1. "Forest Fragmentation" is what happens when large
contiguous patches of forests are fragmented, or split up, into several smaller
patches. These remaining patches are separated by what is defined here as the
"matrix" which is just anything other than mature forest and may include clear
cuts, development or young plantation forests.
2. A break up of a continuous landscape containing large patches into smaller, usually more numerous and less-connected patches.
3. A detaching or separation of expansive tracts into spatially segmented corridors or fragments.
4. A forest condition where human disturbance is
distributed in such a fashion as to separate habitats into unnaturally small or
extremely dispersed pieces.
5. A formerly continuous forest that has been broken up
into smaller pieces.
6. Any process that results in the conversion of formerly continuous forest into patches of forest separated by non-forested lands.
7. Breaking up a specific habitat into smaller
unconnected areas. A habitat area that is too small may not provide enough space
to maintain a breeding population of the species.
8. Breaking up large areas of continuous natural habitat
into smaller patches of natural habitat isolated from each other by
9. Breaking up of contiguous areas into progressively smaller patches of increasing degrees of isolation from each other.
10. Creating smaller areas of habitat from a large continuous habitat tract, such as removing a block of trees from a forested area. The road built through the prairie resulted in fragmentation of the habitat.
11. Cutting swaths and patches out of the forest.
12. Division of a large forested area into smaller patches separated by areas converted to a different land use.
13. Forest landscapes that are broken and not
14. Fragmentation of forest types
15. Islands of forest habitat that persist on the land when the intervening forest has been removed.
16. Occurs when a large area of a particular habitat is broken up into smaller patches (fragments) by human activities.
17. Occurs when large continuous forest patches are converted into one or more smaller patches surrounded by naturally disturbed or developed
18. Patchwork conversion and development of forest sites (usually the most accessible or most productive ones) that leave the remaining forest in stands of varying sizes and degrees of isolation
19. Process of changing a large forested area into an
area of forest patches.
20. Subdivision of a forest (or other habitat) into
isolated patches, reducing the size and connectivity of stands that compose a
forest or landscape
21. The breaking up of an organism's
habitat into discontinuous chunks, particularly for organisms that have difficulty moving from one of those chunks to another. Fragmentation can be caused by removal of vegetation over large areas for human development, or even by small roads breaking up the habitat of (for example) amphibians that are resistant to crossing roads or are frequently killed when crossing roads. Power lines can fragment sage grouse habitat by providing convenient perches for predators such as hawks and ravens.
22. The breaking up of extensive landscape features into disjunct, isolated, or semi-isolated patches as a result of land-use changes
23. The breaking up of habitat into discrete islands through modification or conversion of habitat by management activities.
24. The breaking up of large habitats into smaller,
25. The breaking up of something into small, separated
26. The breaking up of the forest into isolated patches through agriculture and urban development.
27. The break-up of a large land area (such as a forest)
into smaller patches isolated by areas converted to a different land type. The
opposite of connectivity.
28. The break-up of continuous habitat by roads, development, or other physical or biological barriers.
29. The break-up of extensive habitats into small, isolated patches that are too limited to maintain their species stocks into the indefinite future.
30. The change in the forest landscape, from extensive
and continuous forests of old-growth to mosaic of younger stand conditions.
31. The disintegration, collapse, or breakdown of the
32. The disruption of extensive habitats into isolated
and small patches. Fragmentation has two negative components of biota: loss of
total habitat area, and smaller, more isolated remaining habitat patches.
33. The division of a continuous block of forest or other wildlife habitat into disconnected units as a result of human or natural disturbances.
34. The insularization of habitat on a landscape.
35. The phenomenon of large forested landscapes being broken into separate ownerships and often developed.
36. The process of reducing size and connectivity of
stands that compose a forest.
37. The process of spatial segregation among entities that need to be together in order to function optimally.
38. The process of transforming large continuous forest patches into one or more smaller patches surrounded by disturbed areas. This occurs naturally through such agents as fire, landslides, windthrow and insect attack. In managed forests timber harvesting and related activities have been the dominant disturbance agents.
39. The process whereby a large patch of habitat is
broken down into many smaller patches of habitat, resulting in a loss in the
amount and quality of habitat.
40. The segmentation of a large tract or continuous tracts of forest to smaller patches often isolated from each other by nonforest habitat. Results from the collective impact of residential and commercial development, highway, and utility construction, and other piecemeal land use changes
41. The spatial arrangement of successional stages across the landscape as the result of disturbance; often used to refer specifically to the process of reducing the size and connectivity of late successional or old-growth forests.
42. The splitting of forestlands into smaller, detached areas as a result of road building, farming, suburban development, and other activities.
43. The subdivision of large natural landscapes into
smaller, more isolated fragments.