Report of the Expert Consultation on Catalysing the Transition Away from Overcapacity in Marine Capture Fisheries - Rome, 15-18 October 2002


FAO Fisheries Report No. 691

FIPP/R691 (En)
ISSN 0429-9337








Table of Contents


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome, 2002

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© FAO 2002


Table of Contents


PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

PART I: RESULTS OF THE EXPERT CONSULTATION ON CATALYSING THE TRANSITION AWAY FROM OVERCAPACITY IN MARINE CAPTURE FISHERIES

FINAL GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS AND GUIDANCE

PART II: REPORT OF THE EXPERT CONSULTATION ON CATALYSING THE TRANSITION AWAY FROM OVERCAPACITY IN MARINE CAPTURE FISHERIES

INTRODUCTION
OPENING OF THE EXPERT CONSULTATION
ELECTION OF THE CHAIRPERSON
ADOPTION OF THE AGENDA AND TIMETABLE
PRESENTATION: CAPACITY REDUCTION IN FISHERIES OF THE UNITED STATES

Introduction
Fishery Management Entities
Capacity
Conclusion

FACILITATED DISCUSSION: A SUMMARY

OPENING DISCUSSIONS
OPENING DISCUSSIONS: A SIMPLE SITUATION
CONTINUING DISCUSSIONS

Social Concerns/Issues
Social Concerns: Potential/partial solutions
Legal Concerns/Issues
Legal Concerns: Potential/partial solutions
Financial Concerns/Issues
Financial Concerns: Potential/partial solutions
Political Concerns/Issues
Political Concerns: Potential/partial solutions
Management Concerns/Issues
Management Concerns: Potential/partial solutions
Management Options
Economics
Economic Efficiency
Allocation and Cumulative Impacts of Capacity Reduction Programs
Distributional Effects
Using Economic Efficiency Analyses to Compare Capacity Reduction Programs
Economically Efficiency and Capacity Reduction Programs
Complications and Trade-offs
Concluding Ideas

CLOSING SESSION OF THE EXPERT CONSULTATION
ADOPTION OF THE REPORT OF THE EXPERT CONSULTATION

APPENDIX A: AGENDA

APPENDIX B: LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

APPENDIX C: LIST OF DOCUMENTS

APPENDIX D: PROSPECTUS

PART III: BACKGROUND PAPER AND DISCUSSION ISSUES

FISH HARVESTING CAPACITY, EXCESS CAPACITY, & OVERCAPACITY

1 CAPACITY, EXCESS CAPACITY AND OVERCAPACITY

1.1 Introduction
1.2 The Terminology

2 MODELS OF EXCESS CAPACITY AND OVERCAPACITY

2.1 Excess Capacity
2.2 Overcapacity
2.3 Comparison of Excess and Overcapacity
2.4 Linking Capacity and Fishing Mortality
2.5 Modeling Nuances

3 INDICATIVE AND ANALYTICAL MEASURES OF CAPACITY

3.1 Indicative Measures

3.1.1 Biological status of the fishery
3.1.2 Management category
3.1.3 The Harvest - TAC relationship
3.1.4 The TAC/season length relationship
3.1.5 Total catch level
3.1.6 Latent permits
3.1.7 Catch per unit of effort

3.2 Analytical Measures

3.2.1 Peak-to-peak
3.2.2 Data envelopment analysis (DEA)
3.2.3 Stochastic production frontier (SPF) analysis

3.3 Summary

4 AN OVERVIEW OF CAPACITY MEASUREMENT STUDIES

4.1 Capacity Measurement in Global Fisheries
4.2 Capacity Measurement in Specific Commercial Fisheries

4.2.1 Early Studies
4.2.2 Other Capacity Measurement Studies

4.3 Capacity Measurement in Recreational Fisheries
4.4 Capacity Measurement in Artisanal Fisheries
4.5 Summary

5 CAPACITY MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES

5.1 Recognizing Capacity Problems
5.2 Incorporating Capacity Issues Into Management
5.3 Incentive Blocking Capacity Mitigating Measures

5.3.1 Limited entry
5.3.2 Buyback programs
5.3.3 Gear and vessel restrictions
5.3.4 Total allowable catch
5.3.5 Vessel catch limits
5.3.6 Individual effort quotas

5.4 Incentive Adjusting Capacity Correcting Measures

5.4.1 Individual transferable quotas
5.4.2 Taxes
5.4.3 Royalties
5.4.4 Group fishing rights
5.4.5 Territorial use rights (TURFs)

5.5 Strategic Capacity Management

6 CAPACITY MEASUREMENT: CONSIDERATIONS FOR MANAGEMENT

6.1 Capacity Management Considerations - the simplest case

6.1.1 Reduction issues
6.1.2 Implementing issues

6.2 Capacity Management Considerations - beyond the simple case

6.2.1 Multiple stakeholder groups
6.2.2 Variable fish stocks
6.2.3 High seas fisheries

6.3 Capacity, Capacity Management, and Beyond

7 REFERENCES

III-2. PROVISIONAL DISCUSSION ELEMENTS