ltd, 18th fl, Gypsum Metropolitan Tower, 539/2 Sri Ayudhha, Rajthevee, Bangkok; E-mail: Gnash@asiaaccess.net.th

346. Ngamvongchon, Somsri. Fisheries Biologist, Ornamental Fish Research Institute, Department of Fisheries; Tel: + 66 2 562 0590; E-mail: somsri@fisheries.go.th

347. Nuangsaeng, Bunlung. Lecturer, Burapha University, Dept of Aquatic Science, Faculty of Science, Bangsaen, Chonbur; E-mail: Bunlung@bucc4.buu.ac.th

348. Nukwan, Sujin. National Inland Fisheries Institute, Kasetsart University Campus, Phaholyotin Road, Chatuchak, Bangkok

349. Ochieng, Caroline. Project Officer, Wetlands International - Thailand Programme, PO Box 21, Si Phuwanat, Hatyai 90113; E-mail: Epaul@ratree.psu.ac.th

350. Orachunwong, Chawalit. Aquatic Animal Nutritionist, CP Group, Bangkok; Tel: + 66 1 319 3731; Fax: + 66 34 839 822

351. Paewcham, Sittipat. Teacher in Aquaculture, Rajabhat Institute, Rambhai bar mi, Chanthaburi; Fax: + 66 39 313117

352. Pasong, Suparb. Faculty Member, Walailak University, Tel: + 66 75 672018; Fax: + 66 75 672001; E-mail: psuparb@wu.ac.th

353. Pawaputanon, Oopatham. Deputy Director General, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Ladjao, Chatuchak, Bangkok;

354. Pednekar, Sunil S. 42 Charansanitwong 96/3, Bangplat, Bangkok 10700; E-mail: Napana@access.inet.co.th

355. Pengseng, Puan. Department of Fisheries, Fax: + 66 76 384000

356. Phaewcham, Sittipath. Rajabhat Institute, Rambhaibarni, Raksakschamool R., Amphur Muang, Chanthaburi 22000

357. Phattareeya Suanrattacachai. Bangkok

358. Pianjing, Danai. CP Group of Companies, Thailand

359. Pinolbut, Umaporn. Department of Fisheries, Thailand,

360. Pitatiratitivorakul, Somkiat. Associate Professor, Dept of Marine Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330; Tel: + 66 2 218 5402; E-mail: psomkiat@chula.ac.th

361. Piwpong, Nitikorn. Fisheries Officer, Inland Fisheries Station, Patthalung lumpun, Patthalung

362. Pongmaneerat, Juadee. Fishery Biologist, Technical Group, Coastal Aquaculture Division, Department of Fisheries, Bangkok; Fax: + 66 2 579 4496

363. Pongpat Boonchuwong. Fisheries Economics Division, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Bangkok 10760; E-mail: Pongpatb@fisheries.go.th

364. Pongsakorn, Veerawat. Bangkok

365. Pongtanapanich, Tipparat. Lecturer, Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, Bangkhen, Bangkok; E-mail: fecotip@ku.ac.th

366. Pongthana, Nuanmanee. Director, National Aquaculture Genetics Research Institute, Department of Fisheries, Thailand

367. Ponsgri, Chamnarn. Department of Fisheries, Thailand,

368. Poonpuang, Supawadee. Faculty Member, Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Bangkok 10900

369. Poonsap Virulhakul. Fishery Product Inspection Specialist, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Ladjao, Chatuchak, Bangkok; Tel: + 66 2 940 6130; Fax: + 66 2 940 615

370 Praipanapong, Suparp. Researcher, Ranong Coastal Aquaculture Station, Fax: + 66 77 840 224

371. Prakobboon, Dhammarong. Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Thailand

372. Predalumpaburt, Yongyut. Fisheries Biologist, National Institute of Coastal Aquaculture, Kaosan Soi 1, Songkhla 96000; Fax: + 66 74 442 053; E-mail: nicas@hatyai.inet.co.th

373. Prompoj, Waraporn. Senior Fisheries Biologist, Department of Fisheries, Thailand

374. Promthep, Adisorn. Officer, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Bangkok 10900; Fax: + 66 2 562 0531; E-mail: adisorn@fisheries.go.th

375. Puan Pengsen. Bangkok

376. Putippayaongsa, Suthep. 97/223 Muban Gedhhen Garden 3, Soi 7 Prachachoe, Amphur Muang, Nonthaburi 11100; Fax: + 66 2 9143

377. Rengpipat, Sirirat. Faculty member, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, 79/203 Ramkamhaeng Road, Bangkok 10240; Tel: + 66 2 218 5070; Fax: + 66 2 253 0337; E-mail: sirirat@sc.chula.ac.th

378. Ridmontri, Chakrit. Regional Correspondent, Asian Agribusiness Publications, 101/380 Moo 7, Tambon Klong Neung, Klong Luang district, Pathum Thani; Fax: + 66 2 516 4880; E-mail: Chakrit4@loxinfo.co.th

379. Rojjananawin, Roongthip. Project Analyst, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotech, 73/1 NSTDA Bldg., Rama 6 Road, Rajthevee, Bangkok 10400; Tel: + 66 2 642 4322 (ext 220); Fax: + 66 2 248 8305

380. Rongthip, Rojjananarin. Biotech, Bangkok

381. Sajjapaibul, Amnaj. Impact Enterprise Co., Ltd., 33/76 Enterprise Co., Ltd., 33/76 Soi, St. Louis 3, Chand Road, Sathorn, Bangkok 10120; Tel: 66 2 212 8649; Fax: + 66 2 212 5088

382. Schouten, Raoul. Seatec International, P. O. Box 8-101, Bangkok, E-mail: si-inter@mozart.inet.co.th

383. Sinchaipanich, Chul. Fisheries Biologist, Fisheries Extension Division, Department of Fisheries, KU campus, Bangkhen, Bangkok 10900; E-mail: Chul_s@hotmail.com

384. Sitthiphau, Keawmanee. Aquatic Life Magazine, 3003/3 M. 1 Soi Oposayanon, Sukhumvit Road, North Samrong, Samutprakarn 10270; Tel: + 6 62 399 3621; Fax: + 6 62 745 5837

385. Sricharoen, Dounghata. Analyst (Policy and Planning), Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Bangkok 10900; Fax: + 66 2 562 0531; E-mail: dounghas@fisheries.go.th

386. Sridacum, Kusawadee. Department Manager, JJ-Degussa-Huls (T) Ltd.,25th-28th floor, Sorachai Bldg., Soi Sukhumvit 63, Bangkok; Fax: + 66 2 714 4224

387. Srihapitukkiat, Pinit. Senior Adviser, Department of Fisheries, Bangkok

388. Srimanobhas, Kanokphan. Department of Fisheries, Bangkok

389. Srisuwantach, Vijai. Policy and Program Co-ordinator, SEAFDEC Secretariat, Suraswadi Bldg., Kasetsart University Campus, PO Box 1046, Kasetsart, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 9406326-9; Fax: + 66 2 9406332; E-mail: vijai@seafdec.org

390. Sritasidh, Prasert. Director, Aquatic Animal Feed Development and Control Division, Department of Fisheries; Fax: + 66 2 579 9525

391. Sritriratkul, Pradit. Head, Technical Department, Pratta Pharma Co., Ltd., 245/101-2, Aroon-Amarin Road, Bang-yee-Khan, Bangkok 10700; Tel: + 66 2 433 8749/50; Fax: + 66 2 433 6367

392. Stevens, Kenneth. President, Cajun Enterprises, 29/4-6 Sukhumvit Soi 22, Bangkok 10110; Tel: + 66 2 259 0328/29; Fax: + 66 2 259 4318; E-mail: woof@loxinfo.co.th

393. Suanrattacachai, Phattareeya. Senior Biologist, SEAFDEC Secretariat Office, Bangkok

394. Suchai. Guppy Hut, 1/11 Moo 1 T. Bangjak, A. Pasircharoen, Prakanong, Bangkok 10110; Tel: + 6 62 262 0213-5; Fax: + 6 62 262 0216

395. Sugiura, Shiogo. Deputy Secretary-General, SEAFDEC Secretariat Office, Bangkok

396. Suksdorff, Sune. Managing Director, OTS Ltd., Baan Pruekssasiri, Unit 5/28, Petchaburi, Soi 11, Phayathai, Bangkok; Fax: + 66 2 653 6668; E-mail: Ois@loxinfo.co.th

397. Sutthswang, Wiset. General Manager, Unity Techno Product Co., Ltd., 187/209 Moo 7, Soi Choochart-a-Noosorn, Tiwanon Road, Pakkred, Nonthaburi 11120; Tel: + 6 62 583 1070; 584 6871; Fax: + 6 62 960 5463

398. Suwanrangsi, Srilak. Chief, Fish Inspection and Quality Control Division, Department of Fisheries, Bangkok; E-mail: Sirilaks@fisheries.go.th

399. Szuster, Brian. Consulting Environmental Planner, University of Burapha, University of Victoria, C/o Dept of Aquatic Science, Bangsaen, Chonburi 20131; Tel: + 66 38 745900 ext 1481; E-mail: Bzuster@uvic.ca

400. Tang-Angkoon, Boonkiat. Food Specialist, Bureau Veritas, Empire Tower, Bangkok; Tel: + 66 1 815 9794

401. Tantavanitj, Sanchai. Director, Andaman Marine Shrimp Culture Research and Development Center, PO Box 2, Talang District, Phuket; E-mail: Pkprawn@samart.co.th

402. Tanthai, Sabai. Lecturer, Rajabhat Institute, Amphur Muang, Songkhla; Tel: + 66 74 321 425; Fax: + 66 074 326 672

403. Taptip Sangkaew. CP Group of Companies, Thailand

404. Tarbtipawan, Pratak. Faculty member

405. Tasanawisut, Pornchai. CP Group of Companies, Thailand

406. Thamhathai, Nitinan. Marketing Coordinator, F.E. Zuellig (Bangkok) Ltd, 12/F Ploenchit Center, 2 Sukhumvit Road, Klongtoey, Bangkok 10500; Tel: + 6 62 656 8710-54; Fax: + 6 62 656 8758-59

407. Theragul, Bumroong. Managing Director, Pla-Thai Aquarium Export, 313 Ladprao 23, Ladprao Road, Bangkok 10900; Tel: + 6 62 930 5375/6; Fax: + 6 62 513 0572

408. Thiwaratana, Sri-Anan. Information Officer, Shrimp Culture Research and Development Co. Ltd.

409. Thongkaemkaew, Senga. CP Group of Companies, Thailand

410. Tienrungsri, Virat. President, White Crane (V.88) Aqua-Tech Co. Ltd., 851-853 Rama VI Road, Wangmai, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330; Tel: + 6 62 570 7177; Fax: + 6 62 570 7652; E-mail: wcv88@asianet.co.th

411. Tonguthai, Kamolporn. Fisheries Inspector, Department of Fisheries, E-mail: Kamonpornt@fisheries.go.th

412. Tonmat, Warunee. Sales Executive, JJ-Degussa-Huls (T) Ltd., 25th-28th floor, Sorachai Bldg., Soi Sukhumvit 63, Bangkok; E-mail: + 66 2 714 4224

413. Tookwinas, Siri. Director, Marine Shrimp Culture, Research and Development Institute, Department of Fisheries, Bangkok; E-mail: Sirit@fisheries.go.th

414. Trongmeteerat, Tula. CP Group of Companies, Thailand

415. Tunsutapanich, Anand. Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Paholyothin Road, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900

416. Turner, Warren A. Manager, Nam Sai Farm Co. Ltd., 118 Moo 1, Tambon Bangrabow, Amphur Ban Sang, Prachinburi 25150; Fax: + 66 37 271 317; E-mail: nsfarm@mail.cscoms.com

