FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - April 2004 p.17

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A joint FAO/CILSS Crop Assessment Mission in October 2003 has provisionally estimated 2003 output of maize, the only cereal grown, at 15 800 tonnes. This level of production is 79 percent above the drought-affected crop harvested last year of 8 800 tonnes but remains below the average for the previous five years. However, this harvest represents only a fifth of the country cereal utilisation requirement. Cereal import requirement in 2003/04 (November/October) is thus forecast at 69 000 tonnes, including 30 000 tonnes as food aid.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)--99
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)--1919
Previous year imports13353482
Previous five years average imports20323385
2003/04 Domestic Availability-12526
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)--1616
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)--1616
Possible stock drawdown-1910
2003/04 Utilization13305295
Food use13304993
Non-food use--22
Exports or re-exports----
Possible stock build up----
2003/04 Import Requirement13292769
Anticipated commercial imports725739
of which: received or contracted----
Food aid needs642030
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges10-2535
of which: delivered3-912
Donor-financed purchases----
of which: for local use----
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)2964106199
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)--8383
2003/04 Import requirement compared to average66918281
Cereal share of total calorie intake   50
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsmaize; rice; pulses
Lean seasonn.a since 90% of requirements covered by imports
Population (000s)467   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)1 290   

FAO/GIEWS - April 2004

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