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Annexes


I – Workshop Programme

II – Opening Addresses:

III – Evaluation of the Workshop by the Participants

IV – Daily Reports

V – «National Communication for Development Policies through FAO’s nine years experience in Francophone and Lusophone Africa: Methodology and lessons learnt», Mr Jean-Pierre Ilboudo, Specialist in Communication for Development, FAO, Rome, Italy

VI – Closing Addresses:

VII – “The Current Status of Information and Communication within ECOW-AS”, Ms Adrienne Yande Diop, Communication Director, ECOWAS

VIII – List and Details of the Workshop Participants

Programme of the Workshop

Monday 1 April, 2002

10:00

Official opening ceremony
Address by UNICEF Representative
Address by FAO Representative
Welcoming address by Her Excellency Aïchatou Mindaoudou, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration

11:00

Coffee break

11:30

Challenges in the Design and the Implementation of National Information and Communication Policies for Sustainable Development in Africa”, by Professor Alfred Opubor

12:15

Discussion

13:00

End of morning session / Lunch break

15:30

“The Methodological Steps for Elaborating a National Communication for Development Policy: FAO’s Experience”, by Mr Jean-Pierre Ilboudo, Specialist in Communication for Development, FAO, Rome, Italy

16:15

Coffee break

16:30

Discussion

17:00

“The RANET Project, African Centre of Meteorological Applications for Development (ACMAD)”, by Ms Balsama Robetokotany

17:30

Discussion on the information and communication situation within ECOWAS

18:00

End of afternoon session


Tuesday 2 April, 2002

9:00

“The Current Status of the Elaboration and Implementation of Mali’s National Communication For Development Policy”, by Mr Cheick Omar Maiga, FAO Chief Technical Adviser, Former National Coordinator of Mali’s National Communication for Development Policy project (1993), and Mr Cheickna Hamalla Diarra, Communication Adviser to the Prime Minister of Mali

9:45

“The Current Status of the Elaboration and Implementation of Guinea-Bissau’s National Communication for Development Policy”, by Mr Francesco Barreto de Carvalho, National Television Director, Former Coordinator of the NCDP project

10:30

Coffee break

10:45

“The Current Status of the Elaboration and Implementation of Burkina Faso’s National Communication for Development Policy”, by Mr Serge Theophile Balima, Communication for Development Specialist, Head of the Arts and Communications Department, University of Ouagadougou

11:30

“The Current Status of the Elaboration and Implementation Niger’s National Communication for Development Policy”, by Mr Daouda Diallo, National Coordinator of the NCDP project

12:15

“National Communication for Development Policies”, by Professor Alfred Opubor
Discussion on the terms of reference for the working groups and creation of the groups
Group I: Elaboration of the NCDP
Group II: Implementation of the NCDP

13:00

End of morning session / Lunch break

15:30

Working groups

18:00

End of afternoon session


Wednesday 3 April, 2002

09:00

Working groups

12:30

End of morning session

15:00

Report of the working groups in plenary session

16:30

Discussion on the outputs of the working groups

17:00

“The Methodological Steps for the Elaboration of Multimedia Communication Strategies”, by Professor Hugues Koné

18:00

End of afternoon session


Thursday 4 April, 2002

09:00

Supplementary pedagogical training workshop on “The Methodologies and Elaboration Process of Multimedia Communication Strategies”, by Professor Hugues Koné

11:00

Continuation of supplementary pedagogical training workshop

13:00

End of morning session

15:00

Continuation of supplementary pedagogical training workshop

18:00

End of afternoon session



Friday 5 April, 2002

08:00

Plenary session
Planning of NCDP training exercises
Summary and evaluation of the workshop activities

10:15

Coffee break and end of morning session

11:00

Official closing ceremony
- Presentation of workshop conclusions, recommendations and motions
- Address by ECOWAS Representative
- Address by FAO Representative
- Closing address by His Excellency Mamane Sani Mallan Mahamane, Minister of Transport and Communication

Opening Address

Ms Mary Roodkowsky, Representative of UNICEF to Niger

Niamey, 1 April 2002

Your Excellency, Madam Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration,
Your Excellency, Mr Minister of Transport and Communication,
Distinguished members of Government,
Members of the diplomatic corps and international organizations,
Distinguished guests,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

I am very happy to be able to address you today at the opening ceremony of this regional workshop, which over the next five days will enable you to discuss the experiences of different countries with the definition and implementation of national development communication policies. This workshop will also be an opportunity to train participants on the methodologies used for the definition of communication strategies.

Our support to this regional workshop stems from the firm belief that the programme you will be following will reinforce your technical skills. It will also create within your institutions and respective countries, a critical mass of expertise at the service of the development of communication to promote people’s participation, education, health care, and children’s and women’s rights, in the framework of the fight against poverty.

Madam Minister,

In January 2002, a national workshop was held for the definition of the national development communication policy of Niger.

In formulating this national policy, the Government of Niger completed an important phase which has given communication a significant role in the sustainable development process.

Since the beginning, UNICEF has supported the Government’s efforts to rally the necessary resources for the formulation and implementation of the national development communication policy.

Please allow me to take this opportunity once again to thank the Minister of Communication, and thus the Government of Niger, for the quality of his cooperation, and for the engagement and determination which he has shown in the effort to develop communication in Niger.

UNICEF will continue to provide its support to the Government of Niger and its partners, so that our common objectives may be achieved.

Dear participants,

I wish to take this opportunity to report on some of the results we have obtained in the framework of the Niger/ UNICEF Cooperation Programme in communication.

Such results include the following:

- Advocacy, which led to an engagement in favour of children on the part of the highest authorities, especially within the framework of the world children’s movement. Let me add in this respect that this is the region which received the highest number of votes in the “Say yes for children!” campaign;

- Social mobilization, which led a large number of stakeholders (NGOs, associations, communication experts, artists, etc.) to become involved in concrete initiatives for the defence and promotion of children’s and women’s rights;

- The reinforcement of the skills of communication experts and intermediaries within the framework of interpersonal communication;

- Support to national media to intensify information at a national level;

- The development of strategic communication plans in support of integrated basic services in 12 departments;

- Partnerships with the traditional leadership, which implied a change in people’s behaviour in relation to issues related to immunization, visiting health care facilities, early marriage, the education of girls and the literacy of women.

It should be pointed out that Niger is a pioneer, for the experience of the alliance with traditional leaders set a trend, and the experience was replicated in several countries in the region.

These are some results which illustrate the importance of communication in development programmes in Africa.

Madam Minister, Ladies and Gentlemen,

I cannot end this address without thanking FAO, UNDP and the other partners that, like us, are here to support you in your endeavour to create a consistent framework for action in the field of communication in the 13 African countries.

I wish you the best of luck in your work and I thank you.