417. Unprasert, Pakorn. Fishery Biologist, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Bangkok 10900; Fax: + 66 2 561 4688; E-mail: pakornu@fisheries.go.th

418. Vasuratna, Upachit. Managing Director, Vasuratna and Associate Co. Ltd., 5/3-5 Wireless Road, Bangkok 10330; Tel: + 6 62 253 4916; Fax: + 6 62 253 2905

419. Vichitlekarn, Suriyan. Information Officer, SEAFDEC, Bangkok; Tel: + 66 2 940 6326; Fax: + 66 2 940 6336; E-mail: suriyan@seafdec.org

420. Virulhakul, Poonsap. Fishery Product Inspection Specialist, Dept of Fisheries, Kaset-Klang, B 10900; Fax: + 66 2 940 6151; E-mail: pvonsap@fisheries.go.th

421. Vorasigh, Suwanna. Fishery Biologist, Trat Coastal Aquaculture Division, Department of Fisheries, Bangkok; Fax: + 66 39 543 335

422. Vuthiphandchai, Verapong. Asst Professor, Burapha University, Dept of Aquatic Science, Faculty of Science, Bangsaen, Chonburi; Tel: + 66 38 749 900 ext. 3093; Fax: + 66 38 390 354; E-mail: Verapong@bucc4.buu.ac.th

423. Wongkongswat, Nongnute. Technical Manager, Rovithai, 11th Fl. 2535 Sukhumvit Road, Bangchak, Prakanong; Tel: + 66 2 3327120; Fax: + 66 2 332 7135

424. Yashiro, Renu. Senior Officer, NICA, Department of Fisheries, Songkhla

425. Yodsawai, Prachum. Director, Friendship of Shrimp, 97/223 Mooban Kredkaew Garden 3, Soi 7, Prachuen Road, A. Muang, Nonthaburi 11100; Tel: + 66 2 951 9143; Fax: + 66 2 591 5885

TONGA

426. ‘Akau’ola, Secretary for Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Secretariat for the Pacific Community, PO Box 871, Nuku’alofa, Kingdom of Tonga; Tel: + 676 21399, 23730; Fax: + 676 23891; Mofish01@kalianet.to

TURKEY

427. Alpbaz, Attila. Professor and Director, Aquaculture Department, Fisheries Faculty, Ege University, Bornova-Izmir; Tel: + 90 232 388 4000/1; Fax: + 90 232 388 3685; E-mail: alpbaz@sufak.ege.edu.tr

UGANDA

428. Ogutu-Ohwayo-R. Director of Fisheries Research, PO Box 343, Jinja; Fax: + 256 043 120192; E-mail: firi@infocom.co.ug

429. Mbahinzireki, Godfrey. Research Officer, Aquaculture, PO Box 343, Jinja; Fax: + 256 043 120192; E-mail: firi@infocom.co.ug

UNITED KINGDOM

430. Adams, Alexandra. Faculty Member, Stirling University, Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, FK9 4LA; Fax: + 44 1786 472133; E-mail: Aa2@stir.ac.uk

431. Alderman, David. CEFAS Weymouth Laboratory, Barrack Road, The Nothe, Weymouth, DT4 8UB; Fax: + 44 1305 206638; E-mail: d.j.alderman@cefas.co.uk

432. Barlow, S.M. Director-General, International Fishmeal and Oil Manufacturers Association, 2 College Yard, Lower Dagnall St, St. Albans, AL3 4PA, Hertfordshire; Fax: + 44 1727 842 866; E-mail: ifoma@E-mail.msn.com

433. Cruikshank, Melanie. University of Stirling

434. Fakahau, Semisi T. Chief Programme Officer, Agricultural Development Unit, Export and Industrial Development Division, Commonwealth Secretariat, Marlborough House, Pall Mall, London SW1Y 5HX; E-mail: s.fakahau@commonwealth.int

435. Garaway, Caroline. RRAG. Imperial College, 8 Prince’s Gardens, South Kensington, London SW7 1NA; Fax: + 44 207 589 5319; E-mail: c.garaway@ic.ac.uk

436. Hambrey, John. Director, Econeco, Crancil Brae House, Strathpeffer, Inverness, Scotland; IV 14 9AW; E-mail: Hambrey@bosinternet.com

437. Lorenzen, Kai. Imperial College, London SW7 ZAZ; E-mail: k.lorenzen@ic.ac.uk

438. McCaffrey, Kenny. Editor, Fish Farming International, Heighway, Meed House, 21 John St., London WC1N 2BP; Tel: + 44 020 7505 3619; Fax: + 44 171 831 9362; E-mail: Kenney.mccaffrey@informa.com

439. Murray, F. Institute of Aquaculture, Stirling University, Stirling, Scotland; FK9 4LA; E-mail: Smallface@bigfoot.com

440. Penman, David. Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Univ of Stirling, FK9 4LA, Scotland; Fax: + 44 1786 472133; E-mail: djp1@stir.ac.uk

441. Purves, Mike. Fish Farming International, Heighway, Meed House, 21 John St., London WC1N 2BP; Fax: + 44 0171 831 9362

442. Thompson, Kim. Stirling University, Scotland; E-mail: k.d.thompson@stir.ac.uk

443. Turnbull, James. Lecturer, University of Stirling, Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, FK9 4LA; E-mail: Jft2@stir.ac.uk

UKRAINE (RUSSIA)

444. Boriskin, E.A. Research Assistant, The Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Kaukas Corporation, St. Generala Petrova 2-13, Sevastopol, Crimea; Fax: + 380 955 9353388; E-mail: Evgene@pol.ru

445. Filippov, O.V. Research Assistant, The Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Kaukas Ltd, St. Generala Petrova 2-13, Sevastopol, Crimea; Fax: + 380 955 9353388; E-mail: Filip@ukrcom.Sevastopol.ua

446. Ivanov, V.N. Researcher, The Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Kaukas Ltd, 2, Nauhimov ave, Sevastopol 99011; Tel: + 380 692 54 6030; Fax: + 380 955 9353388; E-mail: Evgene@pol.ru

447. Radchenko, Victoria. Professor, Department of Ichthyology, Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Vakhimov avenue, 3/2, Sevastopol 99011; Tel: + 380 692 545249; E-mail: radalpin@ibss.iuf.net

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

448. Tzoumas, Apostolos. Manager, International Fish Farming Co., Abu Dhabi9th fl, bin dar wish bldg., Hamdan Street, Abu Dhabi; E-mail: Asmak@emirates.net.ae

UNITED STATES

449. Barnhizer, David. Chief Counsel, ESW shrimp se, C/o NRDCl, 1200 New York Avenue, NW, Suite 4000, Washington DC 20005; E-mail: David.barnhizer@law.csuohio.ed

450. Boyd, Claude E. Professor, Auburn University, Dept of Fisheries and Allied Aquaculture, Auburn University, Alabama 36849; E-mail: Ceboyd@acesag.auburn.edu

451. Browdy, Craig. Associate Marine Scientist and Shrimp Culture Specialist, Waddell Mariculture Center, PO Box 809, Bluffton, South Carolina 29910; Tel: + 1 803 837 3795; Fax: + 1 803 837 3487; E-mail: Browdycl@musc.edu

452. Corbin, John. Manager, Hawaii Aquaculture Dev’t. Program, 1177 Alakea St., Room 400, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813; Tel: + 1 808 587 0030; Fax: + 1 808 587 0033; E-mail: Aquacult@aloha.com

453. Chamberlain, George. President, Global Aquaculture Alliance, 5661 Telegraph, Suite 3A, St Louis, Missouri; Tel: + 1 314 293 5500; Fax: + 1 314 293 5525; E-mail: georgec@integra.prserv.net

454. Dela Torre, Isabel. Industrial Shrimp Action Network, 25415 70th East Graham, WA 98338; E-mail: Isatorre@seanet.com

455. Dixon, Helen. Aquaculture Technical Advisor, Florida Aquafarms, 4355 Pompano Lane, Palmetto, Florida; Tel: + 1 941 721 0585; E-mail: Hmdixon123@aol.com

456. Dunham, Rex. Professor, Auburn University, Dept of Fisheries and Allied Aquacultures, Auburn University 36849; E-mail: Rdunham@acesag.auburn.edu

457. Fast, Arlo. PO Box 1056, Kaneohe, Hawaii 96744; Fax: + 1 619 338 0906; E-mail: Arlo@hawaii.edu

458. Horowitz, Ami. Chairman and Executive Officer, UPAH Tech, Inc., 3666 Stoer Road, Shaker Heights, Ohio 44122; Fax: + 1 216 921 9243; E-mail: upahtech@yahoo.com

459. Horowitz, Sarah. President, UPAH Tech, Inc., 3666 Stoer Road, Shaker Heights, Ohio 44122; Fax: + 1 216 921 9243; E-mail: upahtech@yahoo.com

460. Kapetsky, James. Consultant, 5410 Marine Club Drive, Wilmington, NC 28409-4103; Fax: + 1 910 794 9492; E-mail: cfast@mail.orotech.net

461. Leung, PingSun. Professor of Resource Economics, University of Hawaii, Honolulu; E-mail: psleung@hawaii.edu

462. Lewis III, Roy R. “Robin”. President, Lewis Environmental Services Inc., PO Box 20005, Tampa, FL 33622-20005; Fax: + 1 813 881 1586; E-mail: LewiEnvSvcs@aol.com

463. Liu, Zanjiang (John). Assistant Professor, Auburn University, 203 Swingle Hall, Auburn, Alabama 36849; Tel: + 1 334 844 4054; Fax: + 1 334 844 9208; E-mail: Zliu@acesag.auburn.edu

464 McNeil, Roderick. Director of Research and Development, Meridien Aquatic Tech, LLC, 460 E. Shore Road, Polson, Montana 59860; Tel: + 1 406 982 3109; Fax: + 1 406 883 8592; E-mail: mcneilrj@digisys.net

465. Mihamou, Lou. President, Salt Creek, Inc., 3528 West 500 South, Salt Lake City, Utah 84104; Tel: + 1 801 956 0662; Fax: + 1 801 956 2868; E-mail: houssine@a-saltcrk.com

466. Olin, Paul G. Marine Advisor, University of California Sea Grant, 2604 Ventura Avenue, Santa Rosa, CA 95403; E-mail: Pgolin@ucdavis.edu

467. Perkins, Bill W. Vet Superior-Bangkok, 15696 County Road 614, Dexter, Missouri

468. Quarto, Alfredo. Executive Director, Mangrove Action Project, PO Box 1854, Port Angeles, Washington 98362-0279; Fax: + 1 360 452 5866; E-mail: Mangroveap@olympus.net

469. Clay, Jason. WWF World Wildlife Fund, 1250 24th Street, NW, Washington DC 20037; Tel: + 1 202 778 9691; Fax: + 1 202 293 9211; E-mail: Jason.clay@wwfus.org

470. Rhodes, Edwin. Aquaculture Coordinator, NOAA Fisheries, East West Highway, Silver Springs, Maryland 20910; Tel: + 1 301 713 2334 ext 102; Fax: + 1 301 713 0596; E-mail: edwin.rhodes@noaa.gov

471. Riggs, Peter. Program Officer, Rockefeller Brothers Fund, 437 Madison Avenue #37, New York, NY 10022-7001; Tel: + 1 212 812 4276; E-mail: prigs@rbf.org

472. Rowland, Robert. Nutritionist, Vet Superior (Bangkok), 6 Persimmon Drive, Olatar, Kansas; Tel: + 1 913 764 1066; Fax: +1 913 768 1800

473. Sorensen, Jorrel (D). Grants Manager, University of California, Institute for Social, Behavioral and Economic Research, Sta. Barbara, California 93106; Santa Barbara, California 93106; Tel: + 1 805 893 8277; Fax: + 1 805 893 7299; E-mail: jsorensen@omni.vlsb.eon

