FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.2 - August 2002 p.23

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Area:1 284 000 sq km
Climate:From north to south: arid, semi-arid and tropical wet-dry; rainy season: May-October.
Population:7.76 million (2002 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: US$200 (2000)
Specific characteristics of the country:Low-income food-deficit country; land-locked Sahelian country.
Logistics:Roads inadequate during rainy season
Major foodcrops:Millet and sorghum, roots and tubers, tree nuts
Marketing year:November/October; Lean season: August-September
Share of cereals in total calorie intake:52 percent


The start of the rainy season was somewhat erratic. Following the first rains in mid-March in the extreme south and in mid-April in the south-west, precipitation progressed northwards in the Sahelian zone in June. Rainfall was generally irregular and below average in May and June but improved in early July and remained abundant and quite regular in late July. However cumulative rainfall as of late July was generally below average in most meteorological stations due to earlier drier conditions. Millet and sorghum are generally emerging/tillering in the Sudanian zone, while plantings and replantings are still underway in the Sahelian zone. Pastures are regenerating in the Sudanian zone but remain poor in the Sahelian zone. Grasshopper infestations are reported on millet and sorghum in Guéra and Baguirmi regions, while army worms infestations are reported in a few areas of the Sudanian zone.

Following release of final production estimates by national statistical services, the aggregate 2001 cereal production is estimated at a record 1.32 million tonnes, 49 percent higher than the previous year and 23 percent above average. As a result, the overall food supply situation is satisfactory, especially in the chronically food deficit areas in the Sahelian zone which harvested poor crops in 2000. However, some 143 000 people in the Sudanian zone are at risk of food shortages as a result of floods that affected 144 000 hectares of arable land.

Import requirement of cereals  in 2001/02 marketing year (November/October) is estimated at 71 000 tonnes, including 14 000 tonnes of food aid.


 WheatRiceCoarse grainsTotal
     Previous five years average production31129591 074
     Previous five years average imports57111482
2001/02 Domestic Availability9871 1921 287
     2001 Production (rice in paddy terms)41271 1921 322
     2001 Production (rice in milled terms)4871 1921 282
     Possible stock drawdown5--5
2001/02 Utilization621021 1951 358
     Food use61828801 023
       of which: local purchase requirement--2020
     Non-food use115224240
     Exports or re-exports--2020
     Possible stock build up-57075
2001/02 Import Requirement5315371
     Anticipated commercial imports4510257
     Food aid needs85114
Current Aid Position    
     Food aid pledges--11
       of which: delivered--11
     Donor-financed purchases----
       of which: for local use----
                        for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)811114132
     2001 Production as % of average:   123
     2001/02 Import requirement as % of average:   87

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