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12. APHCA: 00/11 - Opening Speeches

Speech of Director General[5], Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock

Mr. Chairman

Honorable Chief Guest, Minister for Fisheries and livestock, Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

Special Guest, State Minister for Fisheries and livestock and Secretary, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock

Delegates and Participants

Ladies and Gentlemen

On behalf of the Organizing Committee and the Department of Livestock Services, Bangladesh, I wish to extend the very warmest of welcome to all delegates and participants to the meetings and workshop of the Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia Pacific. I would like to welcome the Chief Guest, the Honourable Minister for Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh, special guests, the Honourable State Minister for Fisheries and Livestock and the Secretary, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock to be here with us. Also my word of welcome is especially aimed at all foreign participants and delegates present here today. Many of you have come from far away. I am glad you have all arrived here safely. We are very happy to have you with us and we are looking forward to your input into the workshops and Commission’s meetings.

Dear friends

These meetings and workshops are held every year in a different country of the APHCA member states, the last one took place in India in 1999. This tie, Bangladesh has got the opportunity to become the host of this conference. Incidentally, APHCA has entered into its 25th year of its activities and we have got the privilege of celebrating Silver Jubilee of this organization. It is a great pleasure and an honour to have as participants in this occasion and as our Guests in Bangladesh.

Distinguished Scientists

One of the themes of the workshops for this year has been aptly selected as concern about public health related to Veterinary activities and emerging and re-emerging zoonotic diseases are a challenge, which the Veterinary profession has to meet during this century with a new commitment. I want to take this opportunity to tell you few words about the selected themes of this meeting. Hitherto the concepts of Veterinary Public Health has largely been confined to food hygiene, particularly meat inspection, with some interest in zoonotic infections. However, a more realistic and comprehensive concept of Veterinary public health is that of bringing professional veterinary skills, knowledge and resources to the safeguarding of human health. This involves a wide range of activities such as food hygiene, epidemiological studies of animal diseases including zoonoses, environmental studies especially those related to animals and animal welfare.

Participation in the food chain involves the concept of monitoring animal health and production from “Stable to Table” or “Farm to Fork”. Environmental issues many of which ultimately involve animals, are important in the spectrum of Veterinary public health; soil erosion, overgrazing and changes of soil structure and its abilities to harbour pathogens, disposal of sewage and slurry are items of concerns. Indiscriminate slaughter of food animals in developing countries poses serious threat to the environment and to the public health.

An increased concern is the “emerging” and “re-emerging” diseases due to increasing resistance of strains of organism and demographic changes of human habitats. Food hygiene and inspection is a matter of greatest concern as food habits of our people are changing in faster rate and they are increasingly depending on supermarkets. Food technologies are changing our food habit but they are also introducing newer problems and are threatening the public health.

Thus, the field of veterinary public health has been expanding greatly compared to the past and it is no more restricted to food hygiene and meat inspection. Many of the developed countries have amply realized the importance to the crucial role played by veterinarians in public health services. The developing countries, however, are still far away in applying this concept in practice. I most sincerely believe that during net 2 days, participants and delegates will address the above issues along with many other issues relevant to the field of veterinary public health. As an outcome of this meeting and workshop, we would like to draw a concrete proposals for action towards a more sustainable veterinary public health and livestock development policy which meets the needs of consumers as well as of the producers, the farmers.

Dear Colleagues

Another theme for these workshops is “Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement of World Trade Organization”. This theme has got special importance as the process of globalization is continuing with great speed and we are committed to derive optimum benefit for our producer through entering into international market. In order to get full benefit we must be abided by the international rules and regulations. At the same time we have to be careful in formulating these rules whether or not these rules are protecting our producers-farmers. This workshop will provide us opportunities to know the agreement of WTO and their implications.

With these few words about the themes of workshop, I would like to welcome you again and wish a successful and fruitful meeting and a pleasant stay in Bangladesh.

Thank you very much.

Speech of Honourable Minister for Fisheries and Livestock[6]

Mr.Chairman, Special Guests, Representatives from FAO/OIE/APHCA, Delegates from home and abroad, Ladies and Gentlemen.

I welcome you all on behalf of my Government and myself on this splendid occasion. It’s a great pleasure for me to meet such a learned gathering coming across the Asia and pacific region of the globe.

