better farming series25
FAO Economic and Social Development SeriesNo. 3/25
the rubber tree


Published by arrangement with the
Institut africain pour le développement économique et social
B.P. 8008, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

First printing 1977

ISBN 92-5-100156-1


Twenty-six titles have been published in this series, designed as handbooks for a two-year intermediate level agricultural education and training course. They may be purchased as a set or as individual documents.


  1. The plant: the living plant; the root
  2. The plant: the stem; the buds; the leaves
  3. The plant: the flower
  4. The soil: how the soil is made up
  5. The soil: how to conserve the soil
  6. The soil: how to improve the soil
  7. Crop farming
  8. Animal husbandry: feeding and care of animals
  9. Animal husbandry: animal diseases; how animals reproduce


  1. The farm business survey
  2. Cattle breeding
  3. Sheep and goat breeding
  4. Keeping chickens
  5. Farming with animal power
  6. Cereals
  7. Roots and tubers
  8. Groundnuts
  9. Bananas
  10. Market gardening
  11. Upland rice
  12. Wet paddy or swamp rice
  13. Cocoa
  14. Coffee
  15. The oil palm
  16. The rubber tree
  17. The modern farm business


This manual is a translation and adaptation of “L'hévéa,” published by the Agri-Service-Afrique of the Institut africain pour le développement économique et social (lNADES),and forms part of a series of 26 booklets. Grateful acknowledgement is made to the publishers for making available this text, which it is hoped will find widespread use at the intermediate level of agricultural education and training in English-speaking countries.

The original texts were prepared for an African environment and this is naturally reflected in the English version. However, it is expected that many of the manuals of the series — a list of which will be found on the inside front cover — will also be of value for training in many other parts of the world. Adaptations can be made to the text where necessary owing to different climatic and ecological conditions.

Applications for permission to issue this manual in other languages are welcomed. Such applications should be addressed to: Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

The author of this English version is Mr. A.J. Henderson, former Chief of the FAO Editorial Branch.

Rome 1977

© French edition, Institut africain pour
le développement économique et social (INADES) 1969
© English edition, FAO

Hyperlinks to non-FAO Internet sites do not imply any official endorsement of or responsibility for the opinions, ideas, data or products presented at these locations, or guarantee the validity of the information provided. The sole purpose of links to non-FAO sites is to indicate further information available on related topics.

This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software. FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.


  Why rubber trees are grown

  Where rubber trees are grown

  Preparing the seedlings

Germinating seeds in the germinator

Putting the germinated seeds in the nursery

Looking after the nursery

Grafting young plants

  Preparing the ground and making the plantation

Preparing the soil

Putting the young plants in the plantation

  Looking after the plantation

Before tapping

After tapping

Protection against disease and insects


Starting the tapping

Harvesting the latex

Harvesting latex at the right time

  Suggested question paper