474. Stonich, Susan. Professor, University of California, Dept of Anthropology, Santa Barbara, CA 93106; E-mail: Stonich@sscf.uscb.edu

475. Sukpatarapirome, Visuth. President, Ultimax Worldwide LLC, 436 N. 2800 E., Layton, Utah 84040; Fax: + 1 801 593 8337

476. Tacon, Albert. Technical Director/Program Manager, The Oceanic Institute, Makapuu Point, 41-202 Kalanianaole Highway, Waimanalo, Hawaii 96795; Fax: + 1 808 259 5971

477. Vinitnanthara, Somsak. Senior Research Scientist, ALPHARMA, 20619 Filbert Drive, Bothell, WA 98012; Fax: + 1 425 489 2045; E-mail: somsakv@msn.cm

478. Whitney, Frank. Aquaculture Systems Designer, Florida Aqua Farms, 4355 Pampano Lane, Palmetto, Florida 34221; Tel: + 1 813 642 0878; E-mail: Shrimpfarm@aol.com

479. Zweig, Ron. The World Bank, Washington, D.C.; E-mail: rzweig@worldbank.org

VIETNAM

480. Dieu, Nguyen Quang

481. Ha, Tran Thi Thu. Vice Director, Fishery Extension Centre of Binh Dinh, 487 Nguyen Hue St., Quinhon City, Binh Dinh Province; Tel: + 84 56 892579

482. Hallerman, Gideon

483. Jeney, Zsigmond. CTA, MRC READ Project, 46 Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street, District I, Ho Chi Minh City; Fax: + 84 8 825 0688; E-mail: mrcca:be@hcm.fpt.vn

484. Le Thanh Luu. Vice Director, Research Institute for Aquaculture No. 1, Hanoi

485. Lien, Nguyen Thi. Specialist, Fishery Service of Binh Dinh Province, 110 Trantlung, Dao St., Qui Nhon City, Binh Dinh Province; Tel: + 84 56 892919; Fax: + 84 56 892579

486. Ngoan, Tran. Vice Chairman, People’s Committee of Binh Dinh, c/o Fisheries Service of Binh Dinh, 110 Tran Hung Dao St., Quy Nhon City, Binh Dinh; Tel: + 84 56 892579; Fax: + 84 56 825797

487. Nguyen Thang, Vice Minister (Fisheries), Hanoi

488. Thanh Cu, Nguyen. Fishery Officer and Interpreter/Translator, c/o Fisheries Service of Binh Dinh, 110 Tran Hung Dao St., Quy Nhon City, Binh Dinh; Tel:+ 84 56 892579; Fax: + 84 56 825797

489. Thanh Kham, Nguyen. Director, Fisheries Extension Center of Binh Dinh, c/o Fisheries Service of Binh Dinh, 110 Tran Hung Dao St., Quy Nhon City, Binh Dinh; Tel: + 84 56 892579; Fax: + 84 56 825797

490. Thomsen, Susanne. Senior Adviser, Freshwater Aquaculture, SUFA, Ministry of Fisheries, Fisheries Sector Programme Support, Ministry of Fisheries-DANIDA, 10-12 Nguyen Cong Hoan, Ba Dinh district, Hanoi; Tel: + 84 4 831 6994; Fax: + 84 4 831 7003; E-mail: Susanne@hotmail.com

491. Tuan, Nguyen. Scientist, Research Institute for Aquaculture No. 2, 116 Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street, District I, Ho Chi Minh City; Fax: + 84 8 8226807; E-mail: haosiu@hcm.vnn.vn

492. Tung, Nguyen Thanh. Programme Officer, UNDP Hanoi, 25-29 Phan Boi Chau, Hanoi; Tel: + 84 4 825 9267; Fax: + 84 825 9267; E-mail: Tung@undp.org.vn

493. Van Hao, Nguyen. Director, Research Institute for Aquaculture No. 2,116 Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street, District I, Ho Chi Minh City; Fax: + 84 8 8226807; E-mail: haosia2@hcm.vnn.vn

494. Van Lang, Tran. Director, Fisheries Service of Binh Dinh, 110 Tran Hung Dao St., Quy Nhon City, Binh Dinh; Tel: + 84 56 892579; Fax: + 84 56 825797

495. Villadsen, Andreas. Advisor, Brackishwater Aquaculture, SUMA, Ministry of Fisheries, Vietnam, 10-12 Nguyen Cong Hoan, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi; Fax: + 84 4 831 7003; E-mail: Suma@hn.vnn.vn

ZAMBIA

496. Maguswi, Charles. Director for Fisheries, Zambia; E-mail: Piscator@zamnet.zm

INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS

ASIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

497. Bart, Amrit. Assistant Professor, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120,Thailand; E-mail: bart@ait.ac.th

498. Claydon, Paul. Research Scientist, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; Fax: + 66 2 524 5216

499. Edwards, Peter. Professor, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; E-mail: pedwards@ait.ac.th

500. Kaewpaltoon, Kamtorn. Program Specialist, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; Fax: + 66 2 524 5471; E-mail: aarm@ait.ac.th

501. Korn, Mads. Educational Advisor, AIT-DANIDA Aquaculture and Aquatic resources, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; Tel: + 66 2 524 5786; Fax: + 66 2 524 5218; E-mail: korn@ait.ac.th

502. Kwei Lin, C. Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; E-mail: lin@ait.ac.th

503. MacNiven, Angus. Research Specialist, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; Fax: + 66 2 524 5226; E-mail: angusm@ait.ac.th

504. Mair, Graham C. Research Scientist, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; E-mail: gcmair@ait.ac.th

505. Mair, Josephine C. Research Scientist, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; E-mail: jcmair@ait.ac.th

506. Nadtirom, Potchanee. Research Assistant, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand

507. Nielsen, Henrik. Program Specialist, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; Fax: + 66 2 524 5214

508. Pant, Jharendu. Research Associate, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; E-mail: jpant@ait.ac.th

509. Rubin, John. Associate Professor, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; E-mail: jrubin@ait.ac.th

510. Srithong, Chumpol. Research Associate, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand

511. Ponza, Supat. Field Supervisor, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; E-mail: psupat@ait.ac.th

512. Yang Yi. Assistant Professor, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; E-mail: yangyi@ait.ac.th

513. Yomjinda, Manoj. Laboratory Supervisor, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; E-mail: yomjinda@ait.ac.th

ICLARM

514. Ahmed, Mahfuzzudrin. Program Leader, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, GPO Box 500, Penang, Malaysia; Tel: + 60 4 6414 623; Fax: + 60 4 6434463; E-mail: m.ahmed@cgiar.org

515. Prein, Mark. Program Leader, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, GPO Box 500, Penang 10670, Malaysia; Tel: + 60 4 6414 623; Fax: + 60 4 6434463; E-mail: m.prein@cgiar.org

516. Froese, Rainier. Scientist, ICLARM, C/o IRRI, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines; E-mail: r.froese@cgiar.org

517. Williams, Meryl. Director-General, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, GPO Box 500, Penang, Malaysia; Tel: + 60 4 6414 623; Fax: + 60 4 6434463

518. Gupta, Modadugu V. Director, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, GPO Box 500, Penang, Malaysia; Tel: + 60 4 6414623; Fax: + 60 4 6434463; E-mail: m.v.gupta@cgiar.org

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION (FAO)

519. Seilert, Heiko. Technical Officer (Fisheries), FAO-RAP, Maliwan Mansion, Phra Atit Road, Bangkok, Thailand; Fax: + 66 2 281 7844; E-mail: heiko.seilert.fao.org

520. Hongskul, Veravat. Regional Fisheries Officer, FAO-RAP, Maliwan Mansion, Phra Atit Road, Bangkok, Thailand

521. Moehl, John. Regional Aquaculture Officer, FAO Regional Office for Africa (FAO-RAFI), PO Box 1628, Accra, Ghana; E-mail: John.moehl@fao.org

522. Aguilar Manjarrez, Jose. Information Systems Officer, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; Fax: + 39 06 570 555452; E-mail: jose.aguilarmanjarrez@fao.org

523. Barg, Uwe. Fishery Resources Officer, Fisheries Dept., FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 0100, Italy; E-mail: Uwe.barg@fao.org

524. Bartley, Devin. Fishery Resources Officer, Fisheries Dept., FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; Fax: + 39 06 570 53020; E-mail: Devin.Bartley@fao.org

525. Halwart, Matthias. Fishery Resources Officer, Fisheries Dept., FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; Fax: + 39 06 570 53020; E-mail: Matthias.Halwart@fao.org

526. Jia, Jiansan. Chief, Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service (FIRI), FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; Fax: + 39 06 570 53020; E-mail: Jia.jiansan@fao.org

527. Josupeit, Helga. Fishery Industry Officer, Fisheries Dept., FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; Fax: + 39 06 570 55188; E-mail: Helga.josupeit@fao.org

528. Lem, Audun. Fishery Industry Officer, Fisheries Dept., FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; Fax: + 39 06 570 55188; E-mail: audun.Lem@fao.org

529. Martinez, Manuel. Fishery Resources Officer, Fisheries Dept., FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; Fax: + 39 06 570 53020; E-mail: Manuel.Martinez@fao.org

530. Rana, Krishen. FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy

531. Satia, Benedict. Senior Fishery Liaison Officer, Fisheries Dept., FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; Fax: + 39 06 570 56500; E-mail: Benedict.Satia@fao.org

532. Subasinghe, Rohana. Senior Fishery Resources Officer, Fisheries Dept., FAO, V.le delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; Fax: + 39 06 570 53020; E-mail: Rohana.subasinghe@fao.org

533. Van Houtte, Annick. Legal Officer, LEGN, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; E-mail: Annick.vanhoutte@fao.org

534. Wijkstrom, Ulf. Chief, Development Planning Service, FIPP, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; Fax: + 39 06 570 56500; E-mail: Ulf.wijkstrom@fao.org

535. Willman, Rolf. Senior Fishery Planning Officer, Fisheries Dept., FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy; Fax: + 39 06 570 56500; E-mail: Rolf.willman@fao.org

536. Qingsong, Dong. Deputy Regional Representative, FAO RAP, Phra Atit Road, Maliwan Mansion, Bangkok, Thailand

NACA SECRETARIAT

537. Bueno, Pedro B. Conference Manager and Information Specialist, Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727; E-mail: Pedrob@fisheries.go.th

538. Fegan, Dan. Senior Technical Officer, Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727; E-mail: Dfegan@usa.net

539. Kongkeo, Hassanai. Coordinator, Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727; E-mail: Hassanak@fisheries.go.th

540. Kumar, Dilip. Senior Aquaculturist, Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727; E-mail: Dilipk@fisheries.go.th

541. MacRae, Ian H. Consultant (Fish Health). Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727; E-mail: Macrae@fisheries.go.th

542. Phillips, Michael. Environmental Specialist, Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727; E-mail: Michaelp@fisheries.go.th

543. Reantaso, Melba. Fish Health Specialist, Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727; E-mail: Melbar@fisheries.go.th

544. Xiaowei, Zhou. Programme Officer, Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727; E-mail: Zhoux@fisheries.go.th

545. Cajilig, Rebecca. Information Associate, Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, O Box 1040, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727; E-mail: rebeccac@fisheries.go.th

546. Udomlarp, Wiratee. Secretary, Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727; E-mail: wirateeu@fisheries.go.th

547. Rungreungwudliskrai, Em-orn. Project Technical Officer, Danish/SE-Asian TCE-Project, c/o Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart PO, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: +66 2 561 1727; E-mail: Tcep2@loxinfo.co.th

548. Tongdee, Nual-anong, Project Technical Officer, Danish/SE-Asian TCE-Project, C/o Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727; E-mail: Tcep2@loxinfo.co.th

