Preparation of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia Contingency Plans




ISSN 1020-5187

FAO Animal Health Manual

No. 14




William A. Geering
Consultant, EMPRES/Infectious Diseases Group
FAO, Rome
and former Director, Animal and Plant Health
Bureau of Resource Sciences
and Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer
Commonwealth of Australia.

William Amanfu
Animal Health Officer (Bacterial and Zoonotic Diseases)
EMPRES/Infectious Diseases Group
FAO, Rome

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2002

Table of Contents



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ISBN 92-5-104823-1

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© FAO 2002


Table of Contents


FOREWORD

ABBREVIATIONS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

1. SUGGESTED CONTENTS AND FORMAT OF A NATIONAL CBPP CONTINGENCY PLAN

1. Nature of the disease
2. Risk analysis for CBPP
3. Prevention strategies
4. Early warning contingency plan
5. Strategies for control and eradication of CBPP
6. Organizational arrangements for CBPP emergencies
7. Support plans
8. Action plans
9. Appendixes

2. NATURE OF THE DISEASE

2.1 Definition
2.2 World Distribution
2.3 Aetiology
2.4 Epidemiological Features

2.4.1 Susceptible species
2.4.2 Disease transmission
2.4.3 Disease patterns

2.5 Clinical Signs
2.6 Pathology

2.6.1 Gross pathology
2.6.2 Histopathology

2.7 Diagnosis

2.7.1 Field diagnosis
2.7.2 Differential diagnosis
2.7.3 Laboratory diagnosis

3. RISK ANALYSIS FOR CBPP

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Principles of Risk Analysis

3.2.1 Risk identification
3.2.2 Risk assessment
3.2.3 Risk communication

3.3 Who should carry out the risk analyses?
3.4 Risk assessment for CBPP
3.5 The value of risk assessments for CBPP

4. PREVENTION STRATEGIES FOR CBPP

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Import quarantine policy
4.3 Border quarantine policy

5. EARLY WARNING CONTINGENCY PLANNING FOR CBPP

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Training of veterinarians and other animal health staff in early recognition of CBPP and collection and dispatch of diagnostic specimens
5.3 Farmer awareness and education programmes
5.4 Specialist diagnostic team
5.5 Laboratory diagnostic capabilities
5.6 International reference laboratories and collaborating centres
5.7 Specific surveillance procedures for CBPP

5.7.1 Abattoir monitoring
5.7.2 Clinical surveillance

6. EARLY REACTION CONTINGENCY PLANNING FOR A CBPP EMERGENCY

6.1 Introduction
6.2 Epidemiological features influencing CBPP eradication strategies
6.3 Strategies for CBPP eradication
6.4 Some key factors for the success of CBPP control and eradication programmes

6.4.1 The necessity for comprehensive programmes
6.4.2 The need for international cooperation and regionally coordinated CBPP programmes
6.4.3 The use of chemotherapy in CBPP control and eradication programmes

6.5 Zoning and livestock movement controls

6.5.1 Infected zone(s)
6.5.2 Surveillance (or control) zone(s)
6.5.3 CBPP-free zone(s)

6.6 Stamping out
6.7 Vaccination programmes
6.8 The final stages of an eradication campaign and Proof of Freedom

7. ORGANIZATIONAL ARRANGEMENTS DURING A CBPP EMERGENCY CAMPAIGN

7.1 Responsibilities and command structures
7.2 Consultative Committee on Emergency Animal Diseases (CCEAD)
7.3 National Animal Disease Control Centre
7.4 Local Animal Disease Control Centres
7.5 Involvement of the private sector

8. SUPPORT PLANS

8.1 Financial plan
8.2 Resource plans
8.3 Legislation

9. TRAINING, TESTING AND REVISION OF CONTINGENCY PLANS

9.1 Simulation Exercises
9.2 Training
9.3 The need for regular updating of CBPP contingency plans

APPENDIXES

APPENDIX 1 - INVESTIGATION OF FIELD OUTBREAKS
APPENDIX 2 - INTERNATIONAL REFERENCE LABORATORIES AND COLLABORATING CENTRES FOR CBPP
APPENDIX 3 - RECOMMENDED STANDARDS FOR EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS FOR CONTAGIOUS BOVINE PLEUROPNEUMONIA

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