PROJECTS AND OTHER ACTIVITIES

 

Mario Pedini1, M. Halwart1; J. Moehl2,   

Z. Shehadeh1, Pete Bueno (NACA)

1Fishery Resources Division,

2 FAO Regional Office for Africa (RAF)

 

Cooperative activities with NACA

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21-25 Feb 2000, Bangkok Convention Centre,

Central Grand Plaza Hotel.

This latest update on an earlier announcement in FAN No. 20 gives a short background and rationale for the Conference and explains its structure and programme organization as revised recently by the Steering Committee.  

Since the first global technical conference in Kyoto in 1976, aquaculture has gained steady progress in most parts of the world. Its global growth has outstripped by a factor of 2-4 that of meat production in the livestock industry. In Asia, and particularly in countries like China (1.23 million tons in 1979 to 15.31 million tons in 1996), Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam, aquaculture, including culture-based fisheries, has greatly outpaced the growth in livestock production. Africa, Latin America, northern Europe, and Oceania have not produced the volume and variety of products Asian aquaculture has, but recently, their growth has been displaying even higher relative increases than Asia’s. But throughout the world — and especially in the developing countries where government policies have been driven by the urgency of having to feed people adequately, lessen the incidence of poverty and contribute to the national economy — a host of problems has loomed threatening the sustainable expansion of aquaculture. 

Sustaining Growth and Development 

Aquaculture, which has come of age techno-logically since Kyoto 1976, has been crossing yet another threshold during the last decade of this century. The applicability of technology and management systems which laid the foundation for, and fuelled rapid growth during the early years of the sector’s development have been challenged by new

development paradigms involving complex issues of environment, resource allocation, distribution of benefits, and community participation in development processes. Application of technology has now to be measured as much by its impacts on ecology and on future generations as on its effect on productivity. Moreover, increasing international trade in aquaculture and seafood products and the trend towards globalization have moved local activities into the global spotlight. As a result, many interest groups, including governments, economic blocs, and non-government organizations, are making demands that translate all the way to how farmers should conduct farming.

The need was felt to address, in a broad and cooperative manner, the issues related to sustainable aquaculture development, food security and poverty alleviation, equity in the access to development benefits, participation in development processes, environmental mana-gement, and human resources development, which have become high priority policy and development concerns of governments and widely seen to remain so in the foreseeable future.

The Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA), an intergovernmental organization spawned by the Kyoto Conference of 1976, currently composed of 14 member countries and territory (most of its regional activities also involve 6 more countries), programmed into its work agenda for the period 1990-94 an international conference on aquaculture. Subsequent experiences and results from a number of projects and conferences — in cooperation with ADB, FAO, UNDP and other international and regional organizations — examined, clarified and defined many of the issues facing sustainable growth of aquaculture in Asia. These activities have built up a capital of expertise in the NACA organization. However, while illuminating many issues, the studies also raised more questions which fuelled the sense of urgency for the global conference. This Conference was endorsed by NACA’s Governing Council in 1995, gained shape and substance from various forums and discussions during the following two years, and was finalized in 1998 after FAO offered to cooperate with NACA and bring, among others, the inputs that will provide the global perspective to the Conference.

 

Several other international and regional organizations are participating as sponsors of the Conference. The Government of Thailand, through its fisheries department, is host.

                        Envision the Future of Aquaculture, Mapping a strategy to Get There

The broad objective of the Conference is to envision the state of aquaculture in the next millennium and the constraints and problems that the sector is likely to face, and formulate the strategy and action plan to solve the major constraints, especially through effective regional and global cooperation.

The constraints, problems, as well as national plans and aspirations are to be identified through Regional Workshops of national planning (in case of Asia) or regional study groups (in other regions) to be held before the Conference. The results of the regional review exercises will be presented at the Conference. Besides outlining the national action programmes for Asia and regional aspirations and strategies for other regions, special attention will be paid to opportunities for regional and inter-regional cooperation in implementing a global strategy for the orderly and sustainable development of the sector.

Conference Organization

A five-day Conference Programme , preceded by the  Inaugural Ceremony  on the afternoon of 20 February,  has been drafted to realize the conference objective. It will be circulated shortly.

Global and Regional Overviews. The Programme starts with two keynote addresses: (i) a review of the global development in aquaculture since the Kyoto Conference in 1976, and (ii) a  look at its global prospects from 2000 and beyond.  This will be followed by the presentation of aquaculture   development status and trends in  Asia, Africa, Latin America, North America, Europe (East and West),  the Near East and the Pacific Community.

