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ANNEX 1: Major manufacturers and designers of palm processing equipment in Africa


BENIN

CAMEMEC
BP 8202 Cotonou, Benin

This company is an affiliate manufacturer of crop-processing machines designed by IITA. The company produces the full range of palm oil processing machinery.

The nutcracker, kernel/shell separator and palm kernel expeller are produced to handle palm kernel. The expeller has machined flights on a single shaft with threaded backpressure cone.

Generally machines are produced having a 1 tonne/hr capacity for palm oil while the palm kernel machines have rated throughputs of 150-250 kg/hr.

Equipment includes:

Item

Caltech-type palm oil presses (both manual and motorised)

Cookers

Expeller

Fruit threshers

Horizontal digester with spindle-press combination (NIFOR-Mini type).

Nutcracker

CENTRE DE FORMATION TECHNIQUE MSGR. STEINMETZ (CFTS)

This centre is a Catholic Church institution for technical vocational training, which makes all the unit operational machines from threshing to clarification and storage. The design of machines is undertaken in-house.

Item

Caltech screw-press (manual vertical & motorised horizontal)

Clarification tanks

Cooker -1 tonne/hr

Fibre/nut separator (under development))

Nut cracker (96% efficiency, 400 kg/hr, 5.5 hp motor)

Palm kernel press (prototype being tested 400 kg/hr)

Shell/kernel separator (manual 75-80% efficiency)

Steam cooker -4 50 kg fruits for (1 hr 30 min)

Sterilizer

Storage -capacities up to 175-200 tonnes oil.

Thresher (manual) depends on operation.

SOCIETE POUR LA PROMOTION COMMERCIALE & INDUSTRIELLE (S O P C I)
BP 0247, Cotonou, Benin
Tel: 30.76.54.

The company manufactures the Caltech press for palm oil extraction but focuses mainly on producing palm kernel processing machinery:

Item

Kernel shell separator (manual & motorised)

Nut cracker

Palm kernel expeller

CENTRE SONGHAI
BP 597 Porto Novo, Rep. de Benin.
Tel.: 229-22.50.92; 22.28.81/84; E-mail: songhai@songhai.org

Songhai is a private non-governmental organization the central objective is to develop agriculture with strong links to industry. The aim is to train people to farm and then process agricultural products into food items.

The following items are manufactured for the palm oil industry:

Item

Clarification tank

Cooker

Press (manual and motorised versions of OPC screw-press)

Storage tank

Thresher

CAMEROON

AMDALE Sarl
BP 2921, Douala, Cameroon
Tel: 42.53.54

The company designs and manufactures any kind of palm oil/kernel processing machinery on demand.

Main items manufactured:

Item

Boiling vessels

Caltech screw-presses -- both manual vertical and motorised horizontal types

OUTILS POUR LES COMMUNAUTE (OPC)
BP 5946, Douala, Cameroon
Tel. 37 04 32

This company continues to add to the machinery and equipment delivered to the palm oil industry, and also manufactures machinery to process other crops such as cassava, maize and rice.

OPC palm oil and palm kernel machinery production

Item

Bunch thresher

Caltech type screw-presses (manual vertical; manual horizontal and motorised horizontal versions)

Crude oil clarifier (200 litre drum type)

Expeller (whole kernel without pre-treatment)

Fibre/nut separator

Kernel/shell separator

Palm bunch sterilizer

Palm nut cracker

SERMI
BP 17123, Douala, Cameroon
Sis Rue 4 509 Bonaberi
Tel: 237-39.14.22; 93.96.85

SERMI manufactures complete palm oil and palm kernel oil mills to order. The company works with private farmers having an average holding of 1 500 ha and design custom-made medium-scale plants for the estates. Twin-screw type presses are manufactured and supplied to medium-scale processors.