549. Sim, Sih Yang. Research Assistant, Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, PO Box 1040, Kasetsart PO, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903; Tel: + 66 2 561 1728; Fax: + 66 2 561 1727

550. Tarbtipawan, Pratak. Faculty Member, Kasetsart University

3.2 ANNEX 2: CONFERENCE PROGRAMME

Registration:

10.00-17.30, Sunday 20 February


08.00-17.00, 21and 22 February


Time

Activity

20/02/2000

Inaugural Ceremonies

15.30 - 16.30

Conference Opening Ceremony
Arrival of dignitaries
Introductions (Master of Ceremonies)

Welcome speeches
Secretary-General of the Conference
FAO Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific
NACA Governing Council Chairman
Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Thailand

Keynote Speech
The Honourable Mr. Pongpol Adireksarn, Minister of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Thailand

16.30

Trade Fair Opening Ceremony
Opening by the Hon. Mr. Pongpol Adireksarn
Tour of Exhibitions

Speeches
Hon. Mahinda Rajapakse, Minister of Fisheries, Sri Lanka
Hon. Dr Nguyen Viet Thang, Vice Minister of Fisheries, Vietnam

18.00

Welcome Reception - Hosted by NACA

21/02/2000

08.45

Introduction to the Conference
Rohana Subasinghe, FAO Rome

09.00

Keynote Address 1:
From Kyoto 1996 to Bangkok 2000
T.V.R. Pillay, India

09.30

Keynote Address 2:

Aquaculture beyond 2000: Global Prospects
Jia Jiansan, FAO, Rome

10.00

Break

Session I:

Global and Regional Overviews of Aquaculture Development and Trends
Chairs:
Sena de Silva, Deakin University, Australia
Laszlo Varadi, HAKI, Hungary

10.30

Aquaculture development in Asia and the Pacific countries
Hassanai Kongkeo, NACA, Bangkok
Pierre Labrosse, South Pacific Commission, New Caledonia

11.15

Aquaculture development in China
Wang Yanliang, Bureau of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, China

11.45

Aquaculture development in Latin America and the Caribbean
Manuel Martinez-Espinosa, FAO, Rome

12.30

Lunch

14.00

Aquaculture development in Africa
Matthias Halwart, FAO, Rome

14.30

Aquaculture development in the Near East
Krishen Rana, FAO, Rome

15.00

Aquaculture development in northern America
Paul Olin, University of California-Sea Grant, USA

15.30

Break

16.00

Aquaculture development in Eastern Europe and the former USSR
Ferenc Pekar, Fisheries Research Institute, Hungary
(Supplementary presentation on status of aquaculture in Ukraine
V.N.Ivanov, Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Sevastopol)

16.30

Aquaculture development in Europe
Laszlo Varadi, Fisheries Research Institute, Hungary

17.00

Global perspectives for aquaculture in the new millennium
Sena de Silva, Deakin University, Australia

18.00

Sessions Close

22/02/2000

08.45

Opening of session and introduction of plenary speakers
Hassanai Kongkeo, NACA, Thailand

09.00

Plenary Lecture 1:
Policy-making and planning for sustainable aquaculture development
Ulf Wijkstrom, FAO, Rome

09.45

Plenary Lecture 2:
Technologies for sustainable aquaculture development
Patrick Sorgeloos, University of Ghent, Belgium

10.30

Break


Session II:
Policy-making and planning for sustainable aquaculture development

Session III:
Technologies for sustainable aquaculture development

11.00

Group 1:
Increasing the contribution of aquaculture for food security and poverty alleviation
Chairs:
Albert Tacon, Oceanic Institute, USA
M.C. Nandeesha, CARE, Bangladesh

Group 1:
Aquaculture systems and species
Chairs:
Harald Rosenthal, Institute of Marine Sciences, Germany
Laszlo Varadi, Fisheries Research Institute, Hungary

12.30

Lunch

14.00

Group 2:
Integrating aquaculture into rural development in coastal and inland areas
Chairs:
Chua Thia Eng, IMO, Philippines
Simon Bland, DFID, U.K.

Group 2:
Genetics in aquaculture development
Chairs:
Kshitish Majumdar, India
Rex Dunham, Auburn Univ., USA

15.30

Break

16.00

Group 3:
Involving stakeholders in aquaculture policy-making, planning and management
Chairs:
Sevaly Sen, Australia
Edwin Rhodes, NOAA, USA

Group 3:
Aquaculture health management
Chairs:
Rohana Subasinghe, FAO, Rome
James Turnbull, University of Stirling, UK

17.30

Sessions Close

Sessions Close

23/02/2000

08.45

Opening of session and introduction of plenary speakers
Rohana Subasinghe, FAO

09:00

Plenary Lecture 3:
Regional and inter-regional co-operation for sustainable aquaculture development
Lennox Hinds, CIDA, Canada

09.45

Plenary Lecture 4:
Human resource development (training, education, and extension) for sustainable aquaculture development
Sena de Silva, Deakin University, Australia

10.30

Break


Session II:
Policy-making and planning for sustainable aquaculture development (cont’d)

Session III:
Technologies for sustainable aquaculture development (cont’d)

11.00

Group 4:
Promoting sustainable aquaculture through economic incentives
Chairs:
Rolf Willmann, FAO, Rome
Jason Clay, WWF, USA

Group 4:
Nutrition and feeding
Chairs:
M. Rezaul Hasan, Bangladesh Agricultural University
Sadasivam Kaushik, Fish Nutrition Laboratory, France

12.30

Lunch

14.00

Group 5:
Establishing legal institutional and regulatory frameworks for aquaculture development and management
Chair:
Annick van Houtte, FAO, Rome

Group 5:
Culture-based fisheries and enhancement
Chairs:
Kai Lorenzen, Imperial College, UK
Deep Swar, Nepal

15.30

Break

16.00

Group 6:
Building the information base for aquaculture policy-making, planning and management
Chairs:
Jorge Calderon, CENAIM, Ecuador
Yong Ja Cho, Republic of Korea

Group 6:
Systems approach to aquaculture management
Chairs:
Michael Phillips, NACA, Thailand
Claude Boyd, Auburn University, USA

17.30

Sessions Close

Sessions Close

24/02/2000

08.45

Opening of session and introduction of plenary speakers
Jorge Calderon, CENAIM, Ecuador

09.00

Plenary Lecture 4:
International trade - issues and challenges
Helga Josupeit, FAO, Rome

09.45

Guest Lecture:
Agriculture and livestock production: a model for aquaculture development?
Robert Swick, American Soybean Association, Singapore

10.30

Break

11.00

Session IV:
Aquaculture products: quality, safety, marketing, and trade
Chairs:
Helga Josupeit, FAO, Rome
S. Subasinghe, INFOFISH, Malaysia

12.30

Lunch

14.00

Session V:
Aquaculture development: financing and institutional support
Chairs:
Ronald Zweig, World Bank, Washington
Cornelia Nauen, EC, Brussels

15.30

Break

16.00

Session VI:
Summary presentations:
recommendations of discussion sessions[2]:
Chairs:
Jia Jiansan, FAO, Rome
Hassanai Kongkeo, NACA, Thailand

16.00

Policy-making and planning for sustainable aquaculture development - Groups 1-3

16.30

Policy-making and planning for sustainable aquaculture development - Groups 4-6

17.00

Technologies for sustainable aquaculture development - Groups 1-3

17.30

Technologies for sustainable aquaculture development - Groups 4-6

18.00

Sessions Close

20.00

Conference Dinner
Hosted by the Department of Fisheries, Thailand and Charoen Phokpand Company, Ltd.

25/02/2000


Session VI (Cont’d):
Summary presentations (recommendations) Session syntheses:
Chairs:
Jia Jiansan, FAO, Rome
Hassanai Kongkeo, NACA, Thailand

09.00

Session synthesis
Aquaculture products: quality, safety, marketing and trade:
Audun Lem, FAO Rome

09.30

Session synthesis
Aquaculture development: financing and institutional support
Ron Zweig, World Bank

10.00

Discussion

10.30

Break

11.00

Asian regional aquaculture development action plan and strategy[3]
Pedro Bueno, NACA

11.45

Strategies for Inter-regional co-operation for sustainable aquaculture development[4]
Chairs:
Glenn Hurry, Australia
Rohana Subasinghe, FAO, Rome

12.30

Lunch


Session VII:
Conclusions
Chairs:
Director-General of Fisheries, Thailand
Minister of Fisheries, Sri Lanka
Vice Minister of Fisheries, Vietnam

14.00

Presentation of draft Declaration and Strategy and discussion on next steps

14.45

Adoption of Declaration and Strategy and conclusion of the Conference

15.30

Conference Ends

3.3 ANNEX 3: SPEECH BY MR. HASSANAI KONGKEO, NACA COORDINATOR AND THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE CONFERENCE

Honourable Minister of Agriculture of Thailand, Mr. Pongpol Adireksan; Your Excellencies; Distinguished Delegates; Colleagues in Fisheries Development:

It is my privilege to welcome you to this conference, which is one of the first major and global discussions on aquaculture development in this newly arrived third millennium. Conceiving, preparing for and organizing the conference has been a long process involving the cooperation of many people, groups, organizations and governments. This very spirit of cooperation has been the hallmark of the region’s push towards aquaculture development. It has paid off in one of the highest growth rates recorded in any food production sector. This conference is the sequel to the Kyoto Conference held nearly 25 years ago. Both owed their conception to the same person. And I would like to start a long list of acknowledgements with that person, Dr Ramu Pillay, the architect of Kyoto 1976 and - for lack of a better word - the mover of Bangkok 2000. After him are those that have played key responsibilities in the events that have led to this opening ceremony.

I will begin with the NACA leadership before and during 1990, including the Coordinator and the Governing Council, who placed in NACA’s first 5-year regional work programme an International Conference on Aquaculture. This idea suggested a huge undertaking for a young, newly independent NACA. But it was subsequently given form and substance by Dr Pillay, the NACA governments and the NACA secretariat with the inputs and assistance of many friends of NACA. The Governing Council - convinced of the importance to their countries and the urgency to the region of another strategy-setting regional, if not global exercise - strongly endorsed the activity and gave it high priority. The idea of a conference made a great leap towards reality when FAO - which, as we all know, was the organizer, along with the Government of Japan, of Kyoto 1976 - strongly supported the plan and offered to cooperate with NACA. The Department of Fisheries of the Government of Thailand generously came forward to host the event, including the Aquaculture and Seafood Fair.

A significant undertaking such as this conference and the trade fair must need a significant amount of support and inspiration to succeed. These came in generous doses from many individuals and organizations. It is with pleasure for me to acknowledge Patrick Sorgeloos, current president of the World Aquaculture Society, who was instrumental in bringing the support from the European Union. We appreciate that this was not alone a personal gesture of Patrick, but embodies that of the WAS, which he represents.

The Government of Australia, particularly the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries - Australia, assigned to the Conference Secretariat one of the most hardworking young persons. Along with his services, the department provided material contribution for other activities.

The strong social orientation of the objectives of the conference attracted the interest of a number of organizations with large social development components in their programs. One is the Canadian International Development Agency, which gave a grant to enable policy makers and planners from other developing regions to take part and share views with their Asian counterparts. I wish to thank Lennox Hinds for initiating this CIDA assistance and Brian Davy for providing a strong endorsement of NACA to the agency.

The Rockefeller Brothers Fund very generously came forward to offer assistance for a number of talented and dedicated individuals with no big mother organization to support them. The name "Rockefeller" sounds formidable, but thanks to another friend of NACA who works with the institution and has devoted a substantial amount of his time and talent in working with the poor areas and threatened environments of Southeast Asia, the conference has benefited from its assistance to social development causes.

