International policy instruments which address one or more aspects of the life-cycle of a pesticide include, but are not limited to, the ones listed below. Some have direct operational implications for pesticide distribution and use, while others provide a more general policy context. Dates of entry into force are given for those instruments that were legally binding at the time of adoption of the revision of this Code.
A. International policy instruments with direct operational implications for pesticide management
The Codex Alimentarius, and more specifically the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues, operational since 1966 (41);
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, adopted in 1987 and entered into force in 1989, and its subsequent amendments (42);
The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, adopted in 1989 and entered into force in 1992 (39);
B. International policy instruments that provide a general policy context for pesticide management
The Convention concerning Safety in the Use of Chemicals at Work, adopted in 1990 and entered into force in 1993 (44);
The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, proclaimed by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992 (45);
The Convention on Biological Diversity, adopted in 1992 and entered into force in 1993 (47);
The Convention concerning the Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents, adopted in 1993 and entered into force in 1997 (48);
The Rome Declaration on World Food Security and The World Food Summit Plan of Action, adopted in 1996 (49);
The World Health Declaration and Health-for-all in the 21st Century, adopted in 1998 (50).
THE COUNCIL, based on the authority given by the Thirty-first Session of the FAO Conference,
Hereby approves the revised text of the International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides, contained in the Appendix.
Adopted on 1 November 2002