Mr Gérard Bernard, FAO Representative in Niger

Palais des Congrès, Niamey, 1 April 2002

Your Excellency Mr Minister of Justice and Human Rights, representing the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration,
Your Excellency Mr Minister for Transport and Communication,
Members of the Diplomatic Corps and representatives of international and inter-African organizations,
Madam Director of Communication for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS),
Delegates of ECOWAS member countries,
Consultants and experts,

Please allow me first of all, on behalf of the Director General of FAO, Mr Jacques Diouf, to extend our warmest welcome to this regional workshop on communication. The representative of UNDP in Niger, whom I am also representing at this ceremony, asked me to welcome all participants on his behalf as well.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Why is FAO concerned with communication?

The challenge facing agriculture is to guarantee peoples’ rights to food security, and at the same time, to make sure that basic natural resources continue to be productive in the future.

In the face of a growing population and a decrease in resources on land and in the sea, the world must opt for sustainable agriculture and rural development. This approach requires that present and future generations have equal access to the entire capital of available natural and human resources.

It was to meet these challenges that in 1995, FAO created the Sustainable Development Department, which acts as a global point of reference in terms of know-how and advice on the biological, socio-economic and social dimensions of sustainable development. The aim of its creation was to respond to the need to implement a holistic and strategic approach in support of sustainable development and the fight against poverty.

The Sustainable Development Department, which promoted this meeting, focuses on four dimensions of sustainable development, namely research, extension, education and communication. The Department defines, develops and promotes sustainable concepts, strategies and methods, and helps to integrate them in the development programmes of both member countries and technical divisions of the Organization.

Sharing know-how thus remains at the base of human progress, and the fight against food insecurity relies on stronger national capacities in the area of communication for sustainable development, and the use of the most appropriate media and technologies fostering participation and training.

Your Excellencies, distinguished Ministers,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

It is precisely to exchange such strategies, concepts and methods, and to take concerted action to improve these approaches in the area of development communication, that FAO’s Extension, Education and Communication Service (SDRE) has established a partnership with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), to transfer know-how specifically in sectoral multimedia communication strategies and national communication policies. The purpose is to create local expertise in terms of educators in each of the countries represented here.

The choice underlying our partnership with ECOWAS is two-fold:

First of all, FAO’s experience in Africa in the definition of national development communication policies has concentrated in French-speaking and Western Portuguese-speaking Africa; we felt that it would be fair to extend it to the other countries in the same economic area.

Secondly, the bilingual nature of this geographic area, where English- and French-speaking countries live side by side, will enable us to produce documents in at least two of the main languages, and may be used in other parts of the continent or wherever it becomes necessary and useful to define national development communication policies.

Indeed, as I have just mentioned, FAO’s experience concerned Mali in 1993, Guinea-Bissau in 1995, the Central Africa Republic in 1998, Cape Verde in 1999, Burkina Faso in 2000 and Niger in January 2002.

Alongside these exercises for the definition of national development communication policies, our Organization has also worked within the framework of in-the-field development projects and programmes, to provide them with multimedia communication strategies. The methodology we have developed has enabled us to define planning models, generic planning processes, and ways to monitor and evaluate a communication strategy. It was also possible to establish that communication is an essential factor in development processes, even if the best way to use it has not yet been mastered.

Today, thanks to the experience gained in the field in Africa, Latin America, Asia and elsewhere, including industrialized countries, we know a lot more about development communication strategies and the methodologies to follow for their definition.

Please allow me to recall here that development programmes should include, from the beginning, a part devoted to communication with well-defined objectives, for they are of support to such programmes. Communication objectives should be realistic, precise, and measurable and allow a certain time-frame for their accomplishment. Unfortunately, experience has shown us that the formulation of development projects and programmes hardly ever includes communication, whose strategy would be a key element. When communication is included, on the other hand, it is a mere appendix and is not allocated truly skilled staff or sufficient financial resources.

In the area of national development communication policies, a number of definition and implementation constraints have caused a setback in the progress achieved in six African countries over the past ten years:

Distinguished Ministers,
Dear participants,

The Niamey workshop has the following goals:

I would also like to recall here that national policies are part of the responsibility of corresponding Governments, and that the cooperation of development partners is absolutely necessary. To illustrate such cooperation, please allow me to take the example of Niger. The support of the United Nations System in the definition of a national communication for development policy was especially fruitful. Indeed, UNDP and FAO, among others, through a joint effort in the implementation of the National Poverty Eradication Programme, have recognized the great importance of including the most unprivileged populations in information and communication circuits. Together, we realized the importance of communication and the dissemination of information in all aspects of development at the level of rural communities, which are often too distant and even excluded from information and communication circuits (radio, press and television). This is the weak link of local development.

We also noted the importance of new information and communication technologies, such as digital broadcasting using solar energy. This is why FAO, UNDP and other partners of the United Nations System like ACMAD, UNICEF and UNESCO, or the Agence Intergouvernementale de la Francophonie (AIF), follow with great interest the development of the RURANET initiative and of development information centres in Niger. We believe that new technologies can play an essential role in helping countries to better meet development challenges, which consist in enhancing social integration, enabling gender equality, fostering economic opportunities for the poor, lowering the costs of public and private services, and intensifying democratic governance at the rural level.

Ladies and Gentlemen,
Dear participants,

At the end of your work, you will have become familiar with the latest developments in terms of the definition and implementation of national communication for development policies in Mali, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau and Niger. You will have shared, discussed and capitalized on the ten-year experience of FAO and other partners, and the lessons learned in the definition and implementation of national communication for development policies. You will have been trained in the methodologies for the definition of sectoral multimedia strategies and the definition and implementation of national communication for development policies, and you will be capable of conducting a similar exercise in your own countries and institutions, according to a general agenda that you yourselves will establish.

Indeed, eminent experts in the definition of multimedia communication strategies and national communication for development policies have been invited to attend this workshop, to share with you their knowledge and know-how.

Distinguished Ministers,

Please convey the sincere thanks of UNDP and FAO to the Government of Niger for having facilitated the organization of this important educational meeting.

Our thanks also go out to our other partners, which have contributed in the financial and material organization of this bilingual regional workshop, namely AIF, UNICEF, and EKL.

I wish you the best of luck on your work.

Thank you.

Ms Aïchatou Mindaoudou, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration

1 April, 2002

Members of Government,
Representatives of the United Nations System,
Delegates of the member countries of ECOWAS,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Dear guests,

First of all, I would like to take this opportunity, on behalf of the President of the Republic, the Head of State, His Excellency Mamadou Tandja, and of the Prime Minister, the Head of Government, Hama Amadou, to wish all the participants in this important regional workshop a warm welcome to our country.

Development communication, the issue that we are here to discuss, has always been at the centre of the concerns of the authorities of Niger since the country’s independence. Indeed, it has been the object of different strategies and communication bodies like radio clubs, educational television, television reception community centres, and the rural press in national languages.

The most recent strategy has entailed, over the past two years, the definition of a National Communication for Development Policy (NCDP), which was approved in January during a national workshop here in Niamey. I feel it is my duty to thank FAO and UNICEF, for having supported Niger in this important enterprise.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

The purpose of our meeting this morning is perfectly in line with our Government’s general policy, which aims to turn communication into a powerful development tool and an effective medium of access to a world which is increasingly becoming a global village, thanks to the magic of communication techniques and new information and communication technologies.