The Government of Bangladesh has always been upholding the spirit of friendship amongst nations. We firmly believe in the concept of development through regional and mutual co-operation. I am sure that in the following sessions you will be able to identify some fields of cooperation and develop ways and means to use Livestock potentials for improving the fate of toiling mass of this region as well as the fate of the mankind. Like other developed and developing nations, Livestock plays a pivotal role in socio-economic development in Bangladesh . In Bangladesh contribution of Livestock sector to the GDP is 3.86, 20% of Full-time employment comes from Livestock sector, 4.31% of total foreign currency being earned through Livestock products exports 95% of tillage is done by animal drought powder, 50% of rural transport still depends on Livestock. 80% of bio-fertilizer is of Livestock origin and 25% of rural fuel supply of this country comes from Livestock excreta. At the moment 23.40 millions cattle, 0.82 million buffalo, 33.50 million goats, 1.11 million sheep, 138.20 million chicken and 13.0 million ducks are being reared in our country. Last year 350 billion eggs, 1.6 million mt ton milk, 0.62 million mt. ton meat and 200 million square feet leather and leather products were produced.

Dear Participants,

To conserve and develop such a big sector, government has an extensive country- wide network up to upazilla (an administrative unit) level. From Veterinary Hospitals and Clinics of DLS, on an average, about 13 million Livestock and Poultry are getting health care services. Though Livestock and Poultry Husbandry is largely backyard in nature, a good number of Commercial Poultry and Dairy farms have come up. At the moment total number of organized Poultry and dairy farms are about 70000 and 28000 respectively. To cater the needs of Commercial and backyard Livestock and Poultry, the Department of Livestock Services of the ministry has Extension, production and Research network along with health care set up that I have mentioned earlier. Public Sector does not want to be involved much in commerce and industry. Our government as a signatory of WTO believes in playing role of a facilitator in promoting trade and Industry in Private Sector. Livestock and Poultry industries are not exception of that outlook of the Government. Despite that, considering the national need to support rural farmers in establishing small scale dairy and Poultry farms and to supply semen for breed development government runs 13 cattle farms and 35 Poultry farms including 8 hatcheries in the country. To ensure diagnostic services to nascent dairy and poultry industry as well as to the backyard farms government has Central and Field Disease Investigation Laboratories along with a nutrition laboratory in different regions of the country. State owned Livestock Research Institute produces about 200 million doses of 10 different Vaccines from its two stations. Government is quite aware that developing expert professionals and supporting staffs has no alternative for sustainable and consistent Livestock development. So, government has established One Officers Training Institute and 4 supporting staff training Institute (2 VTI and 2 LTI). To cater the growing demand of Veterinarians govt. is already set up 2 Veterinary colleges and process of establishing 2 more colleges has been progressing fast. These Institutes are in addition to long existing Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Faculties of Bangladesh Agricultural University.

Scientists & Experts,

Our government, under the able leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has focused its efforts in endeavors to break the shackle of poverty in quickest possible time. We believe that Livestock and Poultry are key tools for poverty alleviation particularly among the weakest section of the society. Bangladesh have become already able to draw the attention of international community for its outstanding performance in homestead poultry. Government is implementing a poverty alleviation program through self-employment generation. Government has undertaken a Participatory Livestock Development Project along with leading NGO’s of Bangladesh and implementing successfully with special attention priority to gender issue. Department of Livestock Services of my ministry along with its other activities is engaged in safeguarding public health, nature conservation and bio-diversity. I am delighted to know that you are going to hold a workshop of Veterinary Public health issues Veterinary Public health section of DLS was established in 1984 with a view to control zoonotic diseases and safeguarding human a food chain from diseases of animal origin. Zoonotic diseases are constant threats to our public health. In recent past maladies like mad cow, bird flu, Rift valley fever etc. have created panic among general people. We are lucky enough that we have not yet to face such complicated situation. But chance of appearance of old or a new disease of public health importance can not be over ruled. So, I think through the workshop you will be able to evolve a guideline so that, nations like Bangladesh can combat the maladies of animal origin inflicting public health.

