TRADE REFORMS
AND FOOD SECURITY
____________________________

Conceptualizing the Linkages

Table of Contents




Commodity Policy and Projections Service
Commodities and Trade Division

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
ROME, 2003


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Table of Contents

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

PREFACE

Objectives of the publication
Scope of the publication
Structure of the publication

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

PART I. CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO FOOD SECURITY AND TRADE

Chapter 1. Food security and trade: an overview

1.1 Introduction
1.2 Food security at the national and household levels
1.3 The gains from trade: theoretical perspectives
1.4 The impact of trade liberalization in developing countries
1.5 The relation between trade reform and food security
1.6 Conclusion: some key questions

Chapter 2. Food security: concepts and measurement

2.1 Introduction
2.2 Defining food security
2.3 The process of liberalization and transitory food insecurity
2.4 Conclusion: a multi-dimensional phenomenon

Chapter 3. Trade liberalization and food security: conceptual links

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Trade liberalization and food security
3.3 The implications of trade liberalization in developed countries
3.4 Trade liberalization by developing countries
3.5 Conclusion: the impact on the poor

Chapter 4. Trade liberalization and food security in developing countries

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Trade policy and developing countries
4.3 Some evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa
4.4 Trade and food security
4.5 Conclusion

Chapter 5. Assessing the impact of trade reforms on food security

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Linking individual food security to national policy
5.3 The trade policy agenda
5.4 Conclusion

PART II. CURRENT DEBATES ON TRADE POLICY AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

Chapter 6. Current debates on trade policy and agricultural development: an overview

6.1 Introduction
6.2 Imbalanced levels of agricultural protection
6.3 The role of agriculture in reducing food insecurity
6.4 Unilateral reform: The Washington Consensus
6.6 Changes in markets facing agricultural producers
6.7 Conclusion

Chapter 7. Globalization and the traditional role of agriculture

7.1 Introduction
7.2 Competing in the context of globalization
7.3 The commodity composition of agriculture
7.4 Converting the benefits of globalization into food security
7.5 High-income country assistance in the context of globalization
7.6 Conclusion

Chapter 8. Institutional analysis of trade liberalization and agriculture

8.1 Introduction
8.2 The need for improved institutional analysis
8.3 Coordination and deliberative mechanisms
8.4 Implications of comparative institutional advantage
8.5 Institutional pre-requisites for agricultural in poor countries
8.6 Conclusion

Chapter 9. The role of transnational corporations

9.1 Introduction
9.2 The changing role of transnational corporations
9.3 Re-examining assumptions about trade

Chapter 10. Capital market liberalization and the Latin American agrifood system

10.1 Introduction
10.2 Increased foreign direct investment to the export sector
10.3 Exclusion of small farmers
10.4 Domestic agrifood system change: foreign direct investment and supermarkets
10.5 Conclusion

PART III. STUDIES OF THE IMPACT OF TRADE AND ECONOMIC REFORM

Chapter 11. Analytical studies of the impact of trade and economic reforms: an overview

11.1 Introduction
11.2 Methodological approaches
11.3 Evidence from experience

Chapter 12. Trade and economic reforms in Africa

12.1 Introduction
12.2 Agricultural trade and market reforms in Africa
12.3 The impact of market and trade liberalization
12.4 Conclusion

Chapter 13. Agricultural reform in Asia

13.1 Introduction
13.2 Food production, availability and poverty in Asia
13.3 Trade and related reforms in selected Asian countries
13.4 Conclusion

Chapter 14. Trade and related economic reforms in Latin America

14.1 Introduction
14.2 The specificity of Latin America
14.3 Trade reforms in Latin America
14.4 The consequences of reforms for agriculture
14.5 The effects of trade reforms on food security
14.6 Conclusion

Chapter 15. Trade and economic reform in transition economies

15.1 Introduction
15.2 Causes of growth and decline during transition
15.3 Food security
15.4 Conclusion

PART IV. A FRAMEWORK FOR EMPIRICAL RESEARCH

Chapter 16. A conceptual framework for research

16.1 Introduction
16.2 A framework for assessing the impact of trade reforms on food security

Chapter 17. Guidelines for empirical analysis

17.1 Introduction
17.2 Analytical guidelines
17.3 Conclusion

BIBLIOGRAPHY