Implementation of the International Plan of Action to Deter, Prevent and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing













Table of Contents


FAO
TECHNICAL
GUIDELINE
FOR RESPONSIBLE FISHERIES

9

Large trawler fishing illegality inshore with false trawl doors on board.

Cover photo:

Austin Jones, Director of the Surveillance Operations Coordinating Unit, Banjul, the Gambia.

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2002

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-104756-1

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© FAO 2002


Table of Contents


PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

BACKGROUND

ACRONYMS

1. INTERNATIONAL PLAN OF ACTION - IUU

1.1 Origin and purpose of the IPOA-IUU
1.2 Elements of the IPOA-IUU

2. PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF GUIDELINES

3. ALL STATE RESPONSIBILITIES

3.1 Observance of international standards

3.1.1 Areas under national jurisdiction
3.1.2 High seas

3.2 National laws, regulations and practices

3.2.1 Review of pertinent laws, regulations and practices
3.2.2 State control over nationals
3.2.3 Vessels without nationality
3.2.4 Eliminating subsidies and other economic support
3.2.5 Monitoring, control and surveillance

3.3 Cooperation between States

4. FLAG STATE RESPONSIBILITIES

4.1 Fishing vessel registration

4.1.1 Chartering arrangements

4.2 Record of fishing vessels
4.3 Authorization to fish
4.4 Transport and support vessels
4.5 Other control measures

5. COASTAL STATE MEASURES

5.1 Coastal state rights and responsibilities
5.2 Access and access agreements
5.3 Cooperation among coastal States

6. PORT STATE MEASURES

6.1 Basic port State measures
6.2 Examples of some port State measures in use
6.3 Other Possibilities for coordination

7. INTERNATIONALLY AGREED MARKET-RELATED MEASURES

7.1 Actions by RFMOs
7.2 Other market-related measures

8. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE IPOA-IUU THROUGH RFMOS

8.1 Role of RFMOs in addressing IUU Fishing
8.2 Examples of measures adopted by RFMOs
8.3 Possibilities for further action

8.3.1 Institutional strengthening
8.3.2 Additional compliance measures
8.3.3 Better collection and exchange of information
8.3.4 Improved monitoring, control and surveillance
8.3.5 Comprehensive port State regimes
8.3.6 Certification/Documentation schemes
8.3.7 Controls on chartering
8.3.8 Actions in response to remaining non-member problems
8.3.9 Cooperation among RFMOs and between RFMOs and other international organizations

9. SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

10. NATIONAL PLANS OF ACTION AND REPORTING ON IMPLEMENTATION

10.1 Development of NPOAs
10.2 Suggested format for NPOAs
10.3 Suggested format for reports to FAO on implementation

11. CHECKLIST OF RECOMMENDED ACTIONS

12. LITERATURE CITED

APPENDIXES

I. International Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing
II. Technical Terms of Reference of the International Network for the Cooperation and Coordination of Fisheries-Related Monitoring, Control and Surveillance Activities
III. Scheme to Promote Compliance by Non-Contracting Party Vessels With the Conservation and Enforcement Measures Established by Nafo
IV. Revised ICCAT Port Inspection Scheme
V. CCAMLR Catch Documentation Scheme for Dissostichus spp.
VI. Websites of Selected Rfmos

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