However, Niger will be unable to participate in this globalization process unless its State affairs are in order, and it will not be able to achieve this goal without a communication programme which, justifiably, has now become a need for its development partners.

By the implementation of sectoral communication strategies and national communication in development policies, we aim to integrate all communication supports and tools, by appealing to the expertise of all stakeholders involved in development.

Dear participants,

In the course of this workshop, I urge you to share and exchange your experiences, so that each of you may draw the greatest benefit from the lessons learned regarding national communication for development policies, and methodologies used for the definition of sectoral strategies.

I am sure that following the different presentations by the representatives of experienced institutions and the papers by specialists in this subject, you will leave this workshop feeling that you have been exposed to sufficient training and methods for the definition of communication strategies.

In wishing you the best of luck in your work, I declare open the regional workshop on the methods for the definition and implementation of sectoral multimedia communication strategies and national development communication policies.

Thank you.

Evaluation of the Workshop by the Participants

Evaluation forms were completed 24 of the 50 participants on the last day of the meeting.

The participants were very happy with the workshop, both in terms of its contents (technical aspects) and organization (logistics).

Contents. When asked about the quality of presentations and contributions, 21 out of the 24 respondents rated it as excellent (8) or very good (13). Documentation distributed was judged excellent (15) or very interesting (5) by 20 out of 24 participants.

The same degree of satisfaction was expressed in terms of:

Answers collected in terms of the contents of the workshop:


AVERAGE* (OUT OF 5)

On the overall contents of the workshop (technical aspects)

4.1

Documentation

4.5

Quality of presentations

4.2

Quality of facilitators (consultants)

4.2

Audiovisual tools

4.2

Clarity of workshop objectives

4.2

Overall fulfillment of participants’ expectations

4.1

Consistency of programme

4.1

Accomplishment of objectives established at the outset

4.0

Sharing FAO's experience in the definition of NCDPs

4.2

Determining the method for the definition of a sectoral multimedia communication strategy

4.2

Planning NCDP definition activities at a national level and at the level of ECOWAS

4.0

Overall quality of participants

3.8

* Rating: 1= Poor 2 = Average 3 = Fair 4 = Very good 5 = Excellent

The open question, “What are your suggestions to further improve this workshop in the future?” elicited 15 suggestions, of which 14 concerned contents.

Five suggestions concerned the programme of the workshop and the methodology employed:

Three participants stated that they would like such a workshop to be longer to allow for training modules and to enable participants to reflect on the different presentations and discussions.

Two participants suggested that contributions be sent before a workshop to save time for those coming from further away and to allow people to read the documents before the beginning of the workshop.

Other suggestions collected:

Participants felt that the organization of the workshop, in terms of logistics, was generally good (3.9 out of 5). Special mention was made of the interpretation service (4.6), the overall environment, and the venue of the workshop (4.3), while accommodation obtained a lower rating (2.9).

A single suggestion was made in terms of logistics:


AVERAGE* (OUT OF 5)

Overall organization (logistics)

3.9

Interpretation (services)

4.6

General environment of the workshop

4.3

Workshop venue (Palais des Congrès)

4.3

Transportation during the workshop

4.1

Secretariat (services)

4.0

Conference officers (performance)

3.9

Reception at airport

3.8

Coffee break

3.6

Travel arrangements

3.4

Accommodation

2.9

* Rating: 1= Poor 2 = Average 3 = Fair 4 = Very good 5 = Excellent

Daily Reports

DAILY REPORT – 1 APRIL 2002

The Regional Workshop on Methodologies for Designing and Implementing Multimedia Communication Strategies and National Communication for Development Policies started at 10:00 am on Monday, 1 April 2002 at the Palais des Congrès in Niamey, Niger.

The opening ceremony was chaired by His Excellency the Minister of Justice and Human Rights, who was acting on behalf of Her Excellency the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration. This session was attended by the members of Niger Government and representatives of diplomatic missions, international and inter-African organizations, and delegates from Benin, Burkina-Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo.

Three short speeches were given during the opening ceremony.

The first one was by Ms Mary Roodkowsky, the Representative of UNICEF in Niger. After asserting the support of UNICEF to the regional workshop, Ms Roodkowsky highlighted the achievements of UNICEF within the framework of Niger Cooperation Programme in the field of communication: advocacy, support to national media, social mobilization, partnership with traditional leaders and capacity building in communication.

Mr Gérard Bernard, FAO Representative in Niger spoke after Ms Roodkowsky and explained why FAO is involved in communication for development: to meet the challenges of sustainable development, to share knowledge and experiences for human advancement and to develop partnerships with ECOWAS, which also contributes to the designing of the national communication for development policies. He reasserted the necessity for development projects and programmes to have a communication component with coherent objectives in order to promote the effective participation of target communities.

While highlighting the objectives of this workshop, which are to exchange and to share FAO experience and lessons learnt in French- and Portuguese-speaking Africa, Mr Bernard invited participants to consider the development of new information and communication technologies, such as the RURANET initiative and the information centres for development in Niger.

Finally, in a speech written by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration, on whose behalf he was speaking, the Minister of Justice and Human Rights of Niger, underlined the interest of the Niger Government in communication for development. He then invited participants to learn as much as they could about designing of a national communication for development policy and methodologies for sectoral strategies.

After the official opening ceremony, Professor Alfred Opubor, a consultant for FAO, spoke about the challenges in the design and implementation of national information and communication policies for sustainable development in Africa.

He identified several challenges:

These questions raised the following key issues:

After lunch Mr Jean-Pierre Ilboudo, a specialist in communication for development at FAO in Rome, made a presentation on NCDPs and emphasized the need for a definition of policies in national and sectoral communication strategies.

Mr Ilboudo listed eight steps in the process of designing NCDPs:

  1. The identification of communication themes and sectors.
  2. The preparation of a reference document comprising the major options for national economic, political, social and cultural development.
  3. The organization of a training workshop for national consultants.
  4. Thematic and sectoral studies.
  5. The organization of regional meetings to identify the information and communication needs of rural communities.
  6. The preparation of a document summarizing field studies.
  7. The organization of a national workshop for the definition of the NCDP.
  8. The preparation of a national communication for development action plan.

After that, Mr Ilboudo highlighted the lessons learned from FAO’s experiences in Mali, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, the Central African Republic, Burkina Faso and Niger. He made general remarks on the interdependence of communication with other sectors and on the concepts of participation and democracy. Finally, Mr Ilboudo insisted on the importance of the legal and institutional framework and on the necessity of a multimedia approach.

In the discussions that followed, participants focused on the management of communication in public administration and the need to mainstream the implementation of communication for development.

After this session, Ms Balsama Rabetokotany of ACMAD presented the RANET project which uses a combination of radio and internet to increase public access, especially in rural areas, to meteorological information and data.

During the discussion that followed, Mr Mohamed Sadeck Boulaya, ACMAD’s managing director, gave technical answers to questions on meteorological applications. The participants showed a keen interest in the application of new technologies to rural development.

The session ended at 6:00 p.m.