Sessions on Policy and Technology.   Following the global and regional reviews will be two parallel sessions, one on policy and planning for sustainable aquaculture, the other on techno-logies for aquaculture development.

The policy and planning session will consist of discussion groups on:

  • increasing the contribution of aquaculture to food security and poverty alleviation, addressing social issues,
  • integrating aquaculture into rural and coastal development,
  • involving stakeholders in aquaculture policy-making, planning and management,
  • promoting sustainable aquaculture with economic incentives,
  • creating the information base for policy making, planning and management, and
  • establishing legal, institutional and regulatory frameworks for aquaculture development and management.

The technology session will consist of discussion groups on:

  • aquaculture systems and species,
  • genetic manipulation and seed improvement,
  • health management and disease control,
  • nutrition and feeding,
  • culture based fisheries and enhancement, and
  • systems approach to aquaculture mana-gement.

Other discussion sessions will focus on:

  • aquaculture product quality, safety, marketing and trade, and
  • aquaculture development financing and institutional support.

Special Sessions and Topics. The following important issues will be covered in separate special sessions or by special lectures and discussions namely:

  • environment and community-based management issues in aquaculture,
  • agriculture and livestock production: a model for aquaculture development?
  • human resource development,
  • demand and supply of aquaculture products
  • role of development banks in promoting aquaculture development, and  
  • regional and inter-regional cooperation.

The final day will be for summary presentations, in plenary, of the syntheses and recommen-dations of the various sessions, and the Conference conclusions and recommendations.

 

A thorough exchange of ideas

To highlight and define the issues and subject them to thorough examination, the programme will be structured as follows: plenary lectures will precede group discussion sessions; the discussion sessions will begin with a broad review of the topic by the session chairman, followed by a panel discussion to examine the different aspects of the topic, and then a general discussion to clarify and suggest resolutions to the important issues.

Each session will start with an introduction (or overview) based on available information, in the form of a resource paper, by the Chairperson. This presentation by the Chair will be followed by selected panelists who will deal, in the same manner, with allocated aspects of the Session, in order to facilitate maximum discussions and interaction among Conference participants.

Strategic and future-oriented 

Plenary, resource, and panel discussion papers are expected to be strategic and future-oriented rather than focused on narrow technical issues. However, contributed technical reviews and experience papers, will provide scientific and experiential support to the discussions. The authors of these technical reviews and experience papers will be given the opportunity to present the main points in their papers during the general discussion. The papers will also be included in the Conference publications.

Global, Regional, Technical Inputs 

Several pre-conference exercises are planned with the view of bringing global and regional reviews and national plans (for Asia) and aspirations into the Conference. NACA will conduct the Asian regional planning workshop in September, while the Secretariat of the Pacific Community will formulate an aquaculture development strategy for the Pacific Community. FAO will hold regional expert forums to develop the review of status and trends in other regions. These regional reviews will be synthesised at a workshop to be held in Bangkok in October 1999. The result will be brought into the Conference to provide the global overview.

The Inaugural Ceremony will be held on the afternoon of the 20th of February to formally open the Conference and the Aquaculture Technology and Trade Fair. The host government will arrange an appropriate opening ceremony to be graced by a Royal guest of honour.

Aquaculture Trade and Seafood  Fair

An aquaculture technology, trade and seafood fair will be held at the same convention centre. Its theme - "New Age for Aquaculture", connotes the convergence and interaction among people and organizations with ideas, inventions, technologies, products, and services that are expected to propel the industry into a sustainable future.

Aquabusiness-Science-Government-Interactions. The Exhibition and the Conference provide a golden opportunity – on the very start of the millennium — for developers, manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors of products and services to exchange ideas and information with scientists, researchers, technologists, and policy makers participating in the Conference. The Conference is also designed to bring together government planners and scientists so that Governments could tell scientists of their national development plans and aspirations for the first 20 years into the next millennium. Scientists can in turn provide a glimpse of the science and technology that could support the development plans and aspirations of governments.

From the two concurrent events, participants from the business sector will have first opportunity at accessing valuable and strategic information from the science and technology sector and from the national planners. This will enable them to plan effective business strategies to meet the needs of the aquaculture development and seafood processing industries in the new millennium.

Meanwhile, Thailand’s Department of Trade and Export Promotion, one of the major sponsors of the Trade Show, has started to invite trade show visitors from other countries.

