FRA Working Paper 12


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY FOREST COVER CHANGE: NEPAL


COVER

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents


The Forest Resources Assessment Programme

Forests are crucial for the well-being of humanity. They provide foundations for life on earth through ecological functions, by regulating the climate and water resources, and by serving as habitats for plants and animals. Forests also furnish a wide range of essential goods such as wood, food, fodder and medicines, in addition to opportunities for recreation, spiritual renewal and other services.

Today, forests are under pressure from expanding human populations, which frequently leads to the conversion or degradation of forests into unsustainable forms of land use. When forests are lost or severely degraded, their capacity to function as regulators of the environment is also lost, increasing flood and erosion hazards, reducing soil fertility, and contributing to the loss of plant and animal life. As a result, the sustainable provision of goods and services from forests is jeopardized.

FAO, at the request of the member nations and the world community, regularly monitors the world’s forests through the Forest Resources Assessment Programme. The next report, the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000 (FRA 2000), will review the forest situation by the end of the millennium. FRA 2000 will include country-level information based on existing forest inventory data, regional investigations of land-cover change processes, and a number of global studies focusing on the interaction between people and forests. The FRA 2000 report will be made public and distributed on the World Wide Web in the year 2000.

The Forest Resources Assessment Programme is organized under the Forest Resources Division (FOR) at FAO headquarters in Rome. Contact persons are:

Robert Davis FRA Programme Coordinator robert.davis@fao.org

Peter Holmgren FRA Project Director peter.holmgren@fao.org

or use the e-mail address: fra@fao.org

DISCLAIMER

The Forest Resources Assessment (FRA) Working Paper Series is designed to reflect the activities and progress of the FRA Programme of FAO.Working Papers are not authoritative information sources – they do not reflect the official position of FAO and should not be used for official purposes. Please refer to the FAO forestry website (www.fao.org/fo) for access to official information.

The FRA Working Paper Series provides an important forum for the rapid release of preliminary FRA 2000 findings needed for validation and to facilitate the final development of an official quality-controlled FRA 2000 information set. Should users find any errors in the documents or have comments for improving their quality they should contact either Robert Davis or Peter Holmgren at fra@fao.org.

 

Abbreviations

CF

Community Forestry

CFUG

Community Forestry Users Groups

DOF

Direction of Forestry

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FORIS

Forest Resources Information System

FRA

Forest Resources Assessment

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GNP

Gross National Product

FY

Fiscal Year

HKH

Hindu Kush Himalayas

HMGN

His Majesty's Governement of Nepal

ICIMOD

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development

IFRI

International Forestry Resources and Institutions

LRMP

Land Resources Mapping Project

NFI

National Forest Inventories

NWFP

Non Wood Forest Products

RRA

Rapid Rural Appraisal

HLFFDP

Hill Leasehold Forestry Forage Development Project


Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. General Information about Nepal

3. The principal causes of forest cover change, based on interviews and documents reviewed

4. Annotated Bibliography

5. Results of interviews conducted in Nepal

5.1 The problems

References

Secondary Bibliography

Appendix 1: Disturbed forest

Appendix 2: Forest assessment

Appendix 3: Forest management

Appendix 4: Forest ownership

Appendix 5: Forest services and functions

Appendix 6: Institutions