DAILY REPORT – 2 APRIL 2002

The session of Tuesday, 2 April started at 9:00 a.m. The Chairman of the session, Mr Ibrahima Sané, announced the absence of Ms Adrienne Diop, ECOWAS Communication Director, presented the day’s agenda and then gave the floor to Mr Ilboudo for a presentation on the NCDP that highlighted the importance of developing instruments for comprehensive action in the area of communication.

Mr Ilboudo noted that the NCDP is a reference framework for development partners and a guide for action for national development actors. It formulates general objectives which are related to the major thrust of economic, political, cultural and social development. According to Mr Ilboudo the NCDP is a process of exchange and dialogue intended to foster a change of behaviour. It is not a prerogative of journalists and communicators but should involve all development stakeholders.

After the presentation the meeting examined case studies:

1. Mali

Mr Cheickna Diarra first described the context in which the NCDP was established. It was initiated by the Government in 1991 after a period of political upheaval. In 1993 a workshop was held to design a strategy. Five working groups were set up, experts were recruited and a national workshop convened. This led to a final document outlining guidelines for the NCDP in Mali.

FORMULATION OF THE NCDP IN MALI

ADVANTAGES

CONSTRAINTS

- Genuine political will

- Many participants not ready for NCDP formulation

- Readiness of partners


- Existence of support structures(CESPA, CNIES, Rural Radio)

- Lack of involvement of rural communities

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NCDP IN MALI

ADVANTAGES

CONSTRAINTS

- Reference document for the the government and for international and external development partners

- Lack of funds

- NCDP legal framework

- Loss of institutional memory


- Document largely disseminated not well defined.

2. Guinea-Bissau

Mr Francisco Barreto de Carvalho first described the historical context of the NCDP, which was disrupted by the war which began in 1998. The NCDP was re-launched when the situation returned to normal.

FORMULATION OF THE NCDP IN GUINEA-BISSAU

ADVANTAGES

CONSTRAINTS

- Document available for the authorities and development actors

- Very limited time for designing the strategy

- First substantive work on communication for development

- Difficulties in recruiting consultants

- Inadequate involvement of decision makers

- Difficulties in selecting partners


- Aim of strategy not explicit.

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NCDP IN GUINEA-BISSAU

ADVANTAGES

CONSTRAINTS

- Documents with a national scope for development

- Funding partners not identified,

- Dissemination of the document

- The document is not used by authorities

3. The case of Burkina Faso

According to Mr Serge Theophile Balima, Burkina Faso was able to benefit from the experiences of other countries which had already launched their NCDPs. The consultation process was participatory and a national workshop was convened.

FORMULATION OF THE NCDP IN BURKINA FASO

ADVANTAGES

CONSTRAINTS

- Participatory approach involving all development actors

- Non respect of deadlines by the consultants

- Support from authorities and development partners

- Transportation difficulties


- Lack of time.

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NCDP IN BURKINA FASO

ADVANTAGES

CONSTRAINTS

Not yet started


4. The case of Niger

According to Mr Daouda Diallo, Niger benefited from the experience of Mali and Guinea-Bissau in the formulation of its NCDP. A national survey was conducted and followed by a national workshop.

FORMULATION OF THE NCDP IN THE NIGER

ADVANTAGES

CONSTRAINTS

- Political will


- Readiness of development partners


- Participatory approach involving all development actors


The presentations were followed by interesting discussions. A participant from Ghana described his experience, indicating that Ghana was very interested in drafting its own NCDP. A suggestion was made to set up a committee to discuss possible next steps.

After this session, working groups were set up and the meeting was adjourned at 6:00 p.m.

Paper on «National Communication Policies for Development through FAO’s nine-year experience in Francophone and Lusophone Africa: Methodology and lessons learnt» - Jean-Pierre Ilboudo, Specialist in Communication for Development, FAO, Rome Italy

Formulation of National Policies, Strategies and Sectoral Communication Strategies for Development

Definitions

A communication for development policy is a coherent structure for global action in the communication sector.

National communication policy is both a reference framework for bilateral and multilateral cooperation partners and an action guide for national development actors.

It defines general and specific objectives which should be closely linked to the major economic, political, cultural and social development options and orientations of the country.

It gives the current status of each tool or medium within the general context of the state of communication of the country and in relation to how it can support progress in all development sectors. This gives an overview of the assets of the information and communication systems and media and indicates the constraints of such systems. This allows for qualitative analyses and short-, medium- and long-term action plans.

A multimedia communication strategy supports the implementation of development projects and programmes. It is sectoral and is a vital part of any development project or programme. It should be prepared during the formulation phase of projects or programmes and should promote consultation and dialogue among all the partners and actors of the programme or project.

It should be based on participatory methodologies at all stages and should also indicate the most appropriate communication tools for implementation.

General Considerations on the Formulation of Communication Policies

Interdependence between Communication and the Other Development Sectors and Fields.

The basic issue is the integration of structured development communication to overall development programmes and objectives. Communication does not constitute a separate, independent sector but is integral to all aspects of development. It is therefore important to formulate communication policies that are not limited to mass media or information dissemination activities but which interact with all the media used by any given society.

It is important to acknowledge that communication policies go hand-in-hand with those formulated in other sectors - education, agriculture, livestock, culture and water resources - and that they should be designed to complement and engage with these sectors to promote social, agricultural, educational and other services.

For a New Approach to Communication Development

Communication policies should not be applied to issues relating to structures and material nor should they dictate the contents of communication media nor restrain freedom of expression.

Instead the focus should be on the consequences and role of the new paradigm in development. Communication was deployed in the former development model to disseminate information about the “benefits” of development and the “sacrifices” it entails, and to foster a desire to follow the leaders in the process.

It is now recognized that such a model benefits the privileged of any given community and that the gap between rich and poor is widening.

The new development model implies participation of people in national affairs and permits each citizen to affirm his or her personal or cultural identity. With this in mind, it is clear that an effective communication policy should provide each country with infrastructure, particularly telecommunications, media and communication tools, most adapted to its needs. This is especially true in developing countries.

Economic, industrial and technological development certainly plays an important role in raising living standards and should, therefore, be pursued and strengthened. But communication is a fundamental condition for qualitative development of any society and its democratization is essential to the new development being sought and to a quality of life based on more than the variety and quantity of goods produced.

Towards Human-Centred Communication

While it is true that communication alone does not generate development, it is also true that inadequate communication hinders development and popular participation. Most governments of developing countries are aware of that and people themselves are becoming more aware of the need for change.

This awareness is itself a powerful factor permitting them to organize and prepare themselves for change. This means that communication should not be monopolized by professional media workers, but should be deployed by teachers and extension workers in agriculture and health who have a role to play in creating a climate of transparency and to remove fears sometimes aroused by the process of change.

A communication for development policy should mobilize national resources, strengthen infrastructural coordination, promote rational resource management (notably, technical and technological), help to satisfy the demands of the poor and redress the most obvious imbalances between rural and urban/rich and poor communities.

The Legal and Institutional Framework

The choice of institutional framework is central to the design and implementation of national communication policies for development. In fact a national law, usually of a constitutional nature, often governs the formulation of a policy. It is important to study these laws carefully during their formulation to ensure that they are pertinent and comprehensive.

