better farming series23
FAO Economic and Social Development SeriesNo. 3/23


Published by arrangement with the
Institut africain pour le développement économique et social
B.P. 8008, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

First printing 1970
Second printing 1977

ISBN 92-5-100624-5


Twenty-six titles have been published in this series, designed as handbooks for a two-year intermediate level agricultural education and training course. They may be purchased as a set or as individual documents.


  1. The plant: the living plant; the root
  2. The plant: the stem; the buds; the leaves
  3. The plant: the flower
  4. The soil: how the soil is made up
  5. The soil: how to conserve the soil
  6. The soil: how to improve the soil
  7. Crop farming
  8. Animal husbandry: feeding and care of animals
  9. Animal husbandry: animal diseases; how animals reproduce


  1. The farm business survey
  2. Cattle breeding
  3. Sheep and goat breeding
  4. Keeping chickens
  5. Farming with animal power
  6. Cereals
  7. Roots and tubers
  8. Groundnuts
  9. Bananas
  10. Market gardening
  11. Upland rice
  12. Wet paddy or swamp rice
  13. Cocoa
  14. Coffee
  15. The oil palm
  16. The rubber tree
  17. The modern farm business


This manual is a translation and adaptation of “Le caféier,” published by the Agri-Service-Afrique of the Institut africain pour le développement économique et social (INADES), and forms part of a series of 26 booklets. Grateful acknowledgement is made to the publishers for making available this text, which it is hoped will find widespread use at the intermediate level of agricultural education and training in English-speaking countries.

It should be noted that the original texts were originally prepared for an African environment and this is naturally reflected in the English version. However, it is expected that many of the manuals of the series — a list of which will be found on the inside front cover — will also be of value for training in many other parts of the world. Adaptations can be made to the text where necessary owing to different climatic and ecological conditions.

Applications for permission to issue this manual in other languages are welcomed. Such applications should be addressed to: Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100, Rome, Italy.

The cover illustrations were prepared by Asun Balzola.

Coffee tree

Rome 1977
© French edition, Institut africain pour
le développement économique et social (INADES) 1967
© English edition, FAO 1970

Hyperlinks to non-FAO Internet sites do not imply any official endorsement of or responsibility for the opinions, ideas, data or products presented at these locations, or guarantee the validity of the information provided. The sole purpose of links to non-FAO sites is to indicate further information available on related topics.

This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software. FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.


•     Where coffee Is grown

What varieties of coffee are grown in Africa?

•     Why coffee Is grown

•     Choosing the seeds or seedlings

Choosing good seeds

Sowing the seeds in seed beds

•     Growing the seedlings

Lifting the young seedlings from the seed beds

Transplanting the seedlings into a nursery.

•     Choosing a site and preparing the plantation

Choosing the site

Clearing the site

Tracing rows and digging holes for planting

Covering the bare soil

Sheltering the young coffee trees

Planting coffee trees in the plantation

•     Taking care of the plantation

Replacing missing seedlings

Upkeep of the soil cover and hoeing

Pruning coffee trees

Cutting back old trees

Applying fertilizers

Protecting trees from insects and diseases

•     Harvesting the berries

•     Processing the coffee beans

•     Suggested question paper

The coffee tree bears fruit which are called berries.

The berries contain two seeds called coffee beans.