FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - April 2004 p.11

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The revised 2003 cereal production is 18 percent above the previous year’s level reflecting both higher plantings and yields. Cereal import requirements at 709 000 tonnes are below last year as domestic supplies have increased. The annual per capita cereal consumption rate has been increased to reflect higher imports of wheat and rice in the past years and this season’s improved maize production. Food aid requirements remain around last year’s level.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)420546570
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)411542557
Previous year imports394100252745
Previous five years average imports315108181604
2003/04 Domestic Availability419642665
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)428642674
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)419642665
Possible stock drawdown----
2003/04 Utilization3841218691 374
Food use3841217411 246
Non-food use--128128
Exports or re-exports----
Possible stock build up----
2003/04 Import Requirement380102227709
Anticipated commercial imports3739020483
Of which: received or contracted985215164
Food aid needs712207226
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges712211230
Of which: delivered712182201
Donor-financed purchases--33
Of which: for local use--33
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)2685084
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)100255118121
2003/04 Import requirement compared to average12194125117
Cereal share of total calorie intake   32
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsroots; tubers; maize; plantains
Lean seasonJanuary-April
Population (000s)14 769   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)660   

FAO/GIEWS - April 2004

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