It is also necessary to consider the institutional framework through which the policy is to be implemented. The factor that should govern the choice of a framework is inter-sectorality from a technical point of view, and commitment from a political point of view.

A Multimedia Approach Is Necessary

Regardless of the political systems and level of development, mass media institutions and technologies usually dominate communication structures. But it is important not to forget community media, both traditional and using modern technology, that provide opportunities for local expression at a human scale and often represent wider audiences than the more privileged and professional media.

This varied and widely accessible media, which includes community radio and the rural press, can promote participation in daily and local life by going beyond centralized communication. This does not mean that only non-professionals can contribute to the development of human-centred communication. The establishment of a core group of well-trained communicators that complements a creative community is as important as the mechanical aspects of the system.

Participation and Democracy

Communication policies are prerequisites in a process to reduce the numerous disparities that exist, such as global discrimination against women.

Communication policies and development strategies, as instruments to resolve the great problems of our time, should, first of all, permit the media of “information” to become media of “communication”. As communication implies access, participation and exchange, several different media should find their place in the communication and democratization process.

It is at this level that the links between democracy and development are most apparent.

One way of ensuring that communities participate actively in a two-way communication process is to include them in programming and decision-making processes - provided of course that the political will exists to achieve such participation in the first place.

Communication policies across the world can only be defined and prepared with the participation of all relevant national authorities. Any country wishing to implement such a policy should rely on its own resources. External support, although important, is an addition to rather than integral to self-development and internal resource mobilization.

Finally, national communication for development policies implemented by developing countries should take into consideration specific national realities.

Methodology for the Preparation of a National Communication for Development Policy (NCDP)

After these general points, it is necessary to consider methodology. The design of a national communication policy for development shall be preceded by the following methodological stages:

  1. Identification of communication themes and sectors.
  2. Preparation of a reference document for the national consultants mandated to conduct thematic and sectoral studies. This document should highlight the economic, political, social and cultural development options of the country.
  3. Organization of a pedagogical training workshop for the national consultants to discuss objectives, concepts, components, methods, applications and, of course, the implementation of the policy. The bases for discussions are the sectoral studies of major development options, technical documents and the terms of reference of each consultant concerning quantitative and qualitative tools to be used in the field.
  4. Thematic and sectoral studies, lasting at least two months and using participatory reseach methods.
  5. Organization of regional meetings to identify rural information and communication needs. These meetings should involve local communities in the policy design by soliciting proposals. These meetings also elect regional or provincial representatives to participate in the national workshop.
  6. Production of a summary document of the field studies conducted and the results of the regional meetings. This will be the core document for discussion at the national workshop and should highlight problems and issues concerning communication that are common to different development partners.
  7. A national workshop to define the NCDP should be attended by representatives of: regional and provincial government, inter-governmental organizations, NGOs, CSOs, religious bodies, the media and bilateral and multilateral cooperation institutions. These should be involved at the start of the project to arouse their interest in the definition and implementation of such a policy and should be kept informed througout the project process. The workshop should combine plenary and group sessions, all of which should be carefully prepared.
  8. A national communication for development action plan including budgeted sub-programmes to be submitted to cooperation partners for professional advice.

Methodological Lessons Learned

a) It is useful to organize regional meetings to identify and analyse community information and communication needs. The outcomes of these meetings will be validated at the national workshop to define the national communication for development policy.

b) It is necessary to rely on the basic documents relating to the political, economic, social and cultural options of the country as a national communication policy for development refers to the overall development framework.

c) Apart from brainstorming to formulate national communication for development policy, the workshop is also an information and training forum. A session on communication for development theory and practice helps to ensure that everyone is up-to-date with the latest developments.

d) The summary document should describe in detail the methodology and role of communication for development.

e) The sectoral study on the legal and statutory framework of communication for development should provide a detailed description of a range of institutional frameworks.

f) The composition of the working groups depends on how each country team has organized and the overall national development priorities.

In Mali participants organized themselves into five working groups:

Group I:

Definition of NCDP objectives and missions

Group II:

Definition of NCDP legal-administrative framework

Group III:

Media and technological choices

Group IV:

Training and communication for development

Group V:

Guidelines for action and strategies

In Guinea-Bissau participants organized themselves into five working groups:

Group I:

Mission, objectives and legal aspects of the national communication for development strategy

Group II:

Needs and strategies of communication for development

Group III:

Role and place of the media and educational communication aids

Group IV:

Training in communication for development

Group V:

Institutional framework for implementation

In the Central African Republic three commissions were set up:

Commission I:

Legal and institutional framework of communication

Commission II:

Public and private media in the development process

Commission III:

Production of tools and training in communication for development

The national workshop in the CAR did not set up commission on needs and action plans as it felt that such issues could not be discussed outside those three commissions. It therefore recommended that needs and action plans be discussed and prepared in each commission. Such an approach proved beneficial to the participants as all of them had the opportunity to discuss the programming of the activities to be carried out.

In Cape Verde five working commissions were set up.

Commission I:

The media and development

Commission II:

The technical and technological aspect of communication (telecoms and ICTs)

Commission III:

Education and proximity communication tools

Commission IV:

Training in communication for development

Commission V:

Legal and institutional aspects of communication

In Burkina Faso three working commissions were set up.

Commission I:

Training in communication for development and information needs

Commission II:

The media, social communication and the ICTs

Commission III:

Legal and institutional reform

The themes common to these working groups were:

The last point illustrates the need for policital will and commitment to implement a NCDP; it is not enough simply to formulate projects and prepare development strategies. Only then can communication resources be exploited for the development of the country.

Each country prepared short-, medium- and long-term plans.

Comparative approach of the national communication policies for development

GENERAL OBJECTIVES

COUNTRIES

Mali

Guinea Bissau

Central Africa Republic

Cape-Verde

Burkina Faso

To promote participation of communities and dialogue.

X

X

X

X

X

To support initiatives of grassroot communities.

X

X

X

X

X

Exchange of information, know-how and technologies among the communities.

X

X

X

X

X

To disseminate information or introduce innovations/ provision of social communication instruments.

X

X

X

X

X

To promote horizontal extension, supervision, training and communication systems.

X

X

X

X

X

To support national poverty reduction process and promotion of community development.

X

X

X

X

X

To support the decentralization process.

X

X

X



To meet the information needs of different categories of people.

X





To democratize access to major information channels through coordinated decentralized development of production and dissemination infrastructures.

X





To establish feedback channels between communities and central decision makers.






To favour the free expression of rural populations with regard to the questions that concern them (health education, FGM, the role of women, education and religion).

X





To provide public authorities and executives with the means to further public information with regard to the right and duties of citizens.

X





Closing Address

Mr Gérard Bernard, FAO Representative in Niger

Palais des Congrès, Niamey, 5th of April 2002

Your Excellency, the Minister for Transport and Communication,
Members of Government,
Members of the Diplomatic Corps and representatives of international and inter-African organizations,
Delegates of ECOWAS member countries,
Consultants and experts,

We have come to the end of the proceedings of this Regional Bilingual Workshop. I am pleased to observe that after five days of exchange, discussion and dialogue, you have come to the conclusions and recommendations, which the rapporteur of your workshop has just presented to us.

