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7. Conclusions

Gender gaps still persist.

The report provides an overview of the status of women compared to men in the transitional economy of Viet Nam. The findings conclude that while women, girls and FHHs are not uniformly disadvantaged, persistent gender gaps exist in both economic and social spheres. This calls for gender sensitive policy to accelerate the process of transforming the social norms and economic conditions for gender equality for the advancement of women, particular of rural women in Viet Nam.

Lack of data on internal household resource allocation.

The above analysis is constrained by a lack of data on internal household resource allocation that would allow analysis of the existence of gender biases internal to the households. Further analysis is also required for better geographic targeting of interventions to achieve greater gender equality in Viet Nam.

Additional analysis needed on issues such as access to credit, unemployment and domestic violence.

In addition, it would be interesting to collect more data on a number of topics, such as ethnic minority issues, access to credit by women and men, the usage of such credits, unemployment as faced by women and men as well as on domestic violence issues.

Need for regular gender analysis, of sex-disaggregated household data and wide dissemination of results.

Most important is to carry out such gender analysis on a regular basis in order to monitor progress towards the goals set by the Vietnamese Government in a number of strategies, e.g. the Strategy for the Advancement of Women and the CPRGS as well as towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. A second but critical step is the wide dissemination of the research results. The next gender analysis is due in 2003 when the new data from the Viet Nam Household Living Survey 2002 will be available.

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