Application/Registration 

For applicants who wish to present papers, abstracts of papers should be submitted by 1 July 1999. The abstracts will be screened and selected by a panel, and authors will be notified of the results immediately. Full papers will be then requested to be submitted by 30 September 1999. The full papers will be also screened and selected. Selection will be completed by 30 November 1999 and contributors will be notified of the results immediately.

 

For applicants who wish to participate without presenting a paper, simply notify the Secretariat by post, fax, or e-mail of intention to participate before 30 November 1999. Communications to the Secretariat should indicate return mailing address and electronic (fax and e-mail) numbers of the applicant.

Contact addresses : The electronic addresses of the Secretariat are as follows:

Electronic Addresses

Fax: (66-2) 561 - 1727

Tel: (66-2) 561-1728 to 9

e-mail:naca@inet.co.th

naca@fisheries.go.th

pedrob@fisheries.go.th

websites: http://www.fisheries.go.th/naca

http://naca.fisheries.go.th

http//www.pop.bio.aau.dk/~naca

http:/www.agri-aqua.ait.ac.th/naca

Mailing Address

NACA Kasetsart Post Office Box 104,
Bangkok 10903, ThailandVE

DEVELOPMENTS IN AFRICA

Dr. John Moehl, Regional Aquaculture Officer, FAO Regional Office for Africa, Accra, Ghana

Côte d’Ivoire/Project ADB-West

The African Development Bank (ADB) has provided a loan to Côte d’Ivoire to promote aquaculture development in the western region of the country. This project is aimed at building on the solid foundation established by the UNDP-funded, FAO-implemented aquaculture development project active from 1977 to 1990. This project introduced fish farming as an innovation providing financial and nutritional benefits to producers. Many farmers adopted the innovation and it has become a common activity across the country.

The ADB project builds on this foundation and exploits Côte d’Ivoire’s competitive advantages of high demand for freshwater fish, elevated buying power, inexpensive agricultural by-products and good infrastructure to further expand aquaculture operations.

The project’s objective is to develop commercially viable fish

farms and support services in the private sector. Participating farmers establish farms with water surface areas ranging from a half hectare to more than two hectares, with the overall project target of 150 ha in production. These farmers obtain loans from the project to construct ponds and purchase equipment. To date, the project has assisted with building or renovating 100 ha of ponds for 127 farmers.

A farm manager trained in fish culture by the project operates the farms. Managers are the owners themselves or their employees. Training includes course work as well as an apprenticeship at an operating fish farm. The project has also trained teams in site selection and pond construction. These teams then contract with the fish farmers to build the ponds and related structures. Eighty farm managers have been trained and another 100 individuals in pond construction.

Farmers raise Clarias and tilapia (most often Oreochromis niloticus) in mono- or poly-culture. Production from monoculture Clarias systems is reported to be as high as 30 t/ha/yr. Project staff indicates monoculture tilapia systems yield 10-12 t/ha/yr while polycultures produce 20-25 t/ha/yr.

To support producers, the project is building a hatchery intended to produce 15 million fingerlings a year — 8 million Clarias and 7 million male tilapia. Clarias larvae are produced by injections with HCG. Larvae are then transported to project farmers’ ponds where they are raised to fingerling size and subsequently sold to nearby producers. Hand-sexed male tilapia are produced both at the hatchery and by private producers. It is intended that the hatchery will be operated by the project for the first year to demonstrate its financial viability, after which time it will be sold to the private sector.

The project is also offering a loan to build a private feed mill to produce palletized and powdered feeds using available by-products. Until this operation comes on-line, farmers are purchasing supple-mental feed from a variety of small-scale producers.

Ten aquaculture extension agents supported by the project also assist farmers. At the end of the project it is envisioned that these agents will be integrated into the national extension service. However, one goal of the project is to establish self-sufficient farmers with a solid understanding of fish culture and access to services from the private sector.

Project ADB-West is intended to serve as a model for aquaculture development throughout Côte d’Ivoire. The project emphasizes the important principle of empowerment of farmers through group

 

action and independence from external forces. The coming years will determine the sustainability of activities as loans are repaid and direct project support withdrawn./Gulfs Committee Ad Hoc

IOFC/Gulfs Committee Ad Hoc
Working Group on Aquaculture Focuses on
Aquaculture Information

The Working Group held its second meeting in Kuwait on 18-21 May 1998. The Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR) hosted the meeting. It was attended by 25 participants from eight member countries, including three from the private sector, one representative from ICLARM (Africa and West Asia Regional Centre, Egypt), and two FAO HQ staff. Of the Gulfs Committee members, only Iraq was absent, while Oman and Qatar attended for the first time.