Please allow me to thank you for the work and to make the following comments and observations on the results of that work.

These results have enriched the methodological approach employed to date, for the definition and implementation of national communication for development policies.

You have been able to propose a certain number of steps: 11 specifically concern the definition of national communication policies and seven their implementation.

You have thus contributed to improving and establishing a model for the definition and implementation of communication policies based on eighteen methodological steps. The advantage of this model lies in the fact that it breaks down into a number of specific and detailed areas, the elements to be taken into account for the planning of such a policy and the implementation of action plans and sectoral communication strategies.

In the policy definition area, you deemed it useful to add the following new steps:

Three of the six steps concerning policy implementation are truly innovative:

Indeed, it is still useful and urgent for development communication activities to be carried out and evaluated periodically.

I am glad to know that you have mastered the process for the definition of a multimedia communication strategy. It is now up to you to make sure that in-the-field programmes and projects benefit from such a process.

We must make sure that national communication policies translate into short, medium and long-term action plans, based on the strategic planning methodologies you have reviewed, discussed and internalized.

You may be sure that FAO will devote special attention to the recommendations you formulated and specifically addressed to it in the course of your workshop.

We will see to it that all your recommendations are forwarded to and approved by our partners, so that they may be implemented.

We shall continue to maintain a close contact with ECOWAS, so that together we may take into account the concerns and expectations you have expressed in your recommendations.

Your Excellency, Mr Minister,

FAO would like an ad hoc Commission to be set up within the United Nations System, charged with the task of supporting the efforts of the different national stakeholders for the implementation of operational plans, communication strategies, and action plans deriving from national communication for development policies.

Mr Mamane Sani Mallan Mahamane, Minister for Transport and Communication, Niger

Presidents of the Institutions of the Republic,
Distinguished Ministers,
National Members of Parliament,
Ambassadors,
Representatives of international governmental and non-governmental organizations,
General and Central Directors,
Mr Prefect, the President of the Urban Community of Niamey,
Mr Prefect of Diffa,
Secretaries General,
Honourable guests,
Dear participants,

After five days of intense work we have come to the end of this national workshop for the definition of the National Communication for Development Policy (NCDP).

Dear participants,

The lively and sometimes heated discussions, both in plenary and in the commissions, the mutually enriching and fruitful exchanges resulting from the contributions by the structures and institutions invited to this forum, the review of sectoral and thematic studies as well as the conclusions of regional workshops, have enabled you to better tackle the issue of communication for development. They have also allowed you to define the guidelines for a relevant policy and especially, to recommend short-, medium- and long-term actions for its implementation.

You have indeed conducted a realistic analysis of the state of the art of communication in our country. After having reviewed the strengths, constraints and weaknesses of the present system, your analysis pointed to the need for a new approach, more dynamic and especially more in line with the current political and technological, social, cultural and ethical plans.

Dear participants,

Your reflections on the progressive development of information and communication technologies, the promotion of a true development communication training, the redefinition of the contents of public and private media and finally, the enhancement of traditional communications tools and media, have resolutely and constantly aimed at meeting peoples’ needs and expectations, and will effectively contribute to our country’s fight against poverty.

Also, the pertinence of your conclusions and recommendations has confirmed the urgent need to put in place a national communication for development policy, such as that wished for by the Government and expected by the people of Niger.

Dear participants,

Allow me on behalf of his Excellency the Prime Minister, Head of the Government, to thank and congratulate all of the participants at this forum. Your availability and personal commitment have resulted in the drafting of a high quality document, which we can all be legitimately proud of, and which I am sure will enable us to better organize such a strategic sector as communication at the service of development.

I would like to make special mention here of our brothers and sisters from Burkina Faso and Mali, who have come to Niamey and have enriched our workshop with their experiences.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Our country has developed a framework of reference for the harmonious and rational definition of initiatives and communication actions aimed at supporting development and promoting the well being of the people of Niger.

The goal of this communication policy is to make our actions efficient, by limiting waste and duplication of development efforts, and avoiding distortions and other frequently observed inconsistencies.

Distinguished development partners,

Niger’s option in the field of communication aims at promoting a sustainable community development, for and with the people.

Indeed, the national communication for development policy calls for a permanent social dialogue and the setting up of a system for the transfer and fruitful exchange of information. It intends to mobilize people to encourage their conscious participation in the improvement of their environment and living conditions.

However, a National Communication for Development Policy (NCDP) also requires operational technical material, appropriate performing and sufficient communication tools, and media that are accessible to the most backward and often isolated populations. In other words, access to information and communication media must be made more democratic, for a harmonious and decentralized development of production and broadcasting infrastructures, and the promotion of urban and rural telephony.

Finally, a NCDP requires agents who are familiar with and have been trained in the field of information and communication, and who are sufficiently familiar with new development communication trends.

This new communication approach applied to development is a challenge for us all; alas, meeting such a challenge will requires huge resources. The Government of Niger also hopes that all its bilateral and multilateral partners, institutions and NGOs will become involved in the actual implementation of the NDCP action plan by providing technical, financial and/or material support.

I would like to once again thank FAO and UNICEF for the valuable support that they have given to this project so far, and for the commitment they have taken here to support the implementation of the NCDP.

Dear participants in the workshop for the definition of the NCDP,

In providing our country with a document providing guidelines and serving as a reference in development communication, you have accomplished a historic goal of a national interest.

Let each one of us, in our respective areas of responsibility, be opinion leaders and agents committed to the actual implementation of the NCDP.

Thank you once again, and may I wish you all a safe journey back to your homes and countries. I hereby declare this national workshop for the definition of the National Communication for Development Policy closed.

Thank you for your attention.

The current status of Information and Communication within ECOWAS

Adrienne Yande Diop,
Communication Director, ECOWAS

Madam Minister for Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration,
The Minister for Transport and Communication,
The FAO Representative,
The UNDP Representative,
The UNICEF Representative,
The Representatives of international organizations,
Distinguished Guests,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

I wish firstly to express my deepest thanks to FAO and UNDP for having organized this workshop on “The Methodologies for Designing and Implementing Multimedia Communication Strategies and National Communication for Development Policies”. I sincerely hope that this first workshop will prove to be the beginning of a sustainable and beneficial collaboration between our organizations.

I am also extremely grateful to the Government of Niger for hosting this meeting, which is of great importance to ECOWAS. The Government of Niger’s positive reaction to this endeavour is further proof of its commitment to the achievement of ECOWAS’s objectives, and the economic integration of our sub-region.

The Executive Secretary’s office is very pleased that this meeting is being held because it will undoubtedly complete and reinforce all that we are attempting to achieve at the community level. In fact, the subject that brings us together here constitutes one of our organization’s principle concerns.

A brief summary of ECOWAS’s objectives, mechanisms and activities will help to shed light on the situation, should this be necessary.

