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APPENDIX 3. DATA AND PRODUCT TABLES

This section provides information on specific data sets identified by the participants as relevant to TCO.

For point data, refer also to Olson and Cook (Appendix 5).

Table A1. China (input provided by Chuang Liu)

Product type

Existing product

What exists

Characteristics (methods of derivation, etc.)

Time period(s) and temp. resolution

Spatial resolution or point data

Where (spatial extent)

Who is responsible

Forest Inventory

Above-ground biomass (stem, foliage)

Forest classification, distribution, and biomass

Forest census (Chinese standards, not fully compatible with FAO and IGBP)

80's and 90's

1:250,000 scale and more than 20,000 points, county level 1:50,000

Main Land of China

Bureau of Forestry of China (may be available in a few years)

Above-ground biomass (stem, foliage)

Forest classification, distribution,and biomass

Forest census

80' and 90'

1:4M scale and 1:1M in county level

Main land of China

Academy of Forest Sciences (Dr. Ju Hongbo)







GCIRC/CAS (Dr. Liu Chuang) available immediately

Root b.

no






Species

Same as above

same

same

same


same

Age

Same as above

same

same

same


same

Crop/grassland yield

Biomass Yield

Most kind of crops and grassland classification, distribution and harvest

Agriculture statistics

Crops for each year

Grassland for 90's

1:1M in county level for crops each year
1:1M grassland in 90'

Main land of China

Ministry of Agriculture of China







Statistics Bureau of China







Institute of Agriculture Regionalization (Dr. Tang, director of the institute)







GCIRC/CAS (Dr. Liu Chuang)







same

Harvest index







Soil Carbon

SOM

Soil classification, chemical components and distribution

Soil census

90'

1:1M scale both in soil census and in county level

Main land of China

Ministry of Agriculture of China

Litter (may include litterfall, dead and down trees)

Soil classification, chemical components and distribution

Soil census

90'

1:400M scale in soil census and 1:1M in county statistics level

Mail land of China

GCIRC/CAS (Dr. Liu Chuang)







Institute of Soil Studies/CAS (Nanjing) (Dr. Cai Zuchong)

DOC export







Land use

Land use classification, regionalization, distribution

Land census

80' 90'

1:250,000 and 1:50,000

Main land of China

Ministry of Land Resources of China





1:1M scale county level in statistics each year




Land use

Land use classification, regionalization, distribution

Land census

80' 90'

1:1M scale in county level in statistics

Main land of China

Institute of Agriculture of Regionalization (Dr. Tang)
GCIRC/CAS (Dr. Liu Chuang)

Land cover

Land cover classification

AVHRR ENVI based through in site validation together with land use census and ground truth survey

1999

1km resolution and 1:1M scale

Main land of China

GCIRC/CAS (Dr. Liu Chuang)

Harvest and forest products







Disturbance

Fire

Biomass burning

AVHRR based and ground truth survey (some of them)

1999, 2000

1 km resolution and 1:1M scale 1:1M scale

Main land of China

Bureau of Forest of China







Ministry of Agriculture of China







GCIRC/CAS (Dr. Liu Chuang)

Windthrow


Agriculture census and statistics

Each year after 1980

1:1M scale in county level

Main land of China

Ministry of Agriculture of China

Insect


Agriculture census and statistics

Each year after 1980

1:1M scale in county level

Main land of China

Ministry of Agriculture of China

Nitrogen

Soil nitrogen Fertilize


Agriculture census and statistics

Each year after 1980

1:1M scale in county level

Main land of China

Ministry of Agriculture of China







GCIRC/CAS (Dr. Liu Chuang)

Atmospheric deposition






Institute of Atmosphere/CAS (Prof. Fu Congbin)

Others (specify)









Table A2. Canada (data provided by Mike Wulder and Wenjun Chen)

Product type

Existing product

What exists

Characteristics (methods of derivation, etc.)

Time period(s) and temp. resolution

Spatial resolution or point data

Where (spatial extent)

Who is responsible

Forest Inventory

Above-ground biomass (stem, foliage)

National map (CanFI)

Merchantable volume to biomass

1981 1996 because of problems should not be released

Variable grid; nominally 10 km

national

CFS: Mark Gillis, Victoria

Root b.

Research driven data

plots

variable

point

Study sites

CFS

Species

national map (CanFI)

Photo interp

1991

Variable grid; nominally 10 km


CFS: Gillis

Age

national map (CanFI)

Photo interp.

1991

Variable grid; nominally 10 km


CFS: Gillis

Crop/grassland yield

 

Biomass






Agriculture and Agri-Foods Canada

Yield






Same

Harvest index






Same

Phenology








Soil carbon

SOM

Soil Landscape of Canada





Agri-food Canada

Litter (may include litterfall, dead and down trees)

Point and transect data from literature

What is included?