In its first meeting in Cairo in October 1996, (see FAN 14) the Working Group recommended that its next meeting should focus mainly on the establishment of an aquaculture information network similar to that in operation in the Mediterranean Region under the supervision of the FAO General Fisheries Council for the Mediterranean (GFCM). The establishment of the aquaculture information network subsequently received strong support from the Committee for the Development and Management of the Fishery Resources of the Gulfs (Gulfs Committee) during its Ninth Session in April 1997, in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

In follow up, the Working Group (WG) devoted special attention to this matter during its second meeting. A concept paper was circulated by the Technical Secretariat to WG members in advance of the meeting. The paper described the components of the information network, its co-ordination mechanism, the functions and responsibilities of the national centres and regional centre, and provided an estimate of financial requirements for the national compo-nents of the network and the regional network centre.

After a one-day workshop in which the concept of the network was presented and discussed in detail, it was agreed that the next step would be to obtain official confirmation of interest to participate in the network from member countries (from the Government agency in charge of aquaculture). It was noted that a minimum of three participating countries, one of which had to be willing to host and support the regional centre, would be needed to start the system. Members of the WG would request their governments to send an official response to the

FAO, addressed to the Assistant Director-General/Fisheries by the end of June 1998, advising (a) whether or not it is interested in participating in the information network, and, if so, to name the national agency designated as the national centre for this purpose; and (b) whether or not it is interested in hosting the Regional Centre of the network and providing the necessary financial support.

With regard to the Regional Centre, it was stressed that, beside the willingness to host and provide financial support for the centre, the host country/institution must have (a) good commu-nications facilities, and (b) good computer and programming capabilities. Bilingual (English and Arabic) capability was also suggested as a desirable attribute of the host institution. In this connection, it was noted that, during the ninth session of the Gulfs Committee in April 1997, the Islamic Republic of Iran had offered to host the Regional Centre. If an adequate number of countries respond positively, the WG will hold a special technical session to begin the design of the system. Two participants would attend from each country, an aquaculturist and a programmer/computer specialist. The presence of the programmer of the Regional Centre at this meeting would be essential.

In looking ahead, the WG decided that the next meeting would consist of three sessions: (a) New Developments in Aquaculture: National reports on new developments including research, commercial production, legislation, etc., to be prepared according to a standard outline. (b) Regulatory Framework for Aquaculture Development: Material for the meeting will consist of (i) country papers on existing legislation/regulations which are either specific to aquaculture or which influence certain aspects of aquaculture; and the agencies involved in their elaboration and enforcement, (ii) specific national needs in the development of regulatory frameworks, (iii) specific case studies, and (iv) experiences and lessons learned in countries of other regions, to be prepared by invited guests and/or FAO staff. (C) Potential for Enhancement of Commercial Fish Stocks: This will involve discussions with representatives of the Gulfs Committee Working Groups on shrimp and demersal fish resources on the need and potential for enhancement of fishery resources, including the rehabilitation of wetlands and nursery areas, establishment of artificial reefs and stocking. A review of recent advances and codes of practice relevant to this topic will also be presented by FAO.

Dr. Abdul Aziz Al-Ameeri, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR), Kuwait, and Mr. Yaqoob Khalfan Al-Busaidi, Marine Science and Fisheries

 

Centre, Oman, were elected Chairman and Vice-Chairman of the Working Group for two years respectively.

BRAZIL

In December 1997 the TCP/BRA/6714 project Aquaculture Development in support of Coastal Communities" was approved by FAO responding to a request of the National Programme for Strengthening of Familial Agriculture (PRONAF) of the Ministry for Agriculture and Food Supply. The objectives of the project were twofold: (a) the inclusion of an aquaculture component in the ongoing development programme carried out by PRONAF, addressed to the coastal communities, and (b) to support the reorganization of the Ministry of Agriculture with respect to aquaculture. As a result of the its work and of the analysis of the reorganization of the sector in Brazil, the project produced two main documents, a first phase of a coastal aquaculture development programme with a duration of two years and a programme approach for the identification and formulation of several projects which would form the bulk of the operation of the newly formed aquaculture department in the Ministry of Agriculture. As a result of the visits of Mr. M. Pedini in June and of Mr. A. Gumy in September, a Unilateral Trust Fund project document for a preliminary phase of six months has been signed with the Brazilian Government.

