Rethinking the Approach to Groundwater and Food Security



by
Marcus Moench
Jacob Burke
and
Yarrow Moench

FAO in collaboration with the
Institute for Social and Environmental Transition
Boulder, Colorado
United States of America

Water Reports 24

ISSN 1020-1203

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2003

Table of Contents


 

Cover photo: Drilling for groundwater emplaced 3000-4000 years ago in the Batinah coastal plain, Oman/J.J. Burke/FAO

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ISBN 92-5-104904-1

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© FAO 2003


Table of Contents


Preface

Acknowledgements

Core message

Groundwater issues have important implications for food security, but effective responses require a change in perspective
Adaptation is occurring and presents opportunities
A strategic approach including adaptation is required

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Chapter 2 - The links between groundwater and food security

Resource availability and production
Entitlements and food security
Environmental data and environmental myth

Chapter 3 - Understanding the dynamics of groundwater resources

Nature and limitations of available data
Groundwater in China

Problems in accessing groundwater data
Implications for food security
The viability of groundwater management

Groundwater monitoring in India

Analytical methods and the role of groundwater data in development finance
Recharge estimation
Abstraction estimation
Methodological improvements
Data collection and quality
Variability
Water-level fluctuations
Implications
Evaluation summary

Conclusions on groundwater data and analysis

Chapter 4 - Implications

Implications for the analysis of food security
Widening the Malthusian perspective

The standard management paradigm
‘Clumsy’ approaches
The significance of adaptive approaches in groundwater management

Implications for groundwater management

Chapter 5 - Recommendations

Rethinking the approach to groundwater management
Basic research
Groundwater monitoring and data collection, dissemination and access
Integrated management in strategic locations
Laying the foundations for management in complex locations
Disseminating global lessons

Bibliography

FAO technical papers

Back cover