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REGENERATION

1. (Canada - Sask.) Renewal of a forest stand (i.e. establishment of new young trees) by natural or artificial means. [Source: the Saskatchewan Long-term Integrated Forest Resource Management Plan March 1995 From: Mark Johnston
johnston@larix.derm.gov.sk.ca  Date: Tue, 16 Jun 1998 17:44:48 -0600]

2. (Canada) The continuous renewal of a forest stand. Natural regeneration occurs gradually with seeds from adjacent stands or with seeds brought in by wind, birds, or animals. Artificial regeneration involves direct seeding or planting.
http://nrcan.gc.ca/cfs/proj/ppiab/sof/sof.html

3. (Czech Republic) A set of measures resulting in the development of a new generation of forest stand. [Source: Act on Forests and Amendments to Some Acts (the Forest Act) dated 3 November 1995. Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic. Prague, 1996. 58 pp. From: "Maksym Polyakov" <mpoliak@pcomp.usau.kiev.ua Date: Mon, 15 Jun 1998 11:32:47 +0300 (MSD)]

4. (Japan) Forest stands established following harvesting artificially or naturally. Definition of Glossary of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery Statistics, Agriculture and Forestry Statistics Association. From: Masahiro Amano 
masahiro@ss.ffpri.affrc.go.jp  

5. (Natural) Areas that become forested through the ordinary process of forest succession (e.g. occupation of abandoned farm lands or lands laid bare by recent glaciation). Also where forest is being regenerated to the same or similar species as removed from the site. Brinkley 1997.

6. (Natural) Regrowth of forest vegetation, in the absence of planting or direct seeding, following any of many kinds of disturbances that were lethal to forest vegetation (e.g. landslide, fire, pest damage, wind, logging, clearing for agriculture) previously growing on the site. Stanley 1998.

7. (UK) (Natural Regeneration) - Plants growing on a site as a result of natural seed fall or suckering. The term is also used to describe the silvicultural practices used to encourage natural seeding and successful growth of the seedlings. [Source: THE UK FORESTRY STANDARD. The Government's Approach to Sustainable Forestry, EDINBURGH: FORESTRY COMMISSION, 1998.

http://www.forestry.gov.uk/standard.html  and
http://www.forestry.gov.uk/standard.pdf  

8. (UK) Renewal of woodland through sowing, planting, or natural regeneration. [Source: THE UK FORESTRY STANDARD. The Government's Approach to Sustainable Forestry, EDINBURGH: FORESTRY COMMISSION, 1998
http://www.forestry.gov.uk/standard.html  and
http://www.forestry.gov.uk/standard.pdf

9. All types of natural recovering of forest vegetation on forest lands (without special seeding or planting), the natural one (seeds or coppice) or with the help of men by means of different types of forest activities such as scarification, stripes or gap cuttings, etc. (Yakovlev 1998).

10. An act or the process of regenerating : the state of being regenerated [Source WWWebster 11 June 1998]

11. Establishment and early development of new tree seedlings. In managed forests, regeneration may be natural or artificial (performed through seeding or planting.) (WESTVACO)

12. Process of formation of new generation of forest by natural way (in word-by-word translation) (Yakovlev 1998).

13. Renewal of a forest crop by natural, artificial or vegetative (regrowth) means. Also the new crop so obtained. The new crop is generally less than 1.3 m high.

http://nrcan.gc.ca/cfs/proj/iepb/nfdp/regen/regen_e/s18.htm

14. Renewal of a tree crop, either by natural or artificial means. Young tree crop (17).
http://rredc.nrel.gov/biomass/forest/tim_glossary/t_glossary.html#F

15. The renewal of a tree crop by either natural or artificial means. The term is also used to refer to the young crop itself (http://www.fs.fed.us/land/emterms.html).

16. The renewal of a tree crop through either natural means (seeded on-site from adjacent stands or deposited by wind, birds or animals) or artificial means (by planting seedlings or direct seeding).
http://www.interfor.com/glossary/glossary29.html

17. The young regrowth of forest plants following disturbance or the forest such as timber harvesting or fire.
http://www.rfa.gov.au/cra/vic/cenhigh/press/glossary.html

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