Distinguished scientists and professionals,

To my opinion, your endeavors will only be successful if that could bring about some positive changes in the life of ‘have not's of our region and can prescribe appropriate recommendation to combat Zoonotic diseases. I also hope that through this seminar our nation will derive guideline to improve the existing situation of Veterinary public health. I like to thank the organizers to give me the opportunity to speak before such a learned gathering. I wish your stay in Bangladesh pleasant and enjoyable.

Address on Behalf of FAO[7]

Honourable Minister, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Mr. A.S.M. Abdur Rob

Honourable State Minister, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Professor Md. Abdul Quddus

Secretary, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Mr. Syed Marghub Murshed

Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Md. Abdur Razzaque Mia

Chairman of APHCA, Dr. V.K. Taneja

Dr. Oketani and Dr. Fujita, Representative of OIE HQs, Paris and OIE Regional Office, Tokyo

Distinguished Delegates and Observers

Ladies and Gentlemen

It is a great pleasure and privilege for me to address the 24th Session of the Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific representing the FAO Headquarters, the FAO Regional Office in Bangkok, the FAO Representative Office in Dhaka and also our collaborative partners in the World Health Organization who could not be here today. The pleasure is enhanced by the fact that this year, APHCA can celebrate its Silver Jubilee and furthermore it is the first time that an APHCA session has been held in Bangladesh.

Glancing through the Programme it is encouraging to see that this session continues the pattern created in the process of revitalizing APHCA during the last few years of mixing the business sessions of the Commission with technical workshops creating opportunities for intense dialogues between the countries of the region and international agencies and through this creating an enabling environment for collaboration within specific areas of regional/global importance.

I would like to make a reference to the address given last year to the APHCA Session by Dr. Jutzi, Director of the Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, in which he stressed the importance of the Commission in monitoring the livestock industry in the region, assessing its needs and finding suitable solutions. We in FAO hope and trust that the importance of the Commission will grow in these fields as the magnitude and scope of the changes in the livestock industry continues to create new challenges.

It appears that the economic crisis a couple of years ago affected the livestock industry less than expected and the rapid intensification of animal production, the so-called livestock revolution based on increased demand for meat, milk and eggs particularly in urban centers will continue. The growth of the sector is generally speaking a positive development which may act as an engine for other developmental activities but there is a growing concern that production and marketing conditions for the small scale producers will deteriorate if current policies and strategies are maintained. Thus there is a need to address issues of inequity of benefits, reduced environmental sustainability and increased health risks both in humans and animals created by the intensification. We need to look at policies and strategies by which livestock can create opportunities, empowerment and reduce the vulnerability of the small scale livestock owner. This will require ingenuity and collaboration and I believe that you through APHCA and other regional organizations can play an important role in this effort.

In conclusion I would like on behalf of FAO and the APHCA Secretariat to thank all the collaborators who have helped organize this event particularly OIE and special thanks to the Government of Bangladesh for hosting the meeting and for the organizational support we have received. Ladies and Gentlemen, thank you.

Address on Behalf of the OIE Headquarters[8]

On behalf of Dr Blancou, the Director General of the Office International des Epizooties (OIE), it is a great pleasure for me to give a welcome address at the (FAO - APHCA/WHO/OIE) Workshop on Veterinary Public Health and Zoonoses, and the (OIE/FAO - APHCA) Workshop on WTO’s Sanitary Phyto - Sanitary (SPS) Agreement.

I would also like to congratulate the Government of Bangladesh for the initiative it has taken to hold these two Workshops and to thank it for the invitations.

I am convinced that both Workshops will be successful, and that these successes will further enhance co - operation among national and international scientific institutions in the field of Veterinary Public Health, and will promote trade in animals and animal products both in this region and in the world.

For the Workshop on Veterinary Public Health and Zoonosis, certainly, the important theme of this Workshop has a greater scientific and public profile than at any other time in recent memory.

Most of the topics to be discussed at this Workshop are major concerns of the OIE.

The OIE will strive to become the pre - eminent world reference organization for animal health by accessing and producing comprehensive scientific knowledge and consensus on knowledge.

This knowledge will promote the improvement of international animal health not only for the benefit of animal production and trade world - wide, but also for the protection of public health.

Therefore, the OIE is very much interested in the outcome of this Workshop and for the Workshop on WTO’s SPS Agreement,

As defined by this Agreement, the role of the OIE adds both legitimacy to the historic functions of the OIE and creates new demands for its services.