The following palm oil processing equipment is manufactured:

Item

Bunch thresher

Clarifier

Screw-press

Two bunch cookers

For smallholders (200-400 ha) the company produces:

Item

Motorised screw-press

Pressure cooker (2-bar pressure with

temperature and pressure regulators)

NIGERIA

FAITH ENGINEERING WORKSHOP (FEW)
c/o Nova Technologies, Ibadan

The company makes machinery for the vegetable oils and animal feed industries and collaborates with Nova Technologies in the manufacture of other machines.

Items produced for the palm kernel processing industry include:

Item

Description

Bucket elevator


Cooker

Three or four stage indirect steam, gas or electric coil heated plates

Expeller

Sequential pre-press and high pressure worm arrangement

Filter press

300-4 00 litres/hr for the 20 plate press and 500-600 litres/hr for the 24 plate press

Hammer mill

2 tonnes/hr with hopper and beater bars made from hardened mild steel or medium carbon steel depending on type of seed material to be crushed

Steam boiler

5 bar; cylindrical 48Õ high x 21Õ-23Õ diameter fire tube boiler

Plant equipment:

Item

Boiler

Cooker

Diesel engine (5 hp)

Elevator - 12 ft

Expeller (10 tonne/day)

Filter press with pump

Hammer mill

Nut cracker with separator

Pellet extruder (300 kg/hr)

NIGERIAN INSTITUTE FOR OIL PALM RESEARCH (NIFOR)
206 Benin - Lagos Road, Ugbowo, Benin City, Nigeria
(Tel 052-602-485; 602-486); E-mail nifor@infoweb.abs.net

NIFOR concentrates on the manufacture and supply of three models of palm oil processing machinery for the small-scale processor.

These are:

NIFOR Mini (250 kg/hr)

Item

Capacity

Clarifier one day's capacity:


Curb press

Match digester

Fruit screen


Manual digester

30-50 kg

Spindle press


Sterilizer

250 kg

The throughput of the NIFOR-Mini set is nominally 250 kg/hr with an extraction rate of 12 to 13 percent on fresh fruit bunches. NIFOR supplies this unit only as a starter set for small-scale operators.

NIFOR Medium (Capacity 0.25 to 0.5 tonnes/hr).

The components for the medium capacity mills are:

Item

Capacity

Clarifier

600 litres oil

Digester/screw-press

2 tonne/hr

Fruit screen


Sterilizer

380 - 500 kg/hr

The digester and screw-press are combined and operated using one prime mover, usually a diesel 6.5 hp engine

NIFOR-Large (0.5 to 1.5 tonnes/hr)

Item

Capacity

Clarifier

1 200 litre oil

Digester/Screw-press

2 tonne/hr

Fruit screen


Fruit stripper

380 - 500 kg/hr

Sterilizers

0.48 to 0.5 tonnes each

NIFOR also manufactures 10 tonne metallic tanks for oil storage, which are heated with re-circulated steam or hot water around internal tubes.

NOVA TECHNOLOGIES (NIG) LTD.
U.I. PO BOX 19825, Ibadan
Tel 234-02-810-3960

Nova Technologies manufactures the 200 kg/hr vertical digester, spindle press and palm nutcracker. Bunch strippers may also be constructed for the threshing of fresh quartered fruit.

Clarifiers are manufactured but there is not much demand for the decanter attachment. Processors prefer the open kettle clarifiers.

Item

Clarifiers

Spindle press

Palm nutcracker

Vertical digester - 200 kg/hr

OGUNOROKE STEEL CONSTRUCTION WORKS LTD.
Opp. NISER Ajibode Junction, Orogun, Ibadan, Box 21542 UI Ibadan
Tel 234-02-810-7545

This is a small-scale artisanal manufacturer that works as a sub-contractor to Nova Technologies.

OSCW produces a nutcracker and expeller for palm kernel processing. The expeller works on palm kernels that have not been pre-treated. The gear reduction unit is made from adapted automobile transmission gear assemblies.

Item

Expeller -250 kg/hr

Nutcracker

Replacement parts for expellers

Vertical digester/spindle-press

GHANA

AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERS LTD (AGRICO)
PO Box 12127, Accra North, Ghana
Tel: 233-21- 228.260; 228. 292

AGRICO product range includes farm machinery and implements, crop-handling and processing equipment for sugar, rice, maize, cassava and fruit.

The following palm oil processing machinery is produced:

Item

Boiler

Digester

Fibre/nut separator

Fruit stripper

Hydraulic press

Oil clarifier

Palm nut cracker

Sterilizer

The company imports palm kernel expellers from India for resale.

CORT ENGINEERING SERVICES COMPANY LTD.
P.O. Box AN 12982, Accra-North, Ghana
Tel: 233-21- 50.21.26. E-mail: cort@idngh.com

Cort Engineering Services developed the ‘wet’ flushing type palm oil extractor in response to a consulting assignment in Malawi. The flushing digester/press takes in boiled fruit and delivers, separated palm oil in water ready for clarification, well-washed nuts and fibre. The entire combination of processes (fruit digestion, oil extraction, fibre-nut separation) is undertaken in one machine. The company has also developed a prototype one pass digester/screw-press combination palm oil extractor that is being field-tested.

FATECO
P.O. Box 9899
Airport, Accra
Tel: 233.21.663114 / 303029

This company manufactures the full range of palm oil and palm kernel oil processing machinery.

Produces to order:

Item

Cooker (fruit thresher)

Digester

Fibre/nut separator

Hammer mill for kernel preparation

Hydraulic press (manual & motorised)

Kernel/shell separator

Manual spindle press

Motorised screw-press

Nut cracker

Oil filter press

Palm kernel expeller (screw-ty pe with replaceable

worms)

Palm oil thresher

Storage tank

Wood fired/gas fired/electric heated kernel cooker

HORMEKU ENGINEERING WORKS (HEW)
P.O. Box 20, Ashaiman, Tema
Tel: 233- 22.30.78.11

Hormeku Engineering Works manufactures a wide range of machinery and equipment including crop dryers, rice and maize processing lines as well as palm oil and palm kernel lines.

The palm oil line comprises:

Item

Clarification tank

Fruit stripper

Manual spindle press

Motorised horizontal digester

Motorised screw-press

Sterilizer

The palm kernel line comprises:

Hammer mill

Kernel grinding mill

Palm kernel expeller



Manufacturer

Sterilizer

Thresher

Digester

Vertical wet digester

Vertical screw-press

Motorised horizontal press

Hydraulic Press

Spindle Press

Cont. Clarifier

Nut/fibre separator

Nutcracker

Benin












Camemec






YES





YES

CFTS

YES

YES



YES

YES



YES

YES

YES

So. Pci






YES





YES

Songhai fabrication

YES

YES



YES

YES



YES


YES

Cameroon












Amdale

YES




YES

YES






OPC

YES

YES



YES

YES



YES


YES

Sermi

YES

YES




YES



YES


YES

Ghana












AGRICO

YES

YES

YES




YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Cort Engineering



YES

YES


YES

YES

YES




Fateco

YES

YES

YES



YES

YES

YES

YES

YES


Hormeku Engineering

YES

YES

YES



YES


YES

YES

YES

YES

Nigeria












Faith Engineering











YES

Nifor

YES

YES

YES



YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Nova Technologies




YES




YES



YES

Ogunoroke Steel works











YES



Manufacturer

Kernel shell separator

Hammer mill

Meal cooker

Direct whole nut expeller

Retractable worm expeller

Oil filter press

Steam boiler

Benin








CAMEMEC

YES



YES




CFTS

YES




YES, EXPERIMENTAL



So. P.C.I.

YES



YES




Cameroon








OPC

YES



YES




SERMI

YES

YES


YES




Ghana








AGRICO

YES

YES

YES


YES

YES

YES

Fateco

YES

YES

YES


YES

YES


Hormeku Engineering


YES



YES



Nigeria








Faith Engineering

YES

YES

YES


YES

YES

YES

Ogun




YES




Oroke Steel Works









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