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EDITORIAL

FAO Aquaculture Statistics
1998 Highlights

 

 

Cover photos: Multiple-use water bodies

top left: The integration of carp pond culture, pig farming, fruit trees, tubers and other crops is a traditional approach to ensure food security in the poor upland regions of Viet Nam;

bottom left: Ethnic minorities practice a wide range of aquaculture activities for human and livestock consumption in north-western Viet Nam (courtesy of M. Halwart);

right: Integrated chicken and tilapia pond culture with aquatic macrophytes to stabilize bank and provide additional feed in northeastern Thailand (courtesy of D. Bartley).

The FAO statistics on aquaculture production for 1998 have recently been released by the Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Unit. A comparison between 1997 and 1998 aquaculture production data reveals that:

The total world production of aquatic species (excluding plants) in 1998 increased by 2.04 mmt or 7.07 percent to 30.86 million metric tonnes. The value of this production was
US$ 47,080 million, which represents an increase of
US$ 1,270 million or 2.76 percent.

Inland water aquatic animal production increased by 6.53 percent to 18.73 mmt with a 4.33 percent increase in value. The marine aquatic animal production increased by 0.89 mmt or 7.91 percent and was valued at US$ 22,310 million.

Production of Pacific cupped oyster (Crassostrea gigas) increased by 15.61 percent to become the principal species farmed, overtaking silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys
molitrix)
with a total production of 3.44 mmt. During the year, giant tiger prawn (Penaeus monodon) production increased by 8.80 percent to 578,000 mt.

China, India and Japan retained their positions as the world’s first three largest aquaculture producers, while Bangladesh overtook Indonesia to become fourth by producing 0.58 mmt, which is an increase of over 70,000 mt or 13.87 percent.

World seaweed production increased by 1.36 mmt or 18.88 percent to 8.57 mmt.

A detailed analysis of 1998 aquaculture production statistics will be made available to the FAN readers in future issues of FAN. The latest data can be accessed from http://www.fao.org/fi/statist/summtab/default.asp

 

 

CONTENTS

 

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Bridging the gap: Can aquaculture meet the additional demand for fishery products?

Mario Pedini

 

Responsible ornamental fisheries

Devin Bartley

 

DNA-based molecular diagnostic techniques:

Research needs for standardization and validation of the detection of aquatic animal pathogens and diseases

Peter Walker and Rohana Subasinghe

 

Expert Consultation on the Proposed COFI Sub-committee on Aquaculture

 

Workshop on Census of Agriculture 2000 (WCA 2000)

 

Bangkok 2000 Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium

 

Letter to the Readers

 

New FAO publications