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Report of the

PREPARATORY MEETING FOR THE CONSULTATION ON THE
MANAGEMENT OF FISHING CAPACITY, SHARK FISHERIES AND INCIDENTAL CATCH OF SEABIRDS IN LONGLINE FISHERIES
Rome, 22-24 July 1998

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
ROME, 1998

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

This is the final version of the report of the Preparatory Meeting for the Consultation on the Management of Fishing Capacity, Shark Fisheries and Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries, Rome, Italy, 22-24 July 1998.

Distribution
Participants at the meeting
All FAO Member Nations and Associate Members
Other interested Nations and national and international organizations
FAO Fisheries Department
FAO Regional Fisheries Officers

FAO

Report of the Preparatory Meeting for the Consultation on the Management of Fishing Capacity, Shark Fisheries and Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries.
Rome, Italy, 22-24 July 1998.
FAO Fisheries Report, No.584, Rome, FAO, 1998. 48p.

ABSTRACT

Delegations from 54 Members of the Organization and observers from 8 intergovernmental and international non-governmental organizations met at FAO Headquarters, 22–24 July 1998, to prepare for the Consultation on the Management of Fishing Capacity, Shark Fisheries and Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries. At the end of its meeting it adopted this report. The meeting discussed draft plans of action for the conservation and management of sharks and for the reduction of the incidental catch of seabirds in longline fisheries, as well as elements for a draft plan of action for the management of fishing capacity. This report summarizes the debates that took place. It also contains the guidance provided by the meeting to the FAO Secretariat about how best to proceed with the development of the documents that will be presented to the Consultation proper (26–30 October 1998). This guidance includes inter alia recommendations to the effect that the plans of action must assign the responsibility for actions amongst States (including other fishing entities), regional fishery bodies and international organizations. The plans should include provision for implementation and monitoring, including the issue of how to promote compliance by non-members of regional fishery organizations as well as by flag-of-convenience vessels. It was requested that technical assistance needs of developing countries be specified. It was suggested that the cost for any activities to be carried out by FAO, as part of the implementation of any international plan of action, should not be covered by extra-budgetary sources alone.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS


INTRODUCTION


OPENING OF THE SESSION


ELECTION OF CHAIRPERSON AND VICE-CHAIRPERSON


ADOPTION OF AGENDA


REPORT OF OUTCOME OF THE TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP MEETING ON SEABIRDS


EXCHANGE OF VIEWS ON DRAFT PLAN OF ACTION FOR SEABIRDS


REPORT ON OUTCOME OF TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP MEETING ON SHARKS


EXCHANGE OF VIEWS ON DRAFT PLAN OF ACTION FOR SHARKS


REPORT ON OUTCOME OF TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP MEETING ON CAPACITY


DISCUSSION ON NATURE OF APPROPRIATE FOLLOW-UP TO MEETING OF TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP ON CAPACITY


GENERAL OBSERVATIONS


ADOPTION OF REPORT


Appendix A:


Agenda

Appendix B:

List of delegates and observers

Appendix C:

List of documents

Appendix D:

Opening remarks by Mr M. Hayashi,
Assistant Director-General, Fisheries Department



INTRODUCTION

1. The Preparatory Meeting for the Consultation on the Management of Fishing Capacity, Shark Fisheries and Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries met at FAO Headquarters, Rome, Italy, from 22 to 24 July 1998.

2. The Preparatory Meeting was attended by delegates from 54 Members of the Organization and by observers from eight intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations. The list of delegates and observers present at the meeting is shown in Appendix B.

OPENING OF THE SESSION

3. Mr M. Hayashi, Assistant Director-General, Fisheries Department, FAO, opened the Preparatory Meeting and welcomed delegates. His opening remarks are reproduced in Appendix D.

4. During his statement, one delegate, on a point of order, protested against the non-use of the Arabic language and left the conference room. The Chairperson of the G-77 Group, on behalf of the G-77 countries, also expressed concern at the non-use of the Arabic language and hoped that the practice of FAO in this respect would be changed.

ELECTION OF CHAIRPERSON AND VICE-CHAIRPERSON

5. Mr Will Martin, current Chairman of the Committee on Fisheries (COFI) and Ms M.H. de Sana Ria Vieira, delegate of Cape Verde, were elected Chairperson and Vice Chairperson respectively, of the Preparatory Meeting as well as of the Consultation on the Management of Fishing Capacity, Shark Fisheries and Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries, scheduled to take place from 26 to 30 October 1998.

ADOPTION OF AGENDA

6. Concerns were expressed that the reports of the Technical Working Groups had been made available only a few days before the meeting, and that the limited number of participants in the Working Groups had made access to the reports necessary for many delegations.

7. The meeting adopted the agenda as shown in Appendix A of this report. The documents which were before the meeting are listed in Appendix C.

REPORT OF OUTCOME OF THE TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP MEETING ON SEABIRDS

8. The meeting noted the results of the Technical Working Group on Seabirds held in Tokyo, Japan, from 25 to 27 March 1998.

9. The agenda item was introduced on the basis of the preliminary version of FAO Fisheries Report "Report of the Technical Working Group on Reduction of Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries". The Secretariat briefly described the issue of incidental catch of seabirds in longline fisheries on a global scale. The major output of the work of the Technical Working Group were the draft guidelines and a draft plan of action.