With an environmental cum social-economic development thrust, the conference gained the attention and support of a program in the Word Bank that has given collaborative assistance to a major program of NACA as well. We appreciate very much the assistance of Ron Zweig, who provided, through the World Bank - Netherlands Partnership Programme, the facility to bring a number of workers from several countries that are trying to find ways to make shrimp farming a more socially responsible activity. I also would like to mention, in the same regard, the various suggestions and assistance from another NACA friend who works with the World Wide Fund for Nature.

The office of the Conference Secretariat shares its premises with a regional project of the Danish Center for Environment and Development. The project director, Don Macintosh, and his staff have shared much of their time and resources in carrying out this conference. I wish to record my appreciation to DANCED, through its tropical coastal ecosystems program, for the innumerable material, professional and moral support given to the secretariat.

Innumerable also describes the help from NACA’s parent organization and now partner in this and other activities - the FAO. Our colleagues in the Fisheries Department of FAO in Rome, as well as the Regional Office in Asia Pacific here in Bangkok, have provided innumerable assistance and inspiration. It was extremely pleasant to work with them, helped a lot by the spirit of warmth, friendship and respect that prevails. It is with much gratitude that I acknowledge their cooperation.

Finally, I wish to express our gratitude for the many forms of assistance received from various other organizations, groups and persons. I would like to thank SEAFDEC, with whom we share our house and other useful resources, and its Aquaculture Department for their help in a number of activities; AIT, for the many professional and personal assistance extended to us; Kasetsart University for expert assistance in the management of the conference, the Lead Centres and several institutions in the NACA network for their technical assistance and advice; ICLARM - which despite the very difficult and time consuming task of transferring headquarters, have come with their topnotch staff headed by the Director General herself to serve in the panels; and the various projects assisted by DANIDA, particularly those of the Mekong River Commission, for supporting the participation of a number of their staff and project beneficiaries. As to the trade fair, we deeply appreciate the participation of business and industry in Thailand and other countries.

I reserve the final acknowledgements to the governments, and my most heartfelt thanks to the friends of NACA. They brought into the planning of this conference their vast and rich experience in national, regional and global aquaculture management and development.

To all of you and your organizations, I wish to record our gratitude. My friends, welcome to the Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium.

3.4 ANNEX 4: SPEECH BY MR. DONG QINGSONG, OFFICER IN CHARGE, FAO REGIONAL OFFICE FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

H.E. Mr. Pongpol Adireksarn, Minister for Agriculture and Cooperatives, Royal Thai Government; Mr. Dhammarong Prakobboon, Director-General of the Thai Department of Fisheries; Mr. Hassanai Kongkeo, NACA Co-ordinator and Secretary-General of the Conference; Distinguished Delegates; Ladies and Gentlemen:

First of all, allow me to convey the warm greetings and best wishes of FAO Director-General, Dr. Jacques Diouf, and on his behalf, I would like to welcome you all to the Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium.

All of us have shared the excitement in greeting the New Year all over the world. We are now entering into the Third Millennium, a new millennium for our progress and prosperity. To ensure continuous progress, however, the “Agenda for Action” is required in order to guide us into the right path - not to the end of the millennium, of course, but rather, to the end of this or the next decade for the benefit of our children - and this is the primary objective for the conference.

Excellency, Ladies and Gentlemen,

Fish contribute a significant amount of protein to the diets of people world-wide. Recent estimates of fish consumption by FAO indicate consumption as high as 175 kg per head in the Maldives to as low as one kg in Nepal, compared to the global average of 15 kg. While the stagnant growth in capture fisheries production in the last decade has been observed, aquaculture production continues to increase at a rapid rate. The production has more than tripled in only 15 years i.e., from 10 million tons in 1984 to more than 36 million in 1997. Aquaculture shares, therefore, will be one of the main sources of protein for our people, particularly in rural areas all over the world, in the years to come. It will support our efforts in alleviating global poverty and improving food security, as agreed at the World Food Summit in 1996.

In order to accelerate further development of aquaculture, FAO has worked closely with NACA to promote sustainable aquacultural practices and to develop strategies to facilitate its growth in an environmentally and socially responsible manner. To this end, FAO and NACA are proud to co-sponsor this conference, which is hosted by the Department of Fisheries of Thailand, with the objective of developing a global strategic plan for aquaculture development in the next decade. I sincerely hope that all delegates will have the opportunity to discuss and contribute toward this noble goal at this conference.

Before closing, I wish to express our appreciation for your presence at this conference. I wish to thank NACA and the Department of Fisheries for their excellent arrangements for the conference; and I wish you all a success in your deliberations and a happy sojourn in this beautiful City of Angels.

3.5 ANNEX 5: SPEECH BY MR. A.M. JAYASEKARA, CHAIRMAN, NACA GOVERNING COUNCIL

Distinguished Guest of Honour, Minister Pongpol Adireksan; Your Excellencies; Fellow Delegates:

It is a distinct privilege to take part in this conference and welcome you on behalf of the NACA Governing Council. Sri Lanka, which I represent in the council, is honoured by its current chairmanship of the council. In this capacity, I would like to thank FAO for its support and Cupertino as a partner in this endeavour, and the Government of Thailand for hosting the conference and the Aquaculture and Seafood Fair. The governments of NACA - and their private farming sectors - have enjoyed the tremendous benefits from a long-range strategic planning for aquaculture development. We were made aware of the importance of aquaculture in social and economic development. We were given the basic tools for improving the production technologies and production systems, as well as the capability for planning and managing the development of a young sector. We were made aware, and have justifiably harvested the rewards, of Cupertino. And, of no small significance to the members that have to cope hard with the task of feeding a growing population and improving the net-worth of a modest economy, we were given the ultimate reward of seeing increasing yields, productivity, and income.

In this regard, the governments had endorsed, with unity and without reservation, the plan for holding this conference on aquaculture, and pledged their usual commitment and support to its completion. As part of the preparations, the governments held a regional planning exercise in September of last year. The result was a first draft of a blueprint for Asian regional aquaculture development in this new century. The draft plan is to be enriched, guided and completed with the integration of the recommendations of this conference. The governments, therefore, have very high expectations from this conference. The draft regional plan for Asia reflects the governments’ continuing priorities for the basic development goals, including higher production, better nutrition, more jobs and better income for people and, on the whole, a better economy. To us, the tools to attain these need to be sharpened and made even more effective. Governments make no excuses for wanting bigger harvests to feed people and better products and prices for them to earn more. Having said this, governments are also keenly aware that a bigger harvest should not come at the expense of a ruined environment and an impoverished resource-base, and that the harvest should be shared equitably by those responsible for producing it. The Kyoto Strategy for Aquaculture Development has shown that a good dose of science spread around economically and efficiently though regional Cupertino can go a long way towards attaining huge harvests of cultured fish. This conference - from the governments’ standpoint - should now provide the strategy for a global Cupertino in sustaining the gains from Kyoto 1976 and sustaining the environment. The lessons from the past 24 years are there for the learning, and this conference should provide the opportunity for every one here to pool experiences and learn from this pool, which is made rich by the tremendous breadth in experience and depth of talent of the participation in this conference.

I would like to end by reiterating the words of gratitude expressed by the Secretary General of the conference and NACA Co-ordinator, as well as to commend him and his hardworking staff and associates for the excellent preparations.

I wish us all a productive and rewarding meeting.

3.6 ANNEX 6: SPEECH BY MR. DHAMMARONG PRAKOBBOON, DIRECTOR GENERAL FOR FISHERIES, THAILAND

Honourable Minister, Mr. Pongpol Adireksan; Honourable Minister, Mr. Mahinda Rajapakse of Sri Lanka; Honourable Vice Minister Dr. Nguyen Thang of Vietnam, Mr Dong Qingson of the FAO; Your Excellencies; Fellow Delegates; Friends, Ladies and Gentlemen:

As host of this conference, the staff of the Department of Fisheries and I would like to welcome you to the conference and to our country. This conference is very important to us, because it will be helpful in directing our research and development programs. As you know, Thailand depends much on aquaculture for food, employment and export. We have spent much effort and resources to develop the technologies. Now we are putting more to make it sustainable. We have shared our experience and technologies with many other countries - especially through the NACA system - and we have benefited from this Cupertino. We look forward to this conference providing guidelines to improve further our aquaculture so that it will fulfil the needs of our people, especially the poor.

To our honourable guest speaker, I am very pleased to report on behalf of the organisers that the conference has a wide participation. There are about 600 delegates representing almost 70 countries and more than 200 organisations, agencies, institutions and societies, including non-government, industry, business and farming groups. In short, all the important stakeholders are here for the conference.

The Aquaculture and Seafood Fair - which you are requested to inaugurate also this afternoon - has also a wide, varied and interesting offering. There are a total of 72 booths and stands set up by 51 companies, organisations and societies from 15 countries. The displays include a range of new products, better technologies, new materials, useful ideas and services for progressive and profitable aquaculture. A range of interesting ornamental species are on display. Many of these are products of the farmers of Thailand who have received technical assistance by the Ministry of Agriculture from the Fisheries Department. We also are displaying the various activities and publications of the Fisheries Department.

We are extremely honoured by your presence. We thank you for graciously consenting to set the tone for the conference with a keynote address.

I would like to end by thanking NACA and FAO for the opportunity to be their partner in organising this important event. Again, welcome to all of you; I look forward to a fruitful conference.

Ladies and gentlemen, it is my honour to introduce to you our distinguished guest speaker, Honourable Minister Pongpol Adireksan.

3.7 ANNEX 7: KEYNOTE ADDRESS BY MR. PONGPOL ADIREKSAN, MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE AND CO-OPERATIVES, THAILAND

Distinguished Delegates, Your Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen:

It is my privilege to welcome you to the Kingdom of Thailand for this important conference on “Aquaculture in the Third Millennium”. I hope you had a pleasant journey to Bangkok and that your stay will be fruitful and memorable.

I should like to thank the organisers, the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific and the Food and Agriculture Organization, for the invitation to address this conference.

I am gratified to take part in this global meeting on aquaculture development. It deals with a subject that is woven into the social, cultural and economic fabrics of Asian societies. Fish is a staple food of our people and its capture and culture provide direct livelihood to hundreds of thousands of families along the coasts and around inland waters and ponds, and to millions more that are providing support to its sustained development. Its production and commerce bring good income to the people and the country. I know you will be provided the detailed information and updated figures on Thai aquaculture. You will know then that the culture of marine shrimp in this country is the largest in the world, supplying almost a third of the world’s production, earning for the national economy two billion dollars a year from its sale, and generating in employment and additional business opportunity a sum four times that figure.

The status that we have achieved as the foremost farmer of marine shrimp has, obviously, also come with costs. I have absolutely no doubt you know this. Many of you would be intimately familiar with the lessons - some good, others bad - that our efforts at producing this commodity can offer. We take pride in our achievements, but we will humbly submit to your advice. As one who represents a group collectively called “policy makers” - that useful class of people who takes the fall for every perceived mistake of government - I would like to assure you that the conclusions of, and directions offered by, this conference will be seriously and post-haste taken up by the government.

May I hasten to remind you, however, that the Kingdom’s aquaculture industry is - as with the rest of Asia - diverse. The 300,000 or more people farming our fresh waters produce nearly a third of a million tons of 15 types of fish and prawn from the 72 thousand hectares of inland freshwater bodies all over the country. Along the lengthy coasts, people are raising a variety of fish, shellfish and aquatic plants to augment their income from elsewhere, but mainly from fishing. This is an important point to remember in the face of the increasing number of people who would like to fish and the decreasing quantity of wild fish. Our freshwater aquaculture, especially that of a number of native fishes like snakehead and catfish, has been said to be one of the strongest and advanced among the developing countries of Asia. For this reason, the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific had chosen Thailand’s inland fisheries research centre as one of four lead aquaculture centres in its regional network.