The ever - increasing world - wide demand for standard highlights most critical role for the OIE as it establishes standards for animal health.

This trade environment positions the OIE as a much needed and respected organization.

The solution to future problems depends on this new paradigm, the OIE and the WTO relationship, to be discussed in this Workshop.

The OIE is especially pleased to wish both Workshops the success they deserve.

Thank you for your attention.

Address on Behalf of OIE Regional Representation for Asia and the Pacific[9]

The Honorable Ministers and Secretary of Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock

Distinguished Delegates

Ladies and Gentlemen

It is my great pleasure to welcome all of you to the OIE/FAO - APHCA Joint Workshop on WTO’s SPS Agreement and FAO - APHCA/WHO/OIE Workshop on Veterinary Public Health and Zoonoses, as one of the organizers of these workshops and on behalf of the OIE Regional Representation for Asia and the Pacific.

I wish to thank the Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock of Bangladesh, in particular, the Department of Livestock Services, for their generous cooperation to host and prepare many things for these important workshops.

The OIE, as the World Animal Health Organization, has the functions to improve animal health and veterinary public health, in particular, infectious animal diseases throughout the world, by providing various scientific measures.

The OIE’s roles to examine Animal Health Standards and to provide technical expertise and advice on international trade in animals and animal products, with a view to their global harmonization, have been strongly accelerated, particularly after the recognition of the OIE by the WTO as the relevant international standard - setting organization.

The workshops of this week, I believe, are a unique opportunity to review and promote those significant functions of the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement (SPS) for reducing to a minimum the negative effects of health barriers on international trade, as well as the importance of veterinary public health.

The OIE Headquarters has a number of activities for the SPS Agreement matters, and the OIE Regional Representation for Asia and the Pacific also would like to take the chance to collaborate for them with countries in the region, whenever possible.

The OIE Regional Representation was established in Tokyo, Japan and pursues the ongoing Improvement Project of Animal Health in the Asian and Pacific Region, adopted by the OIE International Committee.

Those activities in the region include the Improvement of Animal Health Information Systems, the Control of Foot and Mouth Disease in South-east Asia, the Prevention and Control of Emerging Diseases, the Standardization of Veterinary Biologics and the Development of an International Information System for collection and collation of diseases of fish and other aquatic animals.

I think the FAO and the FAO - APHCA based in Bangkok, Thailand and other organizations for their continuous collaboration with the OIE Regional Representation and the close linkage leads to holding the joint workshops for countries in the region.

I do hope and believe that the meetings to be held for the coming four days will be productive and useful for those participating countries in various important areas.

Thank you for your attention.

Address of State Minister for Fisheries and Livestock[10]

Honourable Chairman, Chief guest, Secretary, Ministry of Fisheries 7 Livestock,

Participants, Delegates, Ladies and Gentlemen, As- Salamu-Alikum.

I am grateful for inviting me as a special guest to attend the opening ceremony of 24th session of APHCA.

Dear friends

It is a great opportunity to address before such renowned scientist and professionals. At the outset I must congratulate the APHCA/FAO Organizer’s for holding this session in Bangladesh and it heard that this is for the first time since last 25 years. I have learnt that along with your business session you are going to hold two separate Workshops on “Veterinary Public Health and Zoonoses” and “Sanitary-Phytosanitary (SPS) agreement of WTO”. I have also learnt that there are about 80 important zoonotic diseases in the world, of which diseases like Rabies, Tuberculosis, Brucellosis, Salmonellosis, Anthrax etc. are prevalent in Bangladesh. Among them, an important zoonotic disease in Bangladesh is Tuberculosis. The disease is not generally found among indigenous cattle but found frequently in exotic and cross breed cattle. The Veterinary Section of DLS has been carrying out some programs including tuberculin test to assay the disease status. I am happy to know that you are giving especial emphasis on tuberculosis in the workshop. Rabies is also an important zoonotic disease in Bangladesh. DLS, City Corporations, Municipalities and other local government authorities have been taking initiatives to keep the disease under control. Anthrax and Brucellosis are other important diseases which are being transmitted through personal contact. Most important poultry related zoonotic disease in Bangladesh is Salmonellosis. This disease mainly occurs in the hybrid poultry and becoming a major disease concern in this region.