10. Delegations from Latin America expressed the concern that not all regions had been involved in the preparation of the draft guidelines and plan of action.

EXCHANGE OF VIEWS ON DRAFT PLAN OF ACTION FOR SEABIRDS

11. The agenda item was introduced by referring to document FI:PM-CSS/98/2 "Draft Plan of Action: Seabirds". It was highlighted that the draft Guidelines produced by the Technical Working Group had been included as an Annex to the draft Plan of Action. The Guidelines were prepared to indicate technical and operational measures presently being implemented which could be used to implement measures to reduce incidental catch of seabirds in longlining fisheries. More detailed technical guidelines are under preparation by FAO. They will describe longline fisheries in which incidental catch of seabirds is a problem and provide detailed description of possible mitigation measures. They will be available in draft form at the end of October 1998.

12. Several delegates expressed their appreciation of the work done so far, stating that the presented document was of the kind needed. Several delegations, however, noted that there was insufficient background data presented to evaluate the problems of incidental catch of seabirds occurring in different longline fisheries of the world.

13. Several delegates stated that reference should be made in the draft Plan of Action to relevant international conventions and agreements such as the CITES and Bonn Conventions as well as to the Kyoto Declaration, etc., and to information existing in certain regional fisheries bodies, as well as to other work carried out on the subject in the recent past.

14. Several delegations believed that problems were more serious in certain fisheries and fishing areas than in others. Delegates from several countries indicated that in the tropical zones the problem was minimal or did not occur at all. Similarly, some delegations stated that since certain species of seabird had been recognized as endangered, some less so and others not threatened, there should be prioritization among various fisheries and species requiring urgent action. Other delegations noted that in accordance with the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and the Report of the Technical Working Group meeting, mitigation measures should be adopted regardless of the conservation status of the seabirds in question.

15. It was also stated that the Plan of Action should indicate research needs and funding opportunities for such research effort. The need to develop national observers' programmes on board fishing fleets was also mentioned.

16. Several delegates stressed the need to ensure the comprehensive implementation of the Plan of Action.

17. It was suggested that countries should present plans of action to COFI at its session in 2001. The meeting concluded however that the contents as well as the date of submission of the first report by countries on this matter should be dealt with at the October 1998 Consultation. That meeting should also consider systems for reporting to FAO on progress made in implementing of national plans of action.

18. Regarding the description of the possible mitigation measures, the Secretariat explained that the list given in the annex in the draft Plan of Action is only indicative and not exhaustive since mitigation measures are continuously being developed. There was a diversity of opinion on whether or not such a list should be kept in the Plan of Action or integrated in the detailed technical guidelines with the Plan of Action making reference only to the criteria. Some delegations requested that more information be provided on the efficiency of the various mitigation measures and costs involved in their implementation. It was suggested that the list should contain only those measures that have proven their efficiency in large scale use.

19. A delegation proposed to establish an ad hoc technical advisory committee to advise FAO Member States and regional fisheries bodies on collection of data, review of research, development of mitigation measures, as well as progress in mitigating the incidental catch of seabirds in longline fisheries. It was concluded that the matter would be taken up at the October Consultation and that the terms of reference of such a group would be crucial and needed to be carefully elaborated and reviewed for possible approval.

REPORT ON OUTCOME OF THE TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP MEETING ON SHARKS

20. The meeting noted the results of the Technical Working Group on the Conservation and Management of Sharks which had taken place from 23 to 27 April 1998 in Tokyo, Japan.

EXCHANGE OF VIEWS ON DRAFT PLAN OF ACTION FOR SHARKS

21. The subject was discussed on the basis of document FI:PM-CSS/98/3 and the Secretariat explained that, as presented, it should not be considered a draft plan of action but rather a description of the possible contents of such a plan of action. It was also indicated that the meeting might wish to see in the eventual draft, a time-frame for implementation and requirements for technical cooperation between countries.

22. The exchange of views resulted in a number of suggestions with regard to the structure and coverage of the document which the Secretariat should take into account when finalizing it for the Consultation in October 1998. It was stressed that the Plan of Action should be ambitious and specific, while keeping in mind that actions could not be implemented all at once. The experience acquired in regional fisheries bodies should be taken into account.

23. It was agreed that the following broad headings would be suitable to structure the Plan of Action:

- data collection and monitoring of stock status

- research

- minimizing waste and encouraging full utilization (reference to finning)

- management and conservation for all species in a sustainable way

- cooperation and strengthening of country technical capacity

- training, outreach and communication

24. The Plan of Action should clearly define the responsibility for action at global (FAO), regional (regional arrangements including regional fishery organizations), and national (countries) levels and a reporting system should be instituted with annual reports by countries to FAO and biennial reports to COFI.

25. Since regional fishery organizations were considered to become (or to continue to be) driving forces in this field, it was important that their mandate be amended, as needed. As an initial step, an expanded interpretation of the existing texts could be considered as a possible way of allowing the organizations to become active in shark conservation and management while the formal change of mandate was in process.

26. The Plan of Action should contain references to what has been achieved in recent years with regard to shark conservation and management at national, regional and global levels.

27. Information on the financial and staffing implications of the Plan of Action should be made available to the Consultation in October.

28. The meeting was informed of a proposal to be made at the Consultation in October to create an ad hoc working group for monitoring the implementation of the Plan of Action. This proposal would provide information on the terms of reference, membership, financial requirements, working arrangements and duration of the group’s assignment.