Our scientists and technicians have served the network well. In the spirit of Cupertino among Asian governments, they have also learned a lot of useful technology and ideas from their peers in other countries. This give-and-take has served Asian economies well. We have benefited from our respective strengths, and strengthened our capacities even more by sharing resources and experiences and by pooling our scientific talents.

Thailand has much to thank all nations and concerned participants from this Cupertino and from various forms of assistance. From the prudent application of external assistance and local resources and expertise, our fish-farming industry has progressed to being considered as one of the pillars of the economy, providing fifteen percent of the total fish supply and forty percent of the value of that supply. However, we are acutely aware that many forms of activities have created serious impacts on our aquatic resources and environments, with fisheries being stretched to the limit of capacity and our fishers pushed hard to find enough fish. Environmental changes in coastal areas in particular adversely affect the coastal communities that rely on these resources, creating a vicious circle of habitat destruction and declining livelihood. The government is acutely aware of such problems and is giving a high priority to environmental rehabilitation, such as the Thai Seas Rehabilitation Project and various mangrove forest replanting schemes, even under what have been economically troubled times. We are also aware of the need for aquaculture to meet the looming shortfall between human demand for aquatic products and their supply. Fishing grounds are over-fished, so that we are looking at aquaculture as an essential means to make up for lost production from capture fisheries, and to provide employment and livelihood to people dependent on capture fisheries.

Thailand’s success in aquaculture and, for that matter, agriculture owes much to the vision and guidance of our King. His Majesty has shown a special interest in aquaculture. He has promoted the concept of integrated farming and water storage through ponds in small-scale farms. He introduced the tilapia, and his prowess in fish breeding led to the special “ruby fish” which is now being marketed in other countries. (I hope that our friends in CP will serve this fish to you during the conference). His well-known and well-studied project in Kung Krabaen on our eastern seaboard has also provided an excellent model of how mangroves and shrimp aquaculture can be integrated into one successful rural development program that benefits the local people. His many initiatives, invariably demonstrated by his own deeds, have provided the proper direction and examples to Thailand’s efforts at rural aquaculture development.

Thailand is also committed to regional and international Cupertino. We are proud to be the host of NACA and the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Centre or SEAFDEC, two of the leading organisations in fisheries development Cupertino in the region, and the Asian Institute of Technology or AIT, a leading graduate school in sciences and technology with a strong academic and development program in the aquatic sciences and in resource management. Needless to say, we are also host to the regional office of FAO, which has provided many an initiative and technical guidance that have considerably improved Thailand’s fisheries and aquaculture. FAO and UNDP, in fact, gave birth to NACA. NACA and SEAFDEC, as well as AIT, were proposed and formed in fora that the Government of Thailand had taken active part, in tandem with other countries in this region. The spirit behind these organisations is mutual respect and equality among their members, and their driving force is the recognition of mutual benefits - in promoting prosperity and maintaining peace - derived from Cupertino. I have no doubt that the same spirit will pervade your deliberations.

I understand that this conference is a long overdue sequel to the first global Technical Conference on Aquaculture, held in Kyoto, Japan in 1976. It is indeed gratifying to see that the number of countries represented and the number of people attending far exceed those of Kyoto. The Kyoto Conference provided that impulse for world aquaculture development and, thanks to that first conference, there has been kindled a strong and sustained interest in aquaculture. This is indicated by the wider representation in this second conference, although one can also argue that it also reflects the increasing number and diversity of concerns

We know aquaculture affects the welfare of many families and communities. With the predicted stagnation in fisheries and the increase in populations, the health of aquaculture will impact on even more people more profoundly. Aquaculture is built into the socio-economic fabric of Asian societies. Therefore, we will have to continue to nurture the sector to the best of our ability to ensure that it remains viable and sustainable and gives the best returns to society. You need no reminding of the many challenges and pitfalls awaiting aquaculture development efforts, and of the huge task to be carried out to meet the challenges and surmount obstacles.

But I would like to express my gratitude on behalf of the government for your efforts in and commitment to its development. This convergence of a wide range and deep pool of scientific, technical and managerial talent is reassuring. The importance given to this subject, I believe, is the reason many of you have travelled long distances to take part in this conference. I have been informed there are 70 countries and territories represented here and more than 600 delegates. It is a pleasure for me to see people from so many countries representing different sectors and interest groups coming together for this conference. This is important, because successful aquaculture development requires a thorough and wide involvement - and bold but reasonable action - in its science, management and politics. It also needs a concerted action among different government agencies, as well as the commitment and interest of the local people.

The Thai Government is keenly interested in the outcome of the conference. I would like to assure you that Thailand will give a high priority to participating in the follow-up activities. I expect the conference to provide an effective strategy and innovative and pragmatic ideas that will assist Thailand. All of us with a common interest in sustainable aquaculture should endeavour to make it contribute even more to the development of rural communities and provide a continuous source of aquatic food and material for our people. It is my privilege to interact with scientists and technical experts such as you; I find it a valuable and treasured experience.

However, the layman that I am, you will please bear with me if I request you to make your recommendations practical, workable and in terms that I might be able to understand.

I would like to thank NACA and FAO for joining hands with the Government of Thailand in organising this world conference. On behalf of the government, I wish to convey our appreciation to the organisations that have lent valuable support and inspiration.

I wish you an enjoyable and successful meeting and a pleasant stay in Thailand. It is my pleasure to now declare the conference and the Aquaculture and Seafood Fair open.

3.8 ANNEX 8: INTRODUCTION TO THE BANGKOK DECLARATION AND STRATEGY BY MR. GLENN HURRY, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES, AUSTRALIA; CO-CHAIRMAN OF THE TECHNICAL DRAFTING COMMITTEE

The Director General of Fisheries, Thailand; The Minister of Fisheries, Sri Lanka; Dr Ramu Pillay; Mr. Hassanai Kongkeo; Ladies and Gentlemen:

Coming from a country with a small but increasingly important aquaculture industry, it is a very great privilege to have been asked to co-chair with Chen Foo Yan, the Technical Drafting Committee and to present to you today the Bangkok Declaration on Aquaculture. With this Declaration are the key elements that countries can incorporate when developing strategies for aquaculture development for the next 20 years.

It has been a pleasure to work with Chen Foo Yan and the members of the Technical Drafting Committee, who were drawn from a diverse range of countries and backgrounds, and I thank them for their commitment and contribution. It has also been a pleasure to work with you, the participants of this conference, to bring together this Declaration. Bear with me while I find a way through this afternoon’s session.

The Honourable Minister of Agriculture and Co-operatives Fisheries in Thailand, in his opening speech on Sunday, left this conference with a request, that the outcomes be practical, workable and able to be understood by the people who have to implement them. This is a global conference with some 600 participants and, in a way, the request presented a reasonable challenge. However, over the last five days we have tried to reflect a Declaration and key elements for aquaculture strategies that provide a workable model for aquaculture development for the next 20 years, and one I trust is workable, flexible and understandable.

It will not meet everyone’s individual preferences for wording, text and comment. In trying to develop a strategy to move a sector such as aquaculture forward in a global sense over a 20-year period, it never will. To develop a broadly acceptable text from this conference requires a degree of compromise and conciliation from us all. What is important is that the key issues and broad strategic directions are incorporated to provide the framework within which individual countries can tailor their own plans for the development and integration of aquaculture.

A Declaration on Aquaculture for the next 20 years cannot be mediocre. It must be strong enough to address the key issues confronting the future of aquaculture. A weak approach that avoids issues will not give aquaculture a sustainable future. While we cannot walk away from the lessons of the past 25 years, nor can governments, civil organisations, regulators and other interest groups ignore the valuable contributions that aquaculture has made and will continue to make, to global food production and security, trade and national development. We may not like policy and enforceable regulation, but demonstrating transparency in decision making and being able to account for the good stewardship of the use of natural resources will be key elements of future aquaculture and fisheries management.

In presenting this Declaration and Strategy for discussion and adoption, I would suggest that we agree to the draft text, subject to any additional comments from the floor today or any lodged in writing with the Secretariat by the end of the conference. I will move through the text of the Declaration and the key issues of the Strategy, and then open the floor for comments. We do not have a lot of time, and we will not debate the issues raised. Comments will be noted by the rapporteurs and referred, along with any additional written comments, to the drafting committee for inclusion in the final document, where and if appropriate. Comments have already been received and taken into account from some 27 individuals and organisations.

The document is in five sections, and the largest section that represents the key elements for aquaculture strategies is long, but is needed to reflect the recommendations of the sessions. These have been reflected in the key elements, along with the written comments, and will be available in full along with the final document.

We requested on Wednesday that comments provided be conceptual and constructive, and I now repeat that request.

I am mindful that this has been a long week, however, before I start with the Declaration, let us return briefly to Kyoto in 1976. There are a number of people here today who were at that conference. I think history will record that the Kyoto Declaration on Aquaculture was one of the most important documents in the development of aquaculture. That aquaculture has grown and benefited economies and people in many global areas is a credit to the vision and commitment of those involved.

The following then, is the text of the Declaration and the key issues for future strategies.

In closing I have a number of people to thank. Dr Ramu Pillay, you were instrumental in Kyoto, and you have provided the spark, vision and encouragement again for us to come together here in Bangkok this week. Your contributions to aquaculture around the world have been enormous. On behalf of all of us, I would like to convey our thanks to you for your continued commitment and guidance.

Our thanks and gratitude to the Royal Government of Thailand and the Thailand Department of Fisheries. Your continued contribution to aquaculture by providing a home and continued support for a number of important regional organisations and for hosting this conference is greatly appreciated. To Hassanai Kongkeo and his hard working team at NACA, our many thanks. I know this has not been an easy task for a small team, but to each and everyone of you, thanks for your commitments and contribution. And finally, thanks to all of the institutions and agencies that provided the funding and staff to support this conference and made it such an enjoyable and productive week.

This then, ladies and gentlemen, is our Declaration and Strategy. It is now your time. This Declaration reflects our commitment to aquaculture over the next 20 years. As the guidance for the last 25 years has been provided from the vision of Kyoto, it is now time for you to provide the guidance and vision for the next 20 years. The next 20 years will, no doubt, see many challenges in food producing systems and in balancing the use of natural resources. It will also provide many benefits from improvements in communication, science and technology. I would ask all those who are involved in, and benefit from, aquaculture that you embrace this Declaration and take it forward and importantly, that you do so with the commitment and courage to do and say what is right and necessary to ensure that aquaculture fulfils its potential.

For at the end of the day it will be your courage, your flexibility, your commitment and your integrity, and not self interest or self promotion that will make the vision of this, “The Bangkok Declaration on Aquaculture,” a reality.

Thank you.