This first project with the new unit of the Ministry of Agriculture will have six immediate objectives, dealing with several fisheries and aquaculture subjects, and will be implemented through missions of relatively short duration. In the area of institutional strengthening the projects will take care of the preparation of proposals for the institutional structure of the Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture and for alternative strategies for the implementation of a Master Plan for the sector. It will also deal with the preparation of the fisheries and aquaculture legal framework, the improvement of fishery statistics collection and improvement of technical and scientific information flow in the country. For aquaculture development, the project will prepare six project documents for the first two years of operation of the aquaculture unit which will deal with freshwater aquaculture development, aquaculture information, health management in aquaculture, marketing of aquaculture products, interinsitutional and financial coordination for aquaculture development and a major component for coastal aquaculture. The project will make use of Bazilian and international experts and it

is expected that it will be the first stage of a more substantial collaboration between FAO and the Brazilian Government.

Eighth Session of the Commission for Inland Fisheries of America Latina

The Eighth Session of the Commission for Inland Fisheries of Latin America was in Belem do Pará, Brazil, from 11 to 14 August 1998. Delegates from 13 Member Countries of COPESCAL and an observer from INFOPESCA attended.

Several recommendations arose regarding: necessary improvement of existing knowledge of social and economic aspects of inland fisheries and aquaculture, better integration between macroeconomic and sectoral policies, greater integration at a policy level that could substantially increase the possibilities of attracting financial support, formulation and implementation of management schemes that favour the decentralization of the decision-making process, management approaches leading to the harmonization of commercial and recreational fishery activities, increasing economic importance of ornamental fish trade, non-tariff barriers of various types to trade in fish products which hinder the marketing of certain fishery products and the export of aquaculture products, the need to give small-scale rural aquaculture the importance it deserves, and to increase the discussion of strategies for its development in the Region.

A strong political will to implement the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) was acknowledged as shown by the commitment made by the Ministers of Agriculture of Latin America and the Caribbean during the XXV FAO Regional Conference held in Bahamas in June 1998. The CCRF has been well received among the countries of the Region and its implementation is progressing well among many of the COPESCAL countries. The CCRF has been found to be very useful for strengthening existing legislation on the environment and reinforcing existing management regulations. Several recommen-dations were made regarding the ongoing plans and strategies for the implementation of the CCRF at the national and international level.

With reference to the options to strengthen the role of COPESCAL, the Secretariat recalled that the 29th Session of the FAO Conference, November 1997, recommended that the Commission

 

should abolish the subsidiary bodies of COPESCAL (Working Groups) unless the Commission considered, taking into account the financial and programme implications, that there were over-riding reasons to retain any or all of the subsidiary bodies. All the delegations agreed that COPESCAL working parties had carried out an important role in the promotion of research, the management of inland fishery resources, the development of aquaculture, and the improve-ment of fishery technology and marketing of fish products. Nevertheless, due to the lack of a clear and secure source of funds, apart from FAO Regular Programme, and the need for more flexible mechanisms which would allow more effective use of available resources, the majority of the delegates recommended the abolition of the Working Parties on Fishery Resources, Aquaculture and Fishery Technology. The Commission recommended a set of measures to ensure alternate mechanisms and resources for the operation of ad-hoc working groups, including funding from external sources and association with NGOs and the public and private sectors.

The meeting identified a series of activities to be carried out for the next two years which comprise workshops on: marketing of inland fishery products and aquaculture, aquaculture in small reservoirs, small-scale rural aquaculture, reactivation of the Information System for the Promotion of Aquaculture for Latin America and the Caribbean (SIPAL); studies on: management

of shared catfish resources in the Amazon basin, genetic improvement of tilapia and a training programme and technical assistance on problems related to aquaculture sanitation. M. Halwart, on behalf of the FAO Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service, presented a paper on "Fish in Rice-Based Farming Systems - Trends and Prospects". Recent changes in rice production practices and the largely positive implications for fish farming were discussed with special reference to Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in rice. Where fish seed production and marketing networks are in place, an expansion of the enterprise has excellent potential, particularly in rainfed environments where wild fish stocks are declining, and in irrigated rice where the increased water demand for rice-fish farming can be met at low cost to the farming community.