29. The Secretariat will forward to Members and observers suggestions by Brazil and Japan for modifications in the text of document FI:PM-CSS/98/3.

REPORT ON OUTCOME OF TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP MEETING ON CAPACITY

30. The Secretariat reported on the outcome of the Technical Working Group on the Management of Fishing Capacity, which took place from 15 to 18 April 1998 in La Jolla, USA, recalling the nature of the overcapacity problem, its origin, and its detrimental impact on the conservation of fish stocks as well as its negative impact on the economic and social efficiency of associated fisheries. The Secretariat also reviewed the major points which were deliberated upon by the Technical Working Group as well as its conclusions and recommendations on key issues, such as measurement and monitoring, control and reduction, and specific issues related to the high seas.

31. The meeting commended FAO and the members of the Technical Working Group for the quality of the work done and its very relevance to the many issues raised in addressing the management of fishing capacity at national, regional and international levels.

32. The meeting expressed strong concern at the existence and impact of excess capacity world-wide and stressed the need to ensure an adequate follow-up to the work done by the Technical Working Group.

33. The meeting stressed the need for complementary assessments of the overcapitalization problem on a fishery-by-fishery basis, as well as the need to assess more adequately the evolution of the fishing fleet on a world-wide basis.

34. Clarifications were given by the Secretariat on the work currently undertaken by the Fisheries Department to analyse the evolution of the world fleet of vessels over 100 GT. The report containing the study will be made available by the end of the year. The meeting stressed the need to monitor and assess the fleet of smaller vessels also.

DISCUSSION ON NATURE OF APPROPRIATE FOLLOW-UP TO MEETING OF TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP ON CAPACITY

35. The subject was discussed on the basis of document FI:PM-CSS/98/4. The Secretariat introduced the document and indicated that it contained general considerations as well as a range of elements which could constitute the basis of an international instrument on the management of fishing capacity. It was indicated that, pending some clarifications on the form that such an instrument might take, the various elements were not fully specified. The Secretariat further pointed out that the meeting might see fit to consider a time-frame for implementation and more specific quantitative targets for selected elements.

36. Some delegations suggested a general approach to the management of fishing capacity, noting that specific fisheries might require immediate action and should be addressed in appropriate sections of the plan of action or an alternative instrument.

37. The degree to which emphasis should be given to the specific case of tuna fisheries, in particular longline fisheries, was debated. The meeting noted the economic importance of the tuna fishery and the need for strengthened international collaboration in the management of tuna fleets. Responsibilities at national, regional and international levels were also discussed in this context.

38. The meeting agreed that high seas issues would be dealt with for all resources. Some delegations noted that specific high seas fisheries issues (e.g. tuna longline fisheries) that require immediate action should be addressed within appropriate sections of the plan of action or alternative instrument. This issue will be discussed in the October 1998 Consultation.

39. The meeting emphasized the need to refer specifically to subsidies and noted its general agreement with paragraph 46 of the document, which calls for reduction and progressive elimination of subsidies which contribute directly or indirectly to the build-up of excessive fishing capacity. Several delegations indicated that subsidies that were directly relevant to the overcapacity problem ought to be considered, at least in general terms, and that in this instance, it was important to distinguish between their impact on fishing capacity and their impact on trade, a matter which fell under the competence of WTO. The meeting noted the effect on overcapacity of other financial and cost related factors such as ineffective management and non-participation in, or non-cooperation with, regional fishery organizations.

40. Several delegations emphasized the need to pay due attention to the financial requirements of the plan of action or an alternative instrument which may eventually be adopted. This concerns all parties involved, including FAO. Several delegations pointed out that this confirmed the more general need to increase the budget of the Fisheries Department. Japan informed the meeting that it had already agreed to finance specific work of the Department related to the fishing capacity.

41. Concern was expressed about the financial burden that a reduction of capacity may impose on developing countries.

42. There was consensus in the meeting both on the seriousness of the problems related to overcapacity in many world fisheries and on the need to address them urgently taking into account their complexity and political sensitivity to reach just and effective solutions. The meeting noted the significant contribution made by the FAO Technical Working Group in providing guidance to address the issue at national, regional and international levels.

43. The meeting agreed that global consensus was needed on various aspects related to fishing capacity, including definition, measurement, monitoring and control, and measures to reduce overcapacity. Such consensus could find expression in different forms, such as a plan of action, a declaration or guidelines or a combination thereof. The meeting discussed in detail these different options and concluded that what was required first would be the substantive contents and that they should be drafted by the Secretariat without delay. The meeting concluded that the decision on the appropriate format of such instrument should be taken once agreement had been reached on its contents at the October Consultation.

44. The meeting reiterated the call for the early ratification and effective implementation by countries of international instruments containing provisions on the monitoring and control of fishing capacity, in particular the FAO Compliance Agreement, which forms part of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and the UN Agreement on straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks. The meeting noted that these instruments included some of the measures listed in document FI:PM-CSS/98/4 regarding the monitoring and control of fishing capacity but that a number of additional ratifications would be needed for the entry into force of the instrument referred to. It was also noted that international organizations had carried out studies on overcapacity (OECD and WTO) and these studies should be taken into account.

