Cold Water Fisheries in the Trans-Himalayan Countries



FAO
FISHERIES
TECHNICAL
PAPER

431


Table of Contents



Edited by
T. Petr
Toowoomba, Queensland
Australia

and

D.B. Swar
Directorate of Fisheries Development
Balaju, Kathmandu
Nepal

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2002

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-104807-X

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© FAO 2002


Table of Contents


PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

FOREWORD

SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SYMPOSIUM ON COLD WATER FISHES OF THE TRANS-HIMALAYAN REGION,10-13 JULY 2001, KATHMANDU, NEPAL

SECTION 1: RESOURCE PAPERS

Cold water fish and fisheries in countries of the high mountain arc of Asia (Hindu Kush-Pamir-Karakoram-Himalayas). A review. (by T. Petr)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. GEOGRAPHY AND FISH SPECIES DIVERSITY
3. MAJOR COLD WATER FISHERIES IN THE REGION
4. MANAGEMENT OF FISH STOCKS AND FISHERIES
5. INTRODUCED SPECIES AND THEIR INTERACTION WITH NATIVE FISH SPECIES

Environment, livelihoods and indigenous cold water fishes. (by Phillips M.J., Melba B. Reantaso and P.N. Bueno)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. AQUATIC RESOURCES IN THE HINDU KUSH - HIMALAYAN REGION
3. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND COLD WATER FISHERIES
4. APPROACHES TO MANAGEMENT
5. PEOPLE IN HINDU KUSH - HIMALAYAN REGION
6. AQUATIC RESOURCES IN HINDU KUSH - HIMALAYAN REGION LIVELIHOODS
7. THE STREAM INITIATIVE
8. SOME ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES RELATED TO AQUACULTURE
9. CONCLUSIONS AND FOLLOW UP

Cold water Fisheries Development in Nepal (by T.K. Shrestha)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. PROBLEMS
3. PRIORITIES
4.REMEDIES
5. INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF AQUACULTURE
6. RECOMMENDATIONS

SECTION 2: COUNTRY REVIEWS

Cold water fishes of the Trans-Himalayan Region: Bhutan (by Karma Gyeltshen)

1. BACKGROUND
2. THE ROLE OF COLD WATER FISH IN SUPPORTING LIVELIHOOD OF RURAL PEOPLE
3. FUTURE POTENTIAL OF COLD WATER FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT IN THE COUNTRY AND PROSPECTS FOR REGIONAL COOPERATION
4. SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Cold water aquaculture in Iran (by Yadollah Mehrabi)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. COLD WATER FISH FARMING

Inland fisheries of the Union of Myanmar (by Win Oo)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. AQUACULTURE
3. INLAND CAPTURE FISHERIES
4. COLD WATER FISH AND FISHERIES

The status of cold water fish and fisheries in Nepal and prospects of their utilization for poverty reduction (by D.B. Swar)

1. BACKGROUND
2. ROLE OF COLD WATER FISH IN SUPPORTING THE LIVELIHOOD OF RURAL POPULATION
3. HUMAN IMPACT ON NATIVE COLD WATER FISH
4. CONSERVATION AND MITIGATION MEASURES
5. DOMESTICATION OF ECONOMICALLY IMPORTANT FISH SPECIES
6. FUTURE POTENTIAL OF COLD WATER FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT IN THE COUNTRY AND PROSPECTS FOR REGIONAL COOPERATION
7. SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Cold water fish culture in China (by Wang Zhaoming and Yang Yuhui)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. THE ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF COLD WATER FISH CULTURE IN CHINA
3. COLD WATER FISH CULTURE RESEARCH
4. CURRENT STATUS OF COLD WATER FISH CULTURE IN CHINA
5. THE PROSPECTS FOR EXPANSION OF COLD WATER CAPTURE FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN CHINA

Cold water fisheries of Pakistan (by Muhammad Yaqoob)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. BACKGROUND AND STATUS
3. ROLE OF COLD WATER FISH TO SUPPORT THE LIVELIHOOD OF RURAL PEOPLE
4. INTRODUCTION AND DOMESTICATION OF EXOTIC SPECIES
5. HUMAN IMPACT ON NATIVE COLD WATER FISH
6. CONSERVATION AND MITIGATION MEASURES
7. FUTURE POTENTIAL OF COLD WATER FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT IN THE COUNTRY AND PROSPECTS OF REGIONAL COOPERATION
8. SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

SECTION 3: EXPERIENCE PAPERS

Nutrition, feed and feeding of gold mahseer (Tor putitora) for domestication and production in Nepal (by Jaidev Bista, Bhola Ram Pradhan*, Ash Kumar Rai**, Ram Kumar Shrestha, Tek Bahadur Gurung)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. METHODS AND MATERIALS
3. RESULTS OF RESPONSE TO DIFFERENT TYPES OF FEED
4. DISCUSSION

Fish fauna of the Narayani River system and their impact on the fishermen community in Chitwan Nepal (by Dhital, R.R. and D.K. Jha)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. MATERIAL AND METHODS
3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4. RECOMMENDATIONS

Impact of damming on the aquatic fauna in Nepalese rivers (by S.R. Gubhaju)

1. IMPACT OF DAMMING ON AQUATIC FAUNA IN RIVERS
2. PRE-IMPOUNDMENT CONDITIONS
3. IMPACTS OF DAMS ON RIVERS
4. RECOMMENDED MITIGATION MEASURES
5. RECOMMENDATIONS

Breeding of pond reared golden mahseer (Tor putitora) in Pokhara, Nepal. (by Gurung, T.B., A.K. Rai, P.L. Joshi, A. Nepal, A. Baidya and J. Bista)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. MATERIAL AND METHODS
3. RESULTS
4. DISCUSSION

Aquaculture in Bangladesh: prospect of high density mixed culture of fish with low cost diets (by M.A. Hossain)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. MATERIAL AND METHODS
3. RESULTS
4. DISCUSSION

Domestication of wild golden mahseer (Tor putitora) and hatchery operation (by Joshi, P.L., T.B. Gurung, S.R. Basnyat and A.P. Nepal)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. MATERIAL AND METHODS
3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4. CONCLUSIONS

Economics of rainbow trout farming system in Nepal (by Nepal, A.P., S.R. Basnyat and A.P. Nepal)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. BASIC REQUIREMENTS FOR TROUT CULTURE
3. TROUT FARMING AND GROW-OUT TECHNOLOGY
4. ECONOMICS OF TROUT FARMING
5. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Mahseer breeding and conservation and possibilities of commercial culture. The Indian experience. (by Ogale, S.N.)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. METHODOLOGY
3. BREEDING POND-RAISED MAHSEER
4. CONSERVATION AND PROTECTIONOFMAHSEER
5. CONCLUSIONS

Present status of snow trout in Nepal. (by A.K. Rai, B.R. Pradhan, S.R. Basnet and D.B. Sawr)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. ASLA (Schizothorax and Schizothoraichthys)

Zoo-geographical distribution and the status of coldwater fish in Nepal. (by K.J. Rajbanshi)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. WATER RESOURCES
3. FISH RESOURCES
4. CONCLUSIONS

The current status of capture fishery in the upper Sunkoshi River. (by R. Ranjit)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. RIVER CAPTURE FISHERY IN NEPAL
3. STUDY AREA
4. METHODOLOGY
5. RESULTS
6. DISCUSSION
7. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Present status and prospects of mahseer fishery in Garhwal Region of Central Himalaya. (by A. P. Sharma and Ashutosh Mishra)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE STUDY AREA
3. MATERIAL AND METHODS
4. RESULTS
5. DISCUSSION

Taxonomic revision of cold water fishes of Nepal. (by J. Shrestha)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. LIST OF COLD WATER FISH SPECIES OF NEPAL
3. UPDATED TAXA
4. CONCLUSIONS

Prospects of fisheries enhancement and aquaculture in lakes and reservoirs of Nepal. (by M.K. Shrestha, R.K. Batajoo and G.B. Karki)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. LAKES
3. RESERVOIRS
4. AQUACULTURE IN LAKES AND RESERVOIRS
5. FISHERY ENHANCEMENT IN POKHARA VALLEY LAKES AND IN KULEKHANI RESERVOIR
6. FUTURE PROSPECTS OF FISHERIES ENHANCEMENT AND AQUACULTURE
7. CONCLUSIONS

Ranching mahseer (Tor tor and Tor putitora) in the running waters of Nepal. (by T.K. Shrestha)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. MAHSEER RANCHING AND WILD STOCK ENHANCEMENT CONSIDERATIONS

Katle (Neolissocheilus hexagonolepis (McClelland) reproduction IN the Indrasarobar reservoir and the Tadi River, Nepal. (by D.B. Swar and J.F. Craig)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. MATERIAL AND METHODS
3. RESULTS
4. DISCUSSION

Project induced impacts on fisheries resource and their mitigation approach in the Kali Gandaki "A" hydroelectric project, Nepal. (by Upadhaya, K.K. and B.C. Shrestha)

1. BACKGROUND
2. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT (Fig.1)
3. RIVER CONDITIONS AND FISHERIES RESOURCES
4. PROJECT IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES
5. CONCLUSIONS

Survey of capture fisheries in the Koshi River basin. (by S. Yadav)

1. BACKGROUND
2. FISH AND FISHERIES
3. PRESENT STUDY
4. RECOMMENDATIONS

Production and culture of trout in the Northwest Frontier Province and Northern Areas of Pakistan. A review. (by M. Yaqoob)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. BROWN TROUT (Salmo trutta)
3. RAINBOW TROUT (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
4. IMPACT OF TROUT FISHERY
5. TROUT IN QUETTA
6. RECOMMENDATIONS

Fisheries in Trans-Himalayan Region: prospects for fish culture in Hill Districts of Bangladesh. (by M.A. Aziz and M.A. Hossain)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. FISH AND FISHERIES

Aquaculture in Bangladesh: prospect of high density mixed culture of fish with low cost diets. (byM.A. Hossain)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. MATERIAL AND METHODS
3. RESULTS
4. DISCUSSION

Management and preservation of the giant fish species of the Mekong. (by N.S. Mattson, K. Buakhamvongsa, N. Sukumasavin, N. Tuan and O. Vibol)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. THE STATUS OF MEKONG GIANT FISH
3. ON RARITY AND SIZE
4. PROPOSED MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
5. CONCLUSIONS

Breeding and nursing of Asiatic shovelnose catfish, Aorichthys seenghala (Sykes, 1841). (by W. Ratanatrivong, N. Anurakchanachai and P. Rungpiboonsophit)

Opportunities and constraints related to the development of aquaculture systems based on indigenous Mekong fish species. (by O. Vibol and N. Mattson)

1. INTRODUCTION
2. OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS RELATED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AQUACULTURE SYSTEMS BASED ON INDIGENOUS MEKONG FISH SPECIES
3. COMPONENT STRATEGIES
4. CONCLUSIONS

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