Dear Participants

We know that these zoonotic diseases are not only health hazard to human but also responsible for great economic losses. Almost all of the infections classified as zoonoses can exist where animals are present. As a consequence, veterinary action is necessary for the control of zoonoses. Unless interventions are properly planned and executed exclusively protection against prevailing and new zoonoses can not be ensured.

Dear Scientists and Delegates

The implementation of a zoonotic disease control programme rely on multidisciplinary sources for effective control of recurrent zoonotic diseases and entry of new diseases in the country. Close collaboration is required among health institutions, diagnostic centres and veterinary services. Their combine contribution would make it possible to establish priorities of intervention and to determine the most appropriate tools for controlling zoonotic diseases without regional and mutual cooperation. As the State Minister for Fisheries and Livestock, I can take the opportunity to extend all sort of cooperation regarding the control and eradication of zoonotic diseases from Bangladesh and to take necessary action to join the regional approach of Animal Production And Health Commission For the Asia and Pacific’s zoonotic diseases control campaign.

Dear Participants

I hope that in your second Workshop you will be able to adopt recommendations so that country like Bangladesh can be benefited from WTO’s SPS agreement

I thank KLS & FAO for holding such a prestigious conference at Dhaka.

I hope that your stay at Dhaka will be enjoyable.

Thank you all.

Speech of Secretary[11]

Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock

Mr. Chairman, Honourable Chief Guest, the Livestock and Fisheries Minister, Honourable Special Guest, the State Minister-Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Representatives of the FAO, the APHCA, delegates attending the APHCA annual general meeting from Bangladesh and other member countries, Ladies and Gentlemen,

It is a privilege for me to be here, in your midst, this morning, I am grateful to my colleagues of the Department of Livestock Services, the organizers of this function for inviting me here, today, and for giving me this opportunity to address the audience, in front of me. I am not, really, qualified to speak to the distinguished gathering of scientist and professionals, from Bangladesh and other parts of the world who have assembled here, today. My title, to address you, at the inaugural session of the annual general meeting of the APHCA, is based, only, on my association with the Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

Since the dawn of civilization, animals domesticated by man have been constant companions of the members of the human race. Both in agrarian and in pastoral communities Livestock has held a very important place in human activities. The role of Livestock in the agricultural sector in South Asia was accurately assessed by one of the more benevolent and perceptive who stated that "the cow and the bullock carry on their backs the whole structure of agriculture in the subcontinent and there is no other greater single contribution towards the enhancement of agricultural wealth than livestock". The profound remark made three quarters of a century ago, is as valid today, as it was, then given the importance of Livestock Development in the economy of the country. We, in the Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, consider the holding of the 59th Executing Committee Meeting and 24th session of the APHCA as well as the FAO/APHCA/WHO/OIC Workshop on Veterinary Public Health and the WTO's SPS agreement to be events of great significance. We are fond of the fact that these meetings are being held in the historic city at Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh.

Ladies and Gentlemen

We, in the government of Bangladesh, feel that third world countries like Bangladesh can derive benefit from the Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary Agreement of the WTO.

The working sessions of the meeting, which will light other than inaugural formalities are completed, will, I trust, be both interesting and useful, in these occasions.

Ladies and Gentlemen

I have no wish to inflict long speech on you. I have to give up and make way for the Honorable State Minister, and other speakers. However, before I return to my seat, let me wish the meeting of the APHCA, a success. I hope that the delegates attending and participants of the workshops, from places to Bangladesh, a pleasant stay in our country followed by a safe journey.


[5] Dr. Md. Abdur Razaqque Mia
Director General, Department of Livestock Services
Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh
[6] H.E. A S M Abdur Rob M P
Minister of Fisheries and Livestock
Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
Dhaka
[7] by Dr. Jorgen Hansen, Senior Animal Health Officer, FAO Rome, Italy
[8] by Dr. Yoshiyuki Oketani, Information and International Trade Department, OIE Paris
[9] by Dr. Teruhide Fujita, OIE Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific
[10] Professor Md. Abdul Quddus M.P., State Minister for Fisheries and Livestock
[11] Mr. Syed Marghub Murshed, Secretary, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh


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