45. The meeting identified and agreed the following principal categories of action for which international consensus should be sought on the basis of a revised draft instrument to be prepared by the Secretariat, and for which clear responsibilities needed to be assigned at the national, regional and international levels:

46. The meeting stressed that any commitments made in the envisaged international instrument needed to be backed up with sufficient financial and technical resources at the national, regional and international levels. The financial implications of those provisions which required actions by FAO would need to be adequately reflected in the Department’s work programme and budget. Extra-budgetary resources may also be required.

47. Specific concern was expressed in the meeting about the need for financial and technical assistance to be provided to developing countries in order to implement their national policies and plans for the management of fishing capacity. The valuable role of the Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP), Technical Co-operation among Developing Countries (TCDC) and Economic Co-operation among Developing Countries (ECDC) was referred to in this context.

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS

48. Several delegations requested that the funds to finance activities deriving from the plans of action, as with other activities which the Fisheries Department carries out on the recommendations of COFI, should also be provided from FAO’s Regular Programme and not only be covered by extra-budgetary resources.

49. With respect to the plans of action and any other instrument to be adopted relating to incidental catch of seabirds, management and conservation of sharks, and management of fishing capacity, the meeting confirmed that any reference to a country, or countries, shall include also, as appropriate, other fishing entities.

ADOPTION OF REPORT

50. The report was adopted on 24 July 1998.


APPENDIX A

AGENDA

1. Opening of the Session

2. Election of Chairperson, Vice Chairperson and three Rapporteurs

3. Adoption of Agenda

4. Report on outcome of the Technical Working Group Meeting on Seabirds

5. Exchange of views on Draft Plan of Action for Seabirds

6. Report on outcome of the Technical Working Group Meeting on Sharks

7. Exchange of views on Draft Plan of Action for Sharks

8. Report on outcome of Technical Working Group Meeting on Capacity

9. Discussion on nature of appropriate follow-up to Meeting of Technical Working Group on Capacity

10. Adoption of report


APPENDIX B

LIST OF DELEGATES AND OBSERVERS

ANGOLA

Kiala Kia MATEVA
Conseiller
Représentant permanent adjoint de la République d’Angola auprès de la FAO
Ambassade de la République d’Angola
Via Filippo Bernardini 21
00165 Rome
Italie

Carlos AMARAL
Conseiller
Ambassade de la République d’Angola
Via Filippo Bernardini 21
00165 Rome
Italie


ARGENTINA

Ariel FERNANDEZ
Representante Permanente Alterno
Representación Permanente de la República Argentina ante la FAO
Via del Banco di S. Spirito 42 - IV piso
00186 Roma
Italia

AUSTRALIA

Andrew PEARSON
Alternate Permanent Representative of Australia to FAO
Embassy of the Commonwealth of Australia
Via Alessandria 215
00198 Rome
Italy

AUSTRIA

Günther SCHLÖGL
Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Division III 4
Stubenring 12
A1012 Vienna

Ernst ZIMMERL
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Austria to FAO
Permanent Representation of the Republic
of Austria to FAO
Via Giovanni Battista Pergolesi 3
00198 Rome
Italy

BANGLADESH

Nurul AMIN
Deputy Secretary (Fisheries)
Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock
B-12/E-1, Eskaton Garden
Dhaka

BRAZIL

Julio C. GOMES DOS SANTOS
Ambassador
Permanent Representative of the Federative Republic of Brazil to FAO
Permanent Representation of the Federative Republic of Brazil to FAO
Via di Santa Maria dell’Anima 32
00186 Rome
Italy

José Roberto DE ALMEIDA PINTO
Minister
Deputy Permanent Representative Permanent Representation of the Federative Republic of Brazil to FAO
Via di Santa Maria dell’Anima 32
00186 Rome
Italy

Carlos Fernando ANICET FISCHER
Head of Fishery Department/IBAMA
Brazilian Ministry of Environment
Departamento de Pesca e Aquicultura
Sain Av. L4 Ed. Sede
Ibama Bl.B
Brasilia

CANADA

Ronald ROSE
Counsellor
Deputy Representative
Canadian Embassy
Office of the Permanent and Alternate Permanent Representatives
Via Zara 30
00198 Rome
Italy

CAPE VERDE

M.H. de Santa Rita VIEIRA (Mme)
Biologiste
Ministère du tourisme, transports et mer
Direction générale des pêches
B.P. 206
Praia

Eduardo J. LIMA BARROS SILVA
Représentant adjoint de la République du Cap-Vert auprès de la FAO
Ambassade de la République du Cap-Vert
Via G. Carducci 4, Int.3
00187 Rome
Italie

CHILE

Pedro MEDRANO
Embajador ante la FAO
Representación Permanente de la República de Chile ante la FAO
Via Po 23
00198 Roma
Italia

CHINA

Shengyao TANG
Second Secretary
Alternate Permanent Representative
Permanent Representation of the People’s Republic of China to FAO
Via della Caffarella 9
00179 Rome
Italy

COMOROS

Djamaldine M’TITI M’DJANA
Directeur de Cabinet
Ministère de la production agricole, des
ressources marines, de l’environnement
et de l’artisanat
Moroni

Ahmed SAID SOILIHI
Directeur général de la pêche
Ministère de la production agricole,
des ressources marines, de
l’environnement et de l’artisanat
Moroni

CONGO

André KAMBA
Directeur de Cabinet du Ministre de la pêche et des ressources halieutiques
Ministère de la pêche et des ressources halieutiques
BP 13545
Brazzaville

