FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - April 2004 p.47

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An FAO/CILSS Crop Assessment Mission, which visited the country recently, estimated 2003 aggregate cereal production at some 1.6 million tonnes which is almost the double of last year’s poor harvest and 73 percent higher than the average for the previous five years. In spite of this bumper crop, cereal import is not expected to decline significantly in 2003/04, due to consumers’ preference for imported rice.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)-184630814
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)-214710924
Previous year imports2676771021 046
Previous five years average imports25358956898
2003/04 Domestic Availability201761 3491 545
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)-2511 3491 600
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)-1761 3491 525
Possible stock drawdown20--20
2003/04 Utilization2798331 4022 513
Food use2747857521 811
Non-food use528257289
Exports or re-exports--220220
Possible stock build up-20173193
2003/04 Import Requirement25965753969
Anticipated commercial imports25964050949
of which: received or contracted----
Food aid needs-17320
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges-17320
of which: delivered-3-3
Donor-financed purchases----
of which: for local use----
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)277673176
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)-117190173
2003/04 Import requirement compared to average10211294108
Cereal share of total calorie intake   61
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsmillet; sorghum; rice; maize; wheat
Lean seasonAugust-September
Population (000s)10 272   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)470   

FAO/GIEWS - April 2004

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