3.9 ANNEX 9: LIST OF KEYNOTE PAPERS, REVIEWS AND PLENARY LECTURES PRESENTED AT, AND TECHNICAL AND EXPERIENCE PAPERS SUBMITTED TO, THE CONFERENCE

I. Papers presented at the Conference

A. Keynote papers

1. From Kyoto 1976 to Bangkok 2000, T. V. R. Pillay

2. Aquaculture development beyond 2000: global prospects, Jiansan Jia

B. Regional reviews

1. Asian aquaculture: trends, issues and prospects, Hassanai Kongkeo

2. Current status of aquaculture in the Pacific Islands, Tim Adams, Johann Bell and Pierre Labrosse

3. Aquaculture in China, Wang Yianliang

4. Sub-Saharan African aquaculture, Cecil Machena, John F. Moehl, Jr, A.G. Coche, V.O. Sagua

5. Aquaculture status and development trends in Latin America and the Caribbean, Cesar Alceste-Oliviero and Manuel Martinez-Espinosa

6. Aquaculture status and development trends in Near East countries, Abdel El Gamal

7. North American review on trends in aquaculture development, Paul G. Olin

8. Aquaculture development trends in the former USSR countries, Laszlo Varadi, Sergey Blokhin, Ferenc Pekar, Istvan Szucs and Imre Csavas

9. Aquaculture development trends in Europe, Laszlo Varadi, Istvan Szucs, Ferenc Pekar, Sergey Blokhin and Imre Csavas

C. Global review

1. A global perspective of aquaculture in the new millennium, Sena S. de Silva

D. Plenary lectures

1. Policy-making and planning for aquaculture, Ulf Wijkstrom

2. Technologies for sustainable aquaculture development, Patrick Sorgeloos

3. Regional and inter-regional Cupertino for sustainable aquaculture development, Lennox Hinds

4. Human resource development for sustainable aquaculture development, Sena S. de Silva, Michael J. Phillips, Sih Yang Sim and Zhou Xiaowei

5. Aquaculture and trade, Helga Josupeit and Audun Lem

6. Livestock production: a model for aquaculture?, Robert A. Swick and Michael C. Cremer

E Thematic reviews

1. Increasing the contribution of aquaculture for food security and poverty alleviation, Albert G. J. Tacon

2. Integrating aquaculture into rural development in coastal and inland areas, Graham Haylor and Simon Bland

3. Involving stakeholders in policy-making, planning and management, Sevaly Sen

4. Promoting sustainable aquaculture through economic incentives, Rolf Willmann and Dennis Bailly

5. Establishing legal institutional and regulatory frameworks for aquaculture development and management, Annick Van Houtte

6. Building the information base for aquaculture policy-making, planning and management, Yong-ja Cho

7. Aquaculture systems and species, Harald Rosenthal

8. Genetics in aquaculture development, K. Mujimdar and R. Dunham

9. Aquaculture health management, Rohana Subasinghe, et al.

10. Nutrition and feeding, Sadasivam Kaushik and M. R. Hasan

11. Culture-based fisheries and enhancement, K. Lorenzen, et al.

12. Systems approach to aquaculture management, C. E. Boyd and M. J. Phillips

13. Aquaculture products: quality, safety, marketing and trade, Helga Josupeit and Audun Lem

14. Aquaculture development: financing and institutional support, Ron Zweig, et al.

II. Technical and Experience Papers Contributed to the Conference

A. Policy-making and planning

1. Development of freshwater aquaculture in China, Miao Weimin

2. Overview of marine aquaculture sector in Greece: trends, research and development and environmental impact, Alexis J. Conides, Philip Ammerman, Shane A. Hunter and Petrina Zouganelli

3. Potential of marine fish farming in India, Charles M. James

4. India’s shrimp aquaculture in the third millennium: challenges and opportunities, N. Subba Rao

5. Aquaculture in Pakistan, Razia Sultana

6. Fish farming in Turkey, Prof. Dr. Attila Alpbaz, Yrd Doc. Dr. Aynur Lok, Ass. Bilge Koseler

7. Shrimp culture in Khanh Hoa Province (South Central Vietnam): present state and perspective, Le Duc Minh

8. Policy, legislative and environmental issues in tuna farming in South Australia, J. Carey, S. Gibbs, M. Khouri, A. Larwood, K. Mitchell, V. Nair, A. Peace, K. Satoguchi and M. Parnell

9. The economic consequences of water degradation in Panguil Bay and the management of its fisheries resources, Elvira Ynion Adan

10. Roles of stakeholders in policy-making, planning and management of aquaculture in Nigeria in the third millennium, Adebayo O.T.

11. A model for aquaculture development in Western Australia, Peter P. Rogers

12. Scaling-up and sustaining rice-fish culture activity in Bangladesh, M.C. Nandeesha and Greg Chapman

13. Sustainable aquaculture: a panacea for food security, poverty alleviation and rural development in Nigeria, L.C. Nwanna

14. New opportunities in pond fish farming, with special regard to Central and Eastern Europe - an economic approach, Istvan Szucs and Andras Nabradi

15. Environmental (fisheries) impact assessment of the rivers Padma-Kumar Project (Bangladesh), M. Shafi

16. Promotion of self help and sustainable inland fishery development: a case study from Sri Lanka, L. Joseph, K. Perera, M. Waltemath and B. Schirm

17. Small-scale aquaculture development in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam: preliminary results of the monitoring of the farmer-managed on-farm trials, Pham Thi Bic Thong, Nguyen Thi Mui and Zsigmond Jeney

B. Technology

18. Small-scale aquaculture development in the Mekong Delta of Cambodia: preliminary results of using GIS in identifying areas with potential for small-scale pond aquaculture development, Development of an in vitro primary cell culture system from haemocytes of Macrobrachium nipponensis, Keo Sovanarry, Kaing Khim, Thay Somony, Bun Sopheak, Chhor Bunly, Zsigmond Jeney and Sununtar Setboonsang

19. Development of an in vitro primary cell culture system from haemocytes of Macrobrachoium nipponensis, Anli Wang, Junxia Wang, Weina Wang and Huican Guo

20. Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) and Microsporidia mixed infection in frozen shrimp, and experimental infection in Penaeus chinensis, Anli Wang, Fengchao Li, Weina Wang, Lei Sun, Mingshen Guo and Chunxia Yu

21. Waste production trends in intensive cold-water fish farming, Asbjorn Bergheim and Bjorn Btraaten

22. Soil-system based approach for increasing fertilizer use efficiency in aquaculture, G.N. Chattopadhyay, Soma Neogy, R. Mukherjee and K.N. Tiwari

23. Management of fish-pond soil for increased production: a case study, G.N. Chattopadhyay, Soma Neogy, Rajarsi Mukherjee and K.N. Tiwan

24. Trout fish culture in irrigation reservoirs in Iran, Ali Noorbakhsh and Kourosh Mohammadi

25. A recirculating aquaculture system for the production of marine prawns, R. Mohan

26. The genetic impacts of introduced species and hatchery stocks on aquatic biodiversity in Thailand, Uthairat Na-Nakorn and Supawadee Poompuang

27. Role of recirculating system in the optimisation of stocking density of larvae of Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala, Jaigopal Sharma and Rina Chakrabarti

28. Effects of live-food and refrigerated-plankton food on the growth performance of Catla catla larvae, Jaigopal Sharma and Rina Chakrabarti

29. Bio-technology for intensive marine shrimp farming, Siri Tookwinas

30. Viable technique for hatchery seed production of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) through recirculation of natural sea water in inland states, S.K. Upadhyay

31. Evaluation of low-cost diets for growth of giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) under monoculture and polyculture system, S.K. Upadhyay, P. Shrivastava, and A. Swarup

32. Dietary effectiveness of Streptocephalus dichotomus and Artemia parthenogenetica nauplii for rearing of Macrobrachium rosenbergii postlarvae, C.S. Velu and N. Munuswamy

33. A freshwater ecosystem model for trophic efficiency increase: Black Sea salmon in rural Crimea, M.Y. Aleyev

34. Rematuration and spawning of used wild spawners of Penaeus monodon in captivity, N.G. Das and M.K. Alam

35. The sustainability of fish cage farming in Southeast Asia, Rafael D. Guerrero III

36. Prospects and constraints in the adoption of freshwater prawn farming technology in India, J. Stephen Sampath Kumar and V. Sundararaj

37. Recommendations for improving the ecological functionality and cost effectiveness of disused shrimp aquaculture pond restoration back to mangrove forests, Roy R. Lewis III

38. Genetic research in the development of aquaculture with reference to India, P.V.G.K. Reddy

39. Visual light and magnetic field treatment applications in trout aquaculture: effects on reproduction in cultivated salmon (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Crimea, Victoria N. Radchenko

40. Growth and survival of six stocks of rohu (Labeo rohita) in mono- and polyculture production systems, P.V.G.K. Reddy, B. Gjerde, S.D. Tripathi, R.K. Jana, K.D. Mahapatra, S.D. Gupta, J.N. Saha, S. Lenka, P. Govindassamy, M. Rye and T. Gjedrem

41. Effect of the probiotic Wunapuo-15 on three species of marine Vibrio: Vibrio damsela, V. fluvialis and V. furnissiic, G. Sargunar, B. Vaseeharan and P. Ramasamy

42. Achieving sustainable high yields in shrimp pond-culture using water recycling and ozone treatment, W. Blogoslawski, A. Schuur, C. Strong, C. Perez, M. Hunter

43. Characterisation of neurosecretory cells in the green-shelled mussel, Perna canaliculus, and their relationship with gonad development, S. Mahmud and P.V. Mladenov

44. Recent trends in freshwater aquaculture in Tamil Nadu (India), V. Sundararaj and J. Stephen Sampath Kumar

45. Effects of different culture techniques on growth, survival and production of giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man)), S.K. Upahyay, A. Swaroop and S.N. Dwivedi

46. Water quality in extensive and semi-intensive shrimp ponds in Bangladesh, M.A. Wahab, B. Braaten and A. Bergheim

47. The effects of zinc in the seawater environment on the amino acid contents in the muscle of Penaeus chinensis, Wang Weina, Wang Anli, Wang Jianping, Sun Ruyong

48. The brackish water Acadja systems in West African lagoons, Philippe A. Laleye and Jacques Moreau

49. Fish-culture based fisheries in small reservoirs in the Sahelian Region. Jacques Moreau

50. Genetic researches with Mytilus from the Black Sea, A.V. Pirkova and V.N. Ivanov

51. Biodiversity utilisation in aquaculture - concept and calculated crude indices, M.N. Kutty

52. Seafarming development in the Philippines, Salvacion Ferrer

3.10 ANNEX 10: BANGKOK DECLARATION AND STRATEGY FOR AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT BEYOND 2000

1. PREAMBLE

The first international Conference on Aquaculture organised by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) was held in Kyoto, Japan in 1976. The Conference adopted the “Kyoto Declaration on Aquaculture.”

In February 2000, some 540 participants from 66 countries participated in the “Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium” in Bangkok, Thailand. This Conference was organised by the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA) and the FAO and hosted by the Government of Thailand.

Throughout 1999, NACA and the FAO facilitated the preparation of reviews on aquaculture developments in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America, the countries of the former USSR, the Near East, and the Pacific Island nations and held expert meetings to consider trends in aquaculture development. Thematic Reviews on various aspects of aquaculture were also conducted. Participants to the Bangkok Conference were informed of the findings and conclusions of these activities.

Against this background, the Conference participants discussed strategies for the development of aquaculture for the next two decades, in the light of the future economic, social and environmental issues and advances in aquaculture technologies.

Based on these deliberations, the participants to the Conference adopted the following Declaration.