COSTA RICA

Yolanda GAGO (Sra)
Representante Permanente Alterno
Representación Permanente de la
República de Costa Rica ante la FAO
Via Bartolomeo Eustachio 22
00161 Roma
Italia

CROATIA

Branimir CECUK
First Secretary
Alternate Permanent Representative of Croatia to FAO
Embassy of the Republic of Croatia
Via Luigi Bodio 74-76
00191 Rome
Italy

CYPRUS

Andreas ROUSHIAS
Alternate Permanent Representative
Permanent Representation of the Republic of Cyprus to FAO
Piazza Farnese 44
00186 Rome
Italy

DENMARK

Lars Touvdal CHRISTENSEN
Advisor
Ministry for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries
Copenhagen

ECUADOR

Miguel CARBO BENITES
Representante Permanente Alterno de la República del Ecuador ante la FAO
Embajada de la República del Ecuador
Via Guido d’Arezzo 14
00198 Roma
Italia

Ramón MONTAÑO
Director Ejecutivo
Asociación de Exportadores de Pesca Blanca
Edificio Banco del Pichincha
Ofc. 501
Ave. 2 y Calle 12
Manta

ERITREA

Yohannes TENSUE
First Secretary
Alternate Permanent Representative of Eritrea to FAO
Embassy of Eritrea
Via Boncompagni 16
00187 Rome
Italy

EUROPEAN COMMUNITY
(Member Organization)


Serge BESLIER
Chef d’Unité
Direction générale de la pêche
(DG XIV - B1)
200 rue de la Loi
B-1049 Bruxelles
Belgique

Michael ROITMANN
Head of Sector (DG XIV/D/1)
200 rue de la Loi
B-1040 Bruxelles
Belgique

Philippe LEFÉBURE
Assistant
Secrétariat Général du Conseil de l’Union européenne
Rue de la Loi 165
B-1048 Bruxelles
Belgique

GHANA

Mallam Issah SEIDU
Alternate Permanent Representative of the Republic of Ghana to FAO
Embassy of the Republic of Ghana
Via Ostriana 4
00199 Rome
Italy

GUATEMALA

Rita CLAVERIE DE SCIOLLI (Sra)
Ministro Consejero
Representante Adjunto
Representación Permanente de la República de Guatemala ante la FAO
Embajada de la República de Guatemala
Via dei Colli della Farnesina 128
00194 Roma
Italia

GUINEA

Souhaib Deen BANGOURA
Ambassadeur auprès de la FAO
Représentation permanente de la République de Guinée auprès de la FAO
Via Cassia 1280
00189 Rome
Italie

GUYANA

Reuben CHARLES
Chief Fisheries Officer
Ministry of Fisheries, Crops and Livestock
18 Brickdam
Georgetown

HAITI

Suze PERCY (Mme)
Représentant permanent adjoint de la République d’Haïti auprès de la FAO
Ambassade de la République d’Haïti
Via Ottaviano 32
00192 Rome
Italie

INDIA

Yugraj YADAVA
Fisheries Development Commissioner
Ministry of Agriculture
Krishi Bhawan
110001 New Delhi

 
INDONESIA


Bambang Edi PRIYONO
Chief
Sub-Directorate of Identification of the Fisheries Potential
Directorate of Fisheries Resource Management
DGF, Agriculture Department
Building B, VI Floor, Rm 649
Jln. Harsono RM No. 3
Pasar Minggu
Jakarta

I. Nyoman ARDHA
Agricultural Attaché
Alternate Permanent Representative
Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia
Via Campania 55
00187 Rome
Italy

IRAQ

Bader ALLAWI
Permanent Representative
Permanent Representation of the Republic of Iraq to FAO
Via della Camilluccia 35
00135 Rome
Italy

ITALY

Mauro BERTELLETTI
Ministero Politiche Agricole, Direzione Generale Pesca e Acquicoltura
Viale dell’Arte 16
00144 Roma

Rosanna FRONZUTO (Ms)
Ministero Politiche Agricole, Direzione Generale Pesca e Acquicoltura
Viale dell’Arte 16
00144 Roma

JAPAN

Masayuki KOMATSU
Director for International Negotiations
International Affairs Division
Fisheries Agency of Japan (FAJ)
1-2-1 Kasumigaseki
Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo

Kenji KAGAWA
Assistant Director
Management of Tuna Fishery
Far Seas Fisheries Division
Fisheries Agency of Japan (FAJ)
1-2-1 Kasumigaseki
Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo

Kiyoshi KATSUYAMA
Deputy Director
International Affairs Division
Fisheries Agency of Japan (FAJ)
1-2-1 Kasumigaseki
Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo

Hideo INOMATA
Section Chief
International Affairs Division
Fisheries Agency of Japan (FAJ)
1-2-1 Kasumigaseki
Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo

Etsuo KITAHARA
Minister
Permanent Representative of Japan to FAO
Embassy of Japan
Via Quintino Sella, 60
00187 Rome
Italy

Eiko OZAKI (Ms)
Assistant Manager
International Division
Federation of Japan Tuna Cooperative
Associations

Takanori OHASHI
Alternate Permanent Representative
of Japan to FAO
Embassy of Japan
Via Quintino Sella 60
00187 Rome
Italy


KOREA (REPUBLIC OF)