The International Rice Commission, which works within the framework of FAO, was established in 1949 with the objective of promoting national and international action in respect of production, conservation, distribution, and consumption of rice. Membership of the Commission is open to all FAO Member Nations and Associate Members who accept the constitution of the International Rice Commission. The present membership is 60, representing all the rice growing regions. The Commission meets once every four years to review the global status of rice development with respect to production and demand and to draw up strategies to meet future challenges.

Rice-cum Fish Culture at the 19 th Session of the International Rice Commission in Cairo

The Nineteenth Session of the International Rice Commission was convened at the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation in Cairo, Egypt, from 7 to 9 September 1998. The Session was attended by 64 delegates from 30 of the member countries of the Commission and 3 observers from FAO member countries. There were also 23 participants from international and regional organizations.

The world rice market, advances in rice breeding, hybrid rice development, new rice plant types, water availability and management, mecha-nization in rice production, post-production activities, IPM in rice, and the role of women in rice production were among the topics discussed. Up-to-date national reports on the rice situation were provided by country representatives.

 

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FAO - Ministery of Agriculture and Rural Development International Workshop on Integrated Snail Management in Rice in Viwt Nam

Bangladesh

In the framework of the Technical Cooperation Project (TCP) "Integrated Snail Management in Rice" an International Workshop on Golden Apple Snail Management in Rice, jointly organized by the FAO and the Plant Protection Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in Viet Nam, was held in Vinh City, Nghe Anh Province, from 4-6 September 1998. Representatives from 8 countries (Argentina, Cambodia, Japan, Lao PDR, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam) attended.

An overview on the TCP and its activities by the Plant Protection Department (PPD) was followed by more detailed presentations on biological control activities by the Research Institute for Aquaculture (RIA) No. 1 and on the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) by the PPD. An introduction to the FAO Regional IPM Intercountry Programme in Rice was provided by the FAO IPM Country Officer, and the Farmer Field School approach was further elaborated on by an IPM Trainer from Nghe An Province. The results from the pilot studies in three provinces were presented which showed the consistent trend that fish farming in rice fields contributes significantly to the reduction of aquatic pest snails. It was shown that snail numbers in rice fields at the end of the rice-growing season were up to 95% lower in fish treatments as compared to no-fish treatments. Overviews for six Asian countries showed the range of infestation from spotty, as in Lao PDR, to large cover, as is the case in the Philippines. Several papers on recent research activities on aquatic pest snails were presented providing experiences from various countries including Argentina where the Golden Apple Snail is endemic.

Maintaining control action on the snails, studying and completing research on ecology, loss assessment, and natural enemies of the snails, and making farmers aware of control options were among the important recommendations of the workshop. It was emphasized that the results of the TCP have clearly shown the success of raising fish for snail control, and that with the gained knowledge on the use of different fish species in different parts of the country, rice-fish farming should be more actively promoted. The principal importance of farmer training and empowerment was emphasized, and suggestions were made to improve the current snail curriculum for Farmer Field Schools and develop a wider training programme, both nationally and regionally.

Technical Cooperation Project ( TCP/BGD/6714): Diseases Prevention and Health Management in Coastal Shrimp Culture

The TCP project is supporting the Department of Fisheries in collecting farm level data from around 12,000 shrimp farms in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. A database management specialist visited the project from 12 to 18 September 1998 to assist in setting up a database for handling and analysis of the data being collected by the national teams.

The data generated through the survey and analysis will be very important in determining the present situation with shrimp disease in Bangladesh and future directions for assistance to farmers and shrimp disease control strategies. The database and analysis of the data will be an important baseline for the Department of Fisheries and should be analysed fully. The benefit to Bangladesh of the database can be further extended as follows:

  • NACA and FAO are working on development of a model for assessing economic impacts of shrimp and fish diseases and cost-benefits of disease control methods. Close cooperation between the Department of Fisheries, NACA and FAO on this initiative would be beneficial to all parties.

  • The information would also be useful as a starting point for a shrimp disease surveillance system for the shrimp farming areas in Bangladesh. The setting up of such a system is part of the national activities to be undertaken under the ongoing regional FAO/NACA TCP project "Assistance for Responsible Movement of Live Aquatic Animals" TCP/RAS/6714.

The consultant completed the following tasks:

  • setting up of an Access database and data entry form for shrimp farm data;
  • development of guidelines for data entry and management;
  • training of Department of Fisheries staff in data entry and database management; and
  • design of a report form for data analysis and presentation of results.