2. THE DECLARATION

We, the participants to the Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium, Bangkok 2000, recognise that:

2.1 during the past three decades aquaculture has become the fastest growing food-producing sector and is an increasingly important contributor to national economic development, the global food supply and food security;

2.2 aquaculture consists of a broad spectrum of users, systems, practices and species, operating through a continuum ranging from backyard household ponds to large-scale industrial systems;

2.3 the per caput supply of food fish from capture fisheries is likely to decline with population increase;

2.4 a great proportion of aquaculture production comes from developing countries, where aquaculture will continue to contribute to peoples’ livelihoods, food security, poverty alleviation, income generation, employment and trade;

2.5 there has been a significant increase in commercial and industrial aquaculture, both in developed and developing countries, that has contributed to food supply, export income and trade;

2.6 globally, aquaculture is at varying stages of development and will require different strategies for growth;

2.7 the potential of aquaculture to contribute to food production has not yet been realised across all continents;

2.8 aquaculture complements other food production systems, and integrated aquaculture can add value to the current use of on-farm resources;

2.9 aquaculture can be an entry point for improving livelihoods, planning natural resource use and contributing to environmental enhancement;

2.10 responsible aquaculture practitioners are legitimate users of resources;

2.11 education and research will continue to make a significant contribution to the growth of aquaculture;

2.12 some poorly planned and managed aquaculture operations have resulted in negative impacts on ecosystems and communities;

2.13 aquaculture has also been negatively impacted by other unplanned activities;

2.14 the continued growth of aquaculture will occur through investment by the private and public sectors;

2.15 effective national institutional arrangements and capacity, policy, planning and regulatory frameworks in aquaculture and other relevant sectors are essential to support aquaculture development;

2.16 improving co-operation amongst stakeholders at national, regional and inter-regional levels is pivotal for further development of aquaculture;

2.17 the potential of aquaculture to contribute to human development and social empowerment cannot be fully realised without consistent, responsible policies and goals that encourage sustainable development;

and declare that:
2.18 the aquaculture sector should continue to be developed towards its full potential, making a net contribution to global food availability, household food security, economic growth, trade and improved living standards;

2.19 the practice of aquaculture should be pursued as an integral component of development, contributing towards sustainable livelihoods for poor sectors of the community, promoting human development and enhancing social well-being;

2.20 aquaculture policies and regulations should promote practical and economically viable farming and management practices that are environmentally responsible and socially acceptable;

2.21 national aquaculture development processes should be transparent and should take place within the framework of relevant national policies, regional and international agreements, treaties and conventions;

2.22 in pursuing development, States, the private sector, and other legitimate stakeholders should co-operate to promote the responsible growth of aquaculture;

2.23 strengthened regional and inter-regional co-operation should increase the efficiency and effectiveness of aquaculture development efforts; and

2.24 all parties formulating improved policies and implementing practices for aquaculture development should consider and where appropriate, build on the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries.

The following contains the major strategy elements based on the Conference session recommendations. The detailed recommendations from the sessions are given in the Conference Report.

3. STRATEGY FOR AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT BEYOND 2000

States are encouraged to incorporate in their strategies for aquaculture development the key elements identified during this Conference.

The key elements are:

3.1 INVESTING IN PEOPLE THROUGH EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Further investments in education and training are essential to build the knowledge, skills and attitude of all people involved in the sector. Human capacity development can be made more cost-effective and responsive to needs through:

3.2 INVESTING IN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

There is a need to increase investment in aquaculture research, whilst making efficient use of research resources and building the capacity of research institutions to be more responsive to development requirements through such mechanisms as:

3.3 IMPROVING INFORMATION FLOW AND COMMUNICATION

Efficient management of the sector requires improved information flows at the national, regional and inter-regional levels which will avoid duplication of effort and save costs, while encouraging consistency in areas such as education and training, policy-making, planning and the application of rules and procedures.

Improved information flows will increase institutional capacities for dealing with emerging issues and can be achieved by:

The collection and dissemination of accurate and verifiable information on aquaculture may help to improve its public image and should be given attention.

3.4 IMPROVING FOOD SECURITY AND ALLEVIATING POVERTY

Enhancing food security and alleviating poverty are major and complementary global priorities. Aquaculture has a special role in achieving these objectives because, firstly, fish is a highly nutritious food that forms an essential, if not indispensable, part of the diet of a large proportion of the people in developing countries. Secondly, while aquaculture contributes to the livelihoods of poor farming households, particularly in areas of Asia where it is a traditional farming practice, there is a huge, unfulfilled potential in most countries, as aquaculture is a relatively recent and underdeveloped sector as compared to agriculture and animal husbandry. Aquaculture could improve food security, provide entry points and contribute to sustainable livelihoods for the poor through:

3.5 IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

There is a need to develop and adopt policies and practices that ensure environmental sustainability, including environmentally sound technologies and resource efficient farming systems, and integration of aquafarms into coastal area and inland watershed management plans. Improvements in environmental sustainability can be achieved through:

3.6 INTEGRATING AQUACULTURE INTO RURAL DEVELOPMENT

With the goal of increasing the impact of aquaculture on rural development and poverty alleviation, strategies are required to put people as the focal point for planning and development for such programmes and to integrate aquaculture into overall rural development programmes. In essence, this can be achieved through:

3.7 INVESTING IN AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT

Future investment in aquaculture should be made with long-term strategies in mind to ensure sustainability. Private sector investments make the biggest contribution to aquaculture development, but adequate public sector finance for capacity building, institutional development and infrastructure, is indispensable for society to reap the full benefits of a well managed and efficient aquaculture sector.

Sound investment strategies should include:

International development assistance is becoming increasingly directed towards poverty alleviation and needs to adhere to basic principles of social equity, including gender equity, environmental sustainability, technical feasibility, economic viability and good governance. The level of risk is important when supporting initiatives to address poverty alleviation.

To make efficient use of international donor resources, a programme approach to multi-sectoral development should be applied under which donors can more effectively co-operate and collaborate with each other. Ultimately, this should occur within comprehensive planning and development frameworks. There is thus a need for donors to adopt more cohesive approaches and procedures.

3.8 STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT

One of the key issues for the growth of aquaculture will be the ability of countries and organisations to strengthen their institutional capacity to establish and implement policy and regulatory frameworks that are both transparent and enforceable. Incentives, especially economic incentives, deserve to be given more attention in the planning and management of aquaculture development.

Institutional capacity should be made more effective and strengthened through:

3.9 APPLYING INNOVATIONS IN AQUACULTURE

The technologies for sustainable aquaculture development should provide a varied and adaptable “tool box” from which people can select and design the system which most effectively meets their needs and best fits the opportunities and constraints of the local environment. The delivery of such techniques requires efficient communication networks, reliable data on the merits and drawbacks of the various approaches, and help with the decision making process through which people choose their production systems and species.

As we move into the next two decades, water and land for aquaculture will become critical issues. New opportunities for aquaculture development will also emerge through improvements in science and technology for aquaculture systems.

The potential areas for further consideration include:

3.10 IMPROVING CULTURE-BASED FISHERIES AND ENHANCEMENTS

Fisheries enhancements in inland and coastal waters include culture-based fisheries and habitat modifications in common pool aquatic resources, which require minimal food and energy inputs. These practices therefore provide important opportunities for resource poor sections of the population to benefit from relevant aquaculture technologies and permit efficient use of under-utilised, new or degraded resources. Culture-based fisheries in particular have considerable potential for increasing fish supplies from both freshwater and marine fisheries and generating income in rural inland and coastal areas.

The full potential of enhancements and culture-based fisheries could be achieved by:

3.11 MANAGING AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH

Disease is currently an important constraint to aquaculture growth which has impacted both socio-economic development and rural livelihoods in some countries. Addressing aquatic animal health issues has, therefore, become an urgent requirement for sustaining growth of aquaculture, especially through pro-active programmes. Harmonising health protection approaches and measures and effective co-operation at national, regional and inter-regional levels are needed to maximise the effectiveness of limited resources.

This can be achieved through:

3.12 IMPROVING NUTRITION IN AQUACULTURE

Nutrition and feeding strategies play a central and essential role in the sustainable development of the aquaculture sector. Feed development will need to give increased emphasis on efficient use of resources and reduction of feed waste and nutrient discharge. Fishmeal reduction in diets will be important to reduce feed costs and avoid competition with other users.

These can be achieved through:

3.13 APPLYING GENETICS TO AQUACULTURE

Genetics has an important role to play in increasing productivity and sustainability in aquaculture through higher survival, increased turnover rate, better use of resources, reduced production costs and environmental protection. This will require resources, but the benefits in both the short and long term should justify these efforts.

There are many elements and practices of genetics that may be considered for aquaculture. Recognising that aquaculture has not benefited as much as terrestrial animal husbandry from the adoption of best practices such as selective breeding and stock improvement programmes, high priority should be given to the application of genetics in aquaculture. The interventions include:

3.14 APPLYING BIOTECHNOLOGY

Biotechnology as a science has the potential to impact on all food production sectors. In the future the aquaculture sector will confront the issue of biotechnology through:

3.15 IMPROVING FOOD QUALITY AND SAFETY

As consumer awareness increases, aquaculture producers, suppliers and processors will need to improve the quality of products and enhance product safety and nutritional value. The incentives for this will be potentially higher prices, lower insurance rates and increased consumer demand.

This can be achieved through:

3.16 PROMOTING MARKET DEVELOPMENT AND TRADE

A focus on market development and trade will increase demand, add value and increase returns for aquaculture products. This will require developing marketing and promotional strategies for aquaculture products and understanding consumer requirements and changing market demands.

These goals can be achieved through:

3.17 SUPPORTING STRONG REGIONAL AND INTER-REGIONAL CO-OPERATION

Over the years, regional and inter-regional co-operation has brought considerable benefits to aquaculture development through dissemination of knowledge and expertise. In an era of globalisation, further strengthening of this co-operation at all levels will ensure increased benefits for sectoral development and sustainability.

This could be achieved through:

The Conference noted there are issues relevant to aquaculture development that require a strong global focus to be addressed and that this need might best be achieved by establishing a global intergovernmental forum within an appropriate existing international organisation, having sustainable aquaculture development as its primary focus, and with a mandate for discussion, decision and agreement on technical and policy matters.

4 IMPLEMENTATION

4.1 The Conference encourages States, the private sector and other concerned organisations to implement Strategies for Development of Aquaculture Beyond 2000.

4.2 The aquaculture sector has become considerably more diverse since the Kyoto Conference and has developed a broad range of stakeholders. This diversity provides considerable opportunity for productive co-operation.

4.3 The Conference recognises that the primary responsibilities for development and implementation of these strategies rest with States and their private sectors. The Conference recommends that States develop strategies through encouraging private sector development incorporating the key elements identified above.

4.4 The Conference further affirms that co-operative mechanisms among countries provide an excellent opportunity to co-ordinate and support the development of aquaculture, through sharing of experiences, technical support, and allocation of responsibilities for the varied research, education and information exchange. The fostering of co-operation among developing countries deserves special attention and support.

4.5 Furthermore, the Conference recommends that effective use of existing regional and inter-regional mechanisms be made, and that decision-makers seek to promote synergy and co-operation between existing organisations. Where effective regional inter-governmental organisations to promote co-operation in aquaculture development do not exist, such as in Africa and Latin America, building of such mechanisms, and sharing experiences with the existing regional networks, is recommended.

4.6 The Conference notes that there are considerable opportunities for enhanced regional and inter-regional co-operation among different partners including governments, non-governmental organisations, farmers organisations, regional and international organisations, development agencies, donors and lending agencies with a common interest in development through aquaculture.

4.7 In this regard, the Conference strongly recommends the development of an effective programme of regional and inter-regional co-operation to assist in implementation of the Strategies for Aquaculture Development Beyond 2000.

The Declaration and Strategy was drafted by a Technical Drafting Committee (TDC), taking into account the recommendations of all conference sessions, and the views and suggestions expressed by the participants during and after the Conference. The composition of the TDC is: Glenn Hurry and Chen Foo Yan (Co-Chairs), Uwe Barg, Pedro Bueno, Jorge Calderon, Jason Clay, Sena De Silva, Maitree Duangsawasdi, Dilip Kumar, Le Thanh Luu, Modadugu V. Gupta, Joaquin Orrantia, Michael Phillips, Rolando Platon, Vincent Sagua, Sevaly Sen, Patrick Sorgeloos, Rohana Subasinghe, Rolf Willmann, and Wu Chao Lin.


[2] All synthesis presentations will be 20 minutes + 10 minutes discussion
[3] Presentation of NACA’s Asia Regional Aquaculture Development Action Plan and Strategy.
[4] A session to discuss possible future inter-regional cooperation activities based on the conference discussions.

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