Joon-Suk KANG
Director General
International Organization Office
Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (MOMAF)
826-14 Yoksam-Dong
Jinsol Bldg.
Kangnam-Ku,
Seoul, 135-080

Kyu-Suk CHOI
General Manager
Fisheries Department
Oyang Corporation
No. 76-1 I-GA, Taepyung-Ro
Joong-Gu
Seoul

LIBYA

Mansour Mabrouk SEGHAYER
Alternate Permanent Representative
Permanent Representation of the Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to FAO
Via Nomentana 365
00162 Rome
Italy

MADAGASCAR

Georges RUPHIN
Ambassadeur
Représentant permanent de la République de Madagascar auprès de la FAO
Ambassade de la République de Madagascar
Via Riccardo Zandonai 84/A
00194 Rome
Italie

M. MONJA
Conseiller
Représentant permanent adjoint de la République de Madagascar auprès de la FAO
Ambassade de la République de Madagascar
Via Riccardo Zandonai 84/A
00194 Rome
Italie

Mamy HYACINHEH ANDRIANTSOA
Directeur national du programme sectoriel pêche
Ministère de la pêche et des ressources halieutiques
B.P. 1699
Antananarivo

MALAYSIA

Ab. Ghaffar A. TAMBI
Assistant Agricultural Attaché
Alternate Permanent Representative of Malaysia to FAO
Embassy of Malaysia
Via Nomentana 297
00162 Rome
Italy

MALTA

Francis MONTANARO MIFSUD
Ambassador to FAO
Permanent Representation of the Republic of Malta to FAO
Lungotevere Marzio 12
00186 Rome
Italy

MEXICO

Mara MURILLO CORREA (Sra)
Directora General de Política y Fomento Pesqueros
Subsecretaría de Pesca
Secretaría de Medio Ambiente, Recursos Naturales y Pesca (SEMARNAP)
Periférico Sur 4209-5° Piso
Jardines en la Montaña
14210 México, D.F.

Alfredo SANCHEZ PALAFOX
Director General de Investigación y
Desarrollo Tecnológico
Instituto Nacional de Pesca
Secretaría de Medio Ambiente, Recursos Naturales y Pesca (SEMARNAP)
Pitagoras 1320
Santa Cruz Atoyac
03310 México, D.F.

José ROBLES-AGUILAR
Representante Permanente Adjunto de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos ante la FAO
Embajada de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Via Lazzaro Spallanzani 16
00161 Roma, Italia

Raúl VILLASEÑOR TALAVERA
Jefe del Departamento de Autorizaciones y de Pesca Didáctica
Dirección General de Administración de
Pesquerias
Subsecretaría de Pesca
Secretaría de Medio Ambiente, Recursos Naturales y Pesca (SEMARNAP)
México, D.F.

MOROCCO

Amina MOUMNI (Mme)
Biologiste
Ministère des pêches maritimes
Institut national de recherche halieutique (INRH)
2 rue de Tiznit
Casablanca

NAMIBIA

Hashali HAMUKUAYA
Deputy Director
Resources Management
Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources
P.B. 13355
Windhoek

NORWAY

Sigmund ENGESAETER
Director General
Department of Fisheries Economics
Directorate of Fisheries
Strandgt. 229
N-5002 Bergen

PAKISTAN

Shahid RASHID
Agricultural Counsellor
Alternate Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan to FAO
Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Via della Camilluccia 682
00135 Rome
Italy

PANAMA

Ismael BERNAL MAURE
Embajador ante la FAO
Representante Permanente de la República de Panamá ante la FAO
Representación Permanente de la República de Panamá ante la FAO
Viale Regina Margherita 239 – piso 4
00198 Roma
Italia

PERU

Ana María DEÚSTUA (Sra)
Embajador
Representante Permanente de la República del Perú ante la FAO
Embajada de la República del Perú
Via Po 22
00198 Roma
Italia

Jorge ZUZUNAGA ZUZUNAGA
Asesor Despacho Ministerial
Jefe Alterno de la delegación
Ministerio de Pesquería
Calle 1 Oeste No060
urb. Corpac-San Isidro

Eliot GAVIRIA
Tercer Secretario
Ministerio de RREE del Perú
Jr Lampa cda 5
Lima 1

PHILIPPINES

Noel D. DE LUNA
Agricultural Attaché
Deputy Permanent Representative of the Republic of the Philippines to FAO
Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines
Viale delle Medaglie d’Oro 112
00136 Rome
Italy

PORTUGAL

Maria Amelia MIGUEZ (Ms)
Director Serviços – Recursos Pesqueiros e da Frota
Direcção Geral das Pescas e Aquicultura
Ed. Vasco da Gama
Alcântara-Mar
1450 Lisboa

Pedro BORDALO MACHADO
Biologist
Portuguese Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
Instituto de Investigação das Pescas e do Mar
Av. De Brasília
1400 Lisboa

SLOVAKIA

Lubomír MICEK
Permanent Representative of the Slovak Republic to FAO
Embassy of the Slovak Republic
Via dei Colli della Farnesina 144
00194 Rome
Italy

SOLOMON ISLANDS

George BOAPE
Chief Fisheries Officer
(Licensing, Surveillance and Enforcement)
Fisheries Division
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
P.O. Box G13
Honiara

SPAIN

Jerónimo HERNANDEZ
Jefe Area de Flota Pesquera
Ministerio Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación
Ortega y Gasset 57
28006 Madrid

