Manual on the Application of the HACCP System in Mycotoxin Prevention and Control

ISSN 0254-4725





FAO/IAEA Training and Reference Centre for Food and Pesticide Control

Rome, 2001
Reprinted 2003

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-104611-5

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing Management Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by e-mail to

© FAO 2001

Table of Contents


Chapter 1: An introduction to mycotoxins

What are mycotoxins?
Mycotoxicology - a systems approach
Mycotoxins of world-wide Importance

The co-occurrence of mycotoxins
Mycotoxins of regional importance

Chapter 2: An overview of hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP)

Pre-requisite programmes
Basic principles of HACCP
Developing a HACCP plan
Application of HACCP to mycotoxin control
Appendix I: Definition of terms
Appendix II: Tasks involved in developing HACCP system
Appendix III: Example of Form - Description and identified use of product
Appendix IV: An example of decision tree to identify CCPs
Appendix V: An Example of a HACCP Worksheet

Chapter 3: Illustrative examples of application of HACCP to mycotoxin control

Example 1: Yellow maize kernels - South East Asia
Example 2: Maize-based Animal Feed - South East Asia
Example 3: Copra cake and meal - Southeast Asia
Example 4: Commercially produced peanut butter, Southern Africa
Example 5: Apple juice (Apple drink) - South America
Example 6: Pistachio nuts in West Asia

FAO Technical papers

Back cover