Taro Cultivation in Asia and the Pacific












Table of Contents


by

Prof. Inno Onwueme
Agriculture Department,
University of Technology,
Lae, Papua New Guinea


RAP PUBLICATION: 1999/16

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
REGIONAL OFFICE FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
BANGKOK, THAILAND, 1999

The designation and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author alone and do not imply any opinion whatsoever on the part of the FAO.


FOR COPIES WRITE TO:

Senior Plant Production and Protection Officer,


FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific,


Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road,


Banglamphu, Bangkok 10200


THAILAND

Printed in May 1999


Table of Contents


FOREWORD

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

1. INTRODUCTION: IMPORTANCE OF TARO

1.1 Food Security Importance
1.2 Socio-Cultural Importance
1.3 Taro as a Cash Crop and Earner of Foreign Exchange
1.4 Role of Taro in Rural Development

2. BOTANY AND ECOLOGY

2.1 Classification and Genetics
2.2 Origin and Distribution
2.3 Morphology and Anatomy
2.4 Growth Cycle
2.5 Ecology and Physiology

3. GENERAL CULTIVATION PRACTICES

3.1 Planting Material
3.2 Production Systems I: Flooded Taro
3.3 Production Systems II: Dry-Land Taro
3.4 Weed Control
3.5 Fertilizer Application
3.6 Harvesting

4. DISEASES AND PESTS

4.1 The Taro Beetle
4.2 Taro Leaf Blight
4.3 The Alomae/Bobone Virus Disease Complex
4.4 Dasheen Mosaic Virus Disease (DMV)
4.5 Other Diseases and Pests

5. COMPOSITION AND UTILIZATION

5.1 Composition of the Taro Corm and Leaf
5.2 Acridity in Taro
5.3 Utilization of Taro

6. PECULIARITIES OF TARO PRODUCTION IN SPECIFIC ASIA-PACIFIC COUNTRIES

6.1 Taro Cultivation in Fiji
6.2 Taro Cultivation in Samoa
6.3 Taro Cultivation in American Samoa
6.4 Taro Cultivation in Tonga
6.5 Taro Cultivation in Vanuatu
6.6 Taro Cultivation in Papua New Guinea (PNG)
6.7 Taro Cultivation in Solomon Islands
6.8 Taro Cultivation in Cook Islands
6.9 Taro Cultivation in Tuvalu
6.10 Taro Cultivation in Niue
6.11 Taro Cultivation in French Polynesia
6.12 Taro Cultivation in New Caledonia
6.13 Taro Cultivation in Indonesia
6.14 Taro Cultivation in Thailand
6.15 Taro Cultivation in the Hawaiian Islands (USA)
6.16 Taro Cultivation in the Philippines
6.17 Taro Cultivation in Malaysia
6.18 Taro Cultivation in Japan
6.19 Taro Cultivation in China

7. THE FUTURE OF TARO

7.1 Present Constraints in Taro Production
7.2 Research Priorities
7.3 Future Perspectives

REFERENCES