Carlos LARRAÑAGA
Jefe Sección
Ministerio Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación
Ortega y Gasset 57
28006 Madrid

Juan A. CAMIÑAS
Director
Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga (IEO)
Ministerio Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación
Puerto Pesquero s/n
Fuengirola

SRI LANKA

G. PIYASENA
Director
Planning and Monitoring
Ministry of Fisheries and Aquatic
Resources Development
Maligawatte
Colombo 10

SUDAN

Mohamed SAID MOHAMED ALI HARBI
Permanent Representative of the Republic of the Sudan to FAO
Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan
Via Lazzaro Spallanzani 24
00161 Rome
Italy

SWEDEN

Rolf AKESSON
Head of Section
Ministry of Agriculture
Stockholm

THAILAND

Somsak CHULLASORN
Marine Fisheries Specialist
Department of Fisheries
Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
Chatujuk
Bangkok 10900

Chao TIANTONG
Minister (Agriculture)
Permanent Representative of Thailand to FAO
Office of Agricultural Affairs
Royal Thai Embassy
Via Zara 9
00198 Rome
Italy

TURKEY

Ahmet SAYLAM
Agricultural Counsellor
Alternate Permanent Representative of the Republic of Turkey to FAO
Permanent Representation of the Republic of Turkey to FAO
Via F. Denza 27 – Int. 16
00197 Rome
Italy

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Terry GARCIA
Assistant Secretary
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
US Department of Commerce
14th & Constitution Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20234

David A. BALTON
Office Director
Office of Marine Conservation
Department of State
Washington, DC 20520

Andrew ROSENBERG
DAA for Fisheries
NOAA
Department of Commerce
1 Blackburn Drive
Gloucester, MA 01930-2298

Laurie J. TRACY (Ms)
Acting Permanent Representative
United States Mission to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture
Permanent Representation to FAO
Via Sardegna 49
00187 Rome
Italy

Prudence FOX (Ms)
Special Assistant to the Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Affairs
NOAA
US Department of Commerce
14th & Constitution Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20234

Al MANVILLE
US Fish and Wildlife Service
Department of Interior
Office of Migratory Bird Management
4401 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 634
Arlington, VA 22203

Kent WOHL
US Fishery and Wildlife Service
Department of Interior
1011 East Tudor
Anchorage, AK 99503

Stetson TINKHAM
Office of Marine Conservation
Department of State
OES/OMC Rm 5806
Washington, DC 20520-7818

Gary MATLOCK
Director
Office of Sustainable Fisheries
National Marine Fisheries Service
NOAA
Department of Commerce
1315 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282

Matteo MILAZZO
NOAA
US Department of Commerce
1315 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282

Robin TUTTLE (Ms)
Foreign Affairs Officer
Office of Science and Technology
National Marine Fisheries Service
US Department of Commerce
1315 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910

Pamela MACE (Ms)
NOAA
US Department of Commerce
116 Water St.
Woods Hole, MA 02543-1026

Andrea OLIVER (Ms)
Program Officer
World Wildlife Fund
1250 Twenty-Fourth St. NW
Washington, DC 20037-1132

Gerald WINEGRAD
Vice-President for Policy
Advisor for US Delegation
NGO - American Bird Conservancy
1250 24th St. NW, Suite 400
Washington, DC 20037

Will MARTIN
Chairman of COFI
US Department of Commerce
NOAA
14th & Constitution Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20230

VENEZUELA

Jesús S. MARCANO M.
Investigador
Ministerio Agricultura y Cría
Ed. Parque Central Torre Oeste – Piso 10
Caracas

Maritza CAMPO (Sra)
Ministro Consejero
Representante Permanente Adjunto de la República de Venezuela ante la FAO
Embajada de la República de Venezuela
Via Nicolò Tartaglia 11
00197 Roma
Italia

YEMEN

Abdul Bari FAKHRI
Deputy Minister
Ministry of Fish Wealth
P.O. Box 19179
Sana’a

Ahmed Ali Hummed AL-HAWRI
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Yemen to FAO
Permanent Representation of the Republic of Yemen to FAO
Via Alessandro Malladra 10B – Int. 10
00157 Rome
Italy

REPRESENTATIVES OF UNITED NATIONS AND SPECIALIZED AGENCIES

WORLD BANK

Gert VAN SANTEN
Senior Fisheries Specialist
World Bank
International Bank for Reconstruction and
Development
1818 H St N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
USA

OBSERVERS FROM INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

INDIAN OCEAN TUNA COMMISSION

David ARDILL
Secretary
IOTC
P.O. Box 1011
Victoria
Seychelles

INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ATLANTIC TUNAS

Peter MIYAKE
ICCAT
Assistant Executive Secretary
Corazón de María, 8
28002 Madrid
Spain

LATIN AMERICAN ORGANIZATION FOR FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT

Carlos MAZAL
Director Ejecutivo de OLDEPESCA
Presidente del Comité de Dirección de PRADEPESCA
Calle Las Palomas no. 422
Urbanización Limatambo
Apartado 10168, Lima 34
Perú

SOUTHEAST ASIAN FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT CENTRE

Udom BHATIYASEVI
Secretary General
SEAFDEC
Suraswadi Building
Kasetsart University Campus
Bangkhen, Bangkok 10900
Thailand


