FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - May 2003 p.34

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Aggregate 2002 cereal production is estimated at about 116 000 tonnes, about 31 percent lower than the average for the previous five years and 5 percent below 2001 poor harvest. The rainfed crop, which represents more than 80 percent of planted areas or 60 percent of total cereal production in a normal year, decreased by 80 percent to only 8 000 tonnes. Cereal import requirement in marketing year 2002/03 (November/October) is estimated at 323 000 tonnes, of which wheat accounts for 74 percent. The anticipated commercial imports of 258 000 tonnes and 18 000 tonnes of pledged food assistance leave a deficit of about 41 000 tonnes to be covered by additional food assistance.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production35960122
Previous five years average production18187169
Previous year imports264344302 1/
Previous five years average imports250435298
2002/03 Domestic Availability205239110
2002 Production (rice in paddy terms)-7739116
2002 Production (rice in milled terms)-523990
Possible stock drawdown20--20
2002/03 Utilization2599975433
Food use2198968375
Non-food use259741
Exports or re-exports151117
Possible stock build up----
2002/03 Import Requirement2394837323 1/
Anticipated commercial imports233188258
of which: received or contracted13--13
Food aid needs6302965
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges18--18
of which: delivered15--15
Donor-financed purchases----
of which: for local use----
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)813325139
2002 Prod. compared to average (rice paddy terms):-964569
2002/03 Import requirement compared to average:96110730108
Cereal share of total calorie intake:   54
Additional Information    
Major foodcrops:wheat; rice; millet; sorghum
Lean season:July-September
Population (000s):2 712   
GNP per capita in 2001 (US$):350   

1/ Includes 15 000 tonnes of wheat for re-exports.

FAO/GIEWS - May 2003

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