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The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2002 is based mainly on data and analysis provided by FAO's technical divisions. Specific references cited for particular articles in this edition included the following:

Rice, A., Black, R., Hyder, A., & Sacco, L. 2000. Malnutrition as an underlying cause of childhood deaths associated with infectious diseases in developing countries. Bulletin of the WHO, 78(10): 1207-1221.

Rutstein, S. 2000. Factors associated with trends in infant and child mortality in developing countries during the 1990s. Bulletin of the WHO, 78(10): 1256-1270.

Dixon, J. & Gulliver, A. with Gibbon, D. 2001. Farming Systems and Poverty: Improving Farmers' Livelihoods in a Changing World. Rome and Washington, DC, FAO and World Bank. 420 pp.

Ellis-Jones, J. 1999. Poverty, land care, and sustainable livelihoods in hillside and mountain regions. Mountain Research and Development, 19(3): 179-190.

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development. 1997. Issues in Mountain Development, 1997(1).

FAO. 2001. Household Food Insecurity and Nutrition in Mountain Areas, by A. Jenny. Rome.

Messerli, B. & Ives, J.D., eds. 1997. Mountains of the World: A Global priority. New York, Parthenon.

Mountain Agenda, Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Berne. 2000. Mountains of the World: Challenges for the 21st Century - A Contribution to Chapter 13, Agenda 21.

UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 2000. Mountains of the World - 2000.

Cohen, M.J. & Pinstrup-Andersen, P. 1999. Food security and conflict. Social Research, 66(1).

FAO. 2000. Conflicts, agriculture and food security. The State of Food and Agriculture 2000. Rome. 360 pp.

Messer, E., Cohen, M.J. & D'Costa, J. 1998. Food from Peace: Breaking the Links between Conflict and Hunger. Washington, DC, IFPRI. 44 pp.

Collier, P. 2000. Economic Causes of Civil Conflict and their Implications for Policy. Washington, DC, World Bank. 23 pp.

Ohlsson, L. 2000. Livelihood Conflicts: Linking Poverty and the Environment as Causes of Conflict. Stockholm, SIDA.

Homer-Dixon, T.F. 1999. Environment, Scarcity and Violence. Princeton, NJ, USA, Princeton University Press. 272 pp.

USAID. 1992. Economic Rationale for Investing in Micronutrient Programs, A Policy Brief Based on New Analyses. Washington, DC.

Faber, M., Phungula, M.A.S., Venter, S.L., Dhansay, M.A. & Benade, A.J.S. 2002. Home-gardens focussing on yellow and dark-green leafy vegetables can improve serum retinol concentration in 2-5-year old children in South Africa. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (in press).

Maxwell, D. & Wiebe, K. 1998. Land Tenure and Food Security: A Review of Concepts, Evidence and Methods. Madison, WI, USA, Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin.

Besley, T. & Burgess, R. 2000. Land Reform, Poverty Reduction and Growth: Evidence from India. London, London School of Economics (mimeo).

IFAD. 2001. Assets and the rural poor. In Rural Poverty Report 2001, pp. 71-124. Rome, IFAD. 266 pp.

El-Ghonemy, M.R. 2002. Agrarian Reform Policy Issues Never Die. Keynote speech at the Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development: Taking Stock, organized by the Social Research Center of the American University in Cairo, Egypt.

Netting, R.M. 1993. Smallholders, Householders. Stanford, CA, USA, Stanford University Press. 389 pp.

Deininger, K., van den Brink, R., Hoogeveen, H. & Moyo, S. 2000. How Land Reform can Contribute to Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence from International and Zimbabwean Experience. Washington, DC, World Bank Land Policy Network (available at

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