FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.1 - April 2004 p.57

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  ZAMBIA

Zambia’s total cereal production in 2003 has been revised to 1.36 million tonnes. This is about 83 percent higher than the reduced level of 2002 and 35 percent above the five year average. As a result no imports of maize, the country’s main staple, will be necessary in marketing year 2003/04, however, some maize was imported under previous year’s contracts. Cereal import requirements are limited to reduced quantities of wheat and rice in which the country has a structural deficit but are met through commercial imports.

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 2003/04 MARKETING YEAR (May/April)
 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)7512657744
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)80129151 007
Previous year imports4612323381
Previous five years average imports4521244310
2003/04 Domestic Availability13671 2141 357
2003 Production (rice in paddy terms)136111 2141 360
2003 Production (rice in milled terms)13671 2141 357
Possible stock drawdown----
2003/04 Utilization161301 2491 440
Food use145299891 163
Non-food use61220227
Exports or re-exports--3030
Possible stock build up10-1020
2003/04 Import Requirement25233583
Anticipated commercial imports25211258
of which: received or contracted2541240
Food aid needs-22325
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges-22325
of which: delivered-22325
Donor-financed purchases--3939
of which: for local use--3232
for export--77
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)14393109
Indexes[percentage]
2003 production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)17089133135
2003/04 Import requirement compared to average561101427
Cereal share of total calorie intake   65
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsmaize; roots; tubers
Lean seasonMarch-May
Population (000s)10 660   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)330   

FAO/GIEWS - April 2004

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