DOC export







Land cover- and use-related

Land use

Canada land inventory


None current




Land cover







Harvest and forest products

National forestry data base

Aspatial management information

current

aspatial

national

CFS: Gillis

Disturbance

Fire

Large fire data base; fire M3

RS+sketch map

1995-now

Raster 1 km And polygon

National for raster data

NRCan

Windthrow







Insect

FIDS

Field and aerial survey

To 1995

Point and polygon

national

CFS-AFC

Nitrogen

 

Soil nitrogen

SLC

Airphoto+filed

One time

polygon

national

Agri-food Canada

Atmospheric deposition

ARNEWS

field

1980's-

Point data

national

Environment Canada

DEM

NatGRID

National map at multiple scales

interpolation

NA

100 m grid

national

CFS-GLFC

Carbon

CFS-Carbon

National estimates

Model

Past, current, projected

11 ecoclimatic cell

national

CFS-PFC Mike Apps Werner Kurz


Table A3. Europe (input provided by Guenther Seufert)

Product type

Existing product

What exists

Characteristics (methods of derivation, etc.)

Time period(s) and temp. resolution

Spatial resolution or point data

Where(spatial extent)

Who is responsible

Forest Inventory

Above-ground biomass (stem, foliage)

Country reports to UNFCCC and EU-MM of Changes in forest and other woody biomass stocks (Cat.5A)

carbon increment in forests, expanded and converted with default factors from stem volume

Annual updates from forest inventories of stem volume

Point-aggregated to country statistics from forest inventories

EU15

Sink experts of EU-MMC





Grid data available from countries

Total Europe

TBFRA 2000

Root biomass

Selected plots of ICP 2 and MAB. CANIF, FORECAST-projects,

Interpolated from ICP I, overlaid with forest area

When needed may be updated annually

Point data

All Europe

G. Matteucci UNITUS

Species

Map of tree species distribution (115 species)



1 × 1 km grid

EU 15 and total Europe

JRC-EI,
G Seufert

Age

6 age classes from ICP I





JRC-EI,
G Seufert

Crop/grassland yield

Biomass

EUROSTAT



National stats



Yield

EUROSTAT



National stats



Harvest index

EUROSTAT






Phenology


International Phenological Programme long term (>30ys) monitoring plots

Annual phenology of common trees


Point data

Cca.60 plots in Europe, only few in Mediter. area

TU-Munich, Prof. Farina

Soil carbon

 

SOM

SOC content upper 30 cm from surveying ICP I


Once in 1994/95 Again in 2004/05

Grid 16 × 16 km

6000 plots in all Europe

FSCC E.v.Ranst JRC-ESB

SOM

SOC total in ICP II plots


annually

Point data

400 plots in all Europe

FIMCI W. de Vries

DOC export







Land cover- and use- related

Land use

FAOSTAT


annual


All Europe

FAO

Land cover

CORNE



National stats



Harvest and forest products

Eurostat






Disturbance

Fire
Windthrow
Insect







Nitrogen

 

Soil nitrogen

N content from ICP I

Upper 30 cm
Total


6000 plots gridded


FSCC E.v.Ranst JRC-ESB

Atmospheric deposition

N total in ICP II
Wet deposition in ICP II plots

Bulk, throughfall, stem-flow of S,N,Cl, cations

Continuous, weekly

400 point data
400 point data

All Europe

FIMCI W. de Vries


Table A4. Russia (input from Sten Nilsson. CD-ROM released by IIASA at the end of 2001)

Product type

Existing product

What exists

Characteristics (methods of derivation, etc.)

Time period(s) and temp. resolution

Spatial resolution or point data

Where (spatial extent)

Who is responsible

Forest Inventory

Above-ground biomass (stem, foliage)

X

Based on or derived from different Russian investigators

1990 and 1998

Spatial (polygons of different sizes)

All Russia

IIASA (Vladimir Stolbovoi)

Root b.

X

Same





Species

X

Same





Age

X

Same





Crop/grassland yield

Biomass

X

Same





Yield

X

Same





Harvest index


Same





Phenology








Soil carbon

SOM

X






Litter (may include litterfall, dead and down trees)

X

Litter and dead wood separated





DOC export

X

Same





Land cover and use

Land use

X






Land cover

X






Harvest and forest products

X






Disturbance

Fire

X






Windthrow

X






Insect

X






Soil nitrogen







Nitrogen

Atmospheric deposition







Gas/oil exploration


X







Table A5. United Kingdom (input from Terry Parr)

Product type

Existing product

What exists

Characteristics (methods of derivation, etc.)

Time period(s) and temp. resolution

Spatial resolution or point data

Where (spatial extent)

Who is responsible

Forest Inventory

Above-ground biomass (stem, foliage)

Carbon budgets of UK forests

Combination of FC maps, EO and models,


Census (survey by foresters)


Univ. Oxford


Vegetation carbon (a)

Combination of field, EO and lit data

c 1990

1 km2

GB (not sure about N. Island)

DETR/CEH

Root b.

Point data in literature






Species

Forest Inventory

Commercial forest




FC


Countryside Survey

Random survey of 1 km squares

6-8 years 1978, 1984, 1990, 1998



CEH

Age

Same as forest inventory

Farm questionnaires





Crop/grassland yield

Biomass

Agricultural Census Data
(see a)


Annual

Census but not all farms included

Aggregated data available for England and Wales

MAFF

Yield







Harvest index














Phenology


UK Phenology Network

Annual data of phenological events (e.g. bud-burst, flowering)

Annual

Point data from c 100 sites across UK

UK

CEH

Soil carbon

SOM

Soil inventory data

Soil survey

Baseline info


Eng&Wales N. Ireland Scotland

SSLRC(LandIS) DANI
MLURI
















Long-term monitoring

ECN

5-yearly from c 1993

11 sites

UK

ECN


Soil carbon pool

Combination of field, EO and lit data

c 1990

1 km2

GB

DETR/CEH







DETR/EA/CEH


Soil microbial diversity

Baseline data from sample of 1 km squares

1998

1 km2

GB


Litter (may include litterfall, dead and down trees)

UN/ECE Level II (b)

Continuous Integrated monitoring

N/A

10 sites C 60 sites

GB

FC

DOC export

Long-term monitoring sites


2-weekly/monthly


UK

ECN
SEPA
EA

Land cover and use

 

Land use

See below

Land use inferred from land cover + land manager survey.

As below




Land cover

Countryside Surveys

Survey of random 1 km squares in UK

6-8 years 1978, 1984, 1990, 1998

1 km data aggregated by a land classification

UK

CEH

Harvest and forest products

Forest Inventories

Periodic surveys, Species, yield class data.


census

Cca. 1987

FC

Disturbance

 

Fire







Windthrow







Insect

Rothamsted Insect Survey

Data on aphids and moth species

Weekly

Point data

GB

IACR Rothamsted

Nitrogen

Soil nitrogen

Soil inventories

Survey data




SSLRC, MLURI, DARD

Atmospheric deposition

National AQ monitoring

Precipitation chemistry and atmospheric conc'n

2-weekly

Point data gridded to 10 km maps

UK

DETR

Others (specify)

C-fluxes

Eddy covariance


Continuous

c 6 sites

EUROFLUX FC/ECN

FC


Table A6. United States of America (Input from Warren Cohen)

Product type

Existing product

What exists

Characteristics (methods of derivation, etc.)

Time period(s) and temp. resolution

Spatial resolution or point data

Where (spatial extent)

Who is responsible

Forest Inventory

Above-ground biomass (stem, foliage)

Merchantable volume and biomass

Double sampling (RS + plots)

Biomass starting now 20% per year5 year repeat

4 plots rep. 2 ha every 240 acres for phase I, every 6000 acres in phase II and less in phase III

All USA forests

USDA-FIA

Root b.

No.






Species

All species


20% per year

Same

same

same

Age


Tree coring

Increment every 5 years

Same

same

same

Crop/grassland yield

Biomass






USDA-ARS

Yield






same

Harvest index






same

Phenology








Soil carbon SOM


Polygon-based STATSGO

Airphoto+soil survey

One time

Polygons of different sizes 1km version data have been created

All USA

USDA

Litter (may include litterfall, dead and down trees)

Litter and woody debris


20% per year

Same as biomass and only phase III

All USA

USDA-FIA

DOC export

no






Land cover and use

Land use


Airphoto + RS + field measurements

Same as biomass

Same as biomass, but only phase I and II


USDA-FIA

Land cover


Field observations

same

Only phase II


USDA-FIA

Harvest and forest products


survey by county

annual

By county

All USA

USDA-FIA

Disturbance

Fire

Wildfire

Field observations +aircraft for many fires

By event

Same as biomass, only phase I and II

All USA

USFS-BLM

Windthrow


Field observations

20% per year

Same

All USA

USDA-FIA

Insect


Aircraft+field obs.

Annual +20% per year

Phase I, II

All USA

USDA-FIA

Nitrogen.

 

Soil nitrogen


Field obs

+20% per year

Phase III

All USA

USDA-FIA

Atmospheric deposition






EPA?

Others (specify)









Suggested data sources for other countries/regions identified at the workshop:

Australia:

Damian Barrett (damian.barrett@cbr.clw.csiro.au), John Raison (John.raison@cbr.csiro.au), or Ray Leuning (ray.leuning@cbr.csiro.au)

Indonesia:

digital files listed in CGER-report for Indonesia, 1999, edited by Kuninori Otsubo

Africa:

RS derived land cover data in preparation

Circum-Sahara:

ROSELT (12 long-term ecological monitoring sites, some point data are also available; contact Jean-Marc d'Herbes, dherbes@teledetection.fr) Sporadic inventory for rest of Africa.

South Africa:

CSIR (R. Scholes; multiple layers).

Southeast Asia:

FAO (Paul Reichert).

South America:

LBA

Tropics:

Tropical Forest Resource Assessment-FAO; Arctic: International Arctic Monitoring Assessment Program.


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