FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - April 2004 p.49

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Cereal production decreased by 2 percent in 2003, reflecting an improved security situation, increased plantings by returning refugees and farmers previously displaced, as well as improved conditions for the distribution of agricultural inputs. Cereal import requirement in 2004, mostly rice, is estimated at 320 000 tonnes, including a food aid requirement of 57 000 tonnes.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)-37344417
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)-29235327
Previous year imports7522013308
Previous five years average imports631729244
2004 Domestic Availability-22441265
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)-37335408
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)-22435259
Possible stock drawdown--66
2004 Utilization8044956585
Food use7839349519
Non-food use-56763
Exports or re-exports----
Possible stock build up2--2
2004 Import Requirement8022515320
Anticipated commercial imports3022310263
of which: received or contracted----
Food aid needs502557
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges7-18
of which: delivered4-15
Donor-financed purchases----
of which: for local use----
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)1473996
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)-128100125
2004 Import requirement compared to average127131167131
Cereal share of total calorie intake   54
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsrice; roots; tubers
Lean seasonJuly-August
Population (000s)5 408   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)140   

FAO/GIEWS - April 2004

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