The Economic Community for West African States (ECOWAS) was established in 1975 with the objective of promoting cooperation and integration for the creation of a West African economic union. The integration would ensure an improvement in the standard of living of the populations concerned, guarantee their economic growth, promote relations between the Member States and contribute to the progress and overall development of the African continent.

ECOWAS bases its activities upon the following fundamental principles:

ECOWAS has created the following institutions to assist with its development:

ECOWAS has attained achievements in the following areas:

As you can see, development in its widest sense is at the very centre of our activities. All the sectors that contribute to the development of a country are the object of the ECOWAS’s programmes and specific projects and an effective communication policy should be established to assist in development and consolidate what has already been attained.

There is clearly no need to further justify the vital role played by communication in all development activities.

Creation of the Information Department

In 1990, due to inadequate information concerning ECOWAS, and the Member States’ limited knowledge of its organization, the ECOWAS Information Division was transformed into the Information Department. In 2000 the Secretariat was restructured and became the Communication Department; it was given a broader mission to include major developments in the area of new technologies in Information and Communication.

The mission of the Information Department is to promote ECOWAS as an organization and to highlight its activities and Programmes. An important part of this mission is to make the organization known to West African citizens, regional and international organizations, our partners, economic operators and the public in general.

In order to achieve these goals, the Information Department makes use of the classical means of communication and public relations, namely, the media, press conferences, information and awareness-raising seminars, publications, documentaries, audiovisual productions, publicity, websites, and any other suitable activities.

Texts

In 1990, ECOWAS formulated an Information Policy and Programme and four years later, in 1994, the sub-regional organization created a Priority Action Programme with regard to information. The objective of this Programme was to eliminate the obstacles that were hindering integration efforts by creating instruments for wider participation and the appropriation of integration projects by the populations of the Member States. In view of the inherent difficulties encountered in implementing this programme and the modest results achieved, a new ECOWAS Information and Communication Policy was adopted in December 2000 by the Information and Communication Ministers of our Member States.

This policy reaffirms that the lack of knowledge of ECOWAS’s objectives, programmes and activities on the part of the populations concerned constitutes one of the major obstacles hindering ECOWAS’s integration efforts. The goal of the new policy therefore is to increase the dissemination of information with regard to the ECOWAS’s objectives and achievements and to make West African citizens more aware of what their organization is achieving, in order to reinforce their feeling of belonging to the community and encourage them to participate more actively in the integration process. The projects undertaken would therefore be more likely to succeed.

The principle elements of the New Information and Communication Policy are:

In order to reaffirm their support of freedom of the press and pluralism with regard to information, in December 2000 the ECOWAS Heads of State and Governments adopted a Declaration of Principles concerning the practice of journalism, the protection of the profession and the role played by media specialists in the West African integration process.

Activities

The Communication Department undertook a number of activities within the framework of its mission, including:

The West African media context

The 1980s was marked by an unprecedented development of information means. The consolidation of democratic values in West Africa and political pluralism contributed to a great increase in books published and the accelerated creation of new radio and television stations. Political pluralism was followed by media pluralism, in particular by the growth of private institutions.

Although this boom was characterized by media and information diversification and was more balanced at the national level, it had very little impact with regard to covering news at the regional level. Coverage of the events in the countries of the sub-region is still dominated by the international media and then taken up at the national level. Generally speaking, news occurring in neighbouring countries, even that of a most immediate nature, is always presented from an outside point of view. The result is that the same uniform news reports are produced by the “large networks” and then broadcast in all the countries in the region. The financial means available to local organs of information do not allow them to employ their own correspondents in all the countries in the sub-region, nor are they able to send special correspondents when important events take place. The time has come for African journalists to begin producing information regarding West Africa.

Projects and Perspectives

In order to compensate for these inadequacies ECOWAS would like to collaborate with certain institutions, including FAO, in organizing training and specific seminars on a regular basis for West African journalists on subjects of common interest. The creation of a network of journalists who are specialised in covering agricultural questions would be extremely useful for the sub-region, given what is at stake in areas such as agricultural development, self-sufficiency and food security. This initiative would be supported by the creation of a data bank on agriculture and agricultural information in ECOWAS countries.

ECOWAS will also support and participate in the implementation of certain projects including:

Conclusion

Although the West African media landscape has undergone a metamorphosis over the past ten years, there are still a number of important obstacles to be overcome. The sector’s juridical framework and institutions need to be reorganized in most ECOWAS countries. It is clear that the many West African journalists have not been able to improve their professional skills because of their limited working environment - their salaries, working conditions and national political and economic contexts.

ECOWAS’s objectives remain to integrate the populations and economies of its members, harmonizing their policies and organizational structures and promoting cooperation to guarantee economic growth. This is an ambitious programme, in which communication has a fundamental role. Communicators and journalists are those best placed to help close the gaps between wealthy populations and those without resources because mass media is ideal for transmitting messages and reports from one country to another. The media are also indispensable for communicating information about activities and projects and the realities of their countries, peoples or institutions.

The media is realigning social links. New forms of solidarity have appeared since the emergence of the global village. The people of West Africa should not miss out on this opportunity to rewrite their histories and to work together for a common good.

Thank you very much for your kind attention.

List and details of the participants at the workshop

FAMILY NAME

FIRST NAME

COUNTRY

INSTITUTION

DETAILS

1. COULIBALY

Abdoulaye

Niger

TAL TV/ORTN

BP 309 Niamey
Tel: (277) 72-39-12/96-27-93
Fax: (277) 72-27-49

2. ABDOULAYE

Mamoudou

Niger

MT/C-Niger


3. ADAMOU

Mahaman

Niger

PDR /ADM

BP 49 keita
Tel:61-01-19

4. ALILOU

Abdourahmane

Niger

ANP

BP 11158
Tel: 74-08-09
e-mail: anpniger@intnet.ne

5. ALY

Adamou

Niger

PNVD

BP 11.207 Ny
Tel: 73-47-00

6. LAMINE SAMB

Amadou

Senegal

ANCAR

BP 10307 Dakar
Tel: 832436566495779
Fax: 8325579
e-mail: ancar@sentoo.sn

7. OBAYUWANA

Arthur

Nigeria

The Guardian Newspaper

plot 218 Fort Lammy Crescent
Off Bissau st, Zone 6, Abuja
Tel: (234) 09-523-1905,
Fax: (234) 080-23-18-11-86
e-mail: Arthurwana@yahoo.com

8. AWIZI

Sim-Fei Tchéou

Togo

Radio-Lomé

BP 434, Lomé
Tel: (228) 946-27-67
e-mail: awisim@hotmail.com

9. AYIKA TRAORÉ

Helène

Niger

UNICEF

BP 12481, Niamey
Tel: (277) 72-30-08
Fax: (277) 73-35-68
e-mail: hayika@unicef.org

10. BAKARY

Fatty

The Gambia

The Gambia Radio and Television Service (GRTS)

GR.T.S
Radio Mille Seven, Banjul
Tel: (220) 49-79-54/49-51-01
Fax: (220) 49-51-02
Cellphone: (220) 93-72-10

11. BALIMA

Serge Théophile

Burkina Faso

University of Ouagadougou

Tel: (226) 30-02-40
Fax: (226) 30-72-42
e-mail: serge.balima@univ.ouag

12. BARRETO

Francisco

Guinea- Bissau

Guinea-Bissau Television

BP 178, Bissau
Tel: (245) 22-19-41 / 20-50-73
Fax: (245) 22-19-41 / 22-26-28
e-mail: flarretodecarvolho@yahoo.com

13. BAYALA

Betié

Côte d’Ivoire

Radio Television Ivory Coast RTI

BP 191 Abidjan
Tel: (225) 23-45-05-01
(225) 20-21-21-35
Cellphone: (225) 05-68-08-12

14. ASSOGBA

Bonaventure

Benin

ORTB-TV (Benin Television)

01 BP 1635, Cotonou
Tel: (229) 33-65-56/32-25-30
e-mail: assogbabonav@yahoo.fr

15. BOUREIMA

Magagi

Niger

Consultant

BP 12983, Niamey
Tel: (277) 73-28-59
e-mail: boureimagagi@hotmail.com

16. CHINKAFA

Hachimou

Niger

MT/C-Niger

BP 185, Niamey
Tel/Fax: (277) 75-47-34
e-mail: cinkafah@hotmail.com

17. DANKARAMI

Mamadou

Niger

DPP/MF/E

BP 862, Niamey
Tel: (277) 72-32-58

18. DAOUADA

Diallo

Niger

PNCD/Niger


19. DIADIE

Boureima

Niger

UNFPA

BP 11207, Niamey
Tel: (277) 72-29-80
e-mail: diadie.boureima@undp.porg

20. DIARRA

Cheickna

Mali

Primature

BP 790, Bamako
Tel: (223) 22-97-09/75-88-68
Fax: (223) 229709
e-mail: hamallah@datatech..toolnet..org

21. DIOMBELE

Alassane

Mali

Mali Radio and Television ORTM

BP 171, Bamako
Tel: (223) 21-20-19/75-15-95
Fax: (223) 21-42-05
e-mail: erty@webmail.com

22. GUEHOUN

Ougustin

Côte d’Ivoire

Ministry of Communication

08 BP 2530, Abidjan

23. HAROUNA

Oumarou

Niger

MF/E/DGP/DPP

BP 862, Nianey
Tel: (277) 72-32-55/58

24. MOUZALAS

Harry

Ghana


BP 2118, Accra
Tel: (223 21) 66-51-36 /66-23-81 / 66-30-33
Fax: (233 21) 66-98-41
e-mail: ghneus@ghana.com

25. HASSANE

Saley

Niger

Niger Radio and Television ORTN

BP 309, Niamey
Tel: (277) 72-31-63
Fax: (277) 72-27-49

26. SANÉ

Ibrahima

Senegal

CNCR (World Bank)

132, Sotrac Mermo2, Dakar
Tel: (221) 825-56-65827-64-58 / 63-82-780
e-mail: ibrahimasane@sentoo.s

27. IDIMAMA

Kouttoudi

Niger

MC/Niger


28. JANET

Johnson

Liberia

Radio Veritas

Mamba point, Monrovia
Tel: (231) 22-69-79/22-76-97
Fax: (231) 22-69-79
e-mail: jprudence@yahoo.com

29. ILBOUDO

Jean-Pierre

ROME

FAO

Viale delle Terme di caralla
00100 Rome Italie
Tel: (39) 06-57-05-68-89
e-mail: jeanpierre.ilboudo@fao.org

30. KANE

Khady

Senegal

Senegal Radio and Television RTS

BP 1765, Dakar
Tel: (221) 644-04-49
e-mail: Khadykane@yahoo.com

31. KOFFI

Brou Eliane Virgile

Côte d’Ivoire

ANADER (BM)

BP 183, Abidjan
Tel: (225) 20-21-16-88
Fax: (225) 20-21-10-58
Cellphone: (225) 07-91-61-53
e-mail: koffielianevirgile@anader.or.ci

32. KONE

Hugues

Côte d’Ivoire

Ciscom

BP 2166, Abidjan 17
Tel: (225) 20-22-80-61
Fax: (225) 20-22-80-60
e-mail: hugkone@hotmail.com

33. KOUAO

Sylvain

Côte d’Ivoire

ANOPACI

BP 8089, Abidjan 01
Tel: (225) 22-47-84-20
Fax: (225) 22-44-59-04
e-mail: attoh_ci@yahoo.fr

34. MAHAMAN

M-Bachir

Niger

A.C. Bouch. consultant


35. MARIAMA

Keïta

Niger

UNDP


36. MME ALOU

Haoua

Niger

ACMAD


37. RABETO- KOTANY

Balsama

Madagascar (Niger)


BP 101, Antananarivo
Tel: (261) 20-22-52
Fax: (261) 20-22-40581
e-mail: baly@dto.mg
belalbert2@yahoocom

38. SEIDOU

Zara Ba

Niger

PNEDD

BP 10193, Niamey
e-mail: zara.ba@caramal.com

39. MOHAMED

S.Boulanya

Niger

ACMAD


40. MOSSI

Harouna

Niger

ANPIP

BP 507, Niamey
Tel: (277) 73-38-07
Fax: (277) 73-62-93
e-mail: anpip@intnet.ne

41. OPUBOR

Alfred

Benin (Nigeria)

COMED

BP 378, Cotonou
Tel: (229) 31-34-54
Fax: (229) 31-54-61
e-mail: alfredopubor@yahoo.com

42. ROCH

Parfait Ouédrago

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso Radio and Television RTB

3 BP 7029, ouagadougou
Tel: (226) 32-47-02/24-01-68
Fax: (226) 31-04 41
e-mail: rochpar@yahoo.com

43. SAIDOU

Abdou

Niger

PLCP/Niger


44. SAÏDOU

Abdou

Niger

PCLCP/PNDE

BP 11207, Niamey
Tel: (277) 72-31-06
Fax: (277) 72-31-86
e-mail: sadab@hotmail.com

45. SALEY

Hamidou Kô

Niger

D.G Commu./Niger


46. SOUMANA

Kambeidou

Niger

CFRP-Niger

BP 12859, Niamey
Tel/Fax: (277) 73-22-61
e-mail: anddh@intnet.ne

47. TAHIROU

Adamou Sandi

Niger

AJPE

Tel: (277) 73-28-82

48. TIEMOGO

Bougi

Niger

PPEAP/Niger


49. TIEMOU

Saïdou

Niger

UTP/PAC

BP 869, Niamey
Tel: (277) 75-32-01

50. ULLTON

Waswo

Niger

ACMAD/Niger


51. YAYA

Diallo

Guinea

Oguidem

25 BP 1535, Conakry
Tel: (224) 29.89.31
e-mail: agf@ghana.com

52. SILDE

SASSONGO JACQUES

Côte d’Ivoire

ISTC

BP V205, Abidjan
Cellphone: (225) 22-42-60-4
Fax: (225) 22-44-84-33
e-mail: sjsilue@yahoo.fr

53. KANCHOA

KOLANI BOUMBOUNDI

Togo

Attaché de Cabinet Communication

Tel: (228) 221 4808


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