OBSERVERS FROM NON- GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

GREENPEACE INTERNATIONAL

Helene BOURS
European Coordinator
Keizersgracht 176
1016 DW Amsterdam
The Netherlands

Alessandro GIANNI
Consultant
Via delle Noci 2
57030 Marciana (LI)
Italy

WORLD CONSERVATION UNION

John WAUGH
IUCN
Senior Programme Officer
1400 16th Street NW, Suite 502
Washington, DC 20036-2217
USA

Bernard SÉRET
Représentant IUCN-SSG
Musée national d’histoire naturelle
Laboratoire d’ichtyologie
43 rue Cuvier
75005 Paris
France

WORLD WIDE FUND FOR NATURE

Gareth PORTER
World Wildlife Fund
1250 Twenty-Fourth St. NW
Washington, DC 20037-1132
USA


APPENDIX C

LIST OF DOCUMENTS

FI:PM-CSS/98/1 Provisional Agenda

FI:PM-CSS/98/2 Draft Plan of Action: Seabirds

FI:PM-CSS/98/3 Draft Plan of Action: Sharks

FI:PM-CSS/98/4 Elements for a Plan of Action on Fishing Capacity

FI:PM-CSS/98/Inf.1 Provisional List of Documents

FI:PM-CSS/98/Inf.2 Provisional List of Participants

FI-PM-CSS/98/Inf.3 Statement of Competence and Voting Rights by the European Community and its Member States



APPENDIX D


OPENING REMARKS BY M. HAYASHI
ASSISTANT DIRECTOR-GENERAL, FISHERIES DEPARTMENT



Distinguished Delegates, Ladies and Gentlemen


I declare open the Preparatory Meeting for the FAO Consultation on the Management of Fishing Capacity, Shark Fisheries and Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries. It is a great pleasure for me to welcome you all on behalf of the Director-General of FAO to this meeting.

Many of you will recall the beginning of the sequence of events which have brought us together here. In March last year, the FAO Committee on Fisheries called upon the Organization to examine the issues connected with the management of fishing capacity, conservation and management of sharks, and the incidental catch of seabirds in longline fisheries. The Committee asked us to carry out this examination with a view to assisting concerned Members of FAO to define strategies, which could be supported by us all, and applied by each Member as appropriate. The strategy should preferably be made robust through specific international collaboration.

COFI further specified that this work should be carried out using extra-budgetary funds. The Governments of Japan and the United States agreed to provide the needed facilities and funds. Recently, the European Commission and the Government of Norway have decided to provide additional funds.

Earlier this year Japan and the United States have hosted meetings of three FAO Technical Working Groups (TWGs), one each on fishing capacity, shark conservation and management, and, incidental catch of seabirds in longline fisheries. Each working group consisted of independent experts selected by FAO.

The working groups reviewed draft guidelines and discussed draft plans of action; in the case of fishing capacity the group reviewed elements which could possibly be inserted into a plan of action. The conclusions and recommendations of the technical working groups are reproduced in the respective meeting reports. These reports are available at the documents desk in English, French and Spanish.

On the basis of the work done by the Technical Working Groups, the Fisheries Department has produced the draft Plans of Action, and in respect of fishing capacity, elements of a plan of action, which are now before you for consideration. These documents can be seen as having two parts. The first part consists of a set of undertakings which are national and/or international in nature. The second part of the Plans of Action are guidelines on policies – which, of course, generally are of concern to individual countries, and in some instances to regional fisheries management organizations.

Apart from these documents, work on technical guidelines, on each of the three subjects, is progressing in parallel within the Secretariat. We hope to have these technical guidelines issued – at least in draft form - for information at the October consultation.

Let me now turn to the work of this three-day meeting.

You are asked to review and improve the draft action plans for seabirds and sharks, and to discuss the appropriate follow-up to the TWG meeting on Fishing Capacity, including how to develop a plan of action for fishing capacity also.

The draft documents in front of you are more general than specific in nature – we expect that you will try to make them more specific.

Discussions and negotiations among you are vital in order to establish what are reasonable targets of action for governments and for the international community.

This preparatory meeting is meant to provide the occasion for such discussions. A first exchange of views will take place here in plenary. You may wish to continue discussions, if necessary, in smaller groups outside the plenary.

This meeting, being preparatory in nature, will not take any formal decisions concerning the agenda or the documentation for the FAO Consultation in October. Nevertheless, the discussions and conclusions reached here will be the major input into the preparation of the revised plans of action by the Secretariat. We have solicited the views on the meeting documentation in front of you also from governments and organizations not present here. The comments we receive will also be taken into consideration, as will be comments that we may receive on the report of this meeting.

However, comments are needed urgently. The Fisheries Department needs to finish the meeting documentation for the October Consultation no later than end of August - that is about six weeks from now.

It is our intention to present the report of this meeting for adoption on Friday afternoon. It will contain a summary of discussions in plenary, and written outputs from any working group that you may set up. Once the report is approved we will give priority to distributing it to all Members and interested observers.

We expect that the October Consultation will finalize draft plans of action for seabirds, sharks and fishing capacity. These documents would then be submitted for endorsement to the FAO Committee on Fisheries when it meets in mid-February next year.

Before I finish I wish to express my sincere thanks to the Governments of Japan, Norway and the United States, as well as the European Commission, whose generous contributions have made it possible for FAO to embark on its work simultaneously on the three important issues this year.

Thank you for your attention.