FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - April 2004 p.52

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Based on an estimated domestic cereal availability of about 6.31 million tonnes and total utilization requirement of about 7.59 million tonnes, the total cereal import requirement in 2003/04 (November/October) is estimated at 1.27 million tonnes, mostly wheat. With commercial imports anticipated at 1.17 million tonnes, the food aid requirement amounts to 100 000 tonnes. As of end March, food aid pledges stood at 98 000 tonnes of which 81 000 had been delivered.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)364183 5123 894
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)265124 0534 330
Previous year imports1 00037981 135
Previous five years average imports968321041 104
2003/04 Domestic Availability356225 9376 315
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)356355 9376 328
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)356225 9376 315
Possible stock drawdown----
2003/04 Utilization1 556475 9877 590
Food use1 404453 5414 990
Non-food use5221 1761 230
Exports or re-exports--400400
Possible stock build up100-870970
2003/04 Import Requirement1 20025501 275
Anticipated commercial imports1 15025-1 175
of which: received or contracted34--34
Food aid needs50-50100
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges50-4998
of which: delivered39-4281
Donor-financed purchases--2727
of which: for local use--2727
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)421105149
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)134292146146
2003/04 Import requirement compared to average1247848115
Cereal share of total calorie intake   56
Additional Information    
Major foodcropssorghum; millet; wheat; roots; tubers; oils
Lean seasonSeptember-October
Population (000s)33 610   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)350   

FAO/GIEWS - April 2004

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