FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - April 2004 p.23

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Cereal production is expected to fall for the second consecutive year, due to insufficient rains during the major growing season, and mass population displacements and seeds shortages resulting from the civil war. Importation of about 1.39 million tonnes of cereals will be necessary to meet the country's needs during the 2004 marketing year.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)-9766981 674
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)-9967401 736
Previous year imports2701 100111 381
Previous five years average imports302946111 259
2004 Domestic Availability-5086281 137
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)-8476131 460
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)-5086131 122
Possible stock drawdown--1515
2004 Utilization3161 4247882 528
Food use3111 2966302 238
Non-food use5128153286
Exports or re-exports--55
Possible stock build up----
2004 Import Requirement3169151601 392
Anticipated commercial imports30090071 207
of which: received or contracted----
Food aid needs1615153185
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges-5-5
of which: delivered-5-5
Donor-financed purchases----
of which: for local use----
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)208240141
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)-858384
2004 Import requirement compared to average105971 455111
Cereal share of total calorie intake   41
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsroots; tubers; fruit; rice; maize
Lean seasonApril-July
Population (000s)15 873   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)610   

